Unified Interior Regions

Arizona

The Southwest Region includes California, Nevada, and Arizona. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 142
Date published: April 12, 2017
Status: Active

Hydrocarbon Monitoring in Response to Personal Watercraft Regulation at Glen Canyon National Recreation Area

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination related to watercraft use is one of the most significant water-quality issues affecting Lake Powell at Glen Canyon National Recreation Area (GLCA). Water quality in Lake Powell is important as the lake is a water source for public and agricultural consumption. In addition, more than 2 million people visit GLCA annually, and most of these...

Date published: April 12, 2017
Status: Active

Identification and Analysis of Points of Diversion along the Lower Colorado River in Support of Decree Accounting

 In the United States, the Colorado River Compact of 1922 apportions the waters of the Colorado River between the upper basin States and the lower basin States (U.S. Congress, 1948, p. A17-A22). The requirement for participation of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) is stated in Article V. Water in the lower Colorado River is apportioned among the States of...

Date published: April 10, 2017
Status: Active

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Bacterial Indicators and Microbial Source Tracking within Tumacácori National Historical Park and the Santa Cruz River Watershed

Elevated levels of bacteria have been measured by the USGS, National Park Service, Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ), and other agencies, in the Upper Santa Cruz River, including within the reach at Tumacácori National Historical Park (TUMA).  Indicators of pathogens in the river at TUMA are at levels that are of great concern to TUMA personnel responsible for safeguarding two...

Date published: April 10, 2017
Status: Active

Occurrence, fate, transport, and ecological effects of aerially applied herbicides in the effort to control invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare syn. Cenchrus ciliaris) in Saguaro National Park

The Sonoran Desert lands that the Saguaro National Park (SAGU) has been tasked to protect are facing an unprecedented threat from buffelgrass (Cenhrus ciliaris), an invasive perennial grass that was added to Arizona’s noxious weed list in 2005. The buffelgrass invasion has been so pervasive that the U.S. Department of Interior issued a declaration in 2010 which highlighted a need for...

Date published: March 29, 2017
Status: Active

C Aquifer Monitoring Program

The Navajo Nation, the City of Flagstaff (COF), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) maintain a cooperative monitoring program with other local and State agencies for groundwater in the C aquifer (Coconino aquifer) in the Little Colorado River Basin. The goal of this program is to determine baseline groundwater conditions in the C aquifer and other water-bearing zones before significant...

Contacts: Casey Jones
Date published: March 15, 2017
Status: Active

Black Mesa Monitoring Program

The U.S. Geological Survey water-monitoring program in the Black Mesa area began in 1971 and provides information about the long-term effects of groundwater withdrawals from the N aquifer for industrial and municipal uses. The monitoring program includes measuring potential recovery in the N aquifer as a result of the reduction in industrial pumpage by Peabody Western Coal Company.

Date published: March 14, 2017
Status: Active

Maricopa County Urban Stormwater Quality

Since 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Flood Control District of Maricopa County (FCDMC), the city of Phoenix, and the city of Glendale, has been collecting, analyzing, and interpreting urban stormwater information from selected basins throughout the metropolitan Phoenix area. Water-resource managers and policy makers have used this information to determine...

Contacts: Kenneth Fossum
Date published: March 9, 2017
Status: Active

Air Force Plant 44

Industrial activity at Air Force Plant 44 (AFP 44), a manufacturing facility located on property owned by the U.S. Air Force and operated by a major defense contractor, resulted in extensive contamination of groundwater with the industrial solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) and other organic compounds. The sole-source regional aquifer underlying AFP 44 provides potable water for municipal,...

Date published: March 9, 2017
Status: Active

Arizona Water Use

The Arizona Water Use program collects and estimates annual water withdrawals for the categories of irrigation, municipal, mining, thermoelectric-power, and drainage uses. The data for these categories are compiled for the Arizona Department of Water Resources groundwater basins outside of Active Management Areas. 

Contacts: Saeid Tadayon
Date published: February 28, 2017
Status: Active

USGS Data at Risk: Expanding Legacy Data Inventory and Preservation Strategies

As one of the largest and oldest science organizations in the world, USGS has produced more than a century of earth science data, much of which is currently unavailable to the greater scientific community due to inaccessible or obsolescent media, formats, and technology. Tapping this vast wealth of “dark data” requires 1) a complete inventory of legacy data and 2) methods and tools to...

Contacts: Lance Everette, Tara M Bell, Cristiana Falvo
Date published: January 17, 2017
Status: Active

Ecological Drought in Riparian Ecosystems

Drought is killing riparian trees along many rivers in the western United States. The cause can be increasing temperature or decreasing precipitation, flow or water-table elevation. At multiple locations we are relating water availability to physiological measurements of tree survival and water stress, such as ring width, carbon stable isotope ratio and branch hydraulic conductivity. These...

Date published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

RAMPS: Restoration Assessment & Monitoring Program for the Southwest

The Restoration Assessment and Monitoring Program for the Southwest (RAMPS) seeks to assist U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and other land management agencies in developing successful techniques for improving land condition in dryland ecosystems of the southwestern United States. Invasion by non-native species, wildfire, drought, and other disturbances are growing...

Filter Total Items: 134
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Year Published: 1986

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1985-86

Hill, George W.; Whetten, Marlin I.
Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1985-86; 1986; OFR; 86-414-W; Hill, George W.; Whetten, Marlin I.

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Year Published: 1985

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1983 to Spring 1984

A summary map shows various aspects of groundwater availability in Arizona. Potential well production, in increments of 0 to 10 gpm, 10 to 500 gpm, and 50 to 2500 gpm (average 1000 gpm) os the primary emphasis of the map; however, data on changes in water level from spring 1983 to spring 1984, status of groundwater inventory, and estimated...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1983 to Spring 1984; 1985; OFR; 85-410; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1985

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program, 1984

The N aquifer is an important source of water in the 5,400 square-mile Black Mesa area on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. The project is designed to monitor long-term effects on the ground-water resources of the mesa as a result of withdrawals from the aquifer by a strip-mining operation. Withdrawals from the N aquifer by the mine have...

Hill, G.W.
Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program, 1984; 1985; OFR; 85-483; Hill, G. W.

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Year Published: 1984

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Palo Verde-Cibola area, California and Arizona

Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Palo Verde-Cibola area, California and Arizona; 1984; WRI; 84-4236; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.

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Year Published: 1984

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Parker area, Arizona and California

Leake, S. A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Parker area, Arizona and California; 1984; WRI; 84-4229; Leake, S. A.

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Year Published: 1984

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1982 to spring 1983

The withdrawal of ground water was slightly less than 4.2 million acre-feet in Arizona in 1982, which is about 1.2 million acre-feet less than the amount withdrawn in 1981. Most of the decrease in 1982 was in the amount of ground water used for irrigation in the Basin and Range lowlands province. Through 1982, slightly more than 193 million acre-...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1982 to spring 1983; 1984; OFR; 84-428; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1983

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California

Loeltz, Omar J.; Leake, S.A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; 1983; WRI; 83-4220; Loeltz, O. J.; Leake, S. A.

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Year Published: 1983

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; executive summary

Loeltz, Omar J.; Leake, S.A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; executive summary; 1983; WRI; 83-4221; Loeltz, O. J.; Leake, S. A.

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Year Published: 1983

Geohydrology and effects of water use in the Black Mesa area, Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona

The N aquifer is the main source of water in the 5,400-square-mile Black Mesa area in the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations in northeastern Arizona. The N aquifer consists of the Navajo Sandstone and parts of the underlying Kayenta Formation and Wingate Sandstone of Jurassic and Triassic age. Maximum saturated thickness of the aquifer is about 1...

Eychaner, James H.
Geohydrology and effects of water use in the Black Mesa area, Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona; 1983; WSP; 2201; Eychaner, James H.

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Year Published: 1982

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1981 to Spring 1982

The withdrawal of ground water was about 5.4 million acre-feet in Arizona in 1981, which is about 800,000 acre-feet more than the amount withdrawn in 1980. Most of the increase in 1981 was in the amount of ground water used for irrigation in the Basin and Range lowlands province. Through 1981, slightly more than 189 million acre-feet of ground...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1981 to Spring 1982; 1982; OFR; 82-1009; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1982

Shallow subsurface temperatures and some estimates of heat flow from the Colorado Plateau of northeastern Arizona

Temperature data to depths of a few hundred meters were obtained from 29 wells in northeastern Arizona; 12 in the region surrounding the San Francisco Volcanic Field, 8 in the Black Mesa area, and 9 in the south-central Colorado Plateau which includes the White Mountains. Although there was evidence for local hydrologic disturbances in many...

Sass, J.H.; Stone, Claudia; Bills, D.J.
Shallow subsurface temperatures and some estimates of heat flow from the Colorado Plateau of northeastern Arizona; 1982; OFR; 82-994; Sass, J. H.; Stone, Claudia; Bills, D. J.

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Year Published: 1981

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1979 to spring 1980

Withdrawal of ground water, about 4.0 million acre-feet in Arizona in 1979, is about 200,000 acre-feet less than the amount withdrawn in 1978. The withdrawals in 1978 and 1979 are the smallest since the mid-1950 's except in 1966. Nearly all the decrease was in the amount of ground water used for irrigation in the Basin and Range lowlands province...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1979 to spring 1980; 1981; OFR; 81-906; Geological Survey (U.S.)

Filter Total Items: 254
December 14, 2014

USGS on Campus

In a documentary style, this video discusses the close relationship between the USGS Arizona Water Science Center and the University of Arizona. Students and Scientists collaborating for the future development of each other.

October 28, 2014

Measuring Water Levels in a Flowing Well

This video demonstrates how to measure low pressure hydraulic head in a flowing well.

Earth As Art image of Utah, Arizona
October 4, 2014

Cloud Lightning

What looks like lightning arcing through an ominous cloud is actually a dry landscape of rocky buttes in southern Utah and northeastern Arizona. River channels flow north from Arizona into the San Juan River. The light vertical feature at the top of the image is referred to as Comb Ridge, a jagged fold in the Earth's crust called a monocline.

  • Collection: Earth
...
September 16, 2014

Hurricane Odile, AZ Flooding September 2014, USGS at Work

This video shows the flooding that occurred in Arizona from the remnants of Hurricane Odile, while explaining the different techniques for high flow measurements.

August 14, 2014

Measuring Groundwater with Steel Tape

This video demonstrates how to measure water levels in wells using a graduated steel tape.

August 14, 2014

Measuring Groundwater with Electric Tape

This video demonstrates how to measure water levels in wells using an electric tape.

August 13, 2014

Redington Stream Flow

This video shows the process of taking a stream flow measurement using a bridge crane and current meter.

https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2018/3032/fs20183032.pdf
April 1, 2014

Changes in Earth's Gravity Reveal Changes in Groundwater Storage

Did you know that changes in the amount of water in aquifers cause small changes in Earth’s gravitational field? When the amount of groundwater in an aquifer changes, either by recharge or by discharge to surface water or wells, the gravitational acceleration at the land surface also changes. In this photo, USGS Research Hydrologist Jeff Kennedy is making measurements of

...
Attribution: Water Resources
March 19, 2014

Minute 319 Pulse Flow

The minute 319 pulse flow experiment flood in the Lower Colorado River Delta allows scientists the opportunity to study many different aspects of a flood. With the help of CSAs we had the opportunity to actually back calculate the roughness value at the times that our technicians in Yuma measured discharge.

November 30, 2013

Gravity Recharge Monitoring

Time-lapse Microgravity Monitoring of Artificial Recharge
This video shows a series of clips collected in 2013 during the SAVSARP gravity experiment.

October 7, 2013

Animal Interactions at Wind Energy Facilities – Gray Fox

There were two documented gray fox visits at the burrows, making them the third most documented predator. Gray foxes are implicated predators of various life stages of desert tortoises, but it is difficult to catch them in the act. In this case, a gray fox approaches a burrow, and thoroughly investigates the burrow mouth. The fox develops an arch in its tail (slight

October 5, 2013

Animal Interactions at Wind Energy Facilities – Western Spotted Skunk

There was one documented skunk event captured on camera - the least documented predator. Here, a western spotted skunk is thoroughly investigating the burrow of one of the marked female tortoises in the study population. Western spotted skunks are known predators of turtle eggs. The skunk investigated the area within the burrow for a full minute before it appears outside

Filter Total Items: 202
USGS science for a changing world logo
October 25, 2011

The sand dunes among which Navajos have eked out austere livings for generations are growing fast and becoming mobile as the climate changes, says U.S. Geological Survey geologist Dr. Margaret Hiza Redsteer, whose interviews with elders and historical research augment her decade-long research on Navajo Nation land.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 21, 2011

FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. – The sand dunes among which Navajos have eked out austere livings for generations are growing fast and becoming mobile as the climate changes, says U.S. Geological Survey geologist Dr. Margaret Hiza Redsteer, whose interviews with elders and historical research augment her decade-long research on Navajo Nation land.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 12, 2011

A dust storm that rolled across the Arizona desert on Tuesday, October 4, 2011, effectively blinded motorists, leading to a large string of motor vehicle crashes, multiple injuries, and at least one death. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 21, 2011

Over the last 70 years, groundwater in Arizona's alluvial basins was depleted by more than 74.5 million acre-feet, or approximately three times the maximum storage of Lake Powell. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 25, 2011

To help Arizona communities prepare for flooding in the aftermath of severe wildfires, the U.S. Geological Survey has installed new stream gages as part of early flood-warning systems and developed maps to identify areas at possible risk of debris flows.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 17, 2011

As the largest fire in the history of the state of Arizona continues to burn, emergency managers and responders are using satellite data from a variety of instruments to plan both immediate firefighting containment strategies and mitigation efforts once the fires are out.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 9, 2011

The second largest fire in Arizona history, the Wallow Fire is graphically depicted by this Landsat image, taken June 7, which shows burning in the mountains of eastern Arizona near the border with New Mexico.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 13, 2011

Recent Landsat satellite data captured by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA on May 10 show the major flooding of the Mississippi River around Memphis, Tenn. and along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas as seen from 438 miles above the Earth.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 12, 2011

A new groundwater model of the interconnected aquifers in central and northern Arizona was released today by the U.S. Geological Survey, following a multi-year development effort that involved the Arizona Department of Water Resources and regional cooperators.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 15, 2011

Forests should be managed according to their respective, specific fire ecology — not whole-scale fire suppression or one-size-fits-all plans — to optimize forest growth and stabilize carbon storage.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 15, 2011

Forests should be managed according to their respective, specific fire ecology — not whole-scale fire suppression or one-size-fits-all plans — to optimize forest growth and stabilize carbon storage.

USGS
December 12, 2010

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is celebrating the success of three distinguished researchers who are recipients of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). This award is the highest recognition granted by the United States government to scientists and engineers in the early stages of their research careers.