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Filter Total Items: 368
location map of the Yucaipa area in Southern California.  Faults in the area are also displayed.
Date Published: August 30, 2018
Status: Active

Yucaipa Subbasin Integrated Hydrologic Model

The USGS is developing a hydrologic model of the Yucaipa Subbasin to aid in evaluating and managing the groundwater resources in the area. The study results will provide a greater understanding of the geohydrology of the subbasin, and aid in the development of a groundwater-monitoring plan, as well as in the evaluation of potential hydrologic effects of future groundwater development and...

Contacts: Geoff Cromwell
USGS scientist collecting samples of aquatic species from the Pike River, Wis., for later analysis of mercury contamination.
Date Published: August 30, 2018
Status: Active

Microbial Biogeochemistry Laboratory — Menlo Park, California

About the Laboratory

Microbiologists at the Microbial Biogeochemistry Laboratory develop and apply innovative methods to measure key microbial processes. These methods are used to better understand how major biogeochemical cycles (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and iron) interact with and control the speciation and fate of metals like mercury and selenium which can impact...

Pollen samples from various plants collected from hedgerows
Date Published: August 28, 2018
Status: Active

Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory — Sacramento, California

About the Laboratory

Chemists and hydrologists at the Organic Chemistry Research Laboratory (OCRL) develop targeted analytical methods for the quantitation of chemicals that can impact the health of organisms and humans. They have developed methods in a wide variety of environmental media; in addition to water and sediment, they also analyze a variety of tissue matrices...

map of California shaded by potential increase in soil water holding capacity in inches
Date Published: August 27, 2018
Status: Completed

Increasing Soil Organic Carbon to Mitigate Greenhouse Gases and Increase Climate Resiliency for California

Rising air temperatures are projected to continue to drive up urban, agricultural, and rangeland water use, straining both surface and groundwater resources. Scientific studies have shown that managing farms, ranches, and public lands to increase soil carbon can increase soil waterholding capacity and increase hydrologic benefits such as increased baseflows and aquifer recharge, reduced...

Contacts: Michelle Stern
Photo #9 of well site YVDA being drilled
Date Published: August 24, 2018
Status: Active

Yucaipa Valley Hydrogeology

This study assesses the quality of water in the Yucaipa area, primarily in the Yucaipa plain. This hydrogeology study will aid local water purveyors in understanding and evaluating local resources and using those resources effectively in combination with water imported from northern California and from the adjacent San Bernardino area.

Contacts: Gregory Mendez
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
Date Published: August 5, 2018
Status: Active

Global Hyperspectral Imaging Spectroscopy of Agricultural-Crops & Vegetation (GHISA)

This webpage showcases the key research advances made in hyperspectral remote sensing of agricultural crops and vegetation over the last 50 years. There are three focus areas:

A Critical Assessment of Recent Soil Dating Methods in Coastal Wetlands
Date Published: July 18, 2018
Status: Active

A Critical Assessment of Recent Soil Dating Methods in Coastal Wetlands- Judith Drexler

Are you interested in coastal wetlands and how they form in the landscape? In this internship you will learn about wetland formation and how carbon accumulates in wetland soils over time. In addition, you will learn to learn how to critically evaluate soil dating methods that are currently being used to report carbon accumulation to the US EPA and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change...

Image: Tidal Marshland in the Plum Island Estuary, Massachusetts
Date Published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

A tale of two coasts: tidal marsh persistence with changing climate and sea-level rise- Karen Thorne

The overall goal of this project is to improve our understanding of the combined effects of inundation, due to sea-level rise and storm surges, and other climate factor on tidal marsh physical and biological processes to provide guidance to natural resource managers to reduce these threats and increase resilience.

A Google Earth™ image showing the principal zone of faulting (in red) near the town of Healdsburg.
Date Published: July 16, 2018
Status: Completed

A New Map of Rodgers Creek Fault in Sonoma County, California

Release Date: JULY 16, 2018

A new more detailed and higher resolution map of the Rodgers Creek Fault in Sonoma County, California, has been produced using aerial photography and hillshade imagery derived from LiDAR data.

A yellow crop duster lets fall a cloud of spray on a cotton crop
Date Published: July 6, 2018
Status: Active

Pesticide Fate Research Group (PFRG)

Pesticides are applied in agricultural and urban areas to control weeds, insects, fungus, and other pests.  Applied pesticides and their degradates can be transported off-site through a variety of mechanisms; these pesticides can then be found in non-target areas. Pesticide transport can occur through the atmosphere, in the aqueous phase (surface and groundwater) and associated with soil/...

Picture of coagulation treatment cells
Date Published: June 27, 2018
Status: Active

Low Intensity Chemical Dosing (LICD)

Rivers, wetlands, and agricultural operations supply natural organic material to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (Delta) and the San Francisco Estuary. This natural organic matter provides many ecosystem benefits, but it also adversely affects drinking water. During drinking water treatment, chlorine added for purposes of pathogen control reacts with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the...

Contacts: Tamara Kraus, Phil Bachand
Informational graphic showing data in pie graphs, text, and maps
Date Published: June 19, 2018
Status: Active

California Water Use

The U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Use Information Program compiles the nation's water-use data at the county, state, and national levels. USGS five-year reports on national and state water-use estimates between 1950-2015 are posted on the web at: http://water.usgs.gov/watuse/. USGS water-use data for states and counties for...

Contacts: Justin Brandt
Filter Total Items: 472
USGS
January 1, 2019

The U.S. Geological Survey collected groundwater samples from 49 wells used for domestic and small system drinking water supplies and 10 monitoring wells in San Bernardino County, California in 2018. The wells were sampled for the Mojave Basin (MOBS) Shallow Aquifer Study Unit of the California State Water Resources Control Board Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Prog

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data contains maximum model-derived ocean currents (in meters per second) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scen

USGS
January 1, 2019

Time-series data of water depth, velocity, turbidity, and temperature were acquired between 5 October 2015 and 21 March 2017 within the Monterey Canyon off of Monterey, CA, USA.
In order to better understand the triggering, progression and evolution of turbidity currents in Monterey Submarine Canyon, an experiment was designed to directly measure velocity, suspended sediment an

Map of a coastline with an outline drawn around a portion of the coast land to show where the study area is.
January 1, 2019

This data contains maximum depth of flooding (cm) in the region landward of the present-day shoreline for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-le

RSS feed logo
December 21, 2018

USGS Project Alert Notices RSS feed includes response summaries of USGS streamgaging network activity during storm events in California. These Notices are produced by USGS Streamgaging Programs nationally and can be found on the USGS Current Floods Website.

line chart for continuous GPS site P304 in Mendota showing depth to water in feet and land subsidence in inches
December 19, 2018

Long-term groundwater-level data are fundamental to the resolution of problems dealing with groundwater availability and sustainability. Significant periods of time typically are required to collect water-level data needed to assess the effects of climate variability, to monitor the effects of regional aquifer development, or to obtain data sufficient for analysis of water-level trends.

line graph showing monthly runoff, in inches, for California for multiple years
December 19, 2018

Streams, rivers, lakes and reservoirs are important natural resources for irrigation, public supply, wetlands and wildlife.  Excess precipitation that flows into these sources is called runoff, and it's an important drought indicator.  The California Water Science Center tracks both monthly and annual runoff. 

screenshot of an interactive map of groundwater data in the Mojave region.  Well sites and water-level contours are displayed.
December 18, 2018

Interactive map of the Mojave and Morongo groundwater basins.  Data layers include sites and data for groundwater levels, water quality, and land subsidence.  Groundwater data spans 1992 to the present.

screenshot of the current streamflow conditions map, showing streamgage sites colored by percent to normal
December 18, 2018

Careful observation and analysis of the movement and condition of surface water is essential for understanding this resource, especially during times of drought. The California Water Science Center uses a network of more than 500 streamgages to collect real-time data on surface water at locations across the state.

screenshot of interactive data map displaying  USGS wells in the San Antonio Creek groundwater basin
December 18, 2018

In order to understand the integrated hydrologic systems in the San Antonio Creek Valley, many different types of data are being gathered from both the surface water and groundwater system. Learn about these data types and explore them with the interactive map.

Screenshot of the interactive Central Valley drought indicators map
December 17, 2018

During the recent droughts of 2007-2010 and 2012-2017, groundwater pumping has increased from the combined effects of the drought and land-use changes, re-initiating land subsidence. In order to document historical subsidence and monitor continued changes, the USGS has gathered and interpreted data from a variety of sources.

A geodetic bench mark from the Central Valley in California
December 17, 2018

These 5 northern benchmarks in the San Joaquin Valley are where the largest magnitude of subsidence was recently measured using repeat surveys. That doesn't mean these locations are where the largest magnitude of subsidence occurred, just where it's been measured. The southernmost benchmark in this set is where the largest magnitude was historically measured using repeat surveys.

Filter Total Items: 334
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Preliminary analytical results for ash and burned soils from the October 2007 southern California wildfires

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected ash and burned soils from about 28 sites in southern California wildfire areas (Harris, Witch, Ammo, Santiago, Canyon and Grass Valley) from Nov. 2 through 9, 2007 (table 1). USGS researchers are applying a wide variety of analytical methods to these samples, with the goal of helping identify...

Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Hageman, Philip; Eckberg, Alison; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Anthony, Michael; Lamothe, Paul J.
Preliminary Analytical Results for Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires; 2007; OFR; 2007-1407; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd; Kokaly, Raymond; Hageman, Philip; Eckberg, Alison; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Anthony, Michael; Lamothe, Paul J.

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Year Published: 2007

Data from theodolite measurements of creep rates on San Francisco Bay region faults, California: 1979-2007

Introduction Our purpose is to update with six additional years of data, our creep data archive on San Francisco Bay region active faults for use by the scientific research community. Earlier data (1979-2001) were reported in Galehouse (2002) and were analyzed and described in detail in a summary report (Galehouse and Lienkaemper, 2003). A...

McFarland, Forrest S.; Lienkaemper, James J.; Caskey, S. John; Grove, Karen
Data from Theodolite Measurements of Creep Rates on San Francisco Bay Region Faults, California: 1979-2007; 2007; OFR; 2007-1367; McFarland, Forrest S.; Lienkaemper, James J.; Caskey, S. John; Grove, Karen

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Year Published: 2007

Simulations of potential runout and deposition of the Ferguson rockslide, Merced River Canyon, California

INTRODUCTION An active rockslide in Merced River Canyon was first noticed on April 29, 2006 when a few rocks rolled onto Highway 140 between mileposts 103 and 104, compromising traffic on this highway and signaling the onset of renewed activity of the Ferguson rockslide. State highway 140 is one of the main entrances to Yosemite National Park...

Denlinger, Roger P.
Simulations of Potential Runout and Deposition of the Ferguson Rockslide, Merced River Canyon, California; 2007; OFR; 2007-1275; Denlinger, Roger P.

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Year Published: 2007

Dissolved solids in basin-fill aquifers and streams in the southwestern United States

The U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment Program performed a regional study in the Southwestern United States (Southwest) to describe the status and trends of dissolved solids in basin-fill aquifers and streams and to determine the natural and human factors that affect dissolved solids. Basin-fill aquifers, which include the...

Anning, David W.; Bauch, Nancy J.; Gerner, Steven J.; Flynn, Marilyn E.; Hamlin, Scott N.; Moore, Stephanie J.; Schaefer, Donald H.; Anderholm, Scott K.; Spangler, Lawrence E.
Dissolved Solids in Basin-Fill Aquifers and Streams in the Southwestern United States; 2007; SIR; 2006-5315; Anning, David W.; Bauch, Nancy J.; Gerner, Steven J.; Flynn, Marilyn E.; Hamlin, Scott N.; Moore, Stephanie J.; Schaefer, Donald H.; Anderholm, Scott K.; Spangler, Lawrence E.

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Year Published: 2007

Earthquake Rate Model 2.2 of the 2007 Working Group for California Earthquake Probabilities, Appendix D: Magnitude-Area Relationships

Summary To estimate the down-dip coseismic fault dimension, W, the Executive Committee has chosen the Nazareth and Hauksson (2004) method, which uses the 99% depth of background seismicity to assign W. For the predicted earthquake magnitude-fault area scaling used to estimate the maximum magnitude of an earthquake rupture from a fault's length...

Stein, Ross S.
Earthquake Rate Model 2.2 of the 2007 Working Group for California Earthquake Probabilities, Appendix D: Magnitude-Area Relationships; 2007; OFR; 2007-1162; Stein, Ross S.

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Year Published: 2007

Near-Surface Structure and Velocities of the Northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains and the Western Santa Clara Valley, California, From Seismic Imaging

Introduction The Santa Clara Valley (SCV) is located in the southern San Francisco Bay area of California and is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains to the southwest, the Diablo Ranges to the northeast, and the San Francisco Bay to the north (Fig. 1). The SCV, which includes the City of San Jose, numerous smaller cities, and much of the high-...

Catchings, R.D.; Gandhok, G.; Goldman, M.R.; Steedman, Clare
Near-Surface Structure and Velocities of the Northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains and the Western Santa Clara Valley, California, From Seismic Imaging; 2007; OFR; 2007-1039; Catchings, R. D.; Gandhok, G.; Goldman, M. R.; Steedman, Clare

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Year Published: 2007

Riding the storm--landslide danger in the San Francisco Bay Area

Movie Synopsis: --A catastrophic 1982 rainstorm triggered 18,000 landslides in the Bay Area, claiming 25 lives and causing $66 million in property damage. --The combination of steep slopes, weak rocks, and intense winter storms make Bay Area uplands an ideal setting for landslides. --Landslides include both swift, potentially deadly...

Adams, Karen
Riding the storm--landslide danger in the San Francisco Bay Area; 2007; GIP; 48; Producer/Director/Editor Adams, Karen

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Year Published: 2007

Summary of Survival Data from Juvenile Coho Salmon in the Klamath River, Northern California, 2006

Little is known about the survival of ESA-listed juvenile coho salmon during their seaward migration in the lower Klamath River. In 2006, the Bureau of Reclamation funded a study to estimate the survival of radio-tagged juvenile coho salmon in the Klamath River downstream of Iron Gate Dam. A series of models were evaluated to determine if survival...

Beeman, John W.
Summary of Survival Data from Juvenile Coho Salmon in the Klamath River, Northern California, 2006; 2007; OFR; 2007-1023; Beeman, John W.

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Year Published: 2007

Genetic diversity of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus from Feather River and Lake Oroville, California, and virulence of selected isolates for Chinook salmon and rainbow trout

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is a significant pathogen of young salmonid fishes worldwide but particularly within the historical range of the Pacific Northwest and California. In the Sacramento and San Joaquin River drainages of California, IHNV outbreaks in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha have been observed...

Bendorf, C.M.; Kelley, G.O.; Yun, S.C.; Kurath, Gael; Andree, K.B.; Hedrick, R.P.
Genetic diversity of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus from Feather River and Lake Oroville, California, and virulence of selected isolates for Chinook salmon and rainbow trout; 2007; Article; Journal; Journal of Aquatic Animal Health; Bendorf, C. M.; Kelley, G. O.; Yun, S. C.; Kurath, G.; Andree, K. B.; Hedrick, R. P.

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Year Published: 2007

Life history and ecological characteristics of the Santa Ana sucker, Catostomus santaanae

This study was conducted to document the life history and ecological characteristics of the Santa Ana sucker, Catostomus santaanae, within its native range in southern California. Electrofishing surveys were conducted at 3-month intervals from December 1998 to December 1999 at one site on the San Gabriel River and two sites on...

Saiki, Michael K.; Martin, Barbara A.; Knowles, Glen W.; Tennant, Patrick W.

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Year Published: 2007

Relation between mortality of prickly sculpin and diurnal extremes in water quality at Rodeo Lagoon, Marin County, California

[No abstract available]

Martin, B.A.; Saiki, M. K.; Fong, D.
Relation between mortality of prickly sculpin and diurnal extremes in water quality at Rodeo Lagoon, Marin County, California; 2007; Article; Journal; California Fish and Game; Martin, B. A.; Saiki, M. K.; Fong, D.

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Year Published: 2006

Mineralogy and Morphology of Amphiboles Observed in Soils and Rocks in El Dorado Hills, California

From the Executive Summary: At the request of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has conducted an independent study of amphiboles in rocks and soils in the El Dorado Hills, California, area. The purpose of this study is to investigate specific issues regarding the presence of 'naturally occurring...

Meeker, G.P.; Lowers, H.A.; Swayze, G.A.; Van Gosen, B. S.; Sutley, S.J.; Brownfield, I.K.
Mineralogy and Morphology of Amphiboles Observed in Soils and Rocks in El Dorado Hills, California; 2006; OFR; 2006-1362; Meeker, G. P.; Lowers, H. A.; Swayze, G. A.; Van Gosen, B. S.; Sutley, S. J.; Brownfield, I. K.

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Southern Sea Otters Floating in Morro Bay, CA
March 6, 2018

Southern Sea Otters Floating in Morro Bay, CA

Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) float in Morro Bay, CA.

Adjustment of tension in infiltrometer to measure post-fire recovery.
March 1, 2018

Research Geologist Jonathan Perkins measuring post-fire infiltration

Research Geologist Jonathan Perkins adjusting tension in infiltrometer to evaluate post-fire recovery conditions in the Pepperwood Preserve, Santa Rosa, CA following the October 2017 Tubbs Fire to better understand how landscapes heal after wildfire. 

February 22, 2018

PubTalk 2/2018 — USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory

Title: The USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory - Research, monitoring, and the science of preparing society for low-probability, high-consequence events

  • Volcanoes in the Cascade Range erupt twice per century on average, with eruptions often lasting for years.
  • Although eruptions are generally not as high-consequence as large earthquakes, they are still
Attribution: Natural Hazards
Oil with a taffy-like consistency in a natural seep along a small creek, being poked with a stick to show its gooey nature.
February 19, 2018

Natural oil seep along Tarwater Creek, San Mateo County, California

The natural oil seep in this photo is located in Pescadero Creek County Park, where the Canyon Trail crosses Tarwater Creek. The oil is black, has a taffy-like consistency, and smells like motor oil.

February 16, 2018

Scientific Innovation Helps Pacific Wetlands Adapt to Sea Level Rise

U.S. Geological Survey scientists collaborated with partners to develop an innovative new tool to help resource managers prepare Pacific coastal wetlands for rising sea levels. 
 

marsh
February 13, 2018

Egret Flyover, Petaluma River

While heading out to a survey plot off of San Pablo Bay, an egret flies over the Petaluma River in the early morning.

February 13, 2018

Dr. Rufus Catchings, USGS Geophysicist

USGS geophysicist Dr. Rufus Catchings, brings insights to the importance of diversity and perseverance in the earth science field. 
 

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Female northern harrier gaze
February 9, 2018

Female Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) Gaze

A female northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) gazes into the camera at Suisun Marsh, CA.

In a pasture a white horse is standing in the foreground, in background is an apparatus that pumps oil from the ground.
February 2, 2018

Oil well pumping unit, Half Moon Bay oil field, California

The Half Moon Bay oil field is one of the oldest oil fields in California and was first developed during the 1880s. Since then, the field has produced an estimated 60,000 barrels of oil from about 19 wells. Most of the old wells have been plugged and abandoned, but this well was reworked in 1980 and produces small volumes of oil from thin sandstone layers of the Miocene

...
January 29, 2018

USGS Joins Efforts in Montecito to Assess Debris-Flow Aftermath

A team of USGS geologists provide science support following Montecito post-fire debris-flow event.
 

January 25, 2018

PubTalk 1/2018 — ShakeAlert: Path to West Coast EQ Early Warning

Title: ShakeAlert: The Path to West Coast Earthquake Early Warning ... how a few seconds can save lives and property

  • The ShakeAlert earthquake early warning system will begin limited operations this year.
  • Alerts could save lives and properties but several challenges remain.
  • With millions at risk, why isn't full public alerting happening yet?
Photo of Staten Island in the Sacramento Delta
January 25, 2018

Staten Island, Sacramento Delta, CA.

Staten Island in the Sacramento Delta, CA.

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August lecture flyer thumbnail
August 24, 2015

The earthquake rate has dramatically increased in the central United States in the last six years. Oklahoma had more magnitude 3 or greater earthquakes in 2014 than California.

Image: Baby Spider Monkey Snacking While Clinging to Mom
August 20, 2015

In a paper released today in Science, a new model presents a common mathematical structure that underlies the full range of feeding strategies of plants and animals: from familiar parasites, predators, and scavengers to more obscure parasitic castrators and decomposers. Now ecologists can view all food-web interactions through the same lens using a common language to understand the natural world.

Image: Elevation Field Work at Bandon Marsh
August 14, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey and Oregon State University released a report this week examining Pacific Northwest tidal wetland vulnerability to sea level rise. Scientists found that, while vulnerability varies from marsh to marsh, most wetlands would likely be resilient to rising sea levels over the next 50-70 years.

Image: Nearshore Algae
August 12, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Nevada, Reno, will study the cause of eutrophication, or increased algae growth, along the nearshore of Lake Tahoe. Supported by California’s Lahontan Water Quality Control Board, the investigation is in response to widespread concerns with water quality and ecological degradation of the lake’s nearshore environment.

USGS
August 4, 2015

A new study now underway by the U.S. Geological Survey is exploring the groundwater resources and geothermal energy potential in drought-stricken areas of eastern Oregon and nearby parts of California, Idaho and Nevada.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 30, 2015

RESTON, Va.— The U.S. Geological Survey has awarded approximately $4 million this week to four universities – California Institute of Technology, University of California, Berkeley, University of Washington and University of Oregon – to support transitioning the “ShakeAlert” earthquake early warning system toward a production stage.

USGS
July 27, 2015

One winter's night in the year 1700, a mysterious tsunami flooded fields and washed away houses in Japan. It arrived without the warning that a nearby earthquake usually provides.

Image: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Vessel Seen Through Bird Flock
July 16, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey today released the North Pacific Pelagic Seabird Database — a massive online resource compiling the results of 40 years of surveys by biologists from the United States, Canada, Japan and Russia. The database documents the abundance and distribution of 160 seabird and 41 marine mammal species over a 10 million-square-mile region of the North Pacific.

Issue3.5May2015Thumb
June 5, 2015

The Delta – Developing Models to Understand Fish Passage and Survival In a Complex System

Drought effects at Trinity Lake
May 28, 2015

Although record low precipitation has been the main driver of one of the worst droughts in California history, abnormally high temperatures have also played an important role in amplifying its adverse effects, according to a recent study by the U.S. Geological Survey and university partners.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 26, 2015

Recently, U.S. Geological Survey researchers and partners working in California’s Channel Islands National Park discovered mammoth remains in uplifted marine deposits that date to about 80,000 years ago, confirming a long-held but never proven hypothesis that mammoths may have been on the Channel Islands long before the last glacial period 25,000 to 12,000 years ago.

Map of sediment thickness in state waters offshore of San Francisco.
May 21, 2015

Three new sets of maps detail the offshore bathymetry, habitats, geology and submarine environment of the seafloor off the coast of San Francisco, Drakes Bay, and Tomales Point.

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