Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

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Map of flow field...
May 3, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
April 10, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
March 30, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
March 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Satellite image shows continued breakouts on flow field...
March 10, 2017

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, March 8, by the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite.

Map of flow field...
February 24, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
February 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field.

The area of the active flow field as of January 12 is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the active flow as of Feb
February 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
January 12, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Kamokuna ocean entry map...
January 3, 2017

This map shows the coastline at the Kamokuna lava entry on Kīlauea Volcano, with labels denoting areas impacted by the large, progressive lava-delta collapse on December 31, 2016. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

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August 16, 2018

3D Model of Fissure 8 Cone

This 3-dimensional computer model shows the structure of the fissure 8 cone on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone. The model was created from thermal images acquired during a helicopter overflight on August 15, 2018. The cone is currently about 30 m (100 ft) tall with a broad base. The bright white area within the cone is a small pond of lava, now largely crusted over

color photograph of sand bar and boat ramp
August 11, 2018

Pohoiki boat ramp and sand bar

Close view of the Pohoiki boat ramp during this morning's overflight. The southern-most flow margin has not advanced significantly toward the Pohoiki boat ramp, but black sand and larger fragments from the entry areas have washed ashore to create a sand bar and beach at this site. Geologists observed several small 

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August 9, 2018

Lava Entering Ocean Near Isaac Hale Beach Park

Lava continues to enter the ocean near the Isaac Hale Beach Park on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone. Although lava output from fissure 8 remains low, the ocean entry was still active during HVO's helicopter overflight on August 9, 2018. Numerous small streams of lava were oozing into the ocean near Ahalanui, creating weak plumes of laze. The southern flow margin

Color photograph of volcanic vent
August 7, 2018

 Aerial view of the fissure 8 cone

Aerial view of the fissure 8 cone and spillway captured by Civil Air Patrol during their overflight on August 7, 2018. View is toward the south.

New outcrops make good geology
August 6, 2018

New outcrops make good geology

This aerial view of the western part of Kīlauea Volcano's caldera was taken on August 6, 2018. The down-dropped block is faulted about 120 m (400 feet) below the caldera floor. Many 19th-century lava flows are exposed in the fault scarps. Halema‘uma‘u (not visible) is to the left of this photo.

August 6, 2018

Overflight of Kīlauea Summit

Between mid-May and early August, 2018, the depth of Halema‘uma‘u more than tripled and its diameter more than doubled as magma from Kīlauea's shallow summit reservoir moved into the lower East Rift Zone. Evidence of subsidence is visible in this video, taken during an early morning helicopter overflight on August 6, 2018. Cracks and down-dropped blocks of the caldera 

August 6, 2018

Lava Fountaining at Fissure 8

During this morning's overflight, HVO geologists observed low levels of lava fountaining within the fissure 8 spatter cone and crusted lava in the spillway and channel downstream. The significance of this change is not yet clear. Eruptions can wax and wane or pause for days to weeks before returning to high levels of lava discharge. New outbreaks in the area of the active 

Hot, molten lava flows slowly into the ocean, and the temperature difference between lava and water is creating steam.
August 5, 2018

Viscous lava hits ocean water

A viscous pāhoehoe flow from Kilauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi , entering the ocean near Isaac Hale Beach Park on the morning of August 5, 2018.

August 3, 2018

Pāhoehoe Breakout

This lava, erupted from fissure 8 on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone, shows classic pāhoehoe behavior. Exposed to the air, the surface of the flow chills to form a thin crust that can be stretched or broken apart, forming pieces of crust that are "subducted" back into the molten interior. The main sound is wind noise, but crackles can also be heard as flakes of

color photograph of volcanic lava channel
August 3, 2018

Lava in the fissure 8 channel spillway

Lava in the fissure 8 channel spillway was fairly low this morning, with the lava in the channel moving at a

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Color photograph of caldera
August 3, 2018

Halema‘uma‘u, taken from the northeastern caldera rim

Early morning photo of Halema‘uma‘u, taken from the northeastern caldera rim. Inward slumping of the crater rim and walls continues. Ash deposits from previous explosions and collapse events

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fissures were characterized by low eruption rates
July 29, 2018

fissures were characterized by low eruption rates

During the first two weeks of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption, fissures were characterized by low eruption rates and small flows. This was because the erupted lava originated from pockets of cooler, less fluid magma stored in the rift zone. Later fissures erupted hotter, more fluid magma, resulting in higher eruption rates and large, fast-moving lava

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image related to volcanoes. See description
July 23, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone

image related to volcanoes. See description
July 21, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone

lava being blasted upward and outward during a hydrovolcanic explosion
July 20, 2018

Since May 3, 2018, Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone eruption has destroyed more than 700 structures, covered more than 32 sq km (12.4 sq mi) of land with black lava, and added about 700 acres of new land to the island. Yet, remarkably, injuries had been few.

USGS
July 19, 2018

Reviews Kīlauea Volcano's ongoing lower East Rift Zone eruption, focusing on the fissure 8 vent, channel, and ocean entry, and describing a credible set of future scenarios and uncertainties, as guide for managing hazards and risks.

USGS
July 18, 2018

A variety of hydrovolcanic explosions may occur as basaltic lava flows into the ocean.

Edge of the Kīlauea vog plume near Waikoloa Village
July 13, 2018

For many Hawaii residents, interactions with Kīlauea Volcano's eruptions is through vog—a hazy mixture of sulfur dioxide gas and sulfate particles. However, sulfur on Kīlauea is not limited to vog components.

image related to volcanoes. See description
July 13, 2018

Kīlauea Lower East Rift Zone lava flows

image related to volcanoes. See description
July 11, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's summit activity produces minor ash

 lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater about 3 weeks before magma began to withdraw from beneath the crater.
July 5, 2018

We are currently witnessing extraordinary events at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. For weeks the summit has subsided both in a continuous fashion and in incremental and jolting drops. As Kīlauea is being reshaped before our eyes, how does the current activity compare to similar collapses at other volcanoes in the world, or even to previous collapses at Kīlauea.

USGS
July 5, 2018

A guide for understanding current activity and hazards at and around the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, summarizing activity from late April through June 29, 2018, and possible future outcomes.