Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 68
Date published: August 10, 2020
Status: Completed

Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change Impacts to Reefs

Learn how the USGS studies sea-level rise and climate change impacts to coral reefs.

Date published: February 13, 2020
Status: Active

Avian Malaria Genomic Research Project

Habitat destruction, invasive plants, non-native predators and competitors, and introduced diseases have decimated the diverse, endemic native forest bird community of Hawai‘i. In particular, avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum), which is transmitted by the introduced Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito, has caused dramatic declines and extinctions in many native birds. Fortunately, Cx....

Date published: December 19, 2019
Status: Completed

U.S. Seismic Hazard Maps – Hawaii

Seismic hazard maps for Hawaii.

Date published: November 8, 2019
Status: Active

Modeling invasion risk and impacts to inform management responses - Helen Sofaer

Where are invasive species likely to be introduced or become abundant? How should managers respond? On Hawaii and other Pacific Islands numerous invasive species have altered ecosystems, and new species continue to be introduced. Statistical analyses can characterize risk and inform response strategies.

Date published: November 8, 2019
Status: Active

Modeling invasion risk and impacts to inform management responses - Helen Sofaer

Where are invasive species likely to be introduced or become abundant? How should managers respond? On Hawaii and other Pacific Islands numerous invasive species have altered ecosystems, and new species continue to be introduced. Statistical analyses can characterize risk and inform response strategies.

Date published: October 28, 2019
Status: Completed

Update of the Hawaii Seismic Hazard Model Workshop #1

Wednesday, September 18, 2019
Honolulu, HI
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Completed

Circulation and Sediment, Nutrient, Contaminant, and Larval Dynamics on Reefs

The overall objective of this research effort is to better understand how circulation and sediment processes impact coral reefs.

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region-Hawaii

  

Date published: March 28, 2019
Status: Active

Sea Level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present

Sea level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present is a multidisciplinary study of past changes in sea level. Prehistoric shorelines can be used as a baseline for current and future sea level changes under warmer-than-present climate. Emphasis is placed on looking at sea levels during warm periods of the last 500,000 years as well as how base level changes increase the risk of coastal inundation...

Date published: February 19, 2019
Status: Active

Risk Analysis of Invasive Freshwater Fishes in Hawaii and Micronesia

Invasive species threaten biodiversity around the world, especially on islands. USGS scientists are helping to identify fish species that have the greatest potential to invade the fresh waters of Microneisa. 

Date published: November 29, 2018
Status: Active

Webinar: Assessing the Impact of Future Climate and Introduced Species on Hawaiʻi's Aquatic Ecosystems

View this webinar to learn how a warming climate will have fundamental impacts on freshwater, a critical driver of tropical island ecosystems.

Contacts: Yin-Phan Tsang, Hannah Clilverd
Date published: November 5, 2018
Status: Completed

Coral Reef Facts

These facts about coral reefs are presented in conjunction with the USGS Coral Reef Project.

Filter Total Items: 89
Date published: February 14, 2019

Coral cover and health determined from seafloor photographs and diver observations, West Hawai'i, 2010-2011

The data described here were collected as part of a larger study to examine habitat conditions and coral health with respect to exposure to submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) and urban land uses.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i

This portion of the data release presents radiocarbon age data from 66 samples collected from Anahola Valley (Kaua'i), Kahana Valley (O'ahu), and Pololu Valley (Hawai'i). Sample ages were determined by the National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (NOSAMS) facility. The data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv).

Date published: January 1, 2019

Near-shore seawater-column estimates of groundwater advection rate, Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

In-situ near-shore seawater measurements of dissolved radon, conductivity, and water level were used to determine the advection rate of groundwater onto the fringing reef off Makua, HI, USA.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Coral bleaching data by site, West Hawaii, 2010-2011

Observations of bleached coral were documented by scuba divers along pre-determined transects and are presented here in comma-separated format. Included in the table are coral species observed, colony size, size of bleached area on colony, and seawater temperature.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Seafloor photographs and location data, West Hawaii, 2010-2011

Seafloor photographs were collected by SCUBA divers along pre-determined transects using an underwater digital camera following benthic survey protocols developed by the National Park Service (NPS) at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Marrack and others, 2014; Weijerman and others, 2014) and modeled after the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and NPS coral reef survey proto

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands,

This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight ass

Date published: January 1, 2019

Dynamically downscaled future wave projections from SWAN model results for the main Hawaiian Islands

Projected wave climate trends from WAVEWATCH3 model output were used as input for nearshore wave models (for example, SWAN) for the main Hawaiian Islands to derive data and statistical measures (mean and top 5 percent values) of wave height, wave period, and wave direction for the recent past (1996-2005) and future projections (2026-2045 and 2085-2100).
Three-hourly global

Date published: January 1, 2019

Conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) data from nearshore coral reef locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2014)

Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profile data were collected along transects across study areas of west and east Hawaii Island between 2010 and 2014. Measurements were made over a range of tide and weather conditions and help characterize the spatial extent and variability in estuarine conditions across the reef when grouped by 1 to 2-hour survey period or by season. Sites of cold and war...

Date published: January 1, 2019

Water temperature time-series data from nearshore coral reef and anchialine pool locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2013)

Time-series data of water temperature were collected at 33 locations along the west coast of the Island of Hawaii, including within Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (KAHO), and Puu o Honaunau National Historical Park (PUHO) between 2010 and 2013 in nearshore coral reef and anchialine pool settings. Temperature sensors were attached to fossil limestone, rock or dead coral wi

Date published: January 1, 2019

Water level, temperature, and salinity time-series data from nearshore coral reef locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2011)

Time-series data of water level, water temperature, and salinity were collected at 10 locations along west Hawaii Island between 2010 and 2011 in nearshore coral reef settings. Conductivity-temperature-depth sensors were attached to fossil limestone, rock, or dead coral within otherwise healthy coral reef settings spanning water depths of 8 to 23 ft. Continuous measurements were made ever

Date published: January 1, 2019

Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i

This portion of the data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected from Anahola Valley, Kaua`i, Hawai`i in November, 2015 (USGS Field Activity 2015-671-FA). 63 sand and mud samples were taken from sediment cores that were collected using a ‘Russian’ corer (a hand-held, side-filling peat auger) from two site locations. Site locations were

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flood extent polygons and flood depth points based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the State of Hawaii (the islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the State of Hawaii (the islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for

Filter Total Items: 377
Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
May 28, 2021

 

May 28, 2021—Kīlauea summit contour map showing lava lake level and topographic profiles across the caldera

Rise of the Halema‘uma‘u Lava Lake—May 13, 2021
May 28, 2021

Digital elevation models (DEMs) created from photos taken during helicopter overflights of Kīlauea summit.

Preliminary thermal map of the 2018 eruptive fissures along Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone
May 24, 2021

A thermal map of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone fissures and steaming area.

Digital elevation model of crater and lava lake
May 18, 2021

HVO uses regular Kīlauea summit helicopter overflights of Halema‘uma‘u crater to create digital elevation models (DEMs) of the crater.

May 13, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery
May 14, 2021

May 13, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

A compilation of nine thermal maps created for the ongoing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea.
May 14, 2021

A compilation of nine thermal maps created for the ongoing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea, showing the evolution of the lava lake.

Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
May 7, 2021

May 7, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

As the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater continues to rise, the surface area of the lake increases
April 29, 2021

Digital elevation models (DEMs) created from photos taken during helicopter overflights of Kīlauea summit.

The digital elevation models (DEMs) created from photos taken during helicopter overflights of the Kīlauea summit have many uses
April 29, 2021

Digital elevation models (DEMs) created from photos taken during helicopter overflights of Kīlauea summit.

Color map of lava
April 26, 2021

April 23, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

Color map of lava lake temperature
April 20, 2021

April 16, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Color map of lava flow response times
April 16, 2021

March 10, 2021—Mauna Loa eruption response times over the past 200 years

Filter Total Items: 121
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Year Published: 2019

Coral skeleton δ15N as a tracer of historic nutrient loading to a coral reef in Maui, Hawaii

Excess nutrient loading to nearshore environments has been linked to declining water quality and ecosystem health. Macro-algal blooms, eutrophication, and reduction in coral cover have been observed in West Maui, Hawaii, and linked to nutrient inputs from coastal submarine groundwater seeps. Here, we present a forty-year record of nitrogen...

Murray, Joseph; Prouty, Nancy G.; Peek, Sara E.; Paytan, Adina

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Year Published: 2019

Stream sediment geochemistry of four small drainages on the north shore of Kauai west of Hanalei

Geochemical compositions of fine-grained stream sediment from four drainages on the north shore of the island of Kauai, Hawaii, west of Hanalei and two back-beach sites were explored to increase understanding about land-based runoff and ecological risk from runoff to nearshore coral communities. Stream and beach sediment were collected between...

Takesue, Renee K.; Storlazzi, Curt D.
Takesue, R.K., and Storlazzi, C.D., 2018, Stream sediment geochemistry of four small drainages on the north shore of Kauai west of Hanalei: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1007, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191007.

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Year Published: 2018

Honolulu Magnetic Observatory

Tucked in a grove of thorny mesquite trees, on an ancient coral reef on the south side of the Hawaiian island of Oahu, west of Pearl Harbor, a small unmanned observatory quietly records the Earth’s time-varying magnetic field. The Honolulu Magnetic Observatory is 1 of 14 that the U.S. Geological Survey Geomag­netism Program operates at various...

Love, Jeffrey J.; Finn, Carol
Love, J.J., and Finn, C.A., 2018, Honolulu Magnetic Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3029, 2 p.

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Year Published: 2018

Groundwater-level, groundwater-temperature, and barometric-pressure data, July 2017 to February 2018, Hālawa Area, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi

The Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, operated by the U.S. Navy and located in the Hālawa area, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi, includes 20 underground storage tanks that can hold a total of 250 million gallons of fuel. In January 2014, the U.S. Navy notified the Hawaiʻi Department of Health and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of release of an estimated...

Mitchell, Jackson N.; Oki, Delwyn S.
Mitchell, J.N., and Oki, D.S., 2018, Groundwater-level, groundwater-temperature, and barometric-pressure data, July 2017 to February 2018, Hālawa Area, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1147, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181147.

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Year Published: 2018

Volcanic aquifers of Hawai‘i—Hydrogeology, water budgets, and conceptual models

Hawai‘i’s aquifers have limited capacity to store fresh groundwater because each island is small and surrounded by saltwater. Saltwater also underlies much of the fresh groundwater. Fresh groundwater resources are, therefore, particularly vulnerable to human activity, short-term climate cycles, and long-term climate change. Availability of fresh...

Izuka, Scot K.; Engott, John A.; Rotzoll, Kolja; Bassiouni, Maoya; Johnson, Adam G.; Miller, Lisa D.; Mair, Alan
Izuka, S.K., Engott, J.A., Rotzoll, Kolja, Bassiouni, Maoya, Johnson, A.G., Miller, L.D., and Mair, Alan, 2018, Volcanic aquifers of Hawai‘i—Hydrogeology, water budgets, and conceptual models (ver. 2.0, March 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5164, 158 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20155164.

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Year Published: 2018

Spatially distributed groundwater recharge estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of Maui, Hawai`i, 1978–2007

Demand for freshwater on the Island of Maui is expected to grow. To evaluate the availability of fresh groundwater, estimates of groundwater recharge are needed. A water-budget model with a daily computation interval was developed and used to estimate the spatial distribution of recharge on Maui for average climate conditions (1978–2007 rainfall...

Johnson, Adam G.; Engott, John A.; Bassiouni, Maoya; Rotzoll, Kolja
Johnson, A.G., Engott, J.A., Bassiouni, Maoya, and Rotzoll, Kolja, 2018, Spatially distributed groundwater recharge estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of Maui, Hawai`i, 1978–2007 (ver. 2.0, February 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5168, 53 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20145168.

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Year Published: 2017

Rigorously valuing the role of coral reefs in coastal protection: An example from Maui, Hawaii, U.S.A.

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by exposing communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous, economic terms as artificial defenses such as seawalls, and therefore often not considered in decision-making. Here we present a new...

Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Beck, Mike; Nickel, Barry A.
Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Beck, M.W., and Nickel, B., 2017. “Rigorously valuing the role of coral reefs in coastal protection: An example from Maui, Hawaii, U.S.A.” Coastal Dynamics 2017, p. 665-674.

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Year Published: 2017

Measuring surface-water loss in Honouliuli Stream near the ‘Ewa Shaft, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i

The Honolulu Board of Water Supply is currently concerned with the possibility of bacteria in the pumped water of the ‘Ewa Shaft (State well 3-2202-21). Groundwater from the ‘Ewa Shaft could potentially be used to meet future potable water needs in the ‘Ewa area on the island of O‘ahu. The source of the bacteria in the pumped water is unknown,...

Rosa, Sarah N.
Rosa, S.N., 2017, Measuring surface-water loss in Honouliuli Stream near the ‘Ewa Shaft, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5042, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175042.

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Year Published: 2017

Pufferfish mortality associated with novel polar marine toxins in Hawaii

Fish die-offs are important signals in tropical marine ecosystems. In 2010, a mass mortality of pufferfish in Hawaii (USA) was dominated by Arothron hispidus showing aberrant neurological behaviors. Using pathology, toxinology, and field surveys, we implicated a series of novel, polar, marine toxins as a likely cause of this mass mortality. Our...

Work, Thierry M.; Moeller, Perer D. R.; Beauchesne, Kevin R.; Dagenais, Julie; Breeden, Renee; Rameyer, Robert; Walsh, Willliam A.; Abecassis, Melanie; Kobayashi, Donald R.; Conway, Carla M.; Winton, James

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Year Published: 2017

Spatially distributed groundwater recharge for 2010 land cover estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i

Owing mainly to projected population growth, demand for freshwater on the Island of Oʻahu is expected to increase by about 26 percent between 2010 and 2030, according to the City and County of Honolulu. Estimates of groundwater recharge are needed to evaluate the availability of fresh groundwater. For this study, a water-budget model with a daily...

Engott, John A.; Johnson, Adam G.; Bassiouni, Maoya; Izuka, Scot K.; Rotzoll, Kolja
Engott, J.A., Johnson, A.G., Bassiouni, Maoya, Izuka, S.K., and Rotzoll, Kolja, 2017, Spatially distributed groundwater recharge for 2010 land cover estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i (ver. 2.0, December 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5010, 49 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20155010.

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Year Published: 2016

Panel regressions to estimate low-flow response to rainfall variability in ungaged basins

Multicollinearity and omitted-variable bias are major limitations to developing multiple linear regression models to estimate streamflow characteristics in ungaged areas and varying rainfall conditions. Panel regression is used to overcome limitations of traditional regression methods, and obtain reliable model coefficients, in particular to...

Bassiouni, Maoya; Vogel, Richard M.; Archfield, Stacey A.

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Year Published: 2016

Low-flow characteristics for streams on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi, State of Hawaiʻi

Statistical models were developed to estimate natural streamflow under low-flow conditions for streams with existing streamflow data at measurement sites on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. Streamflow statistics used to describe the low-flow characteristics are flow-duration discharges that are equaled or exceeded between...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Cheng, C.L., 2016, Low-flow characteristics for streams on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi, State of Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5103, 36 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165103.

Filter Total Items: 2,294
Color photograph of active lava lake
October 18, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—October 18, 2021

Overview photo of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake taken on Monday, October 18, 2021, from the western rim of the crater. The western fissure (lower right) continues to erupt lava into the west side of the lava lake (bottom). The east side of the lake (middle) is mostly stagnated and solidified on the surface. USGS photo by N. Deligne.

Color photograph of volcanic vent
October 18, 2021

West vent, Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea summit eruption — October 18, 2021

View of where lava exists the spatter cone at the west vent and flows into the perched lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea. The silvery lava recently erupted and spreading away from the west vent, while the darker lava at the margin of the lake is cooled and not moving. This photo was taken from the south rim of the crater. USGS photo by N. Deligne.

Color photo of a lava fountain with a dark spatter cone surrounding it
October 17, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption — October 17, 2021

Fountaining activity was weak on Sunday, October 17, at the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea. This photo is from the northwest rim of the caldera, and has a partial view inside the spatter cone. Lava exits the cone via a short spillway. USGS photo by M. Patrick.

Color photo of a lava fountain at the edge of a lava lake with a dark spatter cone around it
October 16, 2021

October 16, 2021 — ongoing Kīlauea summit eruption

The active west vent of Halema‘uma‘u as seen from the northwest rim. The lava at the vent exits from a narrow spillway and feeds into the lake. The radial pattern seen at the mouth of the spillway is created as the lava on the surface cools and is pushed away from the vent, forming a rope-like texture. USGS photo by E. Gallant taken on October 16, 2021.

Color photo of a lava fountain depositing molten spatter onto a dark spatter cone
October 16, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption — October 16, 2021

A telephoto image of the active west vent of Halema‘uma‘u as seen from the south rim. In this photo, spatter from the lava fountain is deposited on the outside margin of the cone. Over time, this deposition is what builds the cone's height. The cone grew 6 m (20 ft) in 24 hours between October 15 and 16, 2021. The lava fountain seen here was measured at 20 m (66 ft) in

...
Color photo of a scientist taking photos from a helicopter
October 15, 2021

Scientist collects data—Kīlauea eruption overflight—Oct. 15, 2021

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists make observations and collect data during Kīlauea eruption overflights. The data collected is used to construct updated topographic and thermal maps of the lava lake surface and surrounding area. By comparing the updated maps to previous maps, scientists will be able to track changes in the volume, surface elevation, eruption

...
Color photograph looking into the west vent spatter cone with a small lava fountain in the center
October 15, 2021

Active west vent in Halema‘uma‘u—October 15, 2021

A telephoto image of the the west vent taken on the morning of October 15, during an HVO helicopter overflight of Kīlauea summit. Low lava fountaining activity continues from the vent in the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u. The lava within the surrounding spatter cone is ponded at a higher elevation than the lava lake surface (shiny silver texture in foreground).The lava

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Color photograph of the lava lake in Halema'uma'u
October 15, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u Lave Lake—October 15, 2021

The eruption within Halema‘uma‘u continues. Lava fountaining from the western vent (center) feeds a rising lava lake. Activity has decreased over the past week and much of the eastern half of the lake surface (seen here in the foreground) has cooled and formed a solid crust. Lava from the active western lake surface occasionally flows over this crust on the north and south

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Color photo of the Halema'uma'u lava lake and west vent fissure with a small lava fountain inside the cone
October 15, 2021

West vent and lava lake islands—October 15, 2021

In this photo taken during a helicopter overflight of Halema‘uma‘u crater on October 15, lava can be seen fountaining within the western vent cone and flowing down a short spillway into the lava lake. The main island created in the initial stages of the Dec. 2020–May 2021 eruption is in the foreground and continues to rise with the lake surface. The remains of the west

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A wide view of a lava lake within Halemaumau crater
October 15, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - October 15, 2021

This overview photo of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake was captured around noon on Friday, October 15, 2021, from the northwest rim of the crater. The western fissure (lower right) continues to erupt lava into the west side of the lava lake (right). The east side of the lake (left) is mostly stagnated and solidified on the surface. The lava lake measures approximately 1,035 m (

...
October 15, 2021

Kīlauea summit overflight - October 15, 2021

A morning overflight of Kīlauea summit on October 15, 2021, provided aerial views of the eruption within Halema‘uma‘u. Lava erupts from a single vent on the western wall of the crater. The vent has a spatter cone around it, with an opening to the east from which lava flows into the lava lake. 

Color map of lava lake temperature
October 15, 2021

October 15, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map

A helicopter overflight on October 15, 2021, at approximately 7:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea. The scale of the thermal map ranges from blue to red, with blue colors indicative of cooler temperatures and red colors indicative of warmer temperatures. The dimensions of the new lava

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Filter Total Items: 2,329
Color photograph of volcanic vent
October 8, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color image of lava lake temperature
October 7, 2021

The past year has seen fluctuating lava lakes, ephemeral lava fountains, craggy spires, and drifting “islands” reminiscent of pre-1924 Halemaʻumaʻu activity at the summit of Kīlauea.  The recent activity has USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists reflecting on prior observations and how they compare to recent activity.  

Color photograph of lava
October 7, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of vent and lava lake
October 6, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
October 5, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.6 earthquake located east-northeast of Pāhala on Tuesday, October 5, at 8:37 p.m., HST.

A wide view of the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, taken from the western crater rim
October 5, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
October 4, 2021

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) is lowering Kīlauea’s volcano alert level to WATCH and its aviation color code to ORANGE, reflecting the less-hazardous nature of the ongoing eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater, in Kīlauea’s summit caldera and Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.

A telephoto view of the lava fountain in the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater during Kīlauea's ongoing summit eruption
October 4, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Wide view of the ongoing eruption within Halema'uma'u crater
October 3, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of active lava lake
October 2, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 1, 2021
October 1, 2021

A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of eruption
September 30, 2021

Kīlauea volcano is erupting again. Wednesday afternoon, lava returned to Kīlauea's summit within Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park after a 4-month hiatus.  A new line of fissures sliced through the solidified crust of the 2020–21 lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu at 3:21 p.m. HST.  

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