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Map of flow field...
September 1, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
August 20, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
August 9, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Thermal map of flow field...
August 9, 2017

This map is similar to the map above but shows a thermal map over the Episode 61g lava flow. 

Satellite image shows location of breakouts on flow field...
July 30, 2017

This satellite image was captured on Sunday, July 30, by the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map of flow field...
July 10, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
June 21, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Satellite image shows location of breakouts on flow field...
June 2, 2017

This satellite image was captured on Friday, June 2, by the Sentinel-2 satellite operated by the European Space Agency.

Map of flow field...
May 31, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
May 3, 2017

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field in relation to the southeastern part of the Island of Hawai‘i.

Map of flow field...
May 3, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
April 10, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

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Dust rising from inside a crater after a rock collapse
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Dust from Summit Explosion

Rocks generate brown dust as they tumble down the western caldera wall during the collapse explosion event on July 5, 2018.

Dust rising from a crater after a rock collapse
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Collapse and Dust Rising at Halema`uma`u Crater

At 1:20 PM HST on July 5, a collapse explosion event occurred at Kīlauea's summit. The energy released by the event was equivalent to a M5.2 earthquake. The shaking

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A small lavafall in the middle of a lava flow.
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lavafall Near Kapoho Crater

Near the Kapoho Crater, in the area called Four Corners, the lava channel makes a 90-degree bend. After lava exits the bend, it makes a short drop to form a lavafall. A side channel makes a short surface diversion before rejoining the existing channel.

Levees created from cooled lava
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Levees

Lava, from small overflows, cools and congeals along the banks of the lava channel to build lava levees. The levees also build up as moving lava pushes cooled 

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Lava entering the ocean with laze plumes rising
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Kapoho Coastline Delta

Lava enters the sea along the Kapoho coastline, building a delta that is now over 555 acres in size.

Aerial photo over Kapoho area showing lava entering ocean and passing residential areas
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Aerial of Kapoho Area

Aerial view of the lava channel and active margins between Kapoho Crater (upper right) and the coast (lower left). The northern margin of the flow field is advancing at several points in the area of Kapoho Ag and Beach Lots (vegetated areas in center of image). Image courtesy of Hawaii County Fire Department.

Lave entering the ocean with laze plumes rising
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Ocean Entry at Kapoho

Having crusted over about 0.8 km (0.5 mi) upchannel from the ocean entry, lava oozes from the flow's

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July 5, 2018

July 5, 2018, collapse event at Kīlauea Volcano's summit

Since August 4, 2018, Kīlauea Volcano's summit activity has diminished dramatically. But between mid-May and early August, 62 collapse events occurred, with each releasing energy equivalent to a magnitude-5+ earthquake and causing extensive ground shaking in the summit area. On July 5, 2018, USGS video cameras stationed at various summit locations happened to record one of

View of a crater with clouds in the background
July 4, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Sunrise at Haleam`uma`u Crater

Sunrise view of Halema‘uma‘u crater as seen from the USGS observation point from Volcano House in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.

July 4, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Flowing from Fissure 8

Lava within the fissure 8 cone roils and churns where it eupts from the vent and flows rapidly down the well-established channel. This image was captured via a Mavic Pro drone courtesy of the DOI/USGS Unmanned Aircraft Systems team.

Lava flowing at night time seen as bright red and orange
July 4, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 at Night

USGS Unmanned Aircraft Systems image of fissure 8 looking east. Below the prominent fissure 8 cone, smaller vents above the original fissure emit volcanic gas. Lava has a brighter glow near the vent exit where it is more turbulent than in the downstream channel, which has portions of darker, cooled crust on its surface.

Scientist looks at an active fissure eruption
July 4, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Scientist Observing Fissure 8

USGS scientist observes the glow of fissure 8 fountain and channel within Leilani Estates. Steam rises from cracks and hot spots within the 

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prototype radar on the rim of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea
March 22, 2018

A recent issue of Volcano Watch [https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvo/hvo_volcano_watch.html?vwid=1232] looked at what the level of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u can tell us about how Kīlauea works and the hazards it poses.

Double rainbow ends in Moku‘āweoweo...
March 16, 2018

On March 14, HVO's webcam [MLcam] captured this image of a double rainbow.

Halema‘uma‘u at dusk...
March 15, 2018

A little more than ten years ago, conditions around Kīlauea Volcano's summit were much different than today. The caldera floor was open to the public, and the air above it was normally clear. Halema‘uma‘u was an impressive sight, but peacefully in repose.

cover of publication
March 13, 2018

This study implements the first continuous, real-time operational routine for tracking lava lake surface motion, applying the technique to the persistent lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano.

vigorous lava fountains erupted on the floor of Halema‘uma‘u
March 8, 2018

To set the stage for next week's Volcano Watch about the upcoming anniversary of Kīlauea Volcano's current summit eruption, this week we revisit the history of past Halema‘uma‘u eruptions. We do so by reprising parts of a Volcano Watch article written in December 2008, soon after the ongoing Halema‘uma‘u lava lake reached a milestone as Kīlauea's longest summit eruption since 1924.

field engineers upgrade a tiltmeter on Kīlauea
March 1, 2018

Most people likely know that the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) uses seismometers and Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers for monitoring volcanoes. However, fewer people may be aware of the full extent of our volcano-monitoring toolkit.

direction of motion measured by GPS stations
February 22, 2018

Today's Volcano Watch begins with a question: Can you guess when the next slow slip event will happen on Kīlauea Volcano's South Flank? As a hint, the last one was in October 2015, and before then, events occurred in May 2012, February 2010, and June 2007. If this seems like a pattern, you're right.

Why are HVO scientists talking so much about Mauna Loa?...
February 15, 2018

In recent weeks, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) joined forces with several other agencies to talk about Mauna Loa at community events and other public meetings. Unfortunately, some information presented at these gatherings has been misinterpreted.

bursting bubble on the surface of a lava lake
February 8, 2018

If you visit Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Jaggar Museum Overlook when the wind is calm, you might be able to hear the sounds of gas bubbles bursting and lava splashing in the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea. What you hear is only part of a rich chorus of sounds emitted from many processes near the surface of an active lava lake.

Early evening view of the lava lake
February 1, 2018

In November 2017, "Volcano Watch" entered its 27th year of publication. The long history of this column is, in large part, thanks to the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists and affiliates who write the weekly articles, Hawaii newspapers and online news outlets that print and post the column, and you, the dedicated readers who peruse it each week.

Volcanic Air Pollution Hazards in Hawaii Fact Sheet....
February 1, 2018

Volcanic Air Pollution Hazards in Hawaii is an updated fact sheet that provides information on the science of Kīlauea's volcanic air pollution, known as "vog."

Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake with Mauna Loa in background...
January 31, 2018

A 24-minute USGS video recounts the eruptive history of Halema'uma'u and tells the story of Kīlauea Volcano's current summit eruption, from its start in 2008 through today.