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The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

News

Date published: October 15, 2021

Photo and Video Chronology – Kīlauea – October 15, 2021

The ongoing eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Date published: October 14, 2021

Volcano Watch — Large Earthquake reminds us to “Drop, Cover, and Hold On”

The magnitude-6.2 earthquake that occurred on Sunday, October 10 at 11:49 a.m. HST, originated just south of the Island of Hawai‘i. The large earthquake, caused by bending of the oceanic plate, serves as a stark reminder that the State of Hawaii is no stranger to potentially damaging earthquakes.

Date published: October 14, 2021

Photo and Video Chronology – Kīlauea – October 14, 2021

The ongoing eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Filter Total Items: 68
Date published: September 7, 2021
Status: Active

The Value of U.S. Coral Reefs for Risk Reduction

Summary of the report, “Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction”

    Contacts: Curt Storlazzi, PhD, Michael Beck
    Date published: September 1, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coastal Climate Impacts

    The impacts of climate change and sea-level rise around the Pacific and Arctic Oceans can vary tremendously. Thus far the vast majority of national and international impact assessments and models of coastal climate change have focused on low-relief coastlines that are not near seismically active zones. Furthermore, the degree to which extreme waves and wind will add further stress to coastal...

    Date published: August 26, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Kauaʻi

    As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working on the island of Kauaʻi to identify circulation patterns and a sediment budget for Hanalei Bay to help determine any effects to the coastal marine ecosystem.

    Date published: June 10, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Maui

    As part of USGS Coral Reef Project studies, the USGS has been heavily involved in efforts to improve the health and resilience of Maui's coral reef system, bringing expertise in mapping, circulation and sediment studies, and seismic surveys.

    Date published: May 24, 2021
    Status: Active

    Low-lying areas of tropical Pacific islands

    Sea level is rising faster than projected in the western Pacific, so understanding how wave-driven coastal flooding will affect inhabited, low-lying islands—most notably, the familiar ring-shaped atolls—as well as the low-elevation areas of high islands in the Pacific Ocean, is critical for decision-makers in protecting infrastructure or relocating resources and people.

    Date published: May 13, 2021
    Status: Active

    Pacific Island Bird Survey Design and Data Analysis

    Abundance data are collected for bird populations throughout the Pacific Islands by numerous federal, state, university, and non-profit organizations. In order to ensure data are standardized and available to researchers throughout the region, interagency bird databases have been created and continue to be used. These databases contain more than a million compiled, proofed, and standardized...

    Date published: April 15, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Oʻahu

    As part of the Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working closely with other local groups to investigate poor water quality issues in Maunalua Bay on the southeast coast of Oʻahu.

    Date published: April 15, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Hawaiʻi

    As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working on the Kona (west) coast of Hawaiʻi to evaluate geologic resources at two historical parks.

    Date published: April 15, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Kahoʻolawe

    As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is trying to better understand how nearshore processes impact the deeper, scattered coral reef communities of Kahoʻolawe.

    Date published: April 15, 2021
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Molokaʻi

    As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, recent USGS work on Molokaʻi includes looking into the coral record to find clues to past sedimentation events.

    Date published: December 11, 2020
    Status: Completed

    Update of the Hawaii Seismic Hazard Model Workshop #2

    Wednesday, November 18, 2019
    Virtual Meeting

    Filter Total Items: 89
    Date published: June 8, 2021

    Coral geochemistry time series from Kahekili, west Maui

    Geochemical analysis (including stable boron, boron:calcium ratio, and carbon and oxygen isotopes) were measured from coral cores collected in July 2013 from the shallow reef at Kahekili in Kaanapali, west Maui, Hawaii from scleractinian Porites lobata.

    Date published: March 26, 2021

    Cross-reef wave and water level data from coral reef environments

    Direct field observations of wave dynamics across coral reefs and the resulting water levels are limited. Here we provide direct in situ measurements of waves and water levels across a number of coral reefs, extending from the fore reef, across the reef crest, and to the shoreline. These measurements are provided to help better understand the evolution of waves across coral reefs and...

    Date published: April 22, 2020

    Avian Malaria Warning System

    Data for this warning system is a compilation of NOAA NCDC Global Historical Climatology Network data, Dark Sky API 2-week forecast data, and calculated historical annual climatic averages based on the NOAA NCDC data. All data has been statistically adjusted for each individual site location based on collected site data. 

    Date published: September 26, 2019

    Kīlauea 2018 - lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit-collapse events

    This geonarrative summarizes Kīlauea’s 2018 events, highlighting the historical context and contributions to science.

    Date published: September 23, 2019

    Data from Bristle-Thighed Curlews at James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge, O'ahu, Hawaii, 2012-2014

    This data package includes two tables of data for Bristle-thighed curlews (Numenius tahitiensis) captured 2012-2014 on the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge O'ahu, Hawaii (21.68 N, 157.95 W). One table provides capture, banding, morphology, and genetic data. The second table provides mark-resight data for estimating the size of the wintering population on Oahu in April of 2014.

    Date published: September 5, 2019

    Measurements Used to Determine the Sex of Bristle-thighed Curlews (Numenius tahitiensis)

    This data set contains bill and tarsal measurements from 114 Bristle-thighed Curlews, captured on breeding grounds in Alaska, and non-breeding areas in Hawaii and Reitoru atoll, French Polynesia.

    Date published: September 2, 2019

    Observations of coral reef oceanographic and groundwater properties off Makua, Kauai, HI, USA, August 2016

    This data release includes measurements of circulation and waves, profiles of seawater properties, and profiles of resistivity on the shoreline, which can be used to assess the potential for terrestrial groundwater intrusion on the reef and the sources and fate of these water masses. The recent discovery of coral Black Band Disease at Mākua Reef on Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi prompted an investigation...

    Date published: August 29, 2019

    Waiakane, Molokai, HI, 2018 Coral Reef Circulation and Sediment Dynamics Experiment

    To better constrain the influence of sea-level rise on waves and sediment transport over a fringing coral reef flat, an experiment was conducted across a large fringing reef off the south shore of Molokai, Hawai’i. Here we provide data on water levels, waves, currents observed during this field effort. Additional data sets will be added as they become available.

    Date published: August 26, 2019

    Bristle-Thighed Curlew (Numenius tahitiensis) Mark-Resight Encounter History from the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge and Surrounding Area, Oahu, Hawaii, 2012-2017

    This data set contains one table with mark-resight observations of Bristle-thighed Curlews marked on Oahu, Hawaii, with plastic color leg flags, 2012-2017.

    Date published: March 21, 2019

    Core logs, scans, photographs, grain size, and radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, and Hawaiʻi

    This data release supports a study that reports on efforts to estimate future tsunami inundation through stratigraphic analyses of potential tsunami deposits beneath present and former Hawaiian wetlands, coastal lagoons, and river floodplains.

    Filter Total Items: 375
    Color eruption contour map of Kilauea summit October 14, 2021
    October 14, 2021

    This reference map depicts the ongoing Kīlauea summit eruption as of October 14, 2021.

    Color map showing lava lake rise
    October 11, 2021

    The surface area of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea is now 553,000 square meters, or 157 acres.

    Detailed thermal map of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake constructed from imagery collected during October 8 helicopter overflight
    October 9, 2021

    A helicopter overflight on October 8, 2021, at approximately 8:00 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea.

    Color map showing lava lake eruption features
    October 5, 2021

    This reference map depicts the ongoing Kīlauea summit eruption as of October 5, 2021.

    Color map of lava lake temperature
    October 2, 2021

    A helicopter overflight on October 1, 2021, at approximately 10:00 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea.

    Color thermal map of lava lake
    September 30, 2021

    A helicopter overflight on September 30, 2021, at approximately 7:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea.

    Map of volcano summit eruption
    September 29, 2021

    This reference map depicts the ongoing Kīlauea summit eruption as of approximately 6:00 PM on September 29, 2021.

    Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
    September 29, 2021

    At approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) detected glow in Kīlauea summit webcam images indicating that an eruption has commenced within Halemaʻumaʻu crater in Kīlauea’s summit caldera, within Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. 

    Map of volcano summit
    August 30, 2021

     

    Summary map of intrusive activity at Kīlauea Volcano―August 23–30, 2021

    A helicopter overflight on June 8, 2021, allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery collection of Halema‘uma‘u
    June 10, 2021

    June 08, 2021—Kīlauea summit thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

    Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
    May 28, 2021

     

    May 28, 2021—Kīlauea summit contour map showing lava lake level and topographic profiles across the caldera

    Rise of the Halema‘uma‘u Lava Lake—May 13, 2021
    May 28, 2021

    Digital elevation models (DEMs) created from photos taken during helicopter overflights of Kīlauea summit.

    Filter Total Items: 121
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    Year Published: 2021

    Rebounds, regresses, and recovery: A 15-year study of the coral reef community at Pila‘a, Kaua‘i after decades of natural and anthropogenic stress events

    Pila‘a reef on the north shore of Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i was subjected to a major flood event in 2001 that deposited extensive sediment on the reef flat, resulting in high coral mortality. To document potential recovery, this study replicated benthic and sediment surveys conducted immediately following the event and 15 years later. Coral cores were...

    Rodgers, Ku'ulei S.; Richards Dona, A.; Stender, Y. O.; Tsang, A. O.; Han, J. H. J.; Weible, Rebecca; Prouty, Nancy G.; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Graham, Andrew M.

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    Year Published: 2021

    The value of US coral reefs for flood risk reduction

    Habitats, such as coral reefs, can mitigate increasing flood damages through coastal protection services. We provide a fine-scale, national valuation of the flood risk reduction benefits of coral habitats to people, property, economies and infrastructure. Across 3,100 km of US coastline, the top-most 1 m of coral reefs prevents the 100-yr flood...

    Reguero, Borja G.; Storlazzi, Curt; Gibbs, Ann E.; Shope, James B.; Cole, Aaron D.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Beck, Mike

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    Year Published: 2021

    Nearshore water quality and coral health indicators along the west coast of the Island of Hawaiʻi, 2010–2014

    Coral reefs worldwide are experiencing rapid degradation in response to climate and land-use change, namely effects of warming sea-surface temperatures, contaminant runoff, and overfishing. Extensive coral bleaching caused by the steady rise of sea-surface temperatures is projected to increase, but our understanding and ability to predict where...

    Grossman, Eric E.; Marrack, Lisa; vanArendonk, Nathan R.
    Grossman, E.E., Marrack, L., and vanArendonk, N.R., 2021, Nearshore water quality and coral health indicators along the west coast of the Island of Hawaiʻi, 2010–2014: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1128, 45 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201128.

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    Year Published: 2020

    In situ observations of wave transformation and infragravity bore development across reef flats of varying geomorphology

    The character and energetics of infragravity (IG, 25 s < period < 250 s) and very-low frequency (VLF, period > 250 s) waves over coral reef flats can enhance shoreline erosion or accretion, and also govern extreme shoreline events such as runup, overwash, and flooding on coral reef-lined coasts. Here we use in situ wave measurements...

    Cheriton, Olivia; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Rosenberger, Kurt J.

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    Year Published: 2020

    Seismic and geodetic progression of the 2018 summit caldera collapse of Kīlauea Volcano

    The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi, resulted in a major collapse of the summit caldera along with an effusive eruption in the lower East Rift Zone. The caldera collapse comprised 62 highly similar collapse cycles of strong ground deformation and earthquake swarms that ended with a magnitude 5 collapse event and one partial cycle that...

    Tepp, Gabrielle; Hotovec-Ellis, Alicia J.; Shiro, Brian; Johanson, Ingrid; Thelen, Weston; Haney, Matthew M.

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    Year Published: 2020

    Sedimentary evidence of prehistoric distant-source tsunamis in the Hawaiian Islands

    Over the past 200 years of written records, the Hawaiian Islands have experienced tens of tsunamis generated by earthquakes in the subduction zones of the Pacific "Ring of Fire" (e.g., Alaska-Aleutian, Kuril-Kamchatka, Chile, and Japan). Mapping and dating anomalous beds of sand and silt deposited by tsunamis in low-lying areas along Pacific...

    La Selle, Seanpaul; Richmond, Bruce M.; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan; Griswold, Frances; Arcos, Maria E.M.; Chague, Catherine; Bishop, James M.; Bellanova, Piero; Kane, Haunani H.; Lunghino, Brent D.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.

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    Year Published: 2020

    Organic geochemical investigation of far‐field tsunami deposits of the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i

    Far‐field tsunami deposits observed in the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i (USA), were investigated for their organic‐geochemical content. During short high‐energy events, (tsunamis and storms) organic and chemical components are transported with sediment from marine to terrestrial areas. This study investigates the use of anthropogenic based...

    Bellanova, Piero; Frenken, Mike; Richmond, Bruce M.; Schwarzbauer, Jan; La Selle, Seanpaul; Griswold, Frances; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan R.; Reicherter, Klaus

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    Year Published: 2019

    Physicochemical controls on zones of higher coral stress where Black Band Disease occurs at Mākua Reef, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi

    Pervasive and sustained coral diseases contribute to the systemic degradation of reef ecosystems, however, to date an understanding of the physicochemical controls on a coral disease event is still largely lacking. Water circulation and residence times and submarine groundwater discharge all determine the degree to which reef organisms are exposed...

    Oberle, Ferdinand; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Cheriton, Olivia; Takesue, Renee K.; Hoover, Daniel J.; Logan, Joshua B.; Runyon, Christina M.; Kellogg, Christina A.; Johnson, Cordell; Swarzenski, Peter W.

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    Year Published: 2019

    The major coral reefs of Maui Nui, Hawai‘i—distribution, physical characteristics, oceanographic controls, and environmental threats

    Coral reefs are widely recognized as critical to Hawaiʻi’s economy, food resources, and protection from damaging storm waves. Yet overfishing, land-based pollution, and climate change are threatening the health and sustainability of those reefs, and accordingly, both the Federal and State governments have called for protection and effective...

    Field, Michael E.; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Gibbs, Ann E.; D'Antonio, Nicole L.; Cochran, Susan A.
    Field, M.E., Storlazzi, C.D., Gibbs, A.E., D’Antonio, N.L., and Cochran, S.A, 2019, The major coral reefs of Maui Nui, Hawai‘i—Distribution, physical characteristics, oceanographic controls, and environmental threats: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1019, 71 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191019.

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    Year Published: 2019

    The influence of sea level on incident and infragravity wave-driven sediment dynamics across a fringing coral reef

    Coral reefs generate significant volumes of carbonate sediment that becomes the primary source of beach material along many low-latitude shorelines that protect hundreds of millions of people globally. Despite this fact, there is little understanding of the specific processes that transport the carbonate sediment produced on the outer portions of...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Cheriton, Olivia; Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Pomeroy, Andrew; Lowe, Ryan J.

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    Year Published: 2019

    Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision making...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Cole, Aaron D.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Nickel, Barry A.; McCall, Robert T.; van Dongeren, Ap R.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Cole, A.D., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Nickel, B.A., McCall, R.T., van Dongeren, A.R., and Beck, M.W., 2019, Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1027, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191027.

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    multicolored map of Ocean Shores, Washington
    April 13, 2017

    The Pedestrian Evacuation Analyst is an ArcGIS extension that estimates how long it would take for someone to travel on foot out of a hazardous area that was threatened by a sudden event such as a tsunami, flash flood, or volcanic lahar. It takes into account the elevation changes and the different types of landcover that a person would encounter along the way.

    Filter Total Items: 2,275
    Color image of lava lake temperature
    October 31, 2021

    Thermal images of the lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu

    View looking down at the September-October 2021 lava lake eruption of Halemaʻumaʻu from the F1 thermal camera located on the western rim of the crater at Kīlauea’s summit. Molten material appears as warmer colors of yellow, orange, and pink, whereas cooler material is represented by dark blue and purple colors. The left-hand image is from September 29, 2021, at 5:32 p.m.

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    Color photo of a lava fountain within a black spatter cone at the edge of a lava lake
    October 15, 2021

    West vent in Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea summit eruption—Oct. 15 2021

    A telephoto view of the west vent supplying lava to the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit. In the bottom right, the western fissure complex from the Dec. 2020–May 2021 eruption is visible as a spiny dull dark brown and red feature. The old fissure has been lifted up by the current lava lake, and appears to be floating on the surface (similar to how an iceberg

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    Color photo of a scientist taking photos from a helicopter
    October 15, 2021

    Scientist collects data—Kīlauea eruption overflight—Oct. 15, 2021

    Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists make observations and collect data during Kīlauea eruption overflights. The data collected is used to construct updated topographic and thermal maps of the lava lake surface and surrounding area. By comparing the updated maps to previous maps, scientists will be able to track changes in the volume, surface elevation, eruption

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    Color photograph looking into the west vent spatter cone with a small lava fountain in the center
    October 15, 2021

    Active west vent in Halema‘uma‘u—October 15, 2021

    A telephoto image of the the west vent taken on the morning of October 15, during an HVO helicopter overflight of Kīlauea summit. Low lava fountaining activity continues from the vent in the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u. The lava within the surrounding spatter cone is ponded at a higher elevation than the lava lake surface (shiny silver texture in foreground).The lava

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    Color photograph of the lava lake in Halema'uma'u
    October 15, 2021

    Halema‘uma‘u Lave Lake—October 15, 2021

    The eruption within Halema‘uma‘u continues. Lava fountaining from the western vent (center) feeds a rising lava lake. Activity has decreased over the past week and much of the eastern half of the lake surface (seen here in the foreground) has cooled and formed a solid crust. Lava from the active western lake surface occasionally flows over this crust on the north and south

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    Color photo of the Halema'uma'u lava lake and west vent fissure with a small lava fountain inside the cone
    October 15, 2021

    West vent and lava lake islands—October 15, 2021

    In this photo taken during a helicopter overflight of Halema‘uma‘u crater on October 15, lava can be seen fountaining within the western vent cone and flowing down a short spillway into the lava lake. The main island created in the initial stages of the Dec. 2020–May 2021 eruption is in the foreground and continues to rise with the lake surface. The remains of the west

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    A wide view of a lava lake within Halemaumau crater
    October 15, 2021

    Kīlauea summit eruption - October 15, 2021

    This overview photo of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake was captured around noon on Friday, October 15, 2021, from the northwest rim of the crater. The western fissure (lower right) continues to erupt lava into the west side of the lava lake (right). The east side of the lake (left) is mostly stagnated and solidified on the surface. The lava lake measures approximately 1,035 m (

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    Color photograph of lava lake
    October 15, 2021

    Kīlauea summit overflight - October 15, 2021

    A morning overflight of Kīlauea summit on October 15, 2021, provided aerial views of the eruption within Halema‘uma‘u. Lava erupts from a single vent on the western wall of the crater. The vent has a spatter cone around it, with an opening to the east from which lava flows into the lava lake. USGS image by K. Mulliken.

    Color photo of a lava lake in halema'uma'u crater with a gas plume emitted from a fissure vent
    October 15, 2021

    Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—October 15, 2021

    The Kīlauea summit eruption continues within Halema‘uma‘u, in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. This photo of the lava lake was taken this morning, October 15, 2021, during a Hawaiian Volcano Observatory eruption overflight. The vent in the western crater wall (center) continues to supply lava into the lava lake. SO2 gas emission rates remain elevated and were

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    Telephoto color image of a lava fountain within a black spatter cone
    October 15, 2021

    West vent in Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea summit eruption—Oct. 15 2021

    A close-up view of the west vent on the western crater wall of Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit. Fountaining and lava spatter has built a cone around the vent. Lava pools in the cone and then pours into the lava lake through a small spillway. This photo was taken during a monitoring helicopter overflight on October 15, 2021. USGS photo by N. Deligne.

    A color photo looking down at a small lava fountain surrounded by a spatter cone
    October 14, 2021

    Lava fountaining at the west vent—October 14, 2021

    A close-up photo of the vent in the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u, taken during the ongoing eruption at Kīlauea summit. The top of the 5–6 m (16–20 ft) tall lava fountain could be seen from the west crater rim on October 14, at 2:05 p.m. The lava fountains continue to build up a spatter cone around the vent. Ponded lava within the cone—which is about 1 m (3 ft) higher than

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    Daytime color photo of a lava fountain erupting into a lava lake
    October 13, 2021

    October 13, 2021 — Kīlauea summit eruption

    A view of the western portion of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea. This photo, taken from the west crater rim, shows the active west vent (lower right), the main island (upper left), and the old west vent from the Dec. 2020–May 2021 eruption (lower left). The active west vent continues to supply lava to the growing lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u.

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    Color photograph looking into the west vent spatter cone with a small lava fountain in the center
    October 15, 2021

    The ongoing eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photo of a child taking cover under a desk during an earthquake drill
    October 14, 2021

    The magnitude-6.2 earthquake that occurred on Sunday, October 10 at 11:49 a.m. HST, originated just south of the Island of Hawai‘i. The large earthquake, caused by bending of the oceanic plate, serves as a stark reminder that the State of Hawaii is no stranger to potentially damaging earthquakes.

    Daytime color photo of a lava fountain erupting into a lava lake
    October 14, 2021

    The ongoing eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Low-light telephoto color image of lava fountains supplying lava into lava lake
    October 13, 2021

    The ongoing eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photograph of volcanic vent
    October 12, 2021

    A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:21 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photograph of volcanic vent
    October 11, 2021

    A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    USGS science for a changing world
    October 10, 2021

    The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded an offshore magnitude-6.2 earthquake southwest the Island of Hawai‘i on Sunday, October 10, at 11:48 a.m., HST.

    Color photograph of volcanic vent
    October 8, 2021

    A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color image of lava lake temperature
    October 7, 2021

    The past year has seen fluctuating lava lakes, ephemeral lava fountains, craggy spires, and drifting “islands” reminiscent of pre-1924 Halemaʻumaʻu activity at the summit of Kīlauea.  The recent activity has USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists reflecting on prior observations and how they compare to recent activity.  

    Color photograph of lava
    October 7, 2021

    A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photograph of vent and lava lake
    October 6, 2021

    A new eruption at Kīlauea's summit began at approximately 3:20 p.m. HST on September 29, 2021. Lava activity is currently confined within Halema'uma'u crater. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    USGS science for a changing world
    October 5, 2021

    The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.6 earthquake located east-northeast of Pāhala on Tuesday, October 5, at 8:37 p.m., HST.

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