Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 68
Date published: June 15, 2018
Status: Active

Preliminary Landslide Susceptibility Maps and Data for Hawaii

Landslide Susceptibility Data and Maps provide tools for hazard assessment prior to an event that may cause landslides.

Date published: June 6, 2018
Status: Active

Using Plant Physiologic Responses to Environmental Conditions to Improve Species and Habitat Management in Hawaii

Recent studies show that past and ongoing environmental changes have been substantial and have likely already affected conservation efforts in Hawai‘i. Much of the state has experienced substantial drying, including decreases in mean annual precipitation since the 1920s, longer rainless periods, and decreasing stream flow. Temperatures have been increasing in Hawai‘i for the last 40 years,...

Date published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

The original national coastal vulnerability index (CVI) assessment was motivated by expected accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and the uncertainty in the response of the coastline to SLR. This research was conducted between 1999 and 2001, and is currently being updated using new data sources and methodology. This original study was part of the ...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this task include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems.

Date published: January 11, 2018
Status: Completed

Studies on the Rapidly Eroding Reef

This study focuses on assessing changes in vegetation cover and composition inside and outside a fenced exclosure within the USGS Ridge-to-Reef study area on the island of Moloka‘i. This information will be delivered to federal, state, and private land managers who are trying to determine best management practices to reduce erosion and sediment runoff from this dry habitat which has been...

Date published: December 27, 2017
Status: Completed

Adaptation in Montane Plants

Montane plant communities in widely separated intact natural environments of the world have responded to changes in precipitation and temperature regimes by shifting both margins and core distributional ranges upward in elevation.  Reduced evapotranspiration rates in cooler climate zones at higher elevation may compensate for less precipitation and higher temperatures within species’ former...

Date published: November 21, 2017
Status: Active

Efficacy of Avian Botulism Surveillance and Mitigation Using Detection Canines

Avian botulism causes waterbird mortality in Hawai‘i's wetlands and elsewhere. We will evaluate using trained scent-detection canines (sniffer dogs) as a new tool to survey for the presence of avian botulism. Biologists will compare variables influencing detection probability and detection rates with traditional search methods. The pilot study will test the feasibility of this approach as a...

Date published: September 18, 2017
Status: Active

Webinar: Rainfall Variability and Drought in the Hawaiian Islands

View this webinar to learn about the state of the science on drought in Hawai'i.

Contacts: Abby Frazier
Date published: August 11, 2017
Status: Completed

Invasive Mammals of the Pacific

The terrestrial biota of the Central Pacific is primarily defined by its degree of isolation.  At the center lies the Hawaiian Archipelago, which is more than 3,200 km from any continental land mass.  After tens of millions of years of evolutionary isolation from all mammals except bats, islands of the Central Pacific were quite suddenly besieged by a number of alien rodents, carnivores and...

Date published: July 13, 2017
Status: Active

Shorebird Research

With its vast size and geographic position at the northern end of several migration pathways, Alaska is a critically important site for the world’s shorebirds. Thirty-seven shorebird species regularly breed in Alaska. Most of these species conduct epically long migrations to take advantage of Alaska’s abundant food resources and breeding habitat, making Alaska a global resource for shorebirds...

Filter Total Items: 89
Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flood extent polygons and flood depth points based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques)

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for each four nearshore wave energy

Date published: January 1, 2019

Deployments of autonomous, GPS ocean ocean-surface drifters, Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

Satellite-tracked, DGPS-equipped Lagrangian surface-current drifter deployments were conducted over 6 days between 30 July and 4 August 2016 at various locations and stages of the tide over the coral reef off Makua, HI. The drifters internally logged their location every 1 minute, and they transmitted their positions to satellites every 5 minutes. A drogue was attached to the drifters at 1

Date published: January 1, 2019

Coral disease data by transect, West Hawaii, 2011

Observations of coral disease and health indicators were documented by scuba divers along pre-determined transects and are presented here in comma-separated format. Included in the table are coral species observed, colony size, types and number of indicators observed, and a size range of indicators observed.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Nearshore Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) profile data, Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

Along-shore surface-based 2D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) surveys were collected in the nearshore region of Makua, Kauai.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Coral Point Count (CPCe) summary data by transect, West Hawaii, 2010-2011

Coral Point Count with Excel extensions (CPCe; Kohler and Gill, 2006) was used to help calculate percent of coral cover or other benthic substrates from a randomly selected subset of seafloor photographs collected on the west Hawaii Island coast.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Time-series oceanographic data collected off Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

Time-series data of water-surface elevation, wave height, water-column currents, temperature were acquired for 6 days off the north coast of the island of Kauai, Hawaii in support of a study on the coastal circulation patterns and groundwater input to the coral reefs of Makua.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Surface-water temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity data from nearshore coral reef locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2013)

Spatial measurements of water temperature, specific conductance, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity between 0.25 and 0.50 m water depth were collected every 10-seconds along and across shore at 12 principal study areas along west and east Hawaii Island. Measurements were made between 2010 and 2013 during different seasons and tide states over the course of 1.0 to 2.5 hours to

Date published: January 1, 2019

Time-series oceanographic data of currents and waves from bottom-mounted instrument packages off Waiakane, Molokai, HI, 2018

Time series data of water surface elevation, wave height, and water column currents and temperature were acquired at seven locations for 86 days off of Waiakane on the south coast of the island of Molokai, Hawaii, in support of a study on the coastal circulation patterns and the transformation of surface waves over the coral reefs.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i

This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i in 2015. Sites were cored in order to identify potential tsunami deposits and describe wetland stratigraphy. These vibracores contain mud, peat, volcanic sands, and carbonate sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal en

Date published: January 1, 2019

Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii

This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Pololu Valley, Island of Hawai'i in 2014. Five sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These vibracores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine volcanic sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of

Date published: January 1, 2019

Near-surface measurements of Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) data, Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

Transects of near-surface seawater properties were collected over the fringing reef off Makua, HI, on the north shore of Kauai using a Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) logger, either hand-carried or mounted to a kayak. The instrument returns temperature, salinity as a function of depth, and latitude/longitude.

Date published: June 18, 2018

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Impacts to Avifauna from the Tohoku Tsunami 2011

This collection of nine datasets covers Midway Atoll and Laysan Island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, and was created to help estimate the impacts of the March 11, 2011 tsunami event on avifauna in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. 

Filter Total Items: 366
Thermal map from February 16 overflight
February 19, 2021

February 16, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Color map of volcano summit and lava lake
February 11, 2021

February 11, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

A helicopter overflight on February 9, 2021, at approximately 9:20 a.m. HST
February 10, 2021

February 9, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines
February 5, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

A helicopter overflight on February 1, 2021, at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery
February 2, 2021

February 1, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera
January 29, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

Color map of volcano summit
January 25, 2021

January 25, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

This compilation shows nine thermal maps created for the ongoing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea
January 13, 2021

A compilation of nine thermal maps created for the ongoing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea.

A helicopter overflight on January 12, 2021, at approximately 11:00 a.m. HST
January 12, 2021

January 12, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Thermal map from a helicopter overflight on January 7, 2021, at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST
January 7, 2021

January 7, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Color map of lava lake temperature
January 6, 2021

January 5, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Color map of topography
January 6, 2021

This graphic depicts the changes to Kīlauea Volcano's summit, as a result of the ongoing eruption, between December 26, 2020, and January 5, 2021. 

Filter Total Items: 116
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Year Published: 2015

Baseline water-quality sampling to infer nutrient and contaminant sources at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park, Island of Hawai‘i, 2009

Baseline water-quality sampling was conducted for dissolved nutrients and for chemical and isotopic tracers at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park on the Island of Hawai'i. Existing and future urbanization in the surrounding areas have the potential to affect water quality in the Park, and so the National Park Service and the U.S. Geological...

Hunt, Charles D.
Hunt, C.D., Jr., 2014, Baseline water-quality sampling to infer nutrient and contaminant sources at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park, Island of Hawai‘i, 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5158, 52 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145158.

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Year Published: 2015

One carp, two carp: are there more carp in the Wailoa River?

The February, 2015 issue of Hawaii Fishing News included the annual list of Hawai`i records for the largest fish of various species caught in the state. Among the new records was one for a 15-pound grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) caught by Avery Berido in the Wailoa River at Hilo on September 13, 2013. A photograph taken by Mr. Berido of the...

Mundy, Bruce C; Nico, Leo; Tagawa, Annette
Mundy B., Nico, L.G., and Tagawa, A., 2015, One carp, two carp: Are there more grass carp in the Wailoa River?: Hawaii Fishing News, v. 40, no. 6, p. 18-19.

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Year Published: 2014

Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Lahaina District, West Maui, Hawai'i

The purpose of this study was to characterize streamflow availability under natural low-flow conditions for streams in the Lahaina District, west Maui, Hawaiʻi. The study-area streams included Honolua Stream and tributary Pāpua Gulch, Honokahua Stream and tributary Mokupeʻa Gulch, Kahana Stream, Honokōwai Stream and tributaries Amalu and Kapāloa...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Lahaina District, West Maui, Hawai'i; 2014; SIR; 2014-5087; Cheng, Chui Ling

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Year Published: 2014

Relation of landslides triggered by the Kiholo Bay earthquake to modeled ground motion

The 2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii, earthquake triggered high concentrations of rock falls and slides in the steep canyons of the Kohala Mountains along the north coast of Hawaii. Within these mountains and canyons a complex distribution of landslides was triggered by the earthquake shaking. In parts of the area, landslides were preferentially located on...

Harp, Edwin L.; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Jibson, Randall W.; Ramirez-Guzman, L.; Schmitt, Robert G.

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Year Published: 2013

Vegetation map of the watersheds between Kawela and Kamalō Gulches, Island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi

In this document we describe the methods and results of a project to produce a large-scale map of the dominant plant communities for an area of 5,118.5 hectares encompassing the Kawela and Kamalō watersheds on the island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi, using digital image analysis of multi-spectral satellite imagery. Besides providing a base map of the area...

Jacobi, James D.; Ambagis, Stephen
Vegetation map of the watersheds between Kawela and Kamalō Gulches, Island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2013; SIR; 2013-5093; Jacobi, James D.; Ambagis, Stephen

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Year Published: 2013

The magnetic tides of Honolulu

We review the phenomenon of time-stationary, periodic quiet-time geomagnetic tides. These are generated by the ionospheric and oceanic dynamos, and, to a lesser-extent, by the quiet-time magnetosphere, and they are affected by currents induced in the Earth's electrically conducting interior. We examine historical time series of hourly magnetic-...

Love, Jeffrey J.; Rigler, Erin Joshua
The magnetic tides of Honolulu; 2013; Abstract or summary; Conference publication; Progress in EM Induction Studies of Crust and Mantle From Land, Sea, Air, and Space lll Posters; Love, Jeffrey J.;Rigler, Erin Joshua.

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Year Published: 2013

Freshwater and drought on Pacific Islands

Izuka, Scot K.; Keener, Victoria
Freshwater and drought on Pacific Islands; 2013; Book chapter; Book; Climate Change and Pacific Islands: Indicators and Impacts: Report for the 2012 Pacific Islands Regional Climate Assessment; Scot K Izuka; Keener, Victoria

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Year Published: 2013

Trends and shifts in streamflow in Hawaii, 1913-2008

This study addresses a need to document changes in streamflow and base flow (groundwater discharge to streams) in Hawai'i during the past century. Statistically significant long-term (1913-2008) downward trends were detected (using the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test) in low-streamflow and base-flow records. These long-term downward trends are...

Bassiouni, Maoya; Oki, Delwyn S.
Trends and shifts in streamflow in Hawaii, 1913-2008; 2013; Article; Journal; Hydrological Processes; Bassiouni, Maoya; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2012

Availability and distribution of low flow in Anahola Stream, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi

Anahola Stream is a perennial stream in northeast Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi, that supports agricultural, domestic, and cultural uses within its drainage basin. Beginning in the late 19th century, Anahola streamflow was diverted by Makee Sugar Company at altitudes of 840 feet (upper intake) and 280 feet (lower intake) for irrigating sugarcane in the Keālia...

Cheng, Chui Ling; Wolff, Reuben H.
Availability and distribution of low flow in Anahola Stream, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2012; SIR; 2012-5264; Cheng, Chui Ling; Wolff, Reuben H.

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Year Published: 2012

Low-flow characteristics of streams under natural and diversion conditions, Waipiʻo Valley, Island of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi

Over the past 100 years, natural streamflow in Waipiʻo Valley has been reduced by the transfer of water out of the valley by Upper and Lower Hāmākua Ditches. The physical condition and diversion practices along the two ditch systems have varied widely over the years, and as a result, so have their effects on natural streamflow in Waipiʻo...

Fontaine, Richard A.
Low-flow characteristics of streams under natural and diversion conditions, Waipiʻo Valley, Island of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2012; SIR; 2011-5118; Fontaine, Richard A.

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Year Published: 2012

Development of invertebrate community indexes of stream quality for the islands of Maui and Oahu, Hawaii

In 2009-10 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected physical habitat information and benthic macroinvertebrates at 40 wadeable sites on 25 perennial streams on the Island of Maui, Hawaiʻi, to evaluate the relations between the macroinvertebrate assemblages and environmental characteristics and to develop a multimetric invertebrate community...

Wolff, Reuben H.

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Year Published: 2012

Measurements of seepage losses and gains, East Maui Irrigation diversion system, Maui, Hawaiʻi

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a field study from March to October 2011 to identify ditch characteristics and quantify seepage losses and gains in the East Maui Irrigation (EMI) diversion system, east Maui, Hawaiʻi. The EMI diversion system begins at Makapipi Stream in the east and ends at Māliko Gulch in the west. It consists of...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Measurements of seepage losses and gains, East Maui Irrigation diversion system, Maui, Hawaiʻi; 2012; OFR; 2012-1115; Cheng, Chui Ling

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May 30, 2021

Mauna Loa MKcam (New Webcam)

This video shows a typical day on Mauna Loa, captured from a new webcam looking south towards the volcano. The field of view covers the summit region and much of the Northeast Rift Zone. On clear days, the small gas plume from Kīlauea's summit can sometimes be

Color photograph of volcano profile
May 29, 2021

Annotated Mauna Loa MKcam image

Annotated MKcam image, taken on May 29, 2021. The new MKcam is positioned on Mauna Kea with a south view of Mauna Loa summit and Northeast Rift Zone. The MKcam view also includes features on the East Rift Zone and summit of Kīlauea, including Kānenuiohamo, Maunaulu, and the Halema‘uma‘u plume. Kūlani, a cone on the Northeast Rift Zone of Mauna Loa, is also visible in the

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Color photograph of solidified lava lake surface
May 28, 2021

View of west vent area in Halema‘uma‘u - Kīlauea, May 28 2021

View looking to the east of the western part of the now inactive lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, taken on May 28th. The west vent area is at the bottom. The glowing vent area in the photo taken in the evening on May 24th is visible in the bottom right, with a white rim at the top of the now inactive vent. Part of the main island is visible in

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Color photograph of volcano summit
May 27, 2021

KW webcam image taken on May 27, 2021, around 11 a.m. HST

Kīlauea Volcano is no longer erupting. Lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. Yesterday, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) lowered the Kīlauea Volcano Alert Level for ground based hazards from WATCH to ADVISORY and the Aviation Color Code from ORANGE to YELLOW. This

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Close-up view of the now-inactive western fissure within Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea captured on May 27, 2021
May 27, 2021

Close-up view of inactive western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u—May 27, 2021

This close-up view of the now-inactive western fissure within Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea was captured on Thursday, May 27, 2021. HVO scientists did not observe any incandescent lava or other signs of eruptive activity during a one-hour visit to the crater rim. The fissure complex was measured to be about 20 m (66 ft) tall at the time; small rockslides have been

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The now inactive lava lake and west vent from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit
May 26, 2021

View of the inactive crusted over lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u

A wide view of the now inactive lava lake and west vent from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit. The lava lake is entirely crusted over with no red, glowing lava at the surface. Diffuse volcanic gas plumes are still being emitted from the west vent and northern lake margin. This photo was taken in an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains

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On May 25, HVO field crews did not observe any active surface lava or incandescent areas within Halema‘uma‘u crater
May 25, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption on May 25, 2021

During an eruption monitoring shift on May 25, HVO field crews did not observe any active surface lava or incandescent areas within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea. Since the eruption began on December 20, 2020, over 40 million cubic meters (over 10 billion gallons) of lava has been erupted. This volume is approximately 16 times the volume of the Great

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Though no active surface lava was observed within Halema‘uma‘u on May 25, Kīlauea summit continues to emit volcanic gases
May 25, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption on May 25, 2021

Though no active surface lava was observed within Halema‘uma‘u on May 25, Kīlauea summit continues to emit volcanic gases. The most recent sulfur dioxide emission rate, measured on May 23, remains slightly elevated at 100 tonnes per day. This photo, taken from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u, shows an area near the north wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater that has been visibly

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An overview of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit, taken on May 25
May 25, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption on May 25, 2021

An overview of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit, taken on May 25. Kīlauea’s summit collapse in 2018 deepened Halema‘uma‘u crater by over 500 meters (1640 feet). The eruption that began the evening of December 20, 2020, has filled approximately 229 m (751 ft) of the base of Halema‘uma‘u crater, which is more than the height of the Space

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On the evening of May 24, no active surface lava was observed within Halema‘uma‘u crater.
May 24, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—May 24, 2021

On the evening of May 24, no active surface lava was observed within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. Small spots of incandescent lava were visible beneath cracks in the lake surface crust (center) and at the west vent (left). This photo was taken from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u, in an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed

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A zoomed-in view of the western vent within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea
May 24, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—May 24, 2021

A zoomed-in view of the western vent within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea, with a weak glow visible at dusk on Monday, May 24. USGS photo taken by B. Carr from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u.

A zoomed-in view of the western lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u
May 24, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—May 24, 2021

A zoomed-in view of the western lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit, where two locations of faint incandescence are visible beneath the surface crust (upper right). Eruptive activity has decreased significantly in the past few weeks and the once active lava surface has cooled and crusted over. USGS photo taken by B. Carr at dusk on May 24, 2021.

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Color photograph of lava lake
June 3, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
June 2, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.0 earthquake located beneath Lō‘ihi seamount on Wednesday, June 2, at 6:44 p.m., HST.

Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
June 1, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Rise of the Halema‘uma‘u Lava Lake—May 13, 2021
May 27, 2021

The Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake celebrated its 5-month anniversary by doing what we all like to do on our special day, taking a break. Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park suggested that Kīlauea's summit eruption was getting ready for a “luana iki” or little rest, a more poetic way of describing a pause in eruptive activity.   

The now inactive lava lake and west vent from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit
May 27, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
May 26, 2021

Kīlauea Volcano is no longer erupting. Lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels.

An overview of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit, taken on May 25
May 26, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

A zoomed-in view of the western vent within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea
May 25, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 25. Summit gas emissions and seismic activity remain slightly elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
May 23, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.2 earthquake located beneath Kīlauea Volcano's south flank on Sunday, May 23, at 11:41 a.m., HST. 

Color photograph of lava lake and vent
May 21, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 21. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Map showing earthquake activity
May 20, 2021

Many people in Kaʻū have noticed the swarm of earthquakes taking place during the past few years. These earthquakes are happening in a zone that is 29-40 km (18-25 miles) beneath Pāhala and extends south about 10 km (6 miles) offshore. Some of the largest earthquakes from this region have been felt throughout the Island of Hawai‘i. 

Thermal images of lava lake
May 20, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 20. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

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