Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 382
Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 25, 2018

As of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 25, 2018, the lava flow margins had not expanded since the previous map, so no red areas (indicating expansion) appear on this map.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 25, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Wednesday, July 25

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 24, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 24, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 24, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 24.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 23, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 23, 2018.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 22, 2018

As of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 22, 2018, the lava flow margins had not expanded since the previous map, so no red areas (indicating expansion) appear on this map.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 21, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Saturday, July 21

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 19, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 19, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 19, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 19

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 18, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 18, 2018.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 17, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 17.

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 16, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 16, 2018

Filter Total Items: 121
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2003

Paleointensity in Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project Hole (HSDP2): Results from submarine basaltic glass

Paleointensity estimates based on the high quality Thellier‐Thellier data from the early Brunhes (420–780 ka) are rare (only 30 in the published literature). The Second Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) drill hole recovered submarine volcanics spanning the approximate time period of 420–550 ka. These are of particular interest for...

Tauxe, L.; Love, Jeffrey J.

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Year Published: 2003

Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii

The island of Oahu is the third largest island of the State of Hawaii, and is formed by the eroded remnants of the Waianae and Koolau shield volcanoes. The landscape of Oahu ranges from a broad coastal plain to steep interior mountains. Rainfall is greatest in the mountainous interior parts of the island, and lowest near the southwestern coastal...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M.D.
Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii; 2003; WRI; 2003-4156; Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M. D.

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Year Published: 2003

Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01

Water quality in the main drinking-water source aquifers of Oahu was assessed by a one-time sampling of untreated ground water from 30 public-supply wells and 15 monitoring wells. The 384 square-mile study area, which includes urban Honolulu and large tracts of forested, agricultural, and suburban residential lands in central Oahu, accounts for 93...

Hunt, Charles D.
Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01; 2003; WRI; 2003-4305; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.

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Year Published: 2003

Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998

A hierarchical land-use classification system for Hawaii was developed, and land use on the island of Oahu was mapped. The land-use classification system emphasizes agriculture, developed (urban), and barren/mining uses. Areas with other land uses (conservation, forest reserve, natural areas, wetlands, water, and barren [sand, rock, or soil]...

Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.
Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998; 2003; WRI; 2002-4301; Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.

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Year Published: 2003

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data was collected at two sites, continuous streamflow data at three sites, and...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Ball, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003; 2003; OFR; 2003-331; Young, Stacie T. M.; Ball, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2003

Surface Water in Hawaii

Surface water in Hawaii is a valued resource as well as a potential threat to human lives and property. The surface-water resources of Hawaii are of significant economic, ecologic, cultural, and aesthetic importance. Streams supply more than 50 percent of the irrigation water in Hawaii, and although streams supply only a few percent of the...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Surface Water in Hawaii; 2003; FS; 045-03; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall data were collected at two sites, and streamflow data were collected at 3 sites for...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002; 2002; OFR; 2002-319; Presley, Todd K.

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Year Published: 2002

Reassessment of ground-water recharge and simulated ground-water availability for the Hawi area of North Kohala, Hawaii

An estimate of ground-water availability in the Hawi area of north Kohala, Hawaii, is needed to determine whether ground-water resources are adequate to meet future demand within the area and other areas to the south. For the Hawi area, estimated average annual recharge from infiltration of rainfall, fog drip, and irrigation is 37.5 million...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Reassessment of Ground-Water Recharge and Simulated Ground-Water Availability for the Hawi Area of North Kohala, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4006; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii

A combination of several meteorologic and topographic factors produced extreme rainfall over the eastern part of the island of Hawaii on November 1-2, 2000. Storm rainfall was concentrated in two distinct areas, the Waiakea and Kapapala areas, where maximum rainfall totals of 32.47 and 38.97 inches were recorded. Resultant flooding caused damages...

Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.
Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4117; Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.

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Year Published: 2002

Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii

Numerical simulations indicate that ground-water withdrawals from the Hanamaulu and Puhi areas of the southern Lihue Basin will result in a decline in water levels and reductions in base flows of streams near proposed new water-supply wells. Most of the changes will be attained within 10 to 20 years of the start of pumping. Except for areas such...

Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.
Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2001-4200; Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001

This report presents major-element geochemical data for glasses and whole-rock aliquots among 523 lava samples collected near the vent on Kilauea's east rift zone between September 1994 and October 2001. Information on sample collection, analysis techniques and analytical standard reproducibility are presented as a PDF file, which also includes a...

Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.
Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001; 2002; OFR; 2002-17; Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99

A long-term study (1983?99) was conducted to determine the effects of the H-3 Highway construction on streamflow and suspended-sediment transport on Oahu, Hawaii. Data were collected at five streamflow-gaging stations before, during, and after construction and at two stream-gaging stations during and after construction. Drainage areas at the seven...

Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.
Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99; 2002; WRI; 2002-4005; Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.

Filter Total Items: 2,360
Nighttime color photograph of lava fountains erupting within a spatter cone
October 12, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - October 12, 2021

A view of the fountaining at the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea. The photo was taken from the west rim, looking down upon the vent. Low fountaining and roiling within the cone supplied lava to the lake via a narrow spillway. Lava spreading out into the lake develops a zig-zag pattern in the surface crust. USGS photo by M. Patrick taken on

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October 12, 2021

Eruptive activity in Halema‘uma‘u crater—October 12, 2021

Eruptive activity continues at the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea. When this video was taken on October 12, a small subordinate vent was present on the north side of the main fountaining vent. The main fountaining source was supplying lava into the lake via a short spillway.

Low-light photograph of a lava lake with bright lava fountains erupting from the vent in the west crater wall
October 12, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - October 12, 2021

A wide view of the ongoing eruption at Kīlauea summit, from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u. A vent on the western crater wall (left) continues to supply lava to the active west half of the lava lake. The west side of the lake is perched above the stagnant eastern (right) lake surface, with several lava overflows advancing over the previously solidified surface crust. USGS

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Telephoto color image of lava fountains within a spatter cone
October 12, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - October 12, 2021

Associated with an increase in fountaining activity at the main western vent in Halema‘uma‘u, a short-lived vent opened just to the north (right). Activity at this vent lasted about 10 hours with low-level fountaining about 3 meters (10 ft) high. Large fountaining bursts from the main vent threw lava above the height of the cone (30 meters or 100 ft), depositing spatter on

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Low-light telephoto color image of lava fountains supplying lava into lava lake
October 12, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - October 12, 2021

Lava fountains from the western vent within Halema‘uma‘u continue to supply lava into the lava lake through a short spillway. Consistent fountain heights of 10–15 meters (30–50 ft) were interrupted by frequent larger busts of spatter exceeding the height of the cone (30 m or 100 ft). USGS photo taken by B. Carr on October 12, 2021.

October 12, 2021

Lava fountaining in Halema'uma'u crater—October 12, 2021

Lava continues to erupt from the western vent in Halema‘uma‘u. On October 12, a short-lived vent (erupting for approximately 10 hours) was present to the north of the main vent (right). Lava fountaining from the main vent was 10–15 meters (30–50 ft) above the lake surface, with larger bursts exceeding the height of the cone (30 meters or 100 ft). Fountaining at the smaller

October 12, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption—October 12, 2021

The eruption continues within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea. The western vent supplies lava into the lava lake through a short spillway. Consistent fountain heights of 10–15 meters (30–50 ft) were interrupted by frequent larger busts of spatter exceeding the height of the cone (30 m or 100 ft). 

Color photograph of volcanic vent
October 11, 2021

October 11, 2021 — Kīlauea

This zoomed-in view of the western fissure within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea, was captured on October 11, 2021, through the lens of a laser rangefinder. A prominent horseshoe-shaped spatter cone, measured to be standing 28 m (92 ft) above the adjacent lava lake, surrounds a roiling lava pond which also hosts taller fountains at times. HVO scientists observed

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Color photograph of lava flow
October 11, 2021

October 11, 2021 — Kīlauea

This zoomed-in view of the northwest side of the main island within the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake shows a "rootless lava flow" (silver) that formed in the early stages of the eruption on September 29, 2021. A rootless lava flow is one that has no physical linkage with its source eruptive vent, because the flow is fed by molten spatter falling onto a solidified surface. In

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Color photograph of lava lake
October 10, 2021

October 10, 2021 — Kīlauea, Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at dusk

Lava fountaining activity continues from the western vent in Halema‘uma‘u, within Kīlauea summit caldera, viewed at dusk on October 10, 2021, from the west rim of the crater. Only the western half of the lake surface is active; the eastern half is covered by a cooling, solidified crust. USGS image by B. Carr.

October 10, 2021

October 10, 2021—Kīlauea, fountaining at west vent of Halema'uma'u

Kīlauea summit eruption lava fountain height in Halema‘uma‘u crater on October 10, 2021 was highly variable. A persistent low fountain a few meters (yards) tall was frequently interrupted by larger series of bursts throwing lava more than 15 meters (50 feet) into the air and onto the interior walls of the vent cone. 

Color photograph of volcanic vent
October 10, 2021

October 10, 2021 — Kīlauea, lava fountaining in Halema‘uma‘u

Fountaining at the western vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea volcano's summit, was approximately 15 meters (50 feet) high on the evening of October 10, 2021. Spatter from the fountaining would occasionally land on the wall of the vent cone and cool (visible on the right). Lava exited the pond within the cone and entered the lake through a gap on the eastern side of

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Filter Total Items: 2,352
USGS science for a changing world
July 5, 2021

A magnitude-5.2 earthquake located to the north of the Island of Hawai‘i, was recorded by the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) on July 5, at 1:43 p.m. HST.

Color photograph of crater
July 5, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color map of volcanoes
July 1, 2021

Happy Canada Day/Bonne Fête du Canada! While some past "Volcano Watch" articles have had a July 4th theme for the USA, this year we’re taking the opportunity to ensure readers know that our neighbors to the north have volcanoes, too—including potentially active ones. 

Eruptive activity has paused at the summit of Kīlauea, but volcanic gases are still seen emanating from the lava lake
June 28, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Ninety seconds of raw seismic data from four seismic stations around Kīlauea summit.
June 24, 2021

The journey from volcanic repose to a climactic eruption is like a mystery movie that keeps you at the edge of your seat. The story is filled with twists and turns that often lead to dead ends.  

USGS science for a changing world
June 17, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.5 earthquake located beneath the south part of the Island of Hawai‘i, in the district of Kaʻū, on Thursday, June 17, at 4:32 p.m., HST.

Color photograph of instrument monitoring lava lake
June 17, 2021

The night sky over Kīlauea summit lit up with the glow of lava Sunday, December 20th, 2020. Deep in the caldera, the gathered lake water was boiled by surging lava. A reddened plume escaped the crater, as lava took its place within Halemaʻumaʻu. 

A view of Halema‘uma‘u on June 11, 2021, at 12:20 p.m. HST
June 14, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS) photo, looking straight down into the inactive western fissure within Halema‘uma‘u
June 11, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

On June 8, 2021, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory conducted a routine helicopter overflight and fieldwork at the summit of
June 10, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

On the west side of Mauna Loa summit, a campaign GPS (center-right) measures its location for a period of 2–3 days
June 10, 2021

Geodetic surveys measure the change in shape of our volcanoes due to changes in magma supply and storage. The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) has a long history of using many different types of instruments and technologies over the decades to detect these changes.   

Portions of Crater Rim Drive, damaged during the 2018 Kīlauea summit collapse, are visible from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u
June 9, 2021

Kīlauea's summit is no longer erupting; lava supply to the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake has ceased and sulfur dioxide emissions have decreased to near pre-eruption background levels. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor for new changes from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.