Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
January 13, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow.

Large-scale map of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow...
January 9, 2015

This large-scale map shows the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to nearby Puna communities. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
January 9, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Small-scale map of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow...
January 6, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Large-scale map of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow...
January 6, 2015

This large-scale map shows the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to nearby Puna communities. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
January 6, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow.

Thermal overlay of distal part of flow field...
January 6, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on January 6 at about 11:30 AM. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
January 4, 2015

Image showing a close-up of the June 27th lava flow in the area of Kaohe Homesteads and Pāhoa. 

Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow field...
October 29, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow field...
October 10, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow field...
October 4, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow field...
September 25, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

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Color photograph of volcanic vent
January 1, 2021

Kīlauea eruption in Halema‘uma‘u on Jan. 1, 2021

Telephoto view of the west vent area in Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea Volcano. The west vents are in the northwestern wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater; intermittent spattering at the vents has constructed a perched pointed cone on the crater wall. USGS photo by M. Patrick. 

Color photograph of scientist deploying instrument in field
January 1, 2021

Scientists deploy instruments at Kīlauea summit - 1/1/2021

HVO field crews deployed a dense network of temporary seismic instruments at Kīlauea’s summit on January 1, 2021, and with permission from Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. The temporary instruments supplement data already being collected by HVO's permanent seismic network and will help to track the migration and storage of magma in the shallow volcanic plumbing system

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Color photograph of volcanic vent
January 1, 2021

Kīlauea eruption in Halema‘uma‘u on Jan. 1, 2021

Another telephoto view of the west vent area in Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea Volcano. The west vents are in the northwestern wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater; intermittent spattering at the vents has constructed a perched pointed cone on the crater wall. USGS photo by M. Patrick. 

Color photograph of lava lake
January 1, 2021

Kīlauea eruption in Halema‘uma‘u on Jan. 1, 2021

The western portion of the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u, Kīlauea Volcano summit. The island has migrated closer to the west vent area, which remains active. USGS photo by M. Patrick. 

Color photograph of lava lake
January 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - Jan. 1, 2021 at 6:30 a.m. HST

The KW webcam captured this image of Kīlauea's ongoing summit eruption, which continued overnight. The KW webcam looks in an east direction; north is to the left in the photo, south to the right, west to the bottom, and east to the top. This photo, taken at 6:30 a.m. HST on January 1, 2021, shows that the west vent (bottom of photo) remains active. You can view live KW

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Color and gray scale images of tephra
December 31, 2020

Images of tephra from Kīlauea’s newest eruption, collected 12/21/2020

Left: magnified view of erupted material, including Pele’s hair and tears, as seen under a microscope (USGS Photo by K. Lynn on 12/26/2020). Middle: Zoomed in electron image of the tephra, where greyscale indicates the relative abundance of iron (Fe). Very small (less than 0.1 mm [less than 0.004 inches]) clinopyroxene and plagioclase crystals are labeled next to vesicles

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Color map of volcano
December 31, 2020

December 31, 2020—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map

This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines (dark gray) that mark locations of equal elevation above sea level (asl). The map shows that the lava lake (approximate area marked in red) has filled 184 m (603 ft) of Halema‘uma‘u since the eruption began at approximately 9:30 p.m. HST on December 20, 2020. USGS map. 

Color photograph of lava lake crust
December 31, 2020

December 31, 2020—Kīlauea summit eruption

Kīlauea's summit lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu is continually re-surfacing. HVO geologists monitoring the activity in the field have observed crustal foundering, in which pieces of solidified lava crust on the surface of the lava lake break and sink back into the liquid portion. USGS photo by M. Patrick on 12/31/2020. 

Color photograph of volcanic vent
December 31, 2020

Kīlauea west vent on December 31, 2020, morning

The western fissure in Halemaʻumaʻu wall remains active. Glowing vents and a prominent spatter cone are visible in this photo, which shows some spattering at the vent. This view looks steeply down from Kīlauea's west caldera rim, and the lava lake surface is visible in the background. USGS photo by B. Carr on 12/31/2020. 

Color photograph of volcanic vent and lava lake
December 30, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption - Dec. 30, 2020, at 5 a.m. HST

HVO field crews observed activity within Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea Volcano's summit, overnight from within a closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. The area remains closed to the public for safety reasons and HVO field crews are equipped with a range of specialized safety gear and personal protective equipment. In the early hours of December 30, the western vent in

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December 30, 2020

Helicopter overflight of Kīlauea summit eruption, 12/30/2020

Video from a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea summit eruption on December 30, 2020, around 10:00 a.m., shows the western vents (area of bluish-colored gas emissions on left) erupting through crusted-over channels into a lava lake within Halema'uma'u crater.

As of December 30, at 3:45 a.m., the lava lake was 181 m (593 ft) deep. The lake volume was about 23 million

Color photograph of lava lake
December 30, 2020

Annotated photograph of the Halemaʻumaʻu eruption

Annotated eruption photograph taken at 5 p.m. HST on December 30, 2020, from the south rim of Halemaʻumaʻu, Kīlauea Volcano summit. USGS photo by K. Lynn. 

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Lava flow thickness 2018
March 7, 2019

Eruption rate (how much lava comes out of the ground per unit time) is probably the best measure of volcanic activity, and the first step in that calculation is to measure lava flow thickness and area. 

fissure 8 on Kīlauea
February 28, 2019

Since the end of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption on Kīlauea Volcano, questions have surfaced concerning how long it will take for the new lava flows to solidify. This is a difficult question to answer, because the initial eruptive temperatures along with many different factors can influence the rate of cooling.

USGS
February 22, 2019

2018 Kīlauea lower East Rift Zone eruption and calderal collapse described in Science paper.

USGS
February 22, 2019

USGS Fact Sheet, written by HVO scientists, won the 2018 Shoemaker Award for Communications Product Excellence for the Small Print category.

USGS
February 22, 2019

Information about how to stay informed about Hawaiian volcanoes.

USGS
February 22, 2019

A temporary monitoring camera on the west rim of Kīlauea caldera now provides views looking east toward the bottom of the recently enlarged Halema‘uma‘u.

test flight of an unmanned aerial system
February 21, 2019

With the end of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption, the Island of Hawai‘i was able, at long last, to say goodbye to strong vog—volcanic smog produced by voluminous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions.

USGS
February 19, 2019

January 2019 is Hawaiʻi Island's 10th annual Volcano Awareness Month.

Hawaii that extend offshore
February 14, 2019

Earthquakes in Hawaii are intimately related to the volcanoes. In addition to helping scientists track moving magma, sometimes they happen simply because the earth under the island chain gets bent out of shape.

Fissure 8 reactivated on the afternoon of May 28 and at times, was ...
February 7, 2019

The 2018 lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption of Kīlauea brought an end to the 35+ year eruption at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō. With the draining of the summit and the collapse of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, Puna residents were concerned that the eruption in the LERZ could be long-lived.

helicopter overflight
January 31, 2019

One of the most frequent questions asked of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists the last several months has been, “Is the lower East Rift eruption over?” But the same question could – and should – be asked of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption.

USGS
January 18, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present public lectures as planned.