Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow field
August 8, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 ("Peace Day") flow field
June 29, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 (“Peace Day”) flow field
June 15, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 flow: April 11, 2012...
April 11, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 flow: March 20, 2012...
March 20, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 flow: February 8, 2012...
February 8, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kîlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 flow: January 26, 2012...
January 26, 2012

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Episode 61 (Peace Day) flow: January 12, 2012...
January 12, 2012

Map showing lava flows erupted during Kīlauea’s ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Kīlauea East Rift Zone Eruption Map: December 27, 2011...
December 27, 2011

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Kīlauea East Rift Zone Eruption Map: December 13, 2011...
December 13, 2011

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō and Episode 61 flow field: December 2, 2011...
December 2, 2011

Map showing Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō and the extent of nearby lava flows.

Kīlauea East Rift Zone Eruption Map: December 2, 2011...
December 2, 2011

Map showing the extent of lava flows erupted during Kīlauea's ongoing east rift zone eruption and labeled with the years in which they were active.

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December 30, 2020

Crustal foundering on surface Halema'uma'u crater lava lake

This video, taken with a telephoto lens from an observation location on the rim, shows a process called “foundering”, in which a segment of cool lava crust on the surface of the lava lake is overridden by less-dense liquid from below causing the crust to sink into the underlying lake lava. Density-driven crustal foundering leading to surface renewal occurs repeatedly

December 30, 2020

Kīlauea - Halema'uma'u thermal map compilation December 21-30, 2020

Watch the changes in the growing lava lake within Halema'uma'u crater in these thermal maps from December 21-30, 2020.

In the first thermal map (December 21, 2020), the lake area is about 33 acres. In the last thermal map (December 30, 2020), the lake is about 82 acres. The dimensions of the lava lake are now 875 yd on the E-W axis (7+ football fields) and 580 yd on

December 29, 2020

Kīlauea — Thermal Imagery Timelapse (Dec 29, 2020)

Kīlauea Volcano, U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory timelapse of thermal imagery showing Halema‘uma‘u west vents and lava entering the lava lake. This timelapse was taken over one hour, between approximately 10 and 11 p.m on December 29, 2020.

Lava bubbling out of a fissure at night time.
December 29, 2020

Lava Erupting from a Fissure

Animated GIF of lava erupting from a fissure at Kīlauea Volcano at night time on December 27, 2020. 

Lava bubbling out of a fissure at night time.
December 29, 2020

Lava Erupting from a Fissure

Animated GIF of lava erupting from a fissure at Kīlauea Volcano at night time on December 27, 2020. 

Color photograph of lava lake and moon
December 29, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption - Dec. 29, 2020 at 5:30 a.m. HST

This photo, taken at approximately 5:30 a.m. December 29, 2020, shows Kīlauea's ongoing summit eruption. The western vent in the wall of Halema‘uma‘u continued to erupt overnight, and the northern/eastern vent remained inactive. At approximately 3:45 a.m. HST today (Dec. 29), HVO field crews measured the lava lake as 179 m (587 ft) deep. USGS photo by H. Dietterich. 

Color photograph of scientist monitoring lava lake
December 29, 2020

Scientist monitoring Kīlauea summit eruption on 12/29/2020

HVO scientists monitor the ongoing Kīlauea summit eruption from within an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to the public for safety reasons. They are equipped with a range of specialized safety gear and personal protective equipment such as gas masks, helmets, gloves, and eye protection. No major changes were observed at the eruption site

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December 29, 2020

Halema‘uma‘u west vent flowing into lava lake 12/29/2020

29 December 2020 - Kīlauea Volcano - US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. This video, taken early morning on December 29, 2020, shows lava erupting from the west fissure in Halema‘uma‘u and pouring into the lava lake. Laser rangefinder measurements indicate that the opening lava pours from is 4-6 m (13-20 ft) wide. USGS video by H. Dietterich.

Color thermal map of lava lake
December 28, 2020

December 28, 2020—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map

A helicopter overflight yesterday (Dec. 28, 2020) at approximately 10:30 AM HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of the new eruption within Halema'uma'u crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. This preliminary thermal map shows that the lake area has not changed significantly since the thermal map that was made on December 26. The dimensions

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Color photograph of lava lake
December 28, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption - Dec. 28, 2020 at 5 a.m. HST

HVO field crews observed the continuing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit early this morning. Overnight, the western vent in the wall of Halema‘uma‘u continued to erupt, and the northern/eastern vent remained inactive. At approximately 4:30 a.m. HST today (Dec. 28), HVO field crews measured the lava lake as 179 m (586 ft) deep. Note that initial values reported

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A short animation showing lava spewing from a fissure and a rotating tower of smoke.
December 28, 2020

Lava Spewing from Fissure; Lavanado — Kīlauea

This animated GIF is captured from a USGS video which shows both lava erupting from a fissure and a wind vortex (lavanado) over the lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano.

Attribution: Kīlauea
December 28, 2020

Lava flowing into Halema‘uma‘u from multiple channels 12/28/2020

Lava flowing from the western fissure vent feeds multiple channels. This video was taken by Hawaiian Volcano Observatory's geology field team on December 28, 2020, from 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. The team is located at an observation point on the rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater, and is using a telephoto lens to document fissure behavior. During the three-hour period, the field team

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USGS
January 18, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present public lectures as planned.

USGS
January 6, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present lectures as planned. 

USGS
December 21, 2018

During the current federal government shutdown, the Volcano Hazard Program and all five U.S. Volcano Observatories will continue to issue updates, warnings, and notifications through the usual channels, including websites, email, and social media. 

midwinter dawn at Halema‘uma‘u
December 20, 2018

The field day begins with a summit weather check at first light. It is a reflective moment at 6:15 AM atop Kīlauea Volcano, and the fumarole cracks are steaming like the coffee from my thermos. The weather at Halema‘uma‘u crater is cool and dry, with light trade winds from the northeast. We hope for these mornings.

Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 summit collapse
December 13, 2018

January 2019 marks the 10th annual “Volcano Awareness Month” on the Island of Hawai‘i.

View into fissure 8
December 6, 2018

One of the most frequently asked questions of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists over the last several months has been, “Is the eruption over?”

What is next for Kīlauea Volcano
November 29, 2018

This is, without a doubt, the most intellectually exciting time to be a volcanologist at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. The current inactivity at Kīlauea has so many possible outcomes that it is a real challenge to figure out what might happen next. And intellectual challenges are stimulating and exciting.

Sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide gases
November 21, 2018

In this season of giving thanks, Island of Hawai‘i residents and visitors can be thankful for the return of good air quality, generally free of volcanic air pollution.

earthquakes that occurred beneath the island
November 15, 2018

November 2018. Has it already been six months since lava began flowing through Hawai‘i County's lower Puna District? Has it only been three months since activity at fissure 8 ended rather abruptly?

Kīlauea Volcano showing the main collapse area
November 8, 2018

The prolonged yet dramatic partial collapse of Kīlauea caldera this past summer was the first to be observed in detail and the largest measured by subsidence volume of more than a dozen summit collapses in the past 200 years. The earliest known collapses (1823, 1832, and 1840) were large in subsidence volume but the process was not recorded by witnesses.

map of Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone
November 1, 2018

During Kīlauea Volcano's recent lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption, lava-flow maps were a staple of the public outreach effort by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO).

panoramic view, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Crater Rim Drive
October 25, 2018

The 2018 summit collapse and lower East Rift Zone eruption at Kīlauea Volcano were dramatic and, for many Island of Hawai‘i residents, tragic events. As with all eruptive crises, these events offered exceptional opportunities to learn more about how volcanoes work and to answer some "bigger picture" questions.