Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 377
Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 10, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 10, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 9, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 2 pm on Monday, July 9

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 9, 2018

Map as of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 9, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 8, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Sunday, July 8.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 6, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, July 6.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 6, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 6, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 2, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 2, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 2, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Monday, July 2

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 30, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, June 30, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 29, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, June 29

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 28, 2018

Map as of 2:00 p.m. HST, June 28, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 27, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Wednesday, June 27

Filter Total Items: 121
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2001

Surface water quality-assurance plan for the Hawaii District of the U. S. Geological Survey

This District Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Hawaii District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of surface-water data.

Fontaine, R.A.
Surface water quality-assurance plan for the Hawaii District of the U. S. Geological Survey; 2001; OFR; 2001-75; Fontaine, R. A.

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Year Published: 2001

Drilling, Construction, Water-Level, and Water-Quality Information for the Kualapuu Deep Monitor Well, 4-0800-01, Molokai, Hawaii

A monitor well was completed in January 2001 by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Kualapuu area of central Molokai, Hawaii that allows for monitoring the thicknesses of the freshwater body and the upper part of the underlying freshwater-saltwater transition zone. The well was drilled in cooperation with the State Department of Hawaiian Home Lands...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Bauer, Glenn R.
Drilling, Construction, Water-Level, and Water-Quality Information for the Kualapuu Deep Monitor Well, 4-0800-01, Molokai, Hawaii; 2001; OFR; 2001-350; Oki, Delwyn S.; Bauer, Glenn R.

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Year Published: 2001

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall and streamflow data were collected from July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001. Few storms...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001; 2001; OFR; 2001-256; Presley, Todd K.

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Year Published: 2001

Analytical Versus Numerical Estimates of Water-Level Declines Caused by Pumping, and a Case Study of the Iao Aquifer, Maui, Hawaii

Comparisons were made between model-calculated water levels from a one-dimensional analytical model referred to as RAM (Robust Analytical Model) and those from numerical ground-water flow models using a sharp-interface model code. RAM incorporates the horizontal-flow assumption and the Ghyben-Herzberg relation to represent flow in a one-...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Meyer, William
Analytical Versus Numerical Estimates of Water-Level Declines Caused by Pumping, and a Case Study of the Iao Aquifer, Maui, Hawaii; 2001; WRI; 2000-4244; Oki, Delwyn S.; Meyer, William

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Year Published: 2001

The Response of the Iao Aquifer to Ground-Water Development, Rainfall, and Land-Use Practices Between 1940 and 1998, Island of Maui, Hawaii

Ground water pumped from the Iao aquifer has been used for agricultural purposes since 1948, and domestic purposes since 1955. In 1990, the Hawaii State Commission on Water Resource Management established a value of 20 million gallons per day for the sustainable yield of the aquifer. Water-level data from observation wells throughout the aquifer...

Meyer, William; Presley, Todd K.
The Response of the Iao Aquifer to Ground-Water Development, Rainfall, and Land-Use Practices Between 1940 and 1998, Island of Maui, Hawaii; 2001; WRI; 2000-4223; Meyer, William; Presley, Todd K.

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Year Published: 2001

Sedimentation History of Waimaluhia Reservoir during Highway Construction, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-98

Nine sedimentation surveys conducted from 1983 to 1998 at Waimaluhia Reservoir determined the rate of sediment accumulation in the reservoir during H-3 Highway construction upstream of the reservoir. Rates of storage-capacity loss ranged from 1.1 acre-feet per year between 1983 and 1988 to 4.9 acre-feet per year between 1988 and 1992. The average...

Wong, Michael F.
Sedimentation History of Waimaluhia Reservoir during Highway Construction, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-98; 2001; WRI; 2001-4001; Wong, Michael F.

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Year Published: 2001

Statistical Summary of Hydrologic and Water-Quality Data from the Halawa, Haiku, and Kaneohe Drainage Basins Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99

This report provides statistical summaries of rainfall, streamflow, suspended-sediment, and water-quality data collected in the Halawa, Haiku, and Kaneohe drainage basins before, during, and after construction of the H-3 Highway on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Methods of data collection also are described. Data collected during water years 1983...

Wong, Michael F.; Young, Stacie T.M.
Statistical Summary of Hydrologic and Water-Quality Data from the Halawa, Haiku, and Kaneohe Drainage Basins Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99; 2001; OFR; 2001-64; Wong, Michael F.; Young, Stacie T. M.

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Year Published: 2001

Seismic hazard in Hawaii: High rate of large earthquakes and probabilistics ground-motion maps

The seismic hazard and earthquake occurrence rates in Hawaii are locally as high as that near the most hazardous faults elsewhere in the United States. We have generated maps of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration (SA) (at 0.2, 0.3 and 1.0 sec, 5% critical damping) at 2% and 10% exceedance probabilities in 50 years. The...

Klein, F. W.; Frankel, A.D.; Mueller, C.S.; Wesson, R.L.; Okubo, P. G.
Seismic hazard in Hawaii: High rate of large earthquakes and probabilistics ground-motion maps; 2001; Article; Journal; Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; Klein, F. W.; Frankel, A. D.; Mueller, C. S.; Wesson, R. L.; Okubo, P. G.

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Year Published: 2000

Site Selection for a Deep Monitor Well, Kualapuu, Molokai, Hawaii

Management of the ground-water resources near Kualapuu on the island of Molokai, Hawaii, is hindered by the uncertainty in the vertical salinity structure in the aquifer. In the State of Hawaii, vertical profiles of ground-water salinity are commonly obtained from deep monitor wells, and these profiles are used to estimate the thicknesses of the...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Site Selection for a Deep Monitor Well, Kualapuu, Molokai, Hawaii; 2000; WRI; 99-4291; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2000

Gravitational stability of three-dimensional stratovolcano edifices

Catastrophic flank collapses have occurred at many stratovolcanoes worldwide. We present a three-dimensional (3-D) slope stability analysis for assessing and quantifying both the locations of minimum edifice stability and the expected volumes of potential failure. Our approach can search the materials underlying a topographic surface, represented...

Reid, M.E.; Christian, S.B.; Brien, D.L.

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Year Published: 1996

Summary of the Oahu, Hawaii, Regional Aquifer-System Analysis

Oahu, the third largest of the Hawaiian islands, is formed by the eroded remnants of two elongated shield volcanoes with broad, low profiles. Weathering and erosion have modified the original domed surfaces of the volcanoes, leaving a landscape of deep valleys and steep interfluvial ridges in the interior highlands. The Koolau Range in eastern...

Nichols, William D.; Shade, Patricia J.; Hunt, Charles D.
Summary of the Oahu, Hawaii, Regional Aquifer-System Analysis; 1996; PP; 1412-A; Nichols, William D.; Shade, Patricia J.; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.

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Year Published: 1995

Estimated Water Use in 1990, Island of Kauai, Hawaii

The estimated total quantity of freshwater withdrawn on the island of Kauai, Hawaii, in 1990 was 370.84 million gallons per day of which 46.29 million gallons per day (12 percent) was from ground-water sources, and 324.55 million gallons per day (88 percent) was from surface-water sources. An additional estimated 40.94 million gallons per day of...

Shade, Patricia J.
Estimated Water Use in 1990, Island of Kauai, Hawaii; 1995; WRI; 93-4180; Shade, Patricia J.

Filter Total Items: 2,294
The growing lava lake within Halemaʻumaʻu, at the summit of Kīlauea, has risen roughly 27 m (89 ft) since the eruption started
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater—October 1, 2021

The growing lava lake within Halemaʻumaʻu, at the summit of Kīlauea, has risen roughly 27 m (89 ft) since the eruption started on September 29, 2021 at 3:21 p.m. HST. The eruption began with a fissure opening along the floor of Halemaʻumaʻu, through the surface of the solidified 2020–21 lava lake. This fissure produced a line of lava fountains—many of which have been

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Color photograph of active lava lake
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 1, 2021

In the afternoon of October 1, 2021, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists observed the ongoing eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu from the northwest rim of the crater at Kīlauea's summit. The two dominant eruptive vents at this time are the western fissure (lower-right) and a fountaining area in the central-southern part of the lava lake (center), though minor spattering

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Color photograph of eruption
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 1, 2021

A view of the new eruption within Halema'uma'u at Kīlauea summit at approximately 9 a.m. HST on the morning of October 1, 2021. This view, from the south rim of Halema'uma'u, shows that lava continues to erupt from multiple vents along the floor and western wall of Halemaʻumaʻu crater. Over the past 24 hours, the lava lake surface has risen approximately 4 meters (4.4 yds

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telephoto view of the south-central and western fissure fountains that continue to erupt lava into the growing lava lake
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater—October 1, 2021

A telephoto view of the south-central and western fissure fountains that continue to erupt lava into the growing lava lake at Kīlauea summit. The lava lake and eruptive activity are confined within Halemaʻumaʻu crater, in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. The “lava island” that formed during the opening hours of the 2020–21 eruption is visible on the lava lake surface in

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telephoto view of the western fissure that opened in the wall of Halemaʻumaʻu crater
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater—October 1, 2021

A telephoto view of the western fissure that opened in the wall of Halemaʻumaʻu crater, during the new Kīlauea summit eruption. Spatter from the lava fountains have built a horseshoe-shaped cone (black lava) surrounding the upper part of the fountain, while lava flows into the lava lake at the base of the vent. A weak lava flow can be seen exiting a smaller vent to the

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 telephoto image of the lava lake margin
October 1, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater—October 1, 2021

This telephoto image of the lava lake margin was taken during a Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Kīlauea summit eruption overflight this morning. The lava lake within Halemaʻumaʻu crater is forming a “perched” levee around parts of the lake perimeter. The levee is formed, in part, by pieces of the lava lake surface crust being pushed on the levee by the lake circulation. The

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Two vents on the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea summit, remain active
October 1, 2021

Western vents at Halema‘uma‘u crater

Two vents on the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea summit, remain active. The western fissure opened about an hour and a half (around 4:40 p.m.) after the eruption began on Sept. 29, 2021. The pinkish and black area within the lava lake (near the center of the photo) is the partially submerged west vent that formed during the Dec. 2020–May 2021 eruption. This

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This telephoto image shows two vents that formed on the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater during the current eruption
October 1, 2021

Vents on the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater

This telephoto image shows two vents that formed on the western wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater during the current eruption of Kīlauea, which began on September 29, 2021. The photo was taken from the southern rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater at 9:02 a.m. HST on Oct. 1, 2021, in an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to the public due to safety reasons. USGS

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Color photograph of vents in lava lake
September 30, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption - September 30, 2021

On the evening of September 30, 2021, linear fissures remained active in the middle of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at Kīlauea. This photo was taken from the south, looking north, in a closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, where USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory monitor the eruption with National Park Service permission. USGS Photo by K. Lynn.

Color photograph of lava lake
September 30, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - September 30, 2021

The eruption within Halema'uma'u, at Kīlauea summit within Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, continues at dawn on September 30, 2021. Fountaining at multiple fissure locations on the base and west wall of the crater continues, and a lava lake is growing within Halema'uma'u. The Kīlauea summit webcams provide near real-time views of this activity:

...
September 30, 2021

September 30, 2021, Kīlauea summit Halema‘uma‘u eruption morning overf

An eruption in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, began yesterday afternoon and continues this morning. During an overflight at approximately 7:30 a.m. HST on September 30, 2021, several fountaining sources were active in the crater, including those in the lake center and on the west wall. USGS video by M. Patrick.

Color map of lava lake temperature
September 30, 2021

September 30, 2021 —Thermal map of lava lake at Kīlauea summit

A helicopter overflight on September 30, 2021, at approximately 7:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea. This thermal map shows the extent of the new lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u. The scale of the thermal map ranges from blue to red, with blue colors indicative of cooler temperatures and

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Filter Total Items: 2,329
Plots of volcano deformation data
May 6, 2021

Although Mauna Loa is Earth’s largest active volcano, it has lived in the shadow of Kīlauea since it last erupted in 1984.  The geologic record shows that Mauna Loa erupts every seven years on average; however, 37 years have passed since lava flows from the volcano’s Northeast Rift Zone came within 7 km (4 miles) of Hilo. 

Color photograph of lava lake
May 5, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 228 m (748 ft) deep this morning, May 5. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Hiking along the rim of the 2018 collapse area at the summit of Kīlauea
May 3, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, May 3. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

A rainy view from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea summit
April 30, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, April 30. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active but the active surface lava has diminished
April 29, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, April 29. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

A view of the lake this afternoon from the Halema‘uma‘u Crater rim,...
April 29, 2021

May 3rd marks three years since the start of the devastating lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea. In 2018, rising summit lava lake levels, caused by building magmatic pressure, culminated in a large eruption on the lower flank which then abruptly drained the summit lava lake and initiated crater collapse.

The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active
April 28, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, April 28. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

On Monday, April 26, 2021, lava continued to flow from the western vent into the active lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u Crater
April 27, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, April 27. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color animated gif of lava lake rise
April 23, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 227 m (744 ft) deep this morning, April 23. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of instrument and mountain
April 22, 2021

Gravimeters, essentially extremely precise pendulums, can measure a change in the force of gravity to one-in-one billionth of the force you feel every day. This force varies based on the distance and the amount of mass between the instrument (or you) and the center of the Earth.

Color photograph of lava lake
April 21, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 226 m (741 ft) deep this morning, April 21. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

An HVO geologist surveys the lava lake from the eastern rim of Halema‘uma‘u Crater
April 19, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 226 m (741 ft) deep this morning, April 19. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.