Unified Interior Regions


The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Kīlauea: a youngster among world's active volcanoes...
January 8, 1993

One of the main impediments to predicting the future behavior of Kīlauea and especially Mauna Loa Volcanoes is the short historical record of each volcano. 

January 1, 1993

The Pu`u `O`o-Kupaianaha eruption now ranks as the longest-lived historic eruption on the East Rift Zone and the most destructive in Kīlauea's recent history. 

Underwater East Rift exploration reveals a few surprises...
December 11, 1992

The East Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano is 130 kilometers long, but only 55 kilometers of the rift is above sea level. The lower 75 kilometers of the rift is submarine and extends east-northeast from Cape Kumukahi to a depth of roughly 5,400 meters (17,700 feet). 

December 4, 1992

For the past 10 years, most of the evident changes on Kīlauea Volcano have occurred down the east rift zone near and downslope from the Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha vents. Last Sunday, a sequence of rockfalls occurred within the summit caldera that modestly changed the size and shape of Halema`uma`u Crater. 

Lava explodes into the sea at Kamoamoa...
November 27, 1992

Lava erupted from the episode 51 vents has been entering the sea at Kamoamoa since November 8. On Tuesday, a new phenomenon was observed. 

Lava continues to flow near Kamoamoa...
November 20, 1992

The eruption from the episode 51 vents has continued without interruption since October 2. The flows crossed the Chain of Craters Road near Kamoamoa in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park on November 7. Since that time, flows have covered all of the Kamoamoa ruins, campground, parking lot, and picnic area, and have formed perhaps 30 acres of new land.

Volcano watchers should beware...
November 6, 1992

The eruption from the episode 51 vents has continued without interruption since October 2. The flows have now advanced to within 300 feet of the Chain of Craters Road inside Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. The flows advanced over the pali during the last week-and-a-half and came within a quarter of a mile of Chain of Craters Road by early this week. 

October 30, 1992

The 10-year long eruption of Kīlauea Volcano continues from the episode 51 vents located on the west flank of the Pu`u `O`o cone. The flows advanced slowly from October 3 until October 28, when they began to flow over the pali above Kamoamoa.

October 23, 1992

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory studies mainly the current activity of Hawai`i's volcanoes, and our eruption forecasts are limited to the short-term future (hours, days, months, sometimes a few years). 

Quake starts Kīlauea off on a busy two weeks...
October 16, 1992

The last two weeks have been particularly busy on Kīlauea Volcano. On October 2, starting about 3:30 p.m., the tremor near Pu`u `O`o began to increase, and it appeared as if another phase of the episode 51 eruption would be under way soon.

October 2, 1992

Over the years, scientists at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory have developed good techniques for short-term eruption predictions (a few hours to a few days' warning) for Kīlauea and Mauna Loa Volcanoes. However, our capabilities for long-term predictions consist predominantly of educated guesswork. 

New map defines lava flow hazard zones on the Big Island...
September 25, 1992

The U.S Geological Survey has recently published a new, full-sized map which defines the boundaries of nine lava flow hazard zones on the island. This map is an updated version of the page-sized map included in the USGS booklet Volcanic and Seismic Hazards on the Island of Hawaii published in 1990.