Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 67
Date published: May 13, 2016
Status: Active

Restoration Ecology

Restoration of ecological systems in wildland areas often involves restoring species to habitats degraded by invasive plant and animal species.  Often, such invasive species exert community level impacts, such as direct competition, but may also alter ecosystem function. For example, invasive plants have been documented to alter fire regimes, soil nutrients and microbes, food webs, and/or...

Date published: May 11, 2016
Status: Active

Status and Trends of Hawaiian Flora and Fauna

Hawai‘i has more endangered species than any other state - over 394 species.  In spite of this fact, there is not a central clearing house for information on the status and trends of these species.  Information is spread over the following areas:

1. USGS maintains some information on Forest Birds.

2. USFWS maintains summary data on listed and proposed plants.

3. The...

Date published: May 11, 2016
Status: Completed

Dynamics of a Koa Looper Moth Outbreak and Response by the Native Forest Community

A massive outbreak of the native koa looper moth (Scotorythra paludicola; Geometridae) defoliated more than a third of the koa (Acacia koa) forest on Hawai‘i Island during 2013–2014. Our objective was to record the dynamics of the koa looper (Scotorythra paludicola) outbreak and evaluate the response to the outbreak by the forest ecosystem generally as well as select native and invasive...

Date published: April 26, 2016
Status: Active

Webinar: Recreational Seascapes: Integrating Human and Mechanical Observations on Hawaiʻi Island

View this webinar to learn how scientists explored how people on the seascape experienced climate and environmental changes in Hawai'i.

Contacts: Noelani Puniwai
Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Development of an Environmental Assessment and Eradication Plan to Remove Tilapia from Ponds and Wetlands in National Parks on the Island of Hawai’i

Mozambique tilapia, a highly invasive non-native fish of the family Cichlidae, were discovered in a wetland in Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park on the Big Island of Hawai'i. As the U.S. National Park Service works to restore the natural communities and functions of wetland ecosystems on the island, the eradication of the tilapia population is considered necessary to fully achieve...

Contacts: Leo Nico, Ph.D.
Date published: April 13, 2016

Understanding Coastal Change

Scientists perform a range of studies that document, assess, and model coastal change, risk, and vulnerability. Studies include historical shoreline change, the geologic structure and history of coastal regions, sediment supply and transport, sea-level rise, and how extreme storm events affect rates and impacts of coastal change.

Date published: April 13, 2016

Geologic Hazards and Catastrophic Events

We study the distribution and hazard potential of coastal and submarine events such as earthquakes and submarine landslides and associated tsunami potential, hurricane induced coastal inundation, extreme storms, sea-level rise and oil and gas spills. We also model development to help evaluate and forecast coastal hazard probability and occurrence.

Date published: April 13, 2016

Ocean Resources for America's Needs

Our scientists conduct research studies focused on geologic mapping, sampling and understanding of mineral and energy resources and studies of the geologic setting and processes to inform renewable energy development offshore.

Date published: April 13, 2016

Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Science

We bring together multidisciplinary expertise focused on developing tools and models to improve understanding of how healthy ecosystems function as well as how they respond to environmental changes and human impacts including ecosystem restoration. Research studies address coral reef, coastal wetland, benthic habitat and groundwater resources.

Date published: March 17, 2016

Volcano Hazards Assessments Help Mitigate Disasters

The Volcano Hazards Program develops long-range volcano hazards assessments. These includes a summary of the specific hazards, their impact areas, and a map showing ground-hazard zones. The assessments are also critical for planning long-term land-use and effective emergency-response measures, especially when a volcano begins to show signs of unrest.

Date published: March 9, 2016

Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

We work with others to provide scientific understanding and technologies needed to support and implement sound management and conservation of our Nation's biological resources in Hawaii and other Pacific island locations.

Date published: March 9, 2016

Pacific Islands Water Science Center

This center is one of 48 Water Science Centers in the USGS, and its mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States, the State of Hawaii, and other Pacific Islands.

Filter Total Items: 90
Date published: January 1, 2017

Seawater carbonate chemistry, Kahekili, west Maui

Time-series of seawater carbonate chemistry variables, including salinity, dissolved inorganic nutrients, pH, total alkalinity, and dissolved inorganic carbon from sites along Kahekili Beach Park, west Maui near submarine groundwater seeps and living coral reefs. Samples for seawater were collected by pumping bottom water from the seafloor using a peristaltic pump and collecting discr

Date published: December 21, 2016

Digital image mosaics of the nearshore coastal waters of selected areas on the Hawaiian Islands of Hawai‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, and O‘ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

USGS has the capability to compile digital image mosaics that are useful for creating detailed map products. Image maps covering the shallow near-shore coastal waters have been produced for several of the main Hawaiian Islands, including Hawai‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, and O‘ahu and are presented in JPEG2000 (.jp2) format.

Date published: June 15, 2016

Hawaiʻi Rainfall--current conditions

Continuously recording rainfall sites utilize equipment that automatically record and store the amount of rainfall at specific intervals. Many sites are equipped with telemetry so that information can be electronically transmitted and displayed on the internet in real time.

Date published: June 15, 2016

Hawaiʻi Water Quality--current conditions

Suspended-sediment concentrations are determined from samples collected by an autosampler or collected manually.

Date published: June 15, 2016

Hawaiʻi Groundwater--current conditions

At some sites, groundwater levels in wells are manually measured, using steel or electrical tapes or pressure transducers. Other sites utilize electronic equipment to record and store the water levels at specific intervals. Some sites are equipped with telemetry so that information can be electronically transmitted and displayed in real-time on the internet.

Date published: June 15, 2016

Hawaiʻi Streamflow--current conditions

Continuously recording surface-water stations are stations with equipment that automatically record and store data at specific intervals. Many stations are equipped with telemetry so that information can be electronically transmitted and displayed on the internet in real time.

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Date published: April 19, 2016

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and...

Date published: April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Date published: April 18, 2016

Coastal and Marine Geology Video and Photography Portal

This portal contains U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) video and photography of the seafloor off of coastal California and Massachusetts, and aerial imagery of the coastline along segments of the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic coasts. These data were collected as part of several USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program Seafloor Mapping projects and Hurricane and Extreme Storm research.

Filter Total Items: 366
Color map showing lava lake thickness
December 22, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption lava lake depth map generated from December 22, 2020 imagery

Map of volcano summit activity
December 22, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption reference map showing the location of current and previous lake activity

Color interferogram showing volcano deformation
December 22, 2020

This “interferogram” was created from satellite radar data acquired over Kīlauea Volcano on December 6 and 21 (at 6 PM HST each day). The colored fringes show ground deformation that occurred during that 15-day period. Each fringe is equivalent to about 1.55 cm (0.6 in) of ground deformation towards or away from the satellite.

Map of lava lake depth
December 22, 2020

Kīlauea summit eruption lava lake depth map generated from December 21, 2020 imagery

Color thermal map of volcano summit and lava lake
December 22, 2020

December 21, 2020—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

Color map depicting lava flow thickness
November 23, 2020

Final map of Kīlauea 2018 lower East Rift Zone lava flow thicknesses

The September 23, 2020, overflight provided aerial photos of Kīlauea's summit that were used to construct an updated map. Poor w
September 25, 2020

The September 23, 2020, overflight provided aerial photos of Kīlauea's summit that were used to construct an updated map.

Color map of camera network coverage
September 20, 2020

Map of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory’s current camera network coverage. 

Color graphic showing Mauna Loa historical lava flows, hazard zones, and county districts
June 5, 2020

Map showing the subaerial extents of historical lava flows from Mauna Loa. Lava flow hazard zones and districts of the County of Hawai‘i are also depicted.

thermal map shows relative surface temperatures across Kīlauea's 2018 lower East Rift Zone lava flow field.
August 31, 2019

This preliminary thermal map shows relative surface temperatures across Kīlauea's 2018 lower East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Thermal map of Kīlauea summit
August 22, 2019

This thermal map was constructed from 1008 images collected by a thermal camera during a helicopter overflight on August 22, 2019.

Thermal map of Kīlauea Caldera
April 8, 2019

This thermal map, which was constructed by merging about 1300 images from a morning helicopter overflight on April 8, shows the distribution of some prominent thermal features in Kīlauea's summit caldera. 

Filter Total Items: 114
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Year Published: 2010

Terrigenous sediment provenance from geochemical tracers, south Molokai reef flat, Hawaii

Land-derived runoff is one of the greatest threats to coral-reef health. Identification of runoff sources is an important step in erosion mitigation efforts. A geochemical sediment provenance study was done in uplands and across the adjacent fringing reef on the southeast shore of Molokai, Hawaii, to determine whether sediment runoff originated...

Takesue, R.K.
Terrigenous sediment provenance from geochemical tracers, south Molokai reef flat, Hawaii; 2010; OFR; 2010-1155; Takesue, R. K.

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Year Published: 2010

Rainfall, discharge, and water-quality data during stormwater monitoring, H-1 storm drain, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2009, to June 30, 2010

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. The program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff collected by the H-1 storm drain on the Manoa-Palolo Drainage Canal. This report summarizes rainfall, discharge, and water-...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, discharge, and water-quality data during stormwater monitoring, H-1 storm drain, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2009, to June 30, 2010; 2010; OFR; 2010-1161; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2010

Kiholo Bay, Hawaii, earthquake sequence of 2006: Relationship of the main shock slip with locations and source parameters of aftershocks

We study the source process of the Kīholo Bay earthquake (MW 6.7), which occurred beneath the northwest part of the Island of Hawai‘i on 15 October 2006, and static stress drops of small earthquakes that occurred in 2006 and 2007 around the main shock including aftershocks. We relocate the aftershocks to determine the fault plane from the two...

Yamada, Takuji; Okubo, Paul G.; Wolfe, Cecily
Yamada, Takuji, Okubo, P.G., and Wolfe, C.J., 2010, Kīholo Bay, Hawai‘i, earthquake sequence of 2006: Relationship of the main shock slip with locations and source parameters of aftershocks: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B08304, 12 p., doi:10.1029/2009JB006657.

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Year Published: 2010

Flood-Frequency Estimates for Streams on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, and Hawai`i, State of Hawai`i

This study provides an updated analysis of the magnitude and frequency of peak stream discharges in Hawai`i. Annual peak-discharge data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey during and before water year 2008 (ending September 30, 2008) at stream-gaging stations were analyzed. The existing generalized-skew value for the State of Hawai`i was...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Rosa, Sarah N.; Yeung, Chiu W.
Flood-Frequency Estimates for Streams on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, and Hawai`i, State of Hawai`i; 2010; SIR; 2010-5035; Oki, Delwyn S.; Rosa, Sarah N.; Yeung, Chiu W.

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Year Published: 2010

Effects of Surface-Water Diversion on Streamflow, Recharge, Physical Habitat, and Temperature, Na Wai `Eha, Maui, Hawai`i

The perennial flow provided by Waihe‘e River, Waiehu Stream, ‘Īao Stream, and Waikapū Stream, collectively known as Nā Wai ‘Ehā (“The Four Streams”), made it possible for widespread agricultural activities to flourish in the eastern part of West Maui, Hawai‘i. The streams of the Nā...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Wolff, Reuben H.; Perreault, Jeff A.
Effects of Surface-Water Diversion on Streamflow, Recharge, Physical Habitat, and Temperature, Na Wai `Eha, Maui, Hawai`i; 2010; SIR; 2010-5011; Oki, Delwyn S.; Wolff, Reuben H.; Perreault, Jeff A.

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Year Published: 2010

Coral Ba/Ca records of sediment input to the fringing reef of the southshore of Moloka'i, Hawai'i over the last several decades

The fringing reef of southern Moloka’i is perceived to be in decline because of land-based pollution. In the absence of historical records of sediment pollution, ratios of coral Ba/Ca were used to test the hypothesis that sedimentation has increased over time. Baseline Ba/Ca ratios co-vary with the abundance of red, terrigenous sediment visible in...

Prouty, N.G.; Field, M.E.; Stock, J. D.; Jupiter, S.D.; McCulloch, M.
Coral Ba/Ca records of sediment input to the fringing reef of the southshore of Moloka'i, Hawai'i over the last several decades; 2010; Article; Journal; Marine Pollution Bulletin; Prouty, N. G.; Field, M. E.; Stock, J. D.; Jupiter, S. D.; McCulloch, M.

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Year Published: 2009

A Multitracer Approach to Detecting Wastewater Plumes from Municipal Injection Wells in Nearshore Marine Waters at Kihei and Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii

Municipal wastewater plumes discharging from aquifer to ocean were detected by nearshore wading surveys at Kihei and Lahaina, on the island of Maui in Hawaii. Developed in cooperation with the Hawaii State Department of Health, the survey methodology included instrument trolling to detect submarine groundwater discharge, followed by analysis of...

Hunt, Charles D.; Rosa, Sarah N.
A Multitracer Approach to Detecting Wastewater Plumes from Municipal Injection Wells in Nearshore Marine Waters at Kihei and Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii; 2009; SIR; 2009-5253; Hunt, Charles D. Jr.; Rosa, Sarah N.

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Year Published: 2009

Reconnaissance Assessment of the Potential for Roadside Dry Wells to Affect Water Quality on the Island of Hawai'i

The County of Hawai'i Department of Public Works (DPW) uses dry wells to dispose of stormwater runoff from roads. Recently, concern has been raised that water entering the dry wells may transport contaminants to groundwater and affect the quality of receiving waters. The DPW operates 2,052 dry wells. Compiling an inventory of these dry wells and...

Izuka, Scot K.; Senter, Craig A.; Johnson, Adam G.
Reconnaissance Assessment of the Potential for Roadside Dry Wells to Affect Water Quality on the Island of Hawai'i; 2009; SIR; 2009-5249; Izuka, Scot K.; Senter, Craig A.; Johnson, Adam G.

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Year Published: 2009

Ecological Assessment of Wadeable Streams on O`ahu, Hawai'i, 2006-2007: A Pilot Study

In 2006-07, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pacific Islands Water Science Center (PIWSC), in cooperation with the Hawai'i Department of Health (HDOH), conducted a pilot study as a participant in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) Wadeable Streams Assessment (WSA) program. Forty randomly selected sites on perennial streams on O'...

Wolff, Reuben H.; Koch, Linda A.
Ecological Assessment of Wadeable Streams on O`ahu, Hawai'i, 2006-2007: A Pilot Study; 2009; SIR; 2009-5229; Wolff, Reuben H.; Koch, Linda A.

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Year Published: 2009

Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009 - Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. The program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream, and to assess the effects from the H-1 storm drain on Manoa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009 - Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii; 2009; OFR; 2009-1162; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2009

An integrated approach to benthic habitat mapping using remote sensing and GIS: An example from the Hawaiian Islands

This chapter documents our effort to map benthic habitats within the KalokoHonokohau National Historic Park, Hawai`i, USA. We produce detailed benthichabitat maps by using a combination of color aerial photography, high-resolution bathymetry, and georeferenced underwater video and still photography. We classify individual habitat polygons using...

Yang, X.; Gibbs, A.E.; Cochran, Susan A.

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Year Published: 2008

Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006

Suspended sediment and nutrient samples were collected during wet-weather conditions at three sites on two ephemeral streams in the vicinity of Hilo, Hawaii during March 2004 to March 2006. Two sites were sampled on Waiakea Stream at 80- and 860-foot altitudes during March 2004 to August 2005. One site was sampled on Alenaio Stream at 10-foot...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.
Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006; 2008; OFR; 2007-1429; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.

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Color photograph of lava lake
May 6, 2021

Close-up view of active western portion of Halema‘uma‘u lava lake

This close-up view of the active western portion of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea was captured on Thursday, May 6 through the lens of a laser rangefinder used by HVO scientists to measure distances to features within the crater. HVO scientists observed that the area immediately surrounding the inlet to the lava lake (above-center) was slightly perched

...
Color photograph of lava lake
May 6, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, May 6, 2021

View of the active surface lava in the western portion of Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. The west vent (upper left) continues to erupt lava into the lava lake through an inlet near the base of the cone. The active lava lake surface area has decreased in size over the past two weeks since the northeast (right) and southwest (left) surface has been

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Color photograph of lava lake
May 5, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u eruptive activity on 05 May 2021

Lava continues to flow from the western vent (bottom left) into the lava lake at Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i. A portion of the active surface of the lava lake can be seen here with orange, incandescent lava between the west vent and the main island. This photograph was taken on Wednesday, March 5, 2021, at 12:37 p.m. HST from the

...
HVO scientists hiked along the closed Crater Rim Road on April 30th to retrieve acoustic (sound) sensors for a scientific study
April 30, 2021

View of Kīlauea's September 1982 lava flow lobe — April 30, 2021

HVO scientists hiked along the closed Crater Rim Road on April 30th to retrieve acoustic (sound) sensors for a scientific study. This section of the road was damaged by earthquake activity during the 2018 Kīlauea summit caldera collapse. This stretch of road traverses part of the September 1982 lava flow, visible as a lobe of black rock on the right of the road. Mauna Loa

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On Friday, April 30, lava continued to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano
April 30, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—April 30, 2021

On Friday, April 30, lava continued to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. Active surface lava (center of the photo) was limited to the center of the previously active lake surface, where the north (right) and south (left) sides have cooled and crusted over (appearing darker in the image). This photo was taken around 2 p.m. HST from

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Hiking along the rim of the 2018 collapse area at the summit of Kīlauea
April 30, 2021

View of Kīlauea summit eruption gas plume from southeast — April 30

While hiking along the rim of the 2018 collapse area at the summit of Kīlauea, HVO scientists visited a site to the southeast of Halema‘uma‘u known as Akanikōlea—a culturally-significant place that is featured in Hawaiian legends. While the lava lake from the ongoing eruption in Halema‘uma‘u is not visible from this vantage point, the gas plume from the eruption is (

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The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active
April 27, 2021

View of lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u—Kīlauea, April 27, 2021

The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active, as seen in this view looking north. Active surface lava is limited to the western (left) portion of the lake between the main island and the western fissure complex. The active lava surface area has decreased in size over the past week, but remains perched approximately 3 meters (10 ft) higher

...
On Monday, April 26, 2021, lava continued to flow from the western vent into the active lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u Crater
April 26, 2021

View of Halema‘uma‘u lava lake from the west, April 26, 2021

On Monday, April 26, 2021, lava continued to flow from the western vent (bottom left) into the active lava lake (center) in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. The active lava lake surface continues to shrink as areas on the north (upper left) and south (center right) sides cool and solidify. This photograph was taken at 1:03 p.m. HST from the west rim of

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A close-up view of the west vent spatter cones and lava lake inlet in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano
April 26, 2021

Close-up view of the west vent and inlet at Halema‘uma‘u

A close-up view of the west vent spatter cones (bottom left) and inlet where lava is entering the lava lake (center right) in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. A piece of crust, that solidified near the inlet, broke off and was being transported away from the inlet. This photograph was taken on April 26, 2021, at 1:51 p.m. HST from the west rim of

...
April 26, 2021

EarthShots — Satellite Images of Environmental Change

The US Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, or "EROS" archive’s data from the LandSat satellites which have been in operation from 1972 to the present day. EarthShots presents environmental changes using Landsat images. 
 

Color photograph of lava lake surface
April 23, 2021

April 22, 2021- Close-up view of Halema‘uma‘u lava lake crusting-over

This zoomed-in photo of the far southwest end of the active lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit was captured on Thursday, April 22, and it illustrates the process by which parts of the lava lake become inactive. This area, which had seen substantial lava circulation as recently as last week, now has a stagnant pāhoehoe crust that sits 2–3 m (7–10 ft) lower

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Color map of lava
April 23, 2021

April 23, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map

This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines (dark gray) that mark locations of equal elevation above sea level (asl). The map shows that the lava lake has filled 228 m (748 ft) of the crater, to an elevation of 745 m (2444 ft) asl since the eruption began on December 20, 2020. Contour lines highlighted in green, purple, and blue mark

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View of the Kīlauea summit lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater on April 7, 2021
April 8, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 8. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

April 1, 2021, spectrogram recorded at station WRM, located near Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea’s summit.
April 8, 2021

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) uses dozens of seismometers to locate individual earthquakes and identify signals that are related to faulting and magma movement within our volcanoes.

Color photograph of lava lake
April 6, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 6. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava flow
April 5, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 5. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
April 3, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.3 earthquake located beneath Mauna Loa's south flank on Saturday, April 3, at 11:15 a.m., HST. This earthquake was preceded by a magnitude-3.9 at approximately the same location on 11:02 a.m., HST.

Color photograph of volcanic vent
April 2, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 2. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of volcanic vent
April 1, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 224 m (735 ft) deep this morning, April 1. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Black and white photographs of lava lakes in crater
April 1, 2021

One of the most interesting aspects of the current activity in Halemaʻumaʻu is the occasional oozing of lava around the edges of the entire crater while the lava surface is rising. Has that phenomenon been reported before in any accounts of previous Kīlauea activity?  

Color photograph of lava
March 31, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 224 m (735 ft) deep this morning, March 31. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
March 30, 2021

A swarm of earthquakes, that began on March 29, 2021, at 2:30 a.m. HST is occurring beneath the northwest flank of Mauna Loa. Mauna Loa is not erupting and other monitoring data streams currently show no signs of increased activity within the past day.

Color photograph of lava lake
March 29, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

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