Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

News

Date published: March 8, 2021

Photo and Video Chronology – Kīlauea – March 8, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Date published: March 5, 2021

Photo and Video Chronology – Kīlauea – March 5, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Date published: March 4, 2021

Volcano Watch — Seismicity preceding the 2020 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano

Pele returned to the summit of Kīlauea on the evening of December 20, 2020. Incredible video documents the start of the new eruption in Halema‘uma‘u and the dynamic ongoing activity. There was no significant change that suggested lava would erupt again so rapidly, but there were subtle signs of restless...

Filter Total Items: 67
Date published: January 20, 2021
Status: Active

Low-lying areas of tropical Pacific islands

Sea level is rising faster than projected in the western Pacific, so understanding how wave-driven coastal flooding will affect inhabited, low-lying islands—most notably, the familiar ring-shaped atolls—as well as the low-elevation areas of high islands in the Pacific Ocean, is critical for decision-makers in protecting infrastructure or relocating resources and people.

Date published: January 20, 2021
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project

Explore the fascinating undersea world of coral reefs. Learn how we map, monitor, and model coral reefs so we can better understand, protect, and preserve our Nation's reefs.

Date published: January 15, 2021
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Hawaiʻi

As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working on the Kona (west) coast of Hawaiʻi to evaluate geologic resources at two historical parks.

Date published: December 11, 2020
Status: Completed

Update of the Hawaii Seismic Hazard Model Workshop #2

Wednesday, November 18, 2019
Virtual Meeting

Date published: August 10, 2020
Status: Completed

Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change Impacts to Reefs

Learn how the USGS studies sea-level rise and climate change impacts to coral reefs.

Date published: July 20, 2020
Status: Active

The Value of U.S. Coral Reefs for Risk Reduction

Summary of the report, “Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction”

    Contacts: Curt Storlazzi, PhD, Michael Beck
    Date published: February 13, 2020
    Status: Active

    Avian Malaria Genomic Research Project

    Habitat destruction, invasive plants, non-native predators and competitors, and introduced diseases have decimated the diverse, endemic native forest bird community of Hawai‘i. In particular, avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum), which is transmitted by the introduced Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito, has caused dramatic declines and extinctions in many native birds. Fortunately, Cx....

    Date published: December 19, 2019
    Status: Completed

    U.S. Seismic Hazard Maps – Hawaii

    Seismic hazard maps for Hawaii.

    Date published: November 8, 2019
    Status: Active

    Modeling invasion risk and impacts to inform management responses - Helen Sofaer

    Where are invasive species likely to be introduced or become abundant? How should managers respond? On Hawaii and other Pacific Islands numerous invasive species have altered ecosystems, and new species continue to be introduced. Statistical analyses can characterize risk and inform response strategies.

    Date published: November 8, 2019
    Status: Active

    Modeling invasion risk and impacts to inform management responses - Helen Sofaer

    Where are invasive species likely to be introduced or become abundant? How should managers respond? On Hawaii and other Pacific Islands numerous invasive species have altered ecosystems, and new species continue to be introduced. Statistical analyses can characterize risk and inform response strategies.

    Date published: October 28, 2019
    Status: Completed

    Update of the Hawaii Seismic Hazard Model Workshop #1

    Wednesday, September 18, 2019
    Honolulu, HI
    University of Hawaii at Manoa

    Date published: September 18, 2019
    Status: Active

    Coral Reef Project: Kauaʻi

    As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working on the island of Kauaʻi to identify circulation patterns and a sediment budget for Hanalei Bay to help determine any effects to the coastal marine ecosystem.

    Filter Total Items: 88
    Date published: April 22, 2020

    Avian Malaria Warning System

    Data for this warning system is a compilation of NOAA NCDC Global Historical Climatology Network data, Dark Sky API 2-week forecast data, and calculated historical annual climatic averages based on the NOAA NCDC data. All data has been statistically adjusted for each individual site location based on collected site data. 

    Date published: February 18, 2020

    Cross-reef wave and water level data from coral reef environments

    Direct field observations of wave dynamics across coral reefs and the resulting water levels are limited. Here we provide direct in situ measurements of waves and water levels across a number of coral reefs, extending from the fore reef, across the reef crest, and to the shoreline. These measurements are provided to help better understand the evolution of waves across coral reefs and...

    Date published: September 26, 2019

    Kīlauea 2018 - lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit-collapse events

    This geonarrative summarizes Kīlauea’s 2018 events, highlighting the historical context and contributions to science.

    Date published: September 23, 2019

    Data from Bristle-Thighed Curlews at James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge, O'ahu, Hawaii, 2012-2014

    This data package includes two tables of data for Bristle-thighed curlews (Numenius tahitiensis) captured 2012-2014 on the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge O'ahu, Hawaii (21.68 N, 157.95 W). One table provides capture, banding, morphology, and genetic data. The second table provides mark-resight data for estimating the size of the wintering population on Oahu in April of 2014.

    Date published: September 5, 2019

    Measurements Used to Determine the Sex of Bristle-thighed Curlews (Numenius tahitiensis)

    This data set contains bill and tarsal measurements from 114 Bristle-thighed Curlews, captured on breeding grounds in Alaska, and non-breeding areas in Hawaii and Reitoru atoll, French Polynesia.

    Date published: September 2, 2019

    Observations of coral reef oceanographic and groundwater properties off Makua, Kauai, HI, USA, August 2016

    This data release includes measurements of circulation and waves, profiles of seawater properties, and profiles of resistivity on the shoreline, which can be used to assess the potential for terrestrial groundwater intrusion on the reef and the sources and fate of these water masses. The recent discovery of coral Black Band Disease at Mākua Reef on Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi prompted an investigation...

    Date published: August 29, 2019

    Waiakane, Molokai, HI, 2018 Coral Reef Circulation and Sediment Dynamics Experiment

    To better constrain the influence of sea-level rise on waves and sediment transport over a fringing coral reef flat, an experiment was conducted across a large fringing reef off the south shore of Molokai, Hawai’i. Here we provide data on water levels, waves, currents observed during this field effort. Additional data sets will be added as they become available.

    Date published: August 26, 2019

    Bristle-Thighed Curlew (Numenius tahitiensis) Mark-Resight Encounter History from the James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge and Surrounding Area, Oahu, Hawaii, 2012-2017

    This data set contains one table with mark-resight observations of Bristle-thighed Curlews marked on Oahu, Hawaii, with plastic color leg flags, 2012-2017.

    Date published: March 21, 2019

    Core logs, scans, photographs, grain size, and radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, and Hawaiʻi

    This data release supports a study that reports on efforts to estimate future tsunami inundation through stratigraphic analyses of potential tsunami deposits beneath present and former Hawaiian wetlands, coastal lagoons, and river floodplains.

    Date published: February 14, 2019

    Coral cover and health determined from seafloor photographs and diver observations, West Hawai'i, 2010-2011

    The data described here were collected as part of a larger study to examine habitat conditions and coral health with respect to exposure to submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) and urban land uses.

    Filter Total Items: 333
    Maps showing lava lake growth
    March 8, 2021

    HVO uses regular Kīlauea summit helicopter overflights of Halema‘uma‘u crater to create digital elevation models (DEMs) of the crater.

    Color map of lava lake depth
    March 8, 2021

    Data from a Kīlauea summit helicopter overflight on March 4th allowed for the calculation of the depth of the lava in Halema‘uma‘u crater. 

    March 5, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera
    March 5, 2021

    March 5, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    A helicopter overflight on March 4, 2021, allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of the eruption
    March 5, 2021

    March 4, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

    Color map of lava lake and volcano summit
    February 26, 2021

     

    February 26, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    Thermal map from February 16 overflight
    February 19, 2021

    February 16, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

    Color map of volcano summit and lava lake
    February 11, 2021

    February 11, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    A helicopter overflight on February 9, 2021, at approximately 9:20 a.m. HST
    February 10, 2021

    February 9, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

    This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines
    February 5, 2021

    Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    A helicopter overflight on February 1, 2021, at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery
    February 2, 2021

    February 1, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map constructed from aerial imagery

    Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera
    January 29, 2021

    Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    Color map of volcano summit
    January 25, 2021

    January 25, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map showing lava lake level and elevations of features within the caldera

    Filter Total Items: 112
    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2020

    Seismic and geodetic progression of the 2018 summit caldera collapse of Kīlauea Volcano

    The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi, resulted in a major collapse of the summit caldera along with an effusive eruption in the lower East Rift Zone. The caldera collapse comprised 62 highly similar collapse cycles of strong ground deformation and earthquake swarms that ended with a magnitude 5 collapse event and one partial cycle that...

    Tepp, Gabrielle; Hotovec-Ellis, Alicia J.; Shiro, Brian; Johanson, Ingrid; Thelen, Weston; Haney, Matthew M.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2020

    Sedimentary evidence of prehistoric distant-source tsunamis in the Hawaiian Islands

    Over the past 200 years of written records, the Hawaiian Islands have experienced tens of tsunamis generated by earthquakes in the subduction zones of the Pacific "Ring of Fire" (e.g., Alaska-Aleutian, Kuril-Kamchatka, Chile, and Japan). Mapping and dating anomalous beds of sand and silt deposited by tsunamis in low-lying areas along Pacific...

    La Selle, Seanpaul; Richmond, Bruce M.; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan; Griswold, Frances; Arcos, Maria E.M.; Chague, Catherine; Bishop, James M.; Bellanova, Piero; Kane, Haunani H.; Lunghino, Brent D.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2020

    Organic geochemical investigation of far‐field tsunami deposits of the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i

    Far‐field tsunami deposits observed in the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i (USA), were investigated for their organic‐geochemical content. During short high‐energy events, (tsunamis and storms) organic and chemical components are transported with sediment from marine to terrestrial areas. This study investigates the use of anthropogenic based...

    Bellanova, Piero; Frenken, Mike; Richmond, Bruce M.; Schwarzbauer, Jan; La Selle, Seanpaul; Griswold, Frances; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan R.; Reicherter, Klaus

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2019

    Physicochemical controls on zones of higher coral stress where Black Band Disease occurs at Mākua Reef, Kauaʻi, Hawaiʻi

    Pervasive and sustained coral diseases contribute to the systemic degradation of reef ecosystems, however, to date an understanding of the physicochemical controls on a coral disease event is still largely lacking. Water circulation and residence times and submarine groundwater discharge all determine the degree to which reef organisms are exposed...

    Oberle, Ferdinand; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Cheriton, Olivia; Takesue, Renee K.; Hoover, Daniel J.; Logan, Joshua B.; Runyon, Christina M.; Kellogg, Christina A.; Johnson, Cordell; Swarzenski, Peter W.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2019

    Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision making...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Cole, Aaron D.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Nickel, Barry A.; McCall, Robert T.; van Dongeren, Ap R.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Cole, A.D., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Nickel, B.A., McCall, R.T., van Dongeren, A.R., and Beck, M.W., 2019, Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1027, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191027.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2018

    Honolulu Magnetic Observatory

    Tucked in a grove of thorny mesquite trees, on an ancient coral reef on the south side of the Hawaiian island of Oahu, west of Pearl Harbor, a small unmanned observatory quietly records the Earth’s time-varying magnetic field. The Honolulu Magnetic Observatory is 1 of 14 that the U.S. Geological Survey Geomag­netism Program operates at various...

    Love, Jeffrey J.; Finn, Carol
    Love, J.J., and Finn, C.A., 2018, Honolulu Magnetic Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3029, 2 p.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2018

    Groundwater-level, groundwater-temperature, and barometric-pressure data, July 2017 to February 2018, Hālawa Area, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi

    The Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility, operated by the U.S. Navy and located in the Hālawa area, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi, includes 20 underground storage tanks that can hold a total of 250 million gallons of fuel. In January 2014, the U.S. Navy notified the Hawaiʻi Department of Health and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of release of an estimated...

    Mitchell, Jackson N.; Oki, Delwyn S.
    Mitchell, J.N., and Oki, D.S., 2018, Groundwater-level, groundwater-temperature, and barometric-pressure data, July 2017 to February 2018, Hālawa Area, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1147, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181147.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2018

    Volcanic aquifers of Hawai‘i—Hydrogeology, water budgets, and conceptual models

    Hawai‘i’s aquifers have limited capacity to store fresh groundwater because each island is small and surrounded by saltwater. Saltwater also underlies much of the fresh groundwater. Fresh groundwater resources are, therefore, particularly vulnerable to human activity, short-term climate cycles, and long-term climate change. Availability of fresh...

    Izuka, Scot K.; Engott, John A.; Rotzoll, Kolja; Bassiouni, Maoya; Johnson, Adam G.; Miller, Lisa D.; Mair, Alan
    Izuka, S.K., Engott, J.A., Rotzoll, Kolja, Bassiouni, Maoya, Johnson, A.G., Miller, L.D., and Mair, Alan, 2018, Volcanic aquifers of Hawai‘i—Hydrogeology, water budgets, and conceptual models (ver. 2.0, March 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5164, 158 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20155164.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2018

    Spatially distributed groundwater recharge estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of Maui, Hawai`i, 1978–2007

    Demand for freshwater on the Island of Maui is expected to grow. To evaluate the availability of fresh groundwater, estimates of groundwater recharge are needed. A water-budget model with a daily computation interval was developed and used to estimate the spatial distribution of recharge on Maui for average climate conditions (1978–2007 rainfall...

    Johnson, Adam G.; Engott, John A.; Bassiouni, Maoya; Rotzoll, Kolja
    Johnson, A.G., Engott, J.A., Bassiouni, Maoya, and Rotzoll, Kolja, 2018, Spatially distributed groundwater recharge estimated using a water-budget model for the Island of Maui, Hawai`i, 1978–2007 (ver. 2.0, February 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5168, 53 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20145168.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2017

    Rigorously valuing the role of coral reefs in coastal protection: An example from Maui, Hawaii, U.S.A.

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by exposing communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous, economic terms as artificial defenses such as seawalls, and therefore often not considered in decision-making. Here we present a new...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Beck, Mike; Nickel, Barry A.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Beck, M.W., and Nickel, B., 2017. “Rigorously valuing the role of coral reefs in coastal protection: An example from Maui, Hawaii, U.S.A.” Coastal Dynamics 2017, p. 665-674.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2017

    Measuring surface-water loss in Honouliuli Stream near the ‘Ewa Shaft, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i

    The Honolulu Board of Water Supply is currently concerned with the possibility of bacteria in the pumped water of the ‘Ewa Shaft (State well 3-2202-21). Groundwater from the ‘Ewa Shaft could potentially be used to meet future potable water needs in the ‘Ewa area on the island of O‘ahu. The source of the bacteria in the pumped water is unknown,...

    Rosa, Sarah N.
    Rosa, S.N., 2017, Measuring surface-water loss in Honouliuli Stream near the ‘Ewa Shaft, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5042, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175042.

    Publication Thumbnail
    Year Published: 2017

    Pufferfish mortality associated with novel polar marine toxins in Hawaii

    Fish die-offs are important signals in tropical marine ecosystems. In 2010, a mass mortality of pufferfish in Hawaii (USA) was dominated by Arothron hispidus showing aberrant neurological behaviors. Using pathology, toxinology, and field surveys, we implicated a series of novel, polar, marine toxins as a likely cause of this mass mortality. Our...

    Work, Thierry M.; Moeller, Perer D. R.; Beauchesne, Kevin R.; Dagenais, Julie; Breeden, Renee; Rameyer, Robert; Walsh, Willliam A.; Abecassis, Melanie; Kobayashi, Donald R.; Conway, Carla M.; Winton, James

    Filter Total Items: 1
    multicolored map of Ocean Shores, Washington
    April 13, 2017

    The Pedestrian Evacuation Analyst is an ArcGIS extension that estimates how long it would take for someone to travel on foot out of a hazardous area that was threatened by a sudden event such as a tsunami, flash flood, or volcanic lahar. It takes into account the elevation changes and the different types of landcover that a person would encounter along the way.

    Filter Total Items: 1,928
    HVO geologists observed a breakout from the west vent within Halema‘uma‘u crater
    March 5, 2021

    Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—March 5, 2021

    On Friday, HVO geologists observed a breakout from the west vent within Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. This photo shows the vent about an hour before the breakout occurred on the northern side of the cone. Note that no glow or spatter can be seen from the cone (center-left), but loud hissing noises from the vent area were audible to field crews. USGS

    ...
    The fissure 8 lava flows of Kīlauea's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption meet the ocean at Pohoiki Bay
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    The fissure 8 lava flows of Kīlauea's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption meet the ocean at Pohoiki Bay, in the lower left corner of this image. Wave erosion of the 2018 lava flows along the coast contributes to sand accumulation that forms a beach at Pohoiki Bay. USGS image by K. Mulliken on March 4, 2021.

    Subtle steaming was visible at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō during HVO's overflight of Kīlauea on March 4, 2021
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    Subtle steaming was visible at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō during HVO's overflight of Kīlauea on March 4, 2021. Steam is normally visible as the vent—which was active for more than 35 years—continues to cool, following the 2018 Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō collapse. The brown-colored tephra deposits (right) are from the high-fountaining phases early in the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption, whereas the silver-grey lava

    ...
     Aerial view of Kīlauea caldera, within Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    Another view of Kīlauea caldera, within Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Ha‘akulamanu (Sulphur Banks) trail is visible in the foreground. The gas plume rising from Halema‘uma‘u in the background marks where the current eruption is taking place. Uēkahuna—the summit of Kīlauea—is visible in the upper right portion of the image. USGS image by K. Mulliken on March 4, 2021.

    Color map of lava lake depth
    March 4, 2021

    Lava Lake Depth March 4th

    Data from a Kīlauea summit helicopter overflight on March 4th allowed for the calculation of the depth of the lava in Halema‘uma‘u crater. The deepest parts of the lake (darkest reds) exceed 200 meters (650 feet). Different-colored lines in Halema‘uma‘u show the perimeter of the lava lake and the vents over the course of the eruption. Rise of the lava lake has slowed in

    ...
    Maps showing lava lake growth
    March 4, 2021

    Halema‘uma‘u eruption sequence Digital Elevation Models

    HVO uses regular Kīlauea summit helicopter overflights of Halema‘uma‘u crater to create digital elevation models (DEMs) of the crater. The DEMs show changes in the crater over time and can be used to estimate erupted volume, eruption rate, and map features of interest. In this sequence of DEMs, the rise of the lava lake can be clearly tracked as well as the movement of the

    ...
    View of the lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea, looking east
    March 4, 2021

    View of lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u — Kīlauea, March 4 2021

    View of the lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea, looking east. There is a small incandescent opening at the top of the west vent spatter cone (bottom-center). Volcanic gas emissions from the active west vent and are being transported to the southwest (bottom-right) by the wind. The western portion of the lava lake remains active, with

    ...
    The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater remains active.
    March 4, 2021

    View of lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u - Kīlauea, March 4 2021

    The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater remains active. This view looking to the northwest on Wednesday, March 4, 2021, focuses on the active portion of the lake; the eastern stagnant portion is out of view to the right. Lava enters the lake at the base of the western vent spatter cone (left). This photo was taken in an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains

    ...
    HVO scientists conducted an overflight of Kīlauea's summit the morning of March 4 to document the ongoing eruption
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    HVO scientists conducted an overflight of Kīlauea's summit the morning of March 4 to document the ongoing eruption. No significant changes were observed—the vent in the northwest wall of Halema‘uma‘u continues to erupt and lava continues to slowly fill the crater. Laser rangefinder measurements from the morning of March 4 indicate that lava has filled about 220 meters (772

    ...
     An aerial view of Pu‘u Pua‘i, Kīlauea Iki, and Kīlauea caldera
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    An aerial view of Pu‘u Pua‘i, Kīlauea Iki, and Kīlauea caldera. Though the eruption within Halema‘uma‘u isn't visible from this vantage point, the bluish-tinged plume of volcanic gasses is visible near the center of the photo. The most recent gas measurements, made on March 3, indicate that Kīlauea's summit is emitting approximately 1,000 tonnes per day of sulfur dioxide (

    ...
    View of Kīlauea Volcano's south caldera area, with the margin of the 1982 lava flows and a portion of Crater Rim Drive
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    In this view of Kīlauea Volcano's south caldera area, the margin of the 1982 lava flows are visible (right), as is a portion of Crater Rim Drive. During World War II, bulldozers were used to create mounds in an effort to prevent planes from landing in this area of Kīlauea. These mounds are visible in the lower-left side of this aerial photo, just beyond the 1982 lava flow

    ...
    Fissure 8, visible in the center of this photo, emits steam as this geologically-young feature continues to cool
    March 4, 2021

    March 4 overflight of Kīlauea summit and East Rift Zone

    HVO's overflight today also included KILAUEA's lower East Rift Zone, where geologists continue to document and map the 2018 eruption deposits. Fissure 8, visible in the center of this photo, emits steam as this geologically-young feature continues to cool. Fissure 8 was recently officially named Ahu‘ailā‘au by the Hawaii Board on Geographic Names (

    ...
    Filter Total Items: 2,175
    A zoomed-in view near the base of the west vent within Halema‘uma‘u crater, Kīlauea summit
    March 8, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Subtle steaming was visible at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō during HVO's overflight of Kīlauea on March 4, 2021
    March 5, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Maps of seismic events leading up to the 2020 Eruption of Kīlauea Volcano
    March 4, 2021

    Pele returned to the summit of Kīlauea on the evening of December 20, 2020. Incredible video documents the start of the new eruption in Halema‘uma‘u and the dynamic ongoing activity. There was no significant change that suggested lava would erupt again so rapidly, but there were subtle signs of restless behavior around Kīlauea’s summit in the months prior to the eruption.   

    View of the Kīlauea summit lava lake taken from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u
    March 4, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Close-up view of the western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u, showing the incandescent lava upwelling at the inlet
    March 3, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photograph of lava lake and rainbow
    March 1, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Map of post-1823 lava flows erupted from Mauna Loa (gray) and numbe...
    February 25, 2021

    “When will Mauna Loa erupt next?” This was the title of a Volcano Awareness Month video presentation released by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) in January 2021. This was also the topic of discussion among HVO scientists last week following the detection of slight changes in ground deformation and seismicity at the summit of Mauna Loa. 

    color photograph of lava flow
    February 25, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Color photograph of lava lake
    February 24, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    February 22, 2021 — Kīlauea
    February 23, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    HVO geologists use a laser rangefinder to measure the distance to the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake
    February 22, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    On the February 16 helicopter overflight, thermal imagery of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake was collected
    February 19, 2021

    Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

    Filter Total Items: 53