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Lava flow advancing through Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea V...
May 2, 1990

Lava flow advancing through Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea

The left edge of the lava flow is following the inland contours of Hakuma horst, the fault block to the left, which is directing the flow into the heart of Kalapana.

Lava flow encroaching on the Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea ...
April 3, 1990

Lava flow encroaching on Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea

Aerial view of pāhoehoe flow encroaching on the Kalapana community. Hakuma horst, a raised fault block, is on the left. To the right of the point are fishponds, and to their right, Walter's Kalapana Store and Drive Inn. In the large trapezoidal plot are Mauna Kea Congregational Church and hall. The white structure across the street from the Congregational Church is St.

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Channelized pāhoehoe flows from Kupaianaha vent, Kīlauea Volcano, H...
February 15, 1990

Channelized pāhoehoe flows from Kupaianaha vent, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

View looking uphill at surface flows advancing down a steep slope (Pulama pali) between the east rift zone and the coastal plain of Kīlauea Volcano. Overflows from the channel on the right are building levees of pāhoehoe. Within a few days, crust accreting inward from the levees built a roof over the channel, forming a new lava tube.

A narrow stream of yellow-hot lava flows out of a lava tube, onto a small ledge, then cascades down to the ocean.
November 27, 1989

Kilauea lava flows from a tube into the sea, November 27, 1989

Lava flows from a lava tube into the sea near Kupapau Point on 11/27/1989. From the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption, eruption pisode 48, Kupapau lava flow. Hawai'i Island.

A narrow stream of yellow-hot lava flows out of a lava tube onto rocks and into the ocean.
November 27, 1989

Lava tube sea entry on Hawai'i Island

Lava flows from a lava tube into the sea near Kupapau Point on Hawai'i Island. From the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption, November 27, 1989. Episode 48 of the Kupapau Lava Flow.

A small stream of red hot lava spreads out in a smooth, ropy texture as it cools to black.
June 15, 1989

Pahoehoe from Kilauea eruption, 1989

Pahoehoe ropes form in the Wahaula Lava Flow across from Wahaula Visitor Center on Hawai'i Island during the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption on 6/15/89.

Lava bubble burst explosion, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i...
October 5, 1988

Lava bubble burst explosion, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

A thin-walled lava bubble expands and bursts. These "bubble bursts" occur when seawater infiltrates the lava tube system near the shore. Such bubble bursts produce translucent sheets of spatter, or limu o Pele.

Upper south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i. Prominent cinder cone (low...
July 11, 1988

Upper south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i. Prominent cinder cone (low...

Pu‘u Keonehehe‘e and the two small cones immediately to the northwest (left) are among the youngest cones erupted on the volcano, as recent as about 4,000 years ago. The other cones in this view are part of the Laupahoehoe Volcanics, but much older, dating to 70,000 years ago. The light colored surface between the cones consists of glacial deposits with ages between 40,000

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Northeast flank Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i from about 5,200 ft to summit. P...
July 11, 1988

Northeast flank Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i from about 5,200 ft to summit. P...

The light colored lava flows in foreground are part of the older Laupahoehoe Volcanics, erupted between 70,000 to 13,000 years ago. one of the youngest cinder cones erupted by the volcano,

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i...
July 11, 1988

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

Pu‘umaKAHAKOkanaka, northeast flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i...
July 11, 1988

Pu‘umaKAHAKOkanaka, NE flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

12,398 ft elev according to USGS Geographic Names Information System

Tephra jet explosion, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i...
February 3, 1988

Tephra jet explosion, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

Explosive interaction between lava and seawater blasts a tephra jet consisting of steam, hot water, black tephra, and molten fragments into the air. This explosion is directed primarily toward the sea, but many explosions also send a shower of lava more than 10 to 20 m inland. Tehpra jets are the most common type of lava-seawater explosion, and typically occur when an open

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USGS
August 14, 1997

An earthquake shook the entire Island of Hawai‘i at about 3:54 p.m. this afternoon.

USGS
August 8, 1997

Pele continued her march to the sea in the two months since our last eruption update through Volcano Watch. Lava reached the ocean on July 12 and occasionally since then. Also, lava flows were emplaced north and west of Royal Gardens but are not presently threatening any residential areas.
 

USGS
August 1, 1997

The English missionary, Rev. William Ellis, visited the summit region of Kīlauea 174 years ago this week and made the first written description of eruptive activity at the volcano. His foot party departed Kailua on July 18, 1823, eventually reaching Kapapala on July 30.

USGS
July 25, 1997

The North Kona Coast of the Big Island is fortunate to have several Hawaiian fishponds preserved. These ponds were major construction feats by which Hawaiians cultivated fish.

USGS
July 18, 1997

Last Friday, July 18, marked the two-year anniversary of the ongoing eruption of Soufriere Hills volcano on the small Caribbean island of Montserrat. The sulfurous gases, drifting ash clouds, and avalanches of hot rock that periodically burgeon from the volcano have inflicted social and economic hardships that have become increasingly difficult for islanders to bear.

USGS
July 11, 1997

Following the June 30th M5.3 Kalapana earthquake, there seemed to be a misunderstanding of what the magnitude of an earthquake really means.
 

USGS
July 10, 1997

A lava flow is nearing the extreme southwest end of Royal Gardens subdivision on the south flank of Kīlauea. 

USGS
July 4, 1997

The earthquake that woke many Big Island residents at 5:47 a.m. on Monday, June 30, was the biggest on the island since February 1, 1994, and the largest on Kīlauea's south flank since 1989. Its magnitude (M) was about 5.3 (the exact value is still being refined), big enough to cause extensive non-structural damage in the South Hilo and Puna districts.

USGS
June 30, 1997

An earthquake shook the entire Island of Hawai‘i at about 0547 this morning. 

USGS
June 27, 1997

Sometimes people call the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) and ask us if more gas is coming out of the volcano because air quality where they are calling from seems worse, or maybe because the amount of visible fume at Pu`u `O`o or Halema`uma`u seems greater.

USGS
June 20, 1997

A popular local morning radio program had a contest early last week, and the question posed was "Where is the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes?" Listeners called in with answers ranging from Tennessee to California before the correct answer of Alaska was given.