Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

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Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
March 17, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the three areas of breakouts near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on March 17 at about 8:00 AM.

Small-scale map of flow field...
March 10, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on March 10 at about 10:25 AM.

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on March 10 at about 10:30 AM. 

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on March 10 at about 10:35 AM.

Map of distal flow field...
March 10, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
March 3, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Tuesday, March 3, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on February 27 at about 11:35 AM. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 27 at about 11:50 AM. £

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on February 27 at about 11:40 AM. 

Map of distal flow field...
February 27, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 23, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 23 at about 12:00 PM.

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A geologist points a thermal camera at a fissure to take a temperature reading
June 20, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Temperature Readings

HVO geologist measures 260 degrees C (500 degrees F) along ground cracks near fissure 10 in Leilani Estates. Geologists routinely make temperature measurements to track changes throughout the fissure complex in the lower East Rift Zone.

Aerial view of lava channels
June 20, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Channel from Fissure 8

Lava from fissure 8 travels about 13 km (8 mi) to the ocean in an open channel. Lava remains incandescent (glowing orange) throughout its journey. The ocean entry is at upper right.

Kīlauea lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures, June 19, 1:00...
June 19, 2018

Kīlauea LERZ lava flows and fissures, June 19, 1:00 p.m.

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, June 19, 2018. Given the dynamic nature of Kīlauea's lower East Rift Zone eruption, with changing vent locations, fissures starting and stopping, and varying rates of lava effusion, map details shown here are accurate as of the date/time noted. Shaded purple areas indicate lava flows erupted in 1840, 1955, 1960, and 2014-2015.

Geology field crews on the ground near the Kīlauea's fissure 8 midd...
June 19, 2018

Geology field crews on the ground near Kīlauea's fissure 8 midday o...

Geology field crews on the ground near the Kīlauea's fissure 8 midday on June 19, 2018 observed a still-vigorous channelized lava flow being fed by lava fountains at the vent. Standing waves are visible within the channel. Cascades/rapids are visible near the base of the cone, which is an estimated 50 m (164 ft) high. The maximum flow velocity in the channel is 7.7 m/s (17

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View of the lava channel
June 19, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 Lava Flow

The northern channel margin of the fissure 8 lava flow. Small hill in the distance is the site of our PGcam. Overflows from the channel can be seen producing shiny black to silver 

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Aerial view of lava channel coming from a lava fountain
June 19, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 Lava Channel

Fissure 8 cone, lava fountain, and channelized lava flow on the morning overflight - June 19 at about 6:10am HST. The lava channel is very full with many small overflows visible on the channel margins. Overflows are sluggish and move slowly downslope as they build up the levees.

Geologist test temperature reading of a fissure crack
June 18, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Thermal Camera Measurement

An HVO geologist uses a thermal camera to measure the temperature (about

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Looking at a crater with steam rising from cracks
June 18, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Halema`uma`u Crater

North side of the growing Halema‘uma‘u crater, marked by large cracks and large blocks that have slumped into the crater.

June 18, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Weak Plume at Halem`uma`u (webcam)

On June 18, 2018, at 6:13 AM, a seismic event occurred at Halema‘uma‘u that produced a relatively ash-poor gas 

animated gif of radar images showing slumping at the crater over time
June 18, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Satellite Radar (Continued Slumping)

This animated GIF shows a sequence of radar amplitude images that were acquired by the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana CosmoSkyMed satellite system. The images illustrate changes to the 

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Tephra deposit names: out with the old, in with the new!...
August 31, 2017

The caldera was a dynamic place during the 300-plus years just before written history began at Kīlauea (in 1823), and the newly defined subdivisions of the Keanakāko‘i Tephra help us understand this energetic and dangerous time better than did the previous terminology.

Creative engineering helps HVO monitor Mauna Loa Volcano...
August 24, 2017

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) has a long tradition of innovation when it comes to the tools that we use to monitor the status and activity of volcanoes.

At 9:35 pm HST on August 19, there was a large littoral explosion n...
August 21, 2017

Short-lived lava falls at Kamokuna ocean entry

The ongoing Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption is full of anniversaries...
August 17, 2017

The longest-lived and most voluminous rift-zone eruption of Kīlauea Volcano in more than 500 years—the ongoing Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption—began in January 1983, and is fast approaching its 35th anniversary.

Thermal Cameras Keep a Cool Eye on Hot Lava...
August 10, 2017

Thermal cameras have been used by volcanologists around the world for many years to study volcanic processes and search for signs of impending eruptions.

While mapping the flow margins, HVO geologists found an opening int...
August 9, 2017

Activity continues on the 61g flow field and at the ocean entry

Time-lapse sequence shows Halema‘uma‘u gas plume...
August 7, 2017

Time-lapse sequence shows Halema‘uma‘u gas plume

Lava cascades out of perched lava channel into lower channel, Pu‘u ...
August 3, 2017

Kīlauea has now passed the one-year anniversary of the episode 61g lava flow reaching the Pacific Ocean. But what was this busy volcano up to a decade ago?

On the coastal plain, the front of the June 26 breakout was stalled...
July 31, 2017

Kamokuna lava delta subsidence continues

Summit lava lake level continues dropping...
July 29, 2017

Summit lava lake level continues dropping

HVO geologists captured this image of a Koa‘e kea (white-tailed tro...
July 28, 2017

Time-lapse sequence of lava delta subsidence at ocean entry