Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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 small amounts of sulfur dioxide
March 22, 2019

small amounts of sulfur dioxide

Only small amounts of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are currently being released from Kīlauea, but they chemically react with each other (oxidation-reduction reaction) to form the bright yellow sulfur deposits visible on the crater walls within Halema‘uma‘u. The current low sulfur emission rates at Kīlauea have contributed to

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March 19, 2019

3D Model of Pu`u `Ō`ō

This 3D model of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crater was constructed from thermal images taken during a recent helicopter overflight. White areas show warm spots in the crater. Despite the absence of active lava in Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, changes at the crater have continued since magma drained from beneath it on April 30, 2018. The shape of the crater continues to change through occasional small

March 18, 2019

Rockfalls continue to change the shape of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crater

This video was taken during an overflight of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crater on Kīlauea Volcano's middle East Rift Zone. No major changes were observed, but the shape of the crater continues to be altered by continued rockfalls.

March 18, 2019

3D model of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crater - March 18, 2019

This 3D model of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crater was constructed from thermal images taken during a recent helicopter overflight. White areas show warm spots in the crater. Despite the absence of active lava in Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, changes at the crater have continued since magma drained from beneath it on April 30, 2018. The shape of the crater continues to change through occasional small

Color photograph of sulfur deposits and steam on crater wall
March 13, 2019

Sulfur deposits forming in the new Halema‘uma‘u crater

Telephoto zoom of the largest sulfur deposit forming on the NE talus wall in Halema‘uma‘u. The view is from the
USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory's K3cam. Images can be viewed on HVO's website at https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/webcam.html?webcam=K3cam.

test flight of an unmanned aerial system
February 20, 2019

test flight of an unmanned aerial system

A USGS pilot and Hawaiian Volcano Observatory gas geochemist prepare to conduct a test flight of an unmanned aerial system (UAS) on Kīlauea Volcano in November 2018. This UAS was outfitted with a prototype miniaturized multi-gas sensor for the detection of volcanic gases emitted by Kīlauea, including sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide.

Explosive eruption columns of ash rising
December 31, 2018

Explosive eruption columns of ash rising

Explosive eruption columns of ash rising from Halema‘uma‘u at 11:15 a.m. on May 18, 1924 (top) and at 11:05 a.m. on May 15, 2018 (bottom) look similar. Researchers are re-evaluating early assumptions about the role groundwater played in triggering these explosive eruptions at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano and are now looking at the build-up of gases from retreating magma

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Map of selected earthquakes beneath a portion of southeast Hawaii
December 31, 2018

Map of selected earthquakes beneath a portion of southeast Hawaii

Map of selected earthquakes beneath a portion of southeast Hawai`i from May 4, 2018 to March 14, 2019, showing principally aftershocks following May 4, 2018 M6.9 earthquake. Black dots indicate epicenters of 13,083 earthquakes located during this time interval; yellow stars show locations of the M6.9 earthquake and the March 13, 2019 M5.5 earthquake.

Lava flow thickness 2018
December 31, 2018

Lava flow thickness 2018

This preliminary thickness map of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone lava flows was calculated by subtracting pre-eruption ground surface elevations from post-eruption ground surface elevations mapped with USGS Unmanned Aerial System (drone) flights. The drones acquired 2,800 aerial photos from which 1.5 billion common points were automatically selected by Surface

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Image of wind turbine towering over trees
December 31, 2018

Wind turbine towering over trees

A wind turbine rising above Oʻahu trees forms part of a wind energy installation where USGS bat research is taking place.

Equipment set up on the ground below a wind turbine.
December 31, 2018

Equipment set up at wind energy site

Bat detection and monitoring equipment set up below a turbine at an Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi wind energy site.

Wind turbines and trees against sky at sunset.
December 31, 2018

Windmills at sunset, Oʻahu

Turbines at a wind energy site on Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi.

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Amidst steam created by rain falling on the hot lava, another HVO g...
November 9, 2017

Scientists at the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory routinely collect lava samples from Kīlauea and use the chemistry of these samples to infer the temperature of magma (molten rock below Earth's surface).

Activity at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō and on the 61g flow...
November 1, 2017

Activity at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō and on the 61g flow

USGS maps identify lava inundation zones for Mauna Loa...
October 26, 2017

Using detailed geologic mapping and modeling of how a fluid (in this case, lava) responds to surface topography, USGS-HVO constructed nine maps depicting 18 inundation zones on Mauna Loa. Each zone identifies a segment of the volcano that could erupt lava and send flows downslope. 

The episode 61g Kamokuna ocean entry was still active today (Octobe...
October 26, 2017

Lava breakouts continue on the coastal plain and on the delta

New USGS video about Kīlauea Volcano's summit eruption is now onlin...
October 19, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has produced a documentary, "Kīlauea Summit Eruption–Lava Returns to Halema‘uma‘u," to tell the story of the eruption, and to share imagery of the inaccessible lava lake with the public.

pāhoehoe breakouts on the coastal plain...
October 13, 2017

Pāhoehoe breakouts on the coastal plain

HVO geologists relocate a time-lapse camera on the rim of the west ...
October 12, 2017

Breakouts remain active on flow field, changes to ocean entry lava delta

Summer 2017 goes out like a lion with hurricanes and earthquakes: r...
October 12, 2017

As the summer months began to wind down this year, Nature's fury began to wind up and grab much of the news cycle.

This video clip shows typical pāhoehoe breakouts on the coastal pla...
October 8, 2017

Breakouts remain active on the coastal plain and pali