Unified Interior Regions

Maine

Maine is the northernmost and least densely populated state in the contiguous United States east of the Great Lakes. It is known for its jagged rocky coastline; low rolling mountains; heavily forested interior and picturesque waterways. Geologists describe this type of landscape as a "drowned coast", where a rising sea level has invaded former land features, creating bays out of valleys.

New England Water Science Center - Maine

New England Water Science Center - Maine

196 Whitten Rd
Augusta, ME 04330

Phone: 207 622-8201

New England Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Maine is the northernmost and least densely populated state in the contiguous United States east of the Great Lakes. It is known for its jagged rocky coastline; low rolling mountains; heavily forested interior and picturesque waterways. Geologists describe this type of landscape as a "drowned coast", where a rising sea level has invaded former land features, creating bays out of valleys.

News

April 1, 2021

WaterMarks Newsletter - Spring 2021

In this issue of the USGS New England WSC Newsletter, we spotlight recent field activities, our Hydrologic Interpretive Program, a new report about arsenic in groundwater, and research at the Sleepers River Research Watershed. I hope you enjoy the articles about some of the great work our folks are doing and exploring the links to this quarter’s publications. Thanks for making us part of your day!

Date published: March 31, 2021

Potential drought conditions developing in New England

Recent surface-water, groundwater, and precipitation data indicate that drought conditions may presently be developing in parts of New England.

Date published: March 30, 2021

New England WSC Data Releases and Publications in the first quarter of 2021

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in the first quarter of 2021.

Filter Total Items: 40
Date published: April 14, 2021
Status: Active

Use of Structured Decision Making to Optimize Salt Marsh Management Decisions at Northeastern National Wildlife Refuges

US Fish and Wildlife Service completed a regional assessment of salt marsh integrity (SMI)  on 15 National Wildlife Refuges/Refuge Complexes in the northeastern US. Developed within a structured decision making (SDM) framework, the SMI assessment provides essential baseline data on salt marsh condition relative to regional management objectives. These data now provide the basis for applying...

Date published: March 31, 2021
Status: Active

Hydrologic Interpretive Program

The mission of the Hydrologic Interpretive Program is to work with stakeholders to design, carry out, and publish scientific studies addressing critical water-resources issues facing New England and the Nation.

Date published: February 3, 2021
Status: Active

Landsat Benefits, State By State

From mapping wildfires and permafrost thaw in Alaska to tracking algal blooms and Gypsy moth invasions in Ohio, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Program offers an expansive list of benefits across all 50 States. Click the publications tab above to download each fact sheet!

Date published: October 28, 2020
Status: Completed

New England Drought, 2020

Below average and infrequent rainfall from May through September 2020 led to an extreme hydrologic drought across much of New England, with some areas experiencing a flash (quick-onset) drought.

Date published: September 29, 2020
Status: Completed

New England Water Use in 2015 Geonarrative

The New England Water Science Center has collected, reviewed, and aggregated water-withdrawal data in each of the six States every 5 years since 1950. The most recent water-use compilation was completed in 2015, and its summary is presented in this geonarrative.

Date published: July 24, 2020
Status: Active

New England Drought Information

Droughts are among the most costly hydrologic hazards in the United States. They are generally slow in developing, frequently occur over a long period of time, and can affect large areas and populations. The severity of a hydrologic drought is not always obvious until these water supplies are seriously depleted.

Date published: June 4, 2020
Status: Active

Vernal Pool Inundation Models

This website provides an application for exploring modeling results from a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) project titled ...

Date published: April 17, 2020
Status: Active

The Response of Coastal Wetlands to Sea-level Rise: Understanding how Macroscale Drivers Influence Local Processes and Feedbacks

The purpose of this work is to advance our understanding of how coastal wetland responses to sea-level rise (SLR) within the conterminous United States are likely to vary as a function of local, regional, and macroscale drivers, including climate. Based on our interactions with managers and decision makers, as well as our knowledge of the current state of the science, we propose to: (a)...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

New England Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for New England is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the...

Date published: November 4, 2019
Status: Completed

Maine Water Use

Background: The U.S. Geological Survey has compiled the Nation's water-use data at the county, State, and national levels every 5 years since 1950. The most recent estimated water-use compilation was completed in 2015. A summary for Maine is presented on this web page.

The Issue: Comprehensive water-use data analysis is needed to quantify the stress on...

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - Maine

  

Filter Total Items: 20
Date published: December 10, 2020

High-resolution geophysical data collected in the Belfast Bay, Maine pockmark field in 2006, 2008, and 2009 by the U.S. Geological Survey

The U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center in cooperation with the University of Maine mapped approximately 50 square kilometers of the seafloor within Belfast Bay, Maine. Three geophysical surveys conducted in 2006, 2008 and 2009 collected swath bathymetric (2006 and 2008) and chirp seismic reflection profile data (2006 and 2009). 

Date published: October 1, 2020

New England Below Normal 28-day average streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of year

Below Normal 28-day average streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of year

Date published: June 23, 2020

Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

The Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples Database (CMDB) contains chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States. In addition, the database contains samples from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries in North America, South America, Asia, Africa and Europe. Samples were obtained from archived ore

Date published: April 23, 2020

Domestic Wells in the United States

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Date published: April 9, 2019

Drought Streamflow Probabilities in Northeast Region

Maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR) is used to estimate drought probabilities for selected Northeast rivers and streams. Winter streamflows are used to estimate the chance of hydrologic drought during summer months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Northeastern streams.

Date published: August 28, 2018

USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

Date published: April 9, 2018

Water Use Data for Maine

The link provides access to the 5-year water-use compilations (between 1985 and 2015) data for Maine on the National Water Information System (NWIS) web interface.

The presented data were compiled and published by the USGS's National Water Use Information Program (NWUIP).

Date published: January 19, 2018

Oblique Aerial Photography Viewer

Obique photos offer a unique perspective of the coast. Features such as beach erosion or accretion, dune erosion and overwash can all be clearly characterized in this imagery. It also documents coastal infrastructure, as well as the damage that infrastructure may incur as the result of an impacting hurricane. 

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Filter Total Items: 11
New England Water Use, 2015
September 28, 2020

The New England Water Science Center has collected, reviewed, and aggregated water-withdrawal data in each of the six States every 5 years since 1950. The most recent water-use compilation was completed in 2015, and its summary is presented in this geonarrative.

Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Wells in the New England groundwater level network dataset, 2017, web application
November 13, 2019

Locations of active wells (at least one measurement during the previous year) in the New England groundwater level network at the end of 2017. The dataset contains 104 wells with continuous water-level measurements (15-minute to hourly measurements), 182 wells with discrete water-level measurements (monthly measurements at most locations), and 95 wells with intermittent water-level measurements.

Flood Inundation Mapper - New England
November 4, 2019

USGS Flood Inundation Mapper Web Application

NWIS-Mapper thumbnail image
November 26, 2018

The National Water Information System (NWIS) Mapper provides access to water-resources data at over 1.5 million sites across the U.S., including current and historical data. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

New England Water Conditions Map
October 30, 2018

New England Current Water Conditions (Groundwater, Surface Water and Water-Quality) Maps

Example of StreamStats drainage basin delineation Illustration
October 21, 2018

StreamStats is a Web-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) application that provides users with access to an assortment of analytical tools that are useful for a variety of water-resources planning and management purposes.

Screenshot of the map showing part of New England
October 19, 2018

Maps of flood and high flow conditions within New England

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Filter Total Items: 10
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Year Published: 2020

Reduction in drinking water arsenic exposure and health risk through arsenic treatment among private well households in Maine and New Jersey, USA

Over 2 million people in the United States (U.S.) drink water from private wells that contain arsenic (As) exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of 10 micrograms per liter (μg/L). While there are a number of commercially available treatment technologies for removing As from drinking water, it is...

Yang, Qiang; Flanagan, Sara V.; Chillrud, Steven; Ross, James; Zeng, Wenke; Culbertson, Charles W.; Spayd, Steve; Backer, Lorraine C.; Smith, Andrew E.; Zheng, Yan

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Year Published: 2019

Simple metrics predict salt-marsh sediment fluxes

The growth (or decay) of salt marshes depends on suspended-sediment flux into and out of the marsh. Suspended-sediment concentration (SSC) is a key element of the flux, and SSC-based metrics reflect the long-term sediment-flux trajectories of a variety of salt marshes. One metric, the flood–ebb SSC differential, correlates with area-normalized...

Nowacki, Daniel J. ; Ganju, Neil Kamal

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Year Published: 2018

Estimation of unregulated monthly, annual, and peak streamflows in Forest City Stream and lake levels in East Grand Lake, United States-Canada border between Maine and New Brunswick

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the International Joint Commission, compiled historical data on regulated streamflows and lake levels and estimated unregulated streamflows and lake levels on Forest City Stream at Forest City, Maine, and East Grand Lake on the United States-Canada border between Maine and New Brunswick to study the...

Lombard, Pamela J.
Lombard, P.J., 2018, Estimation of unregulated monthly, annual, and peak streamflows in Forest City Stream and lake levels in East Grand Lake, United States-Canada border between Maine and New Brunswick: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5044, 8 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185044.

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Year Published: 2018

Preliminary stage and streamflow data at selected U.S. Geological Survey streamgages in Maine and New Hampshire for the flood of October 30–31, 2017

Rainfall from a storm on October 24–27, 2017, and Tropical Storm Philippe on October 29–30, created conditions that led to flooding across portions of New Hampshire and western Maine. On the basis of streamflow data collected at 30 selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in the Androscoggin River, Connecticut River, Merrimack River, and...

Kiah, Richard G.; Stasulis, Nicholas W.
Kiah, R.G, and Stasulis, N.W., 2018, Preliminary stage and streamflow data at selected U.S. Geological Survey streamgages in Maine and New Hampshire for the flood of October 30–31, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1026, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181026.

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Year Published: 2018

Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995-2007

Crystalline bedrock aquifers in New England and parts of New Jersey and New York (NECR aquifers) are a major source of drinking water. Because the quality of water in these aquifers is highly variable, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) statistically analyzed chemical data on samples of untreated groundwater collected from 117 domestic bedrock...

Flanagan, Sarah M.; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Robinson, Gilpin R.
Flanagan, S.M., Ayotte, J.D., Robinson, G.R., Jr., 2018, Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995–2007 (ver.1.1, April 2018): U.S. Geological Survey 2011–5220, 104 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20115220.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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Year Published: 2012

Characterization of major-ion chemistry and nutrients in headwater streams along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail and within adjacent watersheds, Maine to Georgia

An inventory of water-quality data on field parameters, major ions, and nutrients provided a summary of water quality in headwater (first- and second-order) streams within watersheds along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail (Appalachian Trail). Data from 1,817 sampling sites in 831 catchments were used for the water-quality summary. Catchment...

Argue, Denise M.; Pope, Jason P.; Dieffenbach, Fred
Characterization of major-ion chemistry and nutrients in headwater streams along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail and within adjacent watersheds, Maine to Georgia; 2012; SIR; 2011-5151; Argue, Denise M.; Pope, Jason P.; Dieffenbach, Fred

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Year Published: 2010

Predators shape distribution and promote diversification of morphological defenses in Leucorrhinia , Odonata

Predators strongly influence species assemblages and shape morphological defenses of prey. Interestingly, adaptations that constitute effective defenses against one type of predator may render the prey susceptible to other types of predators. Hence, prey may evolve different strategies to escape predation, which may facilitate adaptive radiation...

Petrin, Zlatko; Schilling, Emily Gaenzle; Loftin, Cyndy; Johansson, Frank

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Year Published: 2009

Effects of introduced fish on macroinvertebrate communities in historically fishless headwater and kettle lakes

Widespread fish introductions have led to a worldwide decline in the number of fishless lakes and their associated communities. Studies assessing effects of fish stocking on native communities in historically fishless lakes have been limited to high-elevation headwater lakes stocked with non-native trout. Little is known about the effect of fish...

Schilling, Emily Gaenzle; Loftin, Cynthia S.; Huryn, Alexander D.
Effects of introduced fish on macroinvertebrate communities in historically fishless headwater and kettle lakes; 2009; Article; Journal; Biological Conservation; Schilling, E. G.; Loftin, C. S.; Huryn, A. D.

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Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Oklahoma-Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, , Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, , , Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, , Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Filter Total Items: 54
April 8, 2021

Image of the Week - Tides in the Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy in Canada has a unique geography funneling the Atlantic Ocean into some of the world's highest tides. At some points the water level can rise and fall over forty feet. The water's edge at Minas Basin shown in these Landsat 8 images changes dramatically depending on the day and time. Because Landsat 8 passes over quickly, the imagery cannot reveal the

USGS scientist in winter clothing is inserting tool into groundwater well in the middle of a snowy field. A utility terrain vehi
March 5, 2021

Groundwater Science in the Snow

No matter the season, groundwater science continues! In this March photo, Hydrologic Technician Jeremiah Pomerleau is making groundwater measurements and inspecting the USGS groundwater site monitoring equipment. Due to snowy terrain, Pomerleau used a utility terrain vehicle (UTV) to access the well, requiring a trek of about 15 miles from the main road. Data from this

...
Attribution: Water Resources
Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement
February 24, 2021

Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement

Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement at the U.S. Geological Survey station on the Sandy River near Madrid, Maine (station 01047200), in late February 2021. 

December 4, 2020

Our Director: A Vision for Our Center (New England WSC)

An introduction to the New England Water Science Center's Director and his vision for the Center.
 

May 5, 2020

Timing is Everything: Fish, Wildlife, and Timing of Life Events

Timing is Everything: How Fish and Wildlife are Responding to Climate Change Through Shifts in the Timing of Life Events

Changes in phenology, or the seasonal timing of recurring life history events such as breeding, feeding, and movements, have emerged as a primary indicator of species’ responses to climate change. In terrestrial environments,

USGS employee using survey data to model water surface elevation for different storm events.
July 16, 2019

Modeling FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

USGS employee using survey data to model water surface elevation for different storm events.

USGS Employee is checking Preliminary Flood Insurance Rate Maps before a meeting.
June 16, 2019

Checking preliminary maps

FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​USGS Employee is checking Preliminary Flood Insurance Rate Maps before a meeting.

Photo of drone with ground-penetrating radar system flying close over river surface
May 1, 2019

USGS Tests drone-based ground-penetrating radar for bathymetry

USGS hydrographers collect tens of thousands of streamflow measurements every year. In-water work by personnel is one of the most dangerous aspects of USGS hydrologic studies, especially during high-flow conditions. In May 2019, USGS continued testing of a light-weight, self-contained ground-penetrating radar (GPR) system that can be mounted on a small drone. We are

...
Attribution: Water Resources
Photo of USGS scientist walking across snowy field with trees and groundwater well in the background.
March 12, 2019

USGS Groundwater Monitoring in Winter

Groundwater science doesn't take a winter vacation! In this photo, USGS hdyrologic technician Jeffrey Kinsey is snowshoeing to a USGS groundwater monitoring site in Maine. USGS scientists visit USGS groundwater observation wells year-round to measure water levels and maintain equipment. You can view or download USGS groundwater-level data from the

...
Attribution: Water Resources
Photo of USGS scientist opening groundwater well housing, surrounded by snow
March 11, 2019

USGS Groundwater Monitoring in Winter

Groundwater science doesn't take a winter vacation! In this photo, USGS hdyrologic technician Jeremiah Pomerleau has snowshoed to a USGS groundwater monitoring site in Eustis, Maine. USGS scientists visit USGS groundwater observation wells year-round to measure water levels and maintain equipment. You can view or download USGS groundwater-level data from the

...
Attribution: Water Resources
December 31, 2018

Toni Lyn Morelli, Research Ecologist

Biography of scientist featured in Circular 1443 about STEM and related careers in USGS, to be used for recruitment into STEM careers.
 

Terrence Talbot is setting up a GPS unit on the rocky bank of Branch Brook near Kennebunk, Maine. It is a snowy November day.​
November 21, 2018

Surveying Branch Brook near Kennebunk, Maine

Hydrologic technicians Terrence Talbot and Jeff Kinsey visited our station on Branch Brook near Kennebunk (ID 01069700) to conduct some surveying. In this photo, Terrence is setting up a high precision GPS unit to help the crew establish elevation before their survey.

Filter Total Items: 85
USGS gage 01135150, Pope Brook near North Danville, Vermont
April 1, 2021

In this issue of the USGS New England WSC Newsletter, we spotlight recent field activities, our Hydrologic Interpretive Program, a new report about arsenic in groundwater, and research at the Sleepers River Research Watershed. I hope you enjoy the articles about some of the great work our folks are doing and exploring the links to this quarter’s publications. Thanks for making us part of your day!

Real-time streamflow in New England, March 31, 2021
March 31, 2021

Recent surface-water, groundwater, and precipitation data indicate that drought conditions may presently be developing in parts of New England.

USGS Publications spread out on a table
March 30, 2021

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in the first quarter of 2021.

​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism while survey rod level and the channel point is collected with a total station from shore
January 6, 2021

In this issue we introduce our new director, John Bumgarner, presenting his vision for the center. We also feature our hydrologic monitoring program, a recap of the 2020 drought, current work on the Federal Emergency Management Agency flood insurance maps, two geonarratives, and we provide links to our 2020 staff publications and data releases.

USGS Publications spread out on a table
December 16, 2020

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in 2020.

 

Map of real-time streamflow conditions at USGS gaging sites in New England from the National Water Dashboard, December 10, 2020
December 11, 2020

The Hydrologic Monitoring Program (HMP) conducts hydrologic surveillance and investigation in all six New England States. 

Earth MRI Funds Critical Minerals Projects in Maine
September 29, 2020

A total of $118,479 will fund new research and preserve important data across the Pine Tree State

New England Water Use, 2015
September 28, 2020

The New England Water Science Center has collected, reviewed, and aggregated water-withdrawal data in each of the six New England States every 5 years since 1950. The most recent water-use compilation was completed in 2015, and its summary is presented in this geonarrative.

Map of New England 7-day average streamflow conditions
September 21, 2020

Current information to help with understanding the extent and severity of the recent drought in New England.

THUMBNAIL: Timelapse of City/Town Halls in ME, NH, VT
September 9, 2020

Summary statistics are now available for this challenge. Thanks again to everyone who contributed!

Filter Total Items: 47

New England Water Science Center - Maine

New England Water Science Center - Maine

196 Whitten Rd
Augusta, ME 04330

Phone: 207 622-8201

New England Water