Unified Interior Regions

Montana

Welcome to the Midwest Region! Our region includes 18 Science Centers in 11 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas, south to Missouri and Kentucky. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Scientists from the Center work in the northern Rocky Mountains and across the U.S. Many work throughout the world on issues as diverse as global climate change, aquatic ecology, wildlife diseases, bison ecology, and large carnivores.

Go to NOROCK

Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center

Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's hydrologists, engineers, geospatial analysts, hydrologic technicians, geologists, and support staff work to provide hydrologic data and interpretive studies.

Go to Center

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 198
Date published: July 1, 2020
Status: Active

Quantitative Disease Ecology

Researchers at the USGS are working on developing new quantitative methods to study disease dynamics in wildlife systems as well as systems at the wildlife-domestic-human interface. Much of our work focuses on how host population structure affects disease invasion, persistence and control in wildlife disease systems. We tackle these issues with a combination of simulation and statistical...

Date published: May 1, 2020
Status: Active

Lake Koocanusa Water Quality

Lake Koocanusa is a transboundary reservoir located in southeastern British Columbia and northwestern Montana. The reservoir was officially impounded in 1972 after construction of Libby Dam, which began in 1966. The dam was constructed as part of a treaty between the United States and Canada to cooperatively develop the water resources of the Columbia River drainage basin. The reservoir has a...

Date published: March 10, 2020
Status: Active

Weed-Suppressive Bacteria – Testing a Control Measure for Invasive Grasses in the West

Recent popular news has implied that Weed-Suppressive Bacteria (WSB) holds promise for cheatgrass control, yet a lack of peer-reviewed research exists to support this claim. USGS researchers stepped up to the challenge of objectively and rigorously evaluating the effectiveness of WSB for controlling exotic annual grasses, such as...

Date published: February 13, 2020
Status: Active

Hydrologic Assessment of the Blackfeet Reservation, Montana

The Blackfeet Nation seeks an increased scientific understanding of the water resources within the Blackfeet Reservation of northwestern Montana. Hydrologic information is needed in order to make informed water management decisions as the Blackfeet Nation moves forward with implementation of the Blackfeet Water Rights Compact as new water-use projects are initiated and as the Blackfeet...

Date published: December 17, 2019
Status: Active

Wyoming-Montana Stream Water-Quality Network - Water Year 2020

The USGS monitors stream water quality in Wyoming and Montana in cooperation with State, County, local, and other Federal agencies. Water-quality data for these sites are available from the USGS National Water Information System Web Mapper application in the form of an interactive map that can be accessed from the Data and Tools tab.

Date published: September 5, 2019
Status: Active

Peak-Flow Frequency Analysis for Selected Montana Streamgages

The Montana Department of Resources and Conservation requires peak-flow information for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodplain mapping for various locations across Montana. Accordingly, the USGS WY-MT Water Science Center has updated peak-flow frequencies for selected streamgages in the Beaverhead River, Clark Fork, Ruby, Jefferson and Madison River Basins, and for selected...

Date published: July 30, 2019
Status: Active

Flaxville Aquifer

The Flaxville aquifer is present in the northern and central parts of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation and consists of sand and gravel that forms extensive plateaus and topographic benches used for dryland farming.  Because many residents rely on groundwater as their primary water supply on the Reservation, the Flaxville and underlying aquifers are important sources of groundwater.  The goal...

Date published: July 19, 2019
Status: Active

Using Robots in the River: Biosurveillance at USGS streamgages

For more than a decade, researchers around the world have shown that sampling a water body and analyzing for DNA (a method known as eDNA) is an effective method to detect an organism in the water. The challenge is that finding organisms that are not very abundant requires a lot of samples to locate this needle in a haystack.  Enter the "lab in a can", the water quality sampling and processing...

Date published: June 28, 2019
Status: Active

Seismic Seiches

Definition of seismic seiches and examples dating back to their first public mention in 1755.

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - Montana

  

Date published: May 23, 2019
Status: Active

Cheatgrass and Medusahead

Invasive annual grasses, such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) and medusahead (Taeniatherum caput-medusae), are one of the most significant stressors to rangeland ecosystems in the western U.S. Their expansion and dominance across this area are the most damaging ecosystem agents on this iconic landscape.

Filter Total Items: 74
Date published: September 5, 2019

Geodetic Data for USGS Benchmark Glaciers: Orthophotos, Digital Elevation Models, and Glacier Boundaries

Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Additional measurements have been made on Lemon Creek Glacier, AK to compliment data collected by the Juneau Ice

Date published: July 16, 2019

High Altitude Weather Station Data at USGS Benchmark Glaciers

Since the late 1950s, the USGS has maintained a long-term glacier mass-balance program at three North American glaciers. Measurements began on South Cascade Glacier, WA in 1958, expanding to Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, AK in 1966, and later Sperry Glacier, MT in 2005. Additional measurements have been made on Lemon Creek Glacier, AK to compliment data collected by the Juneau Ice

Date published: July 12, 2019

Tellurium Deposits in the United States

This data release provides the description of U.S. sites that include mineral regions, mines and mineral occurrences (deposits) that have a contained resource and (or) production of tellurium metal greater than 1 metric ton. For this data release, only one deposit in the U.S. with historic production records was found: Butte, Montana. We did not locate any deposits in the U.S. tha

Date published: April 2, 2019

Flood Event Viewer - Montana June 2018 Flood Rocky Mountain Front

The USGS WY-MT Water Science Center provided discharge measurements and high water mark (HWM) flagging for the June 2018 flooding along Elk Creek in Augusta, Montana.

Date published: March 12, 2019

Airborne electromagnetic and magnetic survey data, Stillwater Complex, Montana, May 2000 (ver. 2.0, June 2020)

A helicopter-borne electromagnetic/magnetic survey was flown over the Stillwater area, southwest Montana from May 5 to May 16, 2000. The survey was conducted over the Stillwater Igneous Complex, a Precambrian layered mafic-ultramafic intrusion which is characterized by igneous layering. Electromagnetic data were acquired using DIGHEM helicopter-borne electromagnetic system. Magnetic data

Date published: January 1, 2019

Airborne electromagnetic and magnetic survey data, Stillwater Complex, Montana, May 2000

A helicopter-borne electromagnetic/magnetic survey was flown over the Stillwater area, southwest Montana from May 5 to May 16, 2000. The survey was conducted over the Stillwater Igneous Complex, a Precambrian layered mafic-ultramafic intrusion which is characterized by igneous layering. Electromagnetic data were acquired using DIGHEM helicopter-borne electromagnetic system. Magnetic data

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Southwest Montana Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Southwest Montana Oil and Gas Assessments 

Date published: November 30, 2018

Digital Data for the Geologic Map of the Central Beaverhead Mountains, Lemhi County, Idaho, and Beaverhead County, Montana

This Data Release contains geospatially-enabled geological data to accompany the Geologic Map of the Central Beaverhead Mountains, Lemhi County, Idaho, and Beaverhead County, Montana. This map portrays detailed geology of the central Beaverhead Mountains, printable at 1:50,000 scale. These data were collected between 1997 and 2017, and synthesized to provide significant new strati

Date published: November 29, 2018

Downloadable Data for Montana Thrust Belt Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Downloadable Data for Montana Thrust Belt Basin Oil and Gas Assessments 

Date published: November 29, 2018

Downloadable Data for North Central Montana Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Downloadable Data for North Central Montana Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Filter Total Items: 33
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2014

A geologic and mineral exploration spatial database for the Stillwater Complex, Montana

The Stillwater Complex is a Neoarchean, ultramafic to mafic layered intrusion exposed in the Beartooth Mountains in south-central Montana. This igneous intrusion contains magmatic mineralization that is variably enriched in strategic and critical commodities such as chromium, nickel, and the platinum-group elements. One deposit, the J-M Reef, is...

Zientek, Michael L.; Parks, Heather L.
Zientek, M.L., and Parks, H.L., 2014, A geologic and mineral exploration spatial database for the Stillwater Complex, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5183, XX p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145183.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2014

Delineation of brine contamination in and near the East Poplar oil field, Fort Peck Indian Reservation, northeastern Montana, 2004-09

The extent of brine contamination in the shallow aquifers in and near the East Poplar oil field is as much as 17.9 square miles and appears to be present throughout the entire saturated zone in contaminated areas. The brine contamination affects 15–37 billion gallons of groundwater. Brine contamination in the shallow aquifers east of the Poplar...

Thamke, Joanna N.; Smith, Bruce D.
Delineation of brine contamination in and near the East Poplar oil field, Fort Peck Indian Reservation, northeastern Montana, 2004-09; 2014; SIR; 2014-5024; Thamke, Joanna N.; Smith, Bruce D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2014

Isolation and molecular characterization of a novel picornavirus from baitfish in the USA

During both regulatory and routine surveillance sampling of baitfish from the states of Illinois, Minnesota, Montana, and Wisconsin, USA, isolates (n = 20) of a previously unknown picornavirus were obtained from kidney/spleen or entire viscera of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and brassy minnows (Hybognathus hankinsoni). Following the...

Phelps, Nicholas B.D.; Mor, Sunil K.; Armien, Anibal G.; Batts, William N.; Goodwin, Andrew E.; Hopper, Lacey; McCann, Rebekah; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Puzach, Corey; Waltzek, Thomas B.; Delwart, Eric; Winton, James; Goyal, Sagar M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2012

Hydrologic, water-quality, and biological characteristics of the North Fork Flathead River, Montana, water years 2007-2008

In water year 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service, began a 2-year study to collect hydrologic, water-quality, and biological data to provide a baseline characterization of the North Fork Flathead River from the United States-Canada border to its confluence with the Middle Fork of the Flathead River near...

Mills, Taylor J.; Schweiger, E. William; Mast, Alisa; Clow, David W.
Hydrologic, water-quality, and biological characteristics of the North Fork Flathead River, Montana, water years 2007-2008; 2012; SIR; 2011-5221; Mills, Taylor J.; Schweiger, E. William; Mast, M. Alisa; Clow, David W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2012

Preparation and characterization of "Libby Amphibole" toxicological testing material

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) began work in Libby, Mont. in 1999 when an Emergency Response Team was sent to investigate local concern and media reports regarding asbestos-contaminated vermiculite. Since that time, the site has been granted Superfund status and site remediation to a safe level of asbestos has been ongoing. The...

Lowers, Heather; Wilson, Stephen A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Benzel, William M.; Meeker, Gregory P.
Preparation and characterization of "Libby Amphibole" toxicological testing material; 2012; OFR; 2012-1012; Lowers, Heather A.; Wilson, Stephen A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Benzel, William M.; Meeker, Gregory P.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2011

The dispersion of fibrous amphiboles by glacial processes in the area surrounding Libby, Montana, USA

Mining operations began at a world-class vermiculite deposit at Vermiculite Mountain near Libby, Montana, circa 1920 and ended in 1990. Fibrous and asbestiform amphiboles intergrown with vermiculite ore are suspected to be a causative factor in an abnormally high number of cases of respiratory diseases in former mine and mill workers, and in...

Langer, William H.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, David T.; Hoefen, Todd M.
The dispersion of fibrous amphiboles by glacial processes in the area surrounding Libby, Montana, USA; 2011; Article; Journal; Environmental Earth Sciences; Langer, William H.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, David T.; Hoefen, Todd M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Examination of Libby, Montana, Fill Material for Background Levels of Amphibole from the Rainy Creek Complex Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

Natural background levels of Libby-type amphibole in the sediment of the Libby valley in Montana have not, up to this point, been determined. The purpose of this report is to provide the preliminary findings of a study designed by both the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and performed by the U.S. Geological...

Adams, David T.; Langer, William H.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Meeker, Gregory P.
Examination of Libby, Montana, Fill Material for Background Levels of Amphibole from the Rainy Creek Complex Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis; 2010; OFR; 2010-1056; Adams, David T.; Langer, William H.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Meeker, Gregory P.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

Particle Size Characterization of Water-Elutriated Libby Amphibole 2000 and RTI International Amosite

This report presents data on particle characterization analyzed by scanning electron microscopy on Libby amphibole collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in 2000 (LA2000) and amosite material collected by RTI International (RTI amosite). The particle characterization data were generated to support a portion of the Libby Action Plan. Prior to...

Lowers, Heather; Bern, Amy M.
Particle Size Characterization of Water-Elutriated Libby Amphibole 2000 and RTI International Amosite; 2009; OFR; 2009-1242; Lowers, Heather A.; Bern, Amy M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Effects of 2003 wildfires on stream chemistry in Glacier National Park, Montana

Changes in stream chemistry were studied for 4 years following large wildfires that burned in Glacier National Park during the summer of 2003. Burned and unburned drainages were monitored from December 2003 through August 2007 for streamflow, major constituents, nutrients, and suspended sediment following the fires. Stream-water nitrate...

Mast, Alisa; Clow, David W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry at Selected Sites, 2004

During spring 2004, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the National Park Service and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service collected and analyzed snowpack samples for 65 sites in the Rocky Mountain region from New Mexico to Montana. Snowpacks were sampled from late February through early April and generally had well-below-...

Ingersoll, George P.; Mast, Alisa; Nanus, Leora; Handran, Heather H.; Manthorne, David J.; Hultstrand, Douglas M.
Rocky Mountain Snowpack Chemistry at Selected Sites, 2004; 2007; OFR; 2007-1045; Ingersoll, George P.; Mast, M. Alisa; Nanus, Leora; Handran, Heather H.; Manthorne, David J.; Hultstrand, Douglas M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Assessment of Historical Water-Quality Data for National Park Units in the Rocky Mountain Network, Colorado and Montana, through 2004

This report summarizes historical water-quality data for six National Park units that compose the Rocky Mountain Network. The park units in Colorado are Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, and Rocky Mountain National Park; and in Montana, they are Glacier National Park, Grant-Kohrs Ranch National...

Mast, Alisa
Assessment of Historical Water-Quality Data for National Park Units in the Rocky Mountain Network, Colorado and Montana, through 2004; 2007; SIR; 2007-5147; Mast, M. Alisa

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2006

Organochlorine compounds and current-use pesticides in snow and lake sediment in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, and Glacier National Park, Montana, 2002-03

Organochlorine compounds and current-use pesticides were measured in snow and lake-sediment samples from Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado and Glacier National Park in Montana to determine their occurrence and distribution in high-elevation aquatic ecosystems. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service,...

Mast, Alisa; Foreman, William T.; Skaates, Serena V.
Organochlorine compounds and current-use pesticides in snow and lake sediment in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, and Glacier National Park, Montana, 2002-03; 2006; SIR; 2006-5119; Mast, M. Alisa; Foreman, William T.; Skaates, Serena V.

Filter Total Items: 273
Birch Creek near Valier streamgage
September 2, 2020

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

Construction of Birch Creek near Valier streamgage
September 2, 2020

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

Running levels at new Birch Creek near Valier streamgage
September 2, 2020

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

Birch Creek near Valier streamgage

September 1, 2020

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory Monthly Update: September 1, 2020

Mike Poland, Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, gives an overview of activity at Yellowstone during August 2020.
 

August 20, 2020

Image of the Week: Bird Island Ablaze

In Montana, wildfire swept across Flathead Lake's 30 acre Bird Island in early August of 2020. Landsat 8 captured this imagery one day after the fire began. The satellite's short wave infrared and near infrared bands reveal the active fire covering approximately half of the island. Smoke obscures the remainder. The same band combination highlights healthy vegetation 16

August 1, 2020

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory Monthly Update: August 1, 2020

Mike Poland, Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, gives an overview of activity at Yellowstone during July 2020.
 

Photo of the Roosevelt Arch at the north entrance of Yellowstone National Park at night with comet NEOWISE in the background
July 16, 2020

Comet NEOWISE and the Roosevelt Arch at Yellowstone National Park

Comet NEOWISE is seen with the Roosevelt Arch in the foreground at the north Entrance of Yellowstone National Park.  The town of Gardiner, Montana, is in the background.

July 1, 2020

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory Monthly Update: July 1, 2020

Mike Poland, Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, gives an overview of activity at Yellowstone during June 2020.
 

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool: A Quick Introduction

This is a quick introduction video to the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. This short video includes a summary of the tool with screen clips of the fact sheet, web tool, and an example Site Characterization Report.

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool—Step 1: Describe Proposed Treatment

This video describes Step 1 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 1 the user defines a name, the planned treatment/s, and a file name for exported items.

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos guide a user through the main steps of the tool.

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool — Step 2: Select Treatment Boundary

This video describes Step 2 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 2 the user defines their planned treatment boundary. The user can load a zipped shapefile or on-screen digitize their boundary.  

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos guide a

Filter Total Items: 136
Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
July 21, 2020

A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 26, 2020

This challeng is SO CLOSE to being finished! 

Approximately 80 edits came in since last week, leaving less than 20 existing points to be reviewed.  Don't forget to check for missing city/town halls, too.  

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 20, 2020

This challenge continues to move along nicely with another 100 edits in the last week! 

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 12, 2020

This challenge is coming along nicely with another 30 points added and 50 edits submitted since last week!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 6, 2020

This challenge is coming along nicely with 20 points added since last week and another 80 points edited!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
January 30, 2020

Here's another challenge for city/town halls in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota!

Cumulative number of located earthquakes for various areas in 1992 showing effect of Landers (California) earthquake.
July 8, 2019

Yellowstone Caldera Chronicles is a weekly column written by scientists and collaborators of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. This week's contribution is from Mike Poland, geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey and Scientist-in-Charge, of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory.

Image of Dan Fagre.
April 11, 2018

Research Ecologist Dan Fagre is the recipient of the 2017 Eugene M. Shoemaker Award for Lifetime Achievement in Communications

Prairie dog and SPV bait
December 13, 2017

About 70 percent of wild prairie dogs successfully ingested baits containing an oral sylvatic plague vaccine, or SPV, that were distributed throughout their habitats, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

Filter Total Items: 47

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Scientists from the Center work in the northern Rocky Mountains and across the U.S. Many work throughout the world on issues as diverse as global climate change, aquatic ecology, wildlife diseases, bison ecology, and large carnivores.

Go to NOROCK

Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center

Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's hydrologists, engineers, geospatial analysts, hydrologic technicians, geologists, and support staff work to provide hydrologic data and interpretive studies.

Go to Center