Unified Interior Regions

New York

Located in the Northeastern United States, New York is the seventh-most densely populated state in the U.S. The state covers 54,555 square miles and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York and contains the Lake Champlain Valley as its northern half and the Hudson Valley as its southern half. Much of New York State borders water.

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 352
Date published: February 4, 2016
Status: Active

Esopus Sub Basin Sediment and Turbidity Monitoring

Problem The Esopus Creek is located in the Catskill Mountains of New York State and is part of New York City’s water supply system. In 1915 damming of a portion of the creek formed the Ashokan Reservoir splitting the creek into upper (upstream of the reservoir) and lower (downstream of the reservoir) segments. The Ashokan Reservoir watershed is 255 mi2 and is one of two reservoirs in the New...

Date published: January 25, 2016
Status: Active

Acidification and Recovery and Development of Critical Loads of Acidity for Stream Ecosystems of the Adirondack Region of New York State

BACKGROUND The Adirondack region of New York has a history of relatively high atmospheric sulfur (S) and nitrogen (N) deposition (Greaver et al. 2012). Adirondack ecosystems have been impacted by these inputs, including soil and surface water acidification, and impaired health and diversity of forest vegetation and aquatic biota. Air quality management, through the Clean Air Act, the U.S....

Date published: January 15, 2016
Status: Active

Surface-water Quality in the Mohawk River Basin (Pilot RIBS/TMDL)

Problem The quality of surface water has important effects on human and ecological health. Surface water is an important drinking water source and is used for swimming, fishing, and recreation, and the quality of surface water can have profound effects on the health, diversity, and resilience of ecological communities. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) is t...

Date published: January 14, 2016
Status: Active

Effects of acid-base chemistry on biology of lakes and streams in the Adirondack Mountains

BACKGROUND Watersheds of the Adirondack Mountains receive high levels of acid deposition resulting from atmospheric emissions of nitrogen and sulfur oxides. Acidic deposition has been shown to reduce acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) and calcium (Ca) concentrations, and increase acidity and aluminum (Al) concentrations in soils and surface waters, and affect forest health as well as fish and...

Contacts: Barry P Baldigo
Date published: December 8, 2015
Status: Active

Detailed Aquifer Mapping in the Owasco Inlet valley Towns of Moravia, Locke (Cayuga County) and Groton (Tompkins County), New York

Introduction Detailed mapping of the valley-fill aquifer within the Owasco Inlet valley and adjacent tributary valleys in Cayuga County (Towns of Moravia and Locke) and Tompkins County (Town of Groton) is the latest study in the cooperative Detailed Aquifer Mapping Program between the US Geological Survey (USGS) and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). The...

Contacts: Paul Heisig
Date published: December 4, 2015
Status: Active

Groundwater Availability of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain

Background The North Atlantic Coastal Plain (NACP) covers a land area of approximately 34,000 mi 2 along the eastern seaboard of the United States from Long Island, N.Y., southward to the northern portion of North Carolina. This area is underlain by a thick wedge of sedimentary deposits that form a complex groundwater system in which the sands and gravels function as confined aquifers, and...

Date published: November 30, 2015
Status: Active

Flood-Inundation Maps for Four Stream Reaches, Ithaca, Tompkins County, New York

Problem The City of Ithaca, Tompkins County, N.Y., is in the process of developing a flood management plan for the streams that flow through the City. Flooding in the City is an annual problem caused by a variety of distinct and sometimes interconnected reasons. Flooding often is a result of snowmelt and rain during the winter and spring. Slow ice-melt and breakup can lead to ice jams and...

Date published: November 30, 2015
Status: Active

Comprehensive Delineation of Groundwater Source Areas and Times-of-travel to Long Island Streams and Estuaries

Problem The discharge of freshwater and associated loading of nutrients and other dissolved constituents from the Long Island aquifer system to surrounding estuaries and their tributaries are increasingly recognized as critical factors in the health of these ecosystems. However, further work is needed to scientifically characterize these factors and present them to the public in an...

Date published: November 16, 2015
Status: Active

Water-Surface Profiles and Discharges for Four Stream Reaches, Ithaca, Tompkins County N.Y.

Background / Problem – The City of Ithaca, Tompkins County, N.Y., is in the process of developing a flood management plan for the streams that flow through the City. Flooding in the City is caused by a variety of distinct and sometimes interconnected reasons. Flooding often is a result of snowmelt and rain during the winter and spring. Slow ice-melt and breakup can lead to ice jams and...

Contacts: William F Coon
Date published: November 10, 2015
Status: Active

Rockland County Water-Resource Assessment

INTRODUCTION • Concerns over the viability of the fractured bedrock aquifer that provides about 1/3 of Rockland County’s water supply prompted a 5-year study by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to (1) define the hydrogeologic framework of the aquifer, (2) assess conditions within it, and (3) identify other potential sources of water for the County. The study was done in cooperation with...

Contacts: Paul Heisig
Date published: November 3, 2015
Status: Active

Geohydrology of the Valley-Fill Aquifer in Upper Buttermilk Creek/Danby Creek Valleys, Town of Danby, Tompkins County, New York

Problem - The valley-fill deposits in Upper Buttermilk Creek/Danby Creek valleys are sources of water for many homeowners, farms, and small businesses that are in this valley. The aquifer was mapped by Miller (2000) and identified as one of the 17 aquifers in Tompkins County that needs to be studied in more detail. However, there is little geohydrologic data in the valley. A cluster of wells...

Contacts: John Williams, Todd S Miller
Date published: November 3, 2015
Status: Active

Geohydrology of the Upper Sixmile Creek/West Branch Owego Creek Valleys and Lower Sixmile Creek/Willseyville Creek Valleys, Town of Caroline, Tompkins County, New York

Problem - The Town of Caroline needs geohydrologic data in two major valley-fill aquifers within the town in order for planners to develop a strategy to manage and protect their water resources. Interest in the interaction between ground water and surface water has increased in recent years as a result of widespread concerns related to water supply. The need to better understand how the...

Contacts: John Williams, Todd S Miller
Filter Total Items: 244
Date published: February 10, 2017

Current Conditions for New York: Precipitation

Data from rain gages that provide real-time data are relayed to the USGS and are transmitted from each station at  hourly intervals. Real-time data available on these web pages are provisional data that have not been reviewed or edited.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Texture Model: Grain Size Distribution on Long Island

Texture model developed from grain size distribution from analysis of deep boring data

Date published: January 1, 2017

Data used for assessing relationships between fish assemblages and acid-base chemistry in streams of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, 1993-2014

Fish community richness, density, and biomass for entire communities, Brook Trout, Rainbow Trout, and minnows, including site characteristics, and water chemistry (acid neutralizing capacity, pH, nitrate, sulfate, ammonia, calcium, and total aluminum) collected at least once and as many as 13 times at each of 52 stream sites during the same years that fish were inve

Date published: January 1, 2017

Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1997-2014

This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of forest soil samples and associated site measurements collected in the Adirondack Ecoregion of New York State. Data are presented in four groups (tabs) in an Microsoft EXCEL 2013 spreadsheet (and comma-delimited CSV files): (1) Adirondack Sugar Maple Project (ASM), (2) Buck Creek North Watershed, (3) B

Date published: January 1, 2017

Adirondack New York vegetation data, 2000-2015

This dataset contains field measurements of vegetation from the (1) Adirondack Sugar Maple Project (ASM), and (2) Buck Creek North and Buck Creek South Watersheds. The ASM data, collected in 2009 in 20 Adirondack watersheds (2 or 3 0.10 ha plots per watershed), are comprised of general plot characteristics, tree species identification and diameter at breast height (DBH%

Date published: January 1, 2017

Northeastern Hydrologic Benchmark Network (HBN) Soil Chemistry and Catskill Mountain Water-Quality Data

This data product contains soil chemistry data from 4 locations. Two of the locations were located in the Neversink River watershed near Claryville, NY (01435000) in the Catskill Mountains of New York (Fall Brook and Winnisook Creek), 1 of the locations was the Young Woman’s Creek watershed near Renovo, PA (01545600) and the last site was the Wild River watershed at Gile

Date published: January 1, 2017

Hormone, pesticide, pharmaceutical and other organic compound data for select water and bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, 2006-2014

These data represent water and bed sediment samples analyzed for a variety of organic compounds. The samples were collected in streams and rivers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed from 2006-2014. Water samples were collected from 61 sites and analyzed for hormones (SH2434 method; Tables 1A and 1B), pharmaceuticals (SH2080 method; Tables 2A and 2B), wastewater indicators (SH1433

Date published: January 1, 2017

Data for effects of watershed and in-stream liming on macroinvertebrate communities in acidified tributaries to an Adirondack lake

In 2012, a program was initiated using in-stream and aerial (whole-watershed) liming to improve water quality and Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) recruitment in three acidified tributaries of a high-elevation Adirondack lake in New York State. Concurrently, macroinvertebrates were sampled annually between 2013 and 2016 at 3 treated and 3 untreated reference sites to assess the eff

Date published: December 20, 2016

Data for assessing the status of sediment toxicity and macroinvertebrate communities in the Eighteenmile Creek Area of Concern, New York, 2014

Data from 10-day sediment toxicity tests of bed sediments from the Eighteenmile Creek Area of Concern and Oak Orchard Creek (nearby reference stream), Niagara and Orleans County, New York, respectively. Specifically, the data was used to compare the survival and growth of two macroinvertebrate species in sediments from study sites and laboratory controls. Results are from 10-day sedim

Date published: December 9, 2016

Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the Eastern Adirondacks, New York State

Airborne geophysical surveys were conducted in the eastern Adirondacks from Dec. 7, 2015 - Dec. 21, 2015, by Goldak Airborne Surveys. The area was flown along a draped surface with a nominal survey height above ground of 200 meters. The flight line spacing was 250 meters for traverse lines and 2500 meters for control lines. Here we present downloadable magnetic and radiometric (gamma spec

Date published: November 16, 2016

Annual Water Data Reports for New York

Water resources data are published annually for use by engineers, scientists, managers, educators, and the general public.  Annual Water Data Reports and Discontinued Sites for New York :

 

Date published: November 14, 2016

Groundwater Watch (New York)

Groundwater Watch displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and historical groundwater data from wells and springs across the United States. Groundwater Watch groups related wells and data from active well networks and provides basic statistics about the water-level data collected by the USGS and from data supplied to us from partners through cooperative agreements.

Filter Total Items: 392
Photo collage of researchers on personal watercraft at Fire Island
December 31, 2015

Photo collage of researchers on personal watercraft at Fire Island

Personal watercraft were utilized to collect bathymetry in the surf zone and shore face (top left), setup on the beach (top right), instrument configuration (bottom left) and Pelican case hardware configuration (bottom right).

USGS' Owen Brenner wading with GPS backpack
December 31, 2015

Wading in the breach to precisely measure it

USGS employee Owen Brenner walks across the Fire Island wilderness breach carrying a GPS backpack that allows him to collect precise elevation data in the shallows.

orange geophysical surveying equipment on city street and in truck
December 31, 2015

Geophysical Surveying

Geophysical Surveying on city street in New York

Photo of the ocean, beach, dunes, and back of dunes on a barrier island.
December 31, 2015

Vegetated dunes, beach, and water at Fire Island, New York

Photo showing multiple geomorphic environments including from left to right: the Atlantic Ocean, beach, dunes, and island interior.

images of the wilderness breac
December 31, 2015

Aerial images of the wilderness breach

Aerial images of the wilderness breach: a) Aerial photograph taken several days after Hurricane Sandy (photo credit: NOAA); b) Aerial mosaic of the breach in June 2015 showing the location of erosion on the ocean side of the breach and deposition that results in the seasonal formation of a spit (photo credit: Stonybrook University).

water surging through a culvert under a road
November 10, 2015

Impervious Surface Effects Rockland County NY

Impervious Surface Effects Rockland County NY

USGS staffer sitting on sandy beach on Long Island collecting a water sample
November 4, 2015

Long Island Water Sampling

USGS staffer sitting on sandy beach on Long Island collecting a water sample

USGS Scientist putting soil samples in plastic bag
October 28, 2015

USGS scientist collecting soil samples

USGS scientist collecting soil samples

A group of 5th graders from the Bronx in NYC, NY learn about groundwater contaminants
October 28, 2015

Urban Waters Initiative community outreach

A group of 5th graders from a New York City school in the Bronx learn about how contaminants spilled on the ground travel through a sandy aquifer and can impact nearby waterways from USGS hydrologist Shawn Fisher as part of the Urban Waters Initiative community outreach at Roberto Clemente State Park during the week-long Harlem River Festival.

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water