Unified Interior Regions

New York

Located in the Northeastern United States, New York is the seventh-most densely populated state in the U.S. The state covers 54,555 square miles and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York and contains the Lake Champlain Valley as its northern half and the Hudson Valley as its southern half. Much of New York State borders water.

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 326
Date published: April 24, 2019
Status: Active

Nearshore - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

The nearshore is the submerged portion of the shoreface between the inner shelf and the shoreline and includes the surf zone, where waves break. Along with beaches and dunes, nearshore morphology and geology adjusts to changes in waves, sediment supply, human alterations, and sea level rise. By measuring nearshore morphologic and geologic variations, we can understand how quickly beaches and...

Date published: April 24, 2019
Status: Active

Upper Esopus Creek Tributary Bedload Pilot Study

Problem Sediment transport is a serious concern in the upper Esopus Creek watershed. The creek is a well-documented source of sediment and turbidity to the Ashokan Reservoir, which is part of the New York City water supply system. During the last 2 decades there has been a series of stream stabilization and sediment reduction projects completed in the upper Esopus Creek watershed intended to...

Date published: April 12, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring

Edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which can threaten the health of streams, rivers, and lakes. Edge-of-field monitoring assesses the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluates the effectiveness of conservation practices that aim to reduce nutrient loss.

Date published: April 6, 2019
Status: Active

Using optical sensors to detect sewage contamination in the Great Lakes

In the Great Lakes, large volumes of sewage never make it to wastewater treatment plants due to illicit discharges and leaking sewer infrastructure, but contamination can be difficult to detect. This study will define the utility and practicality of using optical sensors to identify the sources and timing of sewage contamination in surface water and storm sewers in real-time field settings....

Contacts: Steven R Corsi
Date published: March 25, 2019
Status: Active

Assessing stormwater reduction using green infrastructure: Niagara River Greenway Project (Buffalo, NY)

The effectiveness of green infrastructure (porous asphalt, planter boxes, rain gardens, and the removal of impervious pavements) at reducing stormwater runoff is being assessed at the Niagara Street redevelopment project in Buffalo, New York. This study will monitor pre- and post-construction storm-sewer flow, groundwater levels, evapotranspiration, precipitation, and soil moisture.

Contacts: Brett Hayhurst, Valerie E Shao, Julie Barrett O'Neill
Date published: March 23, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI)

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which threaten the health of the Great Lakes. The USGS supports these efforts by utilizing edge-of-field monitoring to assess the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluate conservation practices that aim to reduce sediment and nutrient loss....

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Active

Urban Waters Federal Partnership—Bronx and Harlem River Watersheds (New York, N.Y.)

The Harlem and Bronx Rivers provide ecological and social resources in an intensively urban area. Connecting people to rivers requires clean water—the USGS is helping to assess the efficacy of green infrastructure to improve the quality of stormwater that flows into the rivers.

Date published: February 21, 2019
Status: Active

Surface-water quality in the Lake Erie/Niagara River Basin of New York State

Problem The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) intends to develop a Nine-Element Watershed Plan (http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/103264.html) for the Lake Erie/Niagara Basin. To develop the Nine-Element Plan, NYSDEC needs a high quality, quality assured, nutrient-loading dataset to serve as a baseline...

Date published: February 20, 2019
Status: Active

Bathymetry of New York City’s East of Hudson Reservoirs

Background: The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) maintains an extensive network of reservoirs and aqueducts for water collection, storage, and transport; it supplies more than one billion gallons of drinking water daily to more than nine million people. The East of Hudson (EOH) network (fig. 1) includes thirteen reservoirs – Amawalk, Bog Brook, Boyd Corners, Cross...

Date published: December 20, 2018
Status: Active

Borehole Geophysics

Borehole geophysics is the science of recording and analyzing measurements of physical properties made in wells or test holes. Probes that measure different properties are lowered into the borehole to collect continuous or point data that is graphically displayed as a geophysical log. Multiple logs typically are collected to take advantage of their synergistic nature--much more can be learned...

Date published: December 19, 2018
Status: Active

Eastern Basins Oil and Gas Assessments

The USGS has conducted several assessments of undiscovered oil and gas in formations in the Blue Ridge Thrust Belt (5068), Piedmont Province (5069), Atlantic Coastal Plain Province (5070), and the New England Province (5072).  These basins are generally east of the Appalachian Basin Province (5067).

Filter Total Items: 231
Date published: July 15, 2019

High-resolution geophysical data collected offshore of Fire Island, New York in 2011, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2011-005-FA

These spatial data support research on the Quaternary evolution of the Fire Island coastal system and provide baseline information for research on coastal processes along southern Long Island. For more information about the WHCMSC Field Activity, see https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2011-005-FA.

Date published: April 29, 2019

NY WSC Go2 Mapper

Interactive web mapping application used to display Go2 warning messages and field personnel locations. The Go2 system is used by USGS staff to monitor the maintenance of USGS gages.

Date published: April 9, 2019

Drought Streamflow Probabilities in Northeast Region

Maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR) is used to estimate drought probabilities for selected Northeast rivers and streams. Winter streamflows are used to estimate the chance of hydrologic drought during summer months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Northeastern streams.

Date published: April 5, 2019

Detailed Aquifer Mapping Program in Upstate New York

Define the hydrogeology of extensively used (primary) stratified-drift aquifers in upstate NY, and present the information as individual sets of maps at 1:24,000 scale. Each published report describes the hydrogeology of a specific aquifer or segment, and depicts selected hydrogeologic characteristics. Continue the hydrogeologic assessment and mapping of selected principal aquifers in upstate...

Date published: April 3, 2019

Petrophysical data collected on outcrops and rock samples from the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York

Petrophysical data were collected in the eastern Adirondack Highlands during several field campaigns in 2016-2017. This data release provides magnetic susceptibility, gamma spectrometry, and density measurements on rock outcrops, hand samples, and during walking surveys. Rock types for the outcrops and samples were identified using standard field methods. Locations of the outcrops or sam

Date published: March 15, 2019

Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017

The iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits near Mineville in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, have been of interest for their rich magnetite ore since the mid-1700s but have attracted renewed attention due to their potential as rare earth element (REE) resources (McKeown and Klemic, 1956; Lupulescu and others, 2016; Taylor and others, 2018). Apatite is the main REE-host a

Date published: January 1, 2019

End point rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands

This data set contains rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological Survey, version 5.0. En

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data and analytical type-curve match for selected hydraulic tests at an earthen dam site in Southern Westchester County, New York

This data release contains water level displacement data and analytical type-curve matches for selected hydraulic tests that support USGS Open-File Report 2019-1102, "Slug-Test Analysis of Selected Wells at an Earthen Dam Site in Southern Westchester County, New York."

In 2005, the U.S. Geological Survey began a cooperative study with New York City Department of Environmental

Date published: January 1, 2019

Records of Selected Wells for Geohydrology and Water Quality Investigation of the Unconsolidated Aquifers in the Enfield Creek Valley, Town of Enfield, Tompkins County, New York, 2013-18

From 2013 to 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Town of Enfield and the Tompkins County Planning Department, collected and compiled well records (306 in total) within and outside the unconsolidated aquifer in the Town of Enfield, New York. Sources of well data included previous USGS groundwater studies, the USGS National Water Information System, and well

Date published: January 1, 2019

Intersection points used to calculate rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands

This data set contains intersection points used to compute rate of change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological

Filter Total Items: 65
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Year Published: 2010

Simulation of Runoff and Reservoir Inflow for Use in a Flood-Analysis Model for the Delaware River, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, 2004-2006

A model was developed to simulate inflow to reservoirs and watershed runoff to streams during three high-flow events between September 2004 and June 2006 for the main-stem subbasin of the Delaware River draining to Trenton, N.J. The model software is a modified version of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS...

Goode, Daniel J.; Koerkle, Edward H.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Regan, R. Steve; Hay, Lauren E.; Markstrom, Steven L.
Simulation of Runoff and Reservoir Inflow for Use in a Flood-Analysis Model for the Delaware River, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, 2004-2006; 2010; OFR; 2010-1014; Goode, Daniel J.; Koerkle, Edward H.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Regan, R. Steve; Hay, Lauren E.; Markstrom, Steven L.

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Year Published: 2010

Response to the comment by Henry Kahn and Dennis Santella on a summary of the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings

A response by Gregory P. Meeker and colleagues to a commentary on their article on the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings is presented

Meeker, Gregory P.; Lowers, Heather; Lioy, Paul J.; Lippmann, Morton
Response to the comment by Henry Kahn and Dennis Santella on a summary of the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings; 2010; Article; Journal; Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology; Gregory P Meeker;Heather A Lowers;Lioy, J, Paul;Lippmann, , Morton

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Year Published: 2009

Inorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dust generated by the World Trade Center building collapse: Chapter 12

Samples of dust deposited around lower Manhattan by the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) collapse have inorganic chemical compositions that result in part from the variable chemical contributions of concrete, gypsum wallboard, glass fibers, window glass, and other materials contained in the buildings. The dust deposits were also...

Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Hageman, Philip L.; Lamothe, Paul J.; Ziegler, Thomas L.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Theodorakos, Peter M.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Adams, Monique G.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Taggart, Joseph E.; Clark, Roger N.; Wilson, S.; Sutley, Stephen J.

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Year Published: 2009

Materials characterization of dusts generated by the collapse of the World Trade Center

The major inorganic components of the dusts generated from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings on September 11, 2001 were concrete materials, gypsum, and man-made vitreous fibers. These components were likely derived from lightweight Portland cement concrete floors, gypsum wallboard, and spray-on fireproofing and ceiling tiles,...

Meeker, Gregory P.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Lowers, Heather; Bern, Amy M.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Clark, Roger N.; Gent, Carol A.

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Year Published: 2009

Environmental mapping of the World Trade Center area with imaging spectroscopy after the September 11, 2001 attack

The Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) was flown over the World Trade Center area on September 16, 18, 22, and 23, 2001. The data were used to map the WTC debris plume and its contents, including the spectral signatures of asbestiform minerals. Samples were collected and used as ground truth for the AVARIS mapping. A number of...

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Green, Robert O.; Livo, Keith E.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Pavri, Betina; Sarture, Charles M.; Boardman, Joe; Brownfield, Isabelle; Morath, Laurie C.

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Year Published: 2009

Method development for analysis of urban dust using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry to detect the possible presence of world trade center dust constituents

The collapse of the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001, sent dust and debris across much of Manhattan and in the surrounding areas. Indoor and outdoor dust samples were collected and characterized by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists using scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectrometry (SEM/EDS). From this...

Bern, A.M.; Lowers, H.A.; Meeker, G.P.; Rosati, J.A.
Method development for analysis of urban dust using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry to detect the possible presence of world trade center dust constituents; 2009; Article; Journal; Environmental Science and Technology; Bern, A. M.; Lowers, H. A.; Meeker, G. P.; Rosati, J. A.

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Year Published: 2007

Detection of viral hemorrhagic septicemia in round gobies in New York State (USA) waters of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River

In May 2006 a large mortality of several thousand round gobies Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) occurred in New York waters of the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. Necropsies of sampled fish from these areas showed pallor of the liver and gills, and hemorrhagic areas in many organs. Histopathologic examination of affected tissues revealed...

Groocock, G.H.; Getchell, R.G.; Wooster, G.A.; Britt, K.L.; Batts, W.N.; Winton, J.R.; Casey, R.N.; Casey, J.W.; Bowser, P.R.

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Year Published: 2006

Spectroscopic and x-ray diffraction analyses of asbestos in the World Trade Center dust: Asbestos content of the settled dust

On September 17 and 18, 2001, samples of settled dust and airfall debris were collected from 34 sites within a 1-km radius of the WTC collapse site, including a sample from an indoor location unaffected by rainfall, and samples of insulation from two steel beams at Ground Zero. Laboratory spectral and x-ray diffraction analyses of the field...

Swayze, Gregg A.; Clark, Roger N.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Livo, Keith E.; Morath, Laurie C.

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Year Published: 2006

Estimated ground-water availability in the Delaware River basin, 1997-2000

Ground-water availability using a watershed-based approach was estimated for the 147 watersheds that make up the Delaware River Basin. This study, conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC), supports the DRBC's Water Resources Plan for the Delaware River Basin. Different procedures were...

Sloto, Ronald A.; Buxton, Debra E.
Estimated ground-water availability in the Delaware River basin, 1997-2000; 2006; SIR; 2006-5125; Sloto, Ronald A.; Buxton, Debra E.

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Year Published: 2005

Particle atlas of World Trade Center dust

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has begun a reassessment of the presence of World Trade Center (WTC) dust in residences, public buildings, and office spaces in New York City, New York. Background dust samples collected from residences, public buildings, and office spaces will be analyzed by multiple laboratories for the...

Lowers, Heather; Meeker, Gregory P.
Particle atlas of World Trade Center dust; 2005; OFR; 2005-1165; Lowers, Heather A.; Meeker, Gregory P.

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Year Published: 2005

Analysis of background residential dust for World Trade Center signature components using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis

Lowers, Heather; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.
Analysis of background residential dust for World Trade Center signature components using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis; 2005; OFR; 2005-1073; Lowers, Heather A.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.

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Year Published: 2005

Determination of a diagnostic signature for World Trade Center dust using scanning electron microscopy point counting techniques

Meeker, Gregory P.; Bern, Amy M.; Lowers, Heather; Brownfield, Isabelle K.
Determination of a diagnostic signature for World Trade Center dust using scanning electron microscopy point counting techniques; 2005; OFR; 2005-1031; Meeker, Gregory P.; Bern, Amy M.; Lowers, Heather A.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.

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May 2, 2019

Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework: Model Overview

This animation is the third video in a series explaining different aspects of the Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF). This video focuses on the machine learning model that PAMF uses to systematically learn from participant's data and then provide site-specific management guidance in return. More information about PAMF can be found at our websites:

man in boat in large body of water looking at laptop screen
March 29, 2019

Recovering Project Platform from Seneca Lake, NY

Matt Jennings (pictured) and Andrew Kowalczk (Boat Chief) on Seneca Lake using an underwater camera and grappling hook to locate and recover lost equipment from the Harmful Algal Bloom (HABs) Project platform that was damaged by an early winter storm. The platform mooring buoy can be seen in the background. Photo by Andrew Kowalczk (Public Domain)

Diver using camera and scooter completing a transect
March 14, 2019

Diver swimming a circular transect

This SCUBA diver is using a camera integrated with a scooter running a circular transect. The white line attached to the scooter is also attached to a pivot point at the center of the sample area.

Dive camera system on the boat
March 14, 2019

Dive Camera System Ready to Deploy In Lake Ontario

An integrated camera and scooter system is ready to deploy in Lake Ontario. The camera is used to record circular transects.

2 men boating to shore from a large iron post with ladder in icy river houses on shore in background
March 14, 2019

Making repairs at the Green Island streamgage on the Hudson River

Sean Stewart and Brendan Hallmark making repairs at the Green Island streamgage  (01358000) on the Hudson River. Photo by Travis Smith (Public Domain)

2 people using sledge hammers to crack ice on lake near USGS boat dock
February 14, 2019

HABS platform removal

Matthew Jennings and Andrew Kowalczk breaking ice on the boat ramp before retrieving the Harmful Algal Bloom Data Collection Platform moored in Seneca Lake, NY.

concrete support for a bridge and a lock on the river with ice chunks
February 11, 2019

Mohawk River at Lock 9 at Rotterdam Junction, NY

Mohawk River at Lock 9 at Rotterdam Junction, NY

brick building and trees at edge of icy river
February 7, 2019

Mohawk River at Vischer Ferry Dam, NY

Mohawk RIver at Vischer Ferry Dam Ice Jam camera

river jammed with broken brown ice with bare trees on both banks
February 5, 2019

Ice Jam at Buffalo Creek at Gardenville, New York

An ice jam in place at Buffalo Creek at Gardenville (gage 04214500) Photo by Elizabeth Nystrom (Public Domain)

Photo collage of images from Fire Island
December 31, 2018

Photo collage of images from Fire Island

 Photo collage of images from Fire Island showing dunes and beaches

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USGS
October 20, 2017

Long Island Water Conference 5th Annual Drinking Water Symposium  Bethpage, NY

man in fields in chair reading data from instrument on table
October 12, 2017

Long Island Association of Professional Geologists Dinner Meeting Ronkonoma, NY

USGS' Owen Brenner wading with GPS backpack
October 10, 2017

A study finds that although the “wilderness breach” created by Hurricane Sandy in 2012 has reached a relatively stable size and location, the channel and shoals will keep changing in response to weather. Related research shows the breach isn’t likely to increase storm-tide flooding in Great South Bay.

image of 2 maps of wells in nyc
August 23, 2017

A journal article was recently published by the USGS (Stumm and Como, 2017) detailing the use of a borehole-geophysical technique using electromagnetic conductivity to delineate the depth and concentration of saltwater intrusion in Long Island's aquifer system. 

USGS: Science for a changing world
July 7, 2017

Media Alert: Reporters wishing to accompany USGS scientists in the field the week of July 10 should contact Bill Coon, 607-220-6280 or wcoon@usgs.gov by 5 pm EDT Friday, July 7.

Satellite View of the Wilderness Breach
June 9, 2017

When Hurricane Sandy struck the south shore of Long Island, New York, on October 29, 2012, it caused substantial erosion of the beach and dunes. Storm waves cut through Fire Island National Seashore’s wilderness area, forming a breach. The resulting channel allowed water to flow between the Atlantic Ocean and Great South Bay. 

light blue poster that says Protect Your Aquifer Day with other text about a meeting
May 5, 2017

Protect Your Aquifer Day 2017 Groundwater Science Summit Huntington, NY

River with blue reflection, in late summer, leaves just starting to turn from green to gold.
March 2, 2017

Human and bovine, or cattle, viruses were detected in a small percentage of some Great Lakes Basin streams, with human viruses more prevalent in urban streams and bovine viruses more common in streams in agricultural areas, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey-led study.

aerial map of Long Island, NY
February 14, 2017

The presentations below include the topics discussed at the Project Kickoff Meeting for Groundwater Sustainability of the Long Island Aquifer System

Filter Total Items: 124

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water