Unified Interior Regions

New York

Located in the Northeastern United States, New York is the seventh-most densely populated state in the U.S. The state covers 54,555 square miles and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York and contains the Lake Champlain Valley as its northern half and the Hudson Valley as its southern half. Much of New York State borders water.

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 352
Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Response of fish assemblages and habitat to stream restoration in the Ashokan Watershed

Background: Streams are ecologically, culturally, and economically important systems that are subject to impacts from a large array of human activities. There has been a relatively recent increase in efforts to manage, protect, and restore streams that have experienced physical, chemical, and biological degradation. Unfortunately, interest in any single restoration effort tends to be...

Contacts: Scott George
Date published: February 14, 2020
Status: Active

Coastal Change at Fire Island, a geonarrative

For more than two decades the U.S. Geological Survey has been researching Fire Island's offshore, nearshore, and barrier island systems to better understand drivers of coastal change and evolution. This geonarrative delves into how barrier islands change and evolve, demonstrates how seasons, storms and humans change beaches, and explores the role models play in predicting what the beach might...

Date published: February 6, 2020
Status: Active

Assessment of fecal contamination sources to Alley Creek, Queens County, New York

PROBLEM Alley Creek, a tributary to Little Neck Bay (Queens County, New York; figure 1) has been designated as impaired by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC) for primary and secondary contact and included on the 303(d) Impaired Waterways for pathogens related to combined sewer overflow contributions. The New York City Department of Environmental Protection...

Date published: September 17, 2019
Status: Active

Eighteenmile Creek Area of Concern Fish Community Assessment

Background: Eighteenmile Creek was designated as an Area of Concern (AOC) in 1985 because water quality and bed sediments were contaminated by past industrial and municipal discharges, waste disposal, and pesticide usage. Five Beneficial Use Impairments (BUIs) were identified in the Eighteenmile Creek AOC, including BUI #3 - the degradation of fish and wildlife populations. The remedial action...

Date published: September 5, 2019
Status: Active

Status of American Eel populations in the Mohawk River Basin

Background: The waters of the Mohawk River basin are inhabited by one of the richest fish communities on the East Coast. The American Eel, Anguilla rostrata, is a unique member of this community, exhibiting a catadramous (maturing in fresh water and spawning in salt water) life history. Like many migratory fish, the American Eel has suffered a general decline across the East Coast largely...

Date published: September 4, 2019
Status: Active

Real-Time Storm Response

Coastal change forecasts and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change for landfalling storms. Currently responding to Hurricane Dorian.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: August 8, 2019
Status: Active

Track down survey of PCBs in three tributaries to the Niagara River Area of Concern (AOC)

Background Industrial discharges of toxic and bio-accumulating compounds to the Niagara River and its tributaries have occurred over many decades. High concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been found in samples of fish tissue from many locations, including three tributaries to the Niagara River: Tonawanda Creek, Two mile Creek, and Rattlesnake Creek (study reaches listed in...

Contacts: Barry P Baldigo, David Alvarez, Ph.D., Mark Filipski
Date published: August 6, 2019
Status: Active

Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Fire Island is a 50-km long barrier island along the south shore of Long Island, New York. The island is comprised of seventeen year-round communities; federal, state, and county parks; and supports distinct ecosystems alongside areas of economic and cultural value. In addition to providing resources to its residents, the barrier island also protects the heavily-populated mainland from storm...

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - New York

  

Date published: June 4, 2019
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project

The Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project performs geologic mapping at local and regional scales, and geologic research in The Valley and Ridge and Appalachian Plateaus physiographic provinces. These provinces include parts of 11 states and mainly borders the Blue Ridge / Piedmont and North Interior Lowlands Provinces. Two states have Valley and Ridge geology only (GA, NJ), two have...

Date published: May 24, 2019
Status: Active

Groundwater-Quality of Nassau County, Long Island, New York

Problem Statement There are over 1.3 million residents in Nassau County that rely on groundwater as their sole source of potable drinking water. The mixed land uses (residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, and recreational) of Nassau County contribute point and non-point sources of aquifer contamination. Nassau County water purveyors currently operate supply wells screened in the...

Contacts: Irene J Fisher
Date published: May 6, 2019
Status: Active

Breach Evolution - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

In 2012, during Hurricane Sandy, a breach formed in the Otis Pike High Dune Wilderness Area on Fire Island, NY.

Filter Total Items: 244
Date published: May 11, 2020

Overburden Thickness in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains locations of overburden thickness and information regarding their relative thickness.

Date published: May 11, 2020

Aquifer Boundaries in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains locations of aquifer boundaries and types of aquifer confinement.

Date published: May 11, 2020

Moraines and Ice Margins in the Enfield Creek Valley

This dataset contains locations of moraines and ice margins.

Date published: April 28, 2020

Principal facts of gravity data collected in and around the eastern Adirondack highlands, northern New York

Gravity data were collected in 2016 and 2017 to assist in mapping subsurface geology in and around the eastern Adirondack highlands, northern New York, which host numerous iron-oxide apatite deposits. Many of these deposits contain rare-earth elements, which are considered a critical mineral resource. This data release provides principal facts for 189 new gravity stations that were acquire...

Date published: April 23, 2020

Domestic Wells in the United States

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Date published: April 1, 2020

Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1992-2017 (ver. 1.1, December 2020)

This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of soil samples representing 28 headwater drainage basins completely within the Adirondack Park of New York State (ADK Park), one basin partially in the ADK Park, and one watershed 2 kilometers from the ADK Park boundary. Seven of these watersheds have been sampled 2 or 3 times over periods of 12 to 22 years. Soil samples wer

Date published: April 1, 2020

Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1992-2017

This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of soil samples representing 28 headwater drainage basins completely within the Adirondack Park of New York State (ADK Park), one basin partially in the ADK Park, and one watershed 2 kilometers from the ADK Park boundary. Seven of these watersheds have been sampled 2 or 3 times over periods of 12 to 22 years. Soil samples wer

Date published: March 31, 2020

Coastal wetlands of eastern Long Island, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of eastern Long Island, New York, including the north and south forks, Gardiners Island, and Fishers Island. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model.

Date published: March 11, 2020

Data for assessing the status of resident fish communities in the Eighteenmile Creek Area of Concern, New York

The dataset is composed of two data tables containing information from boat electrofishing surveys of two tributaries to Lake Ontario, Eighteenmile Creek and Oak Orchard Creek during June 2019. The first data table contains fish collection information and the second data table contains information on the sampled reaches.

Date published: February 21, 2020

Lake Ontario Nearshore Nutrient Study (LONNS), 2018, Lake Ontario, New York

From April through September of 2018, water-quality data were collected at 35 locations from select tributaries, embayments, and nearshore lake locations along New York's portion of Lake Ontario in support of the 2018 Cooperative Science and Monitoring Initiative, the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, and the Lakewide Action Management Plan. These data include environmental, rep

Date published: December 11, 2019

Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio Soundings and Depth-to-Bedrock Data for Geohydrology and Water Quality Investigation of the Unconsolidated Aquifers in the Enfield Creek Valley, Town of Enfield, Tompkins County, New York, April 2013 - August 2015

From April 2013 to August 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Town of Enfield and the Tompkins County Planning Department, collected horizontal-to-vertical seismic soundings at 69 locations in the Enfield Creek valley to help determine thickness of the unconsolidated deposits and depth to bedrock. The HVSR technique, commonly referred to as the passive-seismic metho

Date published: November 5, 2019

Emerging contaminant data at wastewater treatment facilities, municipal water supplies, surface water and lake sites in the northeastern United States, 2009-2018

Over 300 samples were collected in New York, Vermont, and Massachusetts from wastewater treatment facilities (20 locations), drinking water facilities (9 locations), streams (53 locations), lakes (2 locations), a bay (1 location), and a POCIS (Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler) blank sample between April 2009 and October 2018. This data release prov

Filter Total Items: 65
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Year Published: 2010

Simulation of Runoff and Reservoir Inflow for Use in a Flood-Analysis Model for the Delaware River, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, 2004-2006

A model was developed to simulate inflow to reservoirs and watershed runoff to streams during three high-flow events between September 2004 and June 2006 for the main-stem subbasin of the Delaware River draining to Trenton, N.J. The model software is a modified version of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS...

Goode, Daniel J.; Koerkle, Edward H.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Regan, R. Steve; Hay, Lauren E.; Markstrom, Steven L.
Simulation of Runoff and Reservoir Inflow for Use in a Flood-Analysis Model for the Delaware River, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, 2004-2006; 2010; OFR; 2010-1014; Goode, Daniel J.; Koerkle, Edward H.; Hoffman, Scott A.; Regan, R. Steve; Hay, Lauren E.; Markstrom, Steven L.

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Year Published: 2010

Response to the comment by Henry Kahn and Dennis Santella on a summary of the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings

A response by Gregory P. Meeker and colleagues to a commentary on their article on the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings is presented

Meeker, Gregory P.; Lowers, Heather; Lioy, Paul J.; Lippmann, Morton
Response to the comment by Henry Kahn and Dennis Santella on a summary of the development of a signature for detection of residual dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings; 2010; Article; Journal; Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology; Gregory P Meeker;Heather A Lowers;Lioy, J, Paul;Lippmann, , Morton

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Year Published: 2009

Inorganic chemical composition and chemical reactivity of settled dust generated by the World Trade Center building collapse: Chapter 12

Samples of dust deposited around lower Manhattan by the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) collapse have inorganic chemical compositions that result in part from the variable chemical contributions of concrete, gypsum wallboard, glass fibers, window glass, and other materials contained in the buildings. The dust deposits were also...

Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Hageman, Philip L.; Lamothe, Paul J.; Ziegler, Thomas L.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Theodorakos, Peter M.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Adams, Monique G.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Taggart, Joseph E.; Clark, Roger N.; Wilson, S.; Sutley, Stephen J.

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Year Published: 2009

Materials characterization of dusts generated by the collapse of the World Trade Center

The major inorganic components of the dusts generated from the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings on September 11, 2001 were concrete materials, gypsum, and man-made vitreous fibers. These components were likely derived from lightweight Portland cement concrete floors, gypsum wallboard, and spray-on fireproofing and ceiling tiles,...

Meeker, Gregory P.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Lowers, Heather; Bern, Amy M.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Clark, Roger N.; Gent, Carol A.

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Year Published: 2009

Environmental mapping of the World Trade Center area with imaging spectroscopy after the September 11, 2001 attack

The Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) was flown over the World Trade Center area on September 16, 18, 22, and 23, 2001. The data were used to map the WTC debris plume and its contents, including the spectral signatures of asbestiform minerals. Samples were collected and used as ground truth for the AVARIS mapping. A number of...

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Green, Robert O.; Livo, Keith E.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Pavri, Betina; Sarture, Charles M.; Boardman, Joe; Brownfield, Isabelle; Morath, Laurie C.

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Year Published: 2009

Method development for analysis of urban dust using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry to detect the possible presence of world trade center dust constituents

The collapse of the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001, sent dust and debris across much of Manhattan and in the surrounding areas. Indoor and outdoor dust samples were collected and characterized by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists using scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectrometry (SEM/EDS). From this...

Bern, A.M.; Lowers, H.A.; Meeker, G.P.; Rosati, J.A.
Method development for analysis of urban dust using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry to detect the possible presence of world trade center dust constituents; 2009; Article; Journal; Environmental Science and Technology; Bern, A. M.; Lowers, H. A.; Meeker, G. P.; Rosati, J. A.

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Year Published: 2007

Detection of viral hemorrhagic septicemia in round gobies in New York State (USA) waters of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River

In May 2006 a large mortality of several thousand round gobies Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) occurred in New York waters of the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. Necropsies of sampled fish from these areas showed pallor of the liver and gills, and hemorrhagic areas in many organs. Histopathologic examination of affected tissues revealed...

Groocock, G.H.; Getchell, R.G.; Wooster, G.A.; Britt, K.L.; Batts, W.N.; Winton, J.R.; Casey, R.N.; Casey, J.W.; Bowser, P.R.

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Year Published: 2006

Spectroscopic and x-ray diffraction analyses of asbestos in the World Trade Center dust: Asbestos content of the settled dust

On September 17 and 18, 2001, samples of settled dust and airfall debris were collected from 34 sites within a 1-km radius of the WTC collapse site, including a sample from an indoor location unaffected by rainfall, and samples of insulation from two steel beams at Ground Zero. Laboratory spectral and x-ray diffraction analyses of the field...

Swayze, Gregg A.; Clark, Roger N.; Sutley, Stephen J.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle; Livo, Keith E.; Morath, Laurie C.

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Year Published: 2006

Estimated ground-water availability in the Delaware River basin, 1997-2000

Ground-water availability using a watershed-based approach was estimated for the 147 watersheds that make up the Delaware River Basin. This study, conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC), supports the DRBC's Water Resources Plan for the Delaware River Basin. Different procedures were...

Sloto, Ronald A.; Buxton, Debra E.
Estimated ground-water availability in the Delaware River basin, 1997-2000; 2006; SIR; 2006-5125; Sloto, Ronald A.; Buxton, Debra E.

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Year Published: 2005

Particle atlas of World Trade Center dust

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has begun a reassessment of the presence of World Trade Center (WTC) dust in residences, public buildings, and office spaces in New York City, New York. Background dust samples collected from residences, public buildings, and office spaces will be analyzed by multiple laboratories for the...

Lowers, Heather; Meeker, Gregory P.
Particle atlas of World Trade Center dust; 2005; OFR; 2005-1165; Lowers, Heather A.; Meeker, Gregory P.

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Year Published: 2005

Analysis of background residential dust for World Trade Center signature components using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis

Lowers, Heather; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.
Analysis of background residential dust for World Trade Center signature components using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis; 2005; OFR; 2005-1073; Lowers, Heather A.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.

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Year Published: 2005

Determination of a diagnostic signature for World Trade Center dust using scanning electron microscopy point counting techniques

Meeker, Gregory P.; Bern, Amy M.; Lowers, Heather; Brownfield, Isabelle K.
Determination of a diagnostic signature for World Trade Center dust using scanning electron microscopy point counting techniques; 2005; OFR; 2005-1031; Meeker, Gregory P.; Bern, Amy M.; Lowers, Heather A.; Brownfield, Isabelle K.

Filter Total Items: 392
2 people in life vests by dock by water hammering into post with city view in background
July 30, 2019

HRECOS gage Pier 26 New York, NY

Riley Behrens and Anthony Cacace are replacing an intake on Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observing System (HRECOS) gage 01376520 Hudson River at Pier 26 at New York, NY. Photo by Natalie Cheung (Public domain

...
large seine on a creek with trees on shoreline
July 18, 2019

Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey

A blocking seine prevents fish from moving in or out of a study reach on the Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey conducted on July 18th by Scott George, Barry Baldigo, and technicians from the New York Water Science Center. Photo by Scott George

Releasing a Lake Sturgeon
July 5, 2019

Seneca River Lake Sturgeon Release

A 59 lb., 64 in. female lake sturgeon is released into the Seneca River after telemetry tagging. Pictured GLSC (Cortland, New York) personnel are Grant Scholten, Marc Chalupnicki, and Caleb Konrad.

3 usgs staffers on boat in water capturing fish during electrofishing
June 12, 2019

Electrofishing on Eighteenmile Creek, NY

A USGS field crew captures fish during a boat electrofishing survey

green pasture outlined by trees and has a USGS gage in the corner
June 7, 2019

CB-1072 Niverville, NY

CB-1072 Niverville NY USGS gage

May 15, 2019

USGS Studies Harmful Algal Blooms in New York

USGS scientists are studying water-quality conditions and harmful algal blooms—known as HABs—in Owasco, Seneca and Skaneateles lakes in New York. The USGS monitoring effort will provide a better understanding of HAB growth and severity and allow for near instantaneous detection of changing water-quality conditions that might be indicative of HAB development. This will

May 2, 2019

Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework: Model Overview

This animation is the third video in a series explaining different aspects of the Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF). This video focuses on the machine learning model that PAMF uses to systematically learn from participant's data and then provide site-specific management guidance in return. More information about PAMF can be found at our websites:

man in boat in large body of water looking at laptop screen
March 29, 2019

Recovering Project Platform from Seneca Lake, NY

Matt Jennings (pictured) and Andrew Kowalczk (Boat Chief) on Seneca Lake using an underwater camera and grappling hook to locate and recover lost equipment from the Harmful Algal Bloom (HABs) Project platform that was damaged by an early winter storm. The platform mooring buoy can be seen in the background. Photo by Andrew Kowalczk (Public Domain)

Dive camera system on the boat
March 14, 2019

Dive Camera System Ready to Deploy In Lake Ontario

An integrated camera and scooter system is ready to deploy in Lake Ontario. The camera is used to record circular transects.

2 men boating to shore from a large iron post with ladder in icy river houses on shore in background
March 14, 2019

Making repairs at the Green Island streamgage on the Hudson River

Sean Stewart and Brendan Hallmark making repairs at the Green Island streamgage  (01358000) on the Hudson River. Photo by Travis Smith (Public Domain)

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Nor'easter
March 1, 2018

USGS field crews are deploying storm-tide and wave sensors today from Maine to Delaware to track and study a Nor’easter forecasted to begin tomorrow.

Long Island Sound Survey team
December 12, 2017

Geological Sampling (videos, photos and sediment samples) in Long Island Sound on the newly stretched R/V Connecticut with scientist from USGS, UConn and Univ of New Haven

USGS
October 20, 2017

Long Island Water Conference 5th Annual Drinking Water Symposium  Bethpage, NY

man in fields in chair reading data from instrument on table
October 12, 2017

Long Island Association of Professional Geologists Dinner Meeting Ronkonoma, NY

USGS' Owen Brenner wading with GPS backpack
October 10, 2017

A study finds that although the “wilderness breach” created by Hurricane Sandy in 2012 has reached a relatively stable size and location, the channel and shoals will keep changing in response to weather. Related research shows the breach isn’t likely to increase storm-tide flooding in Great South Bay.

image of 2 maps of wells in nyc
August 23, 2017

A journal article was recently published by the USGS (Stumm and Como, 2017) detailing the use of a borehole-geophysical technique using electromagnetic conductivity to delineate the depth and concentration of saltwater intrusion in Long Island's aquifer system. 

USGS: Science for a changing world
July 7, 2017

Media Alert: Reporters wishing to accompany USGS scientists in the field the week of July 10 should contact Bill Coon, 607-220-6280 or wcoon@usgs.gov by 5 pm EDT Friday, July 7.

Satellite View of the Wilderness Breach
June 9, 2017

When Hurricane Sandy struck the south shore of Long Island, New York, on October 29, 2012, it caused substantial erosion of the beach and dunes. Storm waves cut through Fire Island National Seashore’s wilderness area, forming a breach. The resulting channel allowed water to flow between the Atlantic Ocean and Great South Bay. 

light blue poster that says Protect Your Aquifer Day with other text about a meeting
May 5, 2017

Protect Your Aquifer Day 2017 Groundwater Science Summit Huntington, NY

Filter Total Items: 124

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water