Unified Interior Regions

New York

Located in the Northeastern United States, New York is the seventh-most densely populated state in the U.S. The state covers 54,555 square miles and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York and contains the Lake Champlain Valley as its northern half and the Hudson Valley as its southern half. Much of New York State borders water.

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 352
Date published: May 6, 2019
Status: Active

Other Storm Impacts - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Since the late 1990s, USGS has been conducting research to quantify the impact from other hurricanes and nor'easters on the beaches and dunes at Fire Island.

Date published: May 3, 2019
Status: Active

Hurricane Sandy - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

USGS used several techniques to quantify the impacts of Hurricane Sandy on the ocean shoreline of Fire Island.

Date published: May 3, 2019
Status: Active

Storm Impacts - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Fire Island is vulnerable to considerable storm activity year-round from both hurricanes and nor’easters. Storms are important drivers of coastal change in barrier island settings such as Fire Island. Larger storms carry sediment to the interior of the island via overwash, helping to create new habitat and build island resilience by adding back barrier width and interior elevation. Storms also...

Date published: May 2, 2019
Status: Active

Research Integration - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

In order to predict the future behavior of the Fire Island landscape as a whole, information from across research themes must be integrated.

Date published: May 2, 2019
Status: Active

Back-barrier and Estuarine - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Regional-scale modeling forecasts how atmospheric forcing and oceanographic circulation influence estuarine circulation and water levels, sediment transport, and wetland change.

Date published: May 1, 2019
Status: Active

Predicting Future Beach Change - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Probabilistic models are used to predict future beach changes at Fire Island. These models, referred to as Bayesian networks, use statistics to estimate probabilities of future beach configurations based on existing observations. Bayesian networks are easily updated with new data or observations, making this approach ideal for use in coastal systems that experience rapid and frequent changes...

Date published: May 1, 2019
Status: Active

Beach Change Envelope - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Given the unique challenges in quantifying the extensive, yet variable impacts of Hurricane Sandy at Fire Island, we used a time series of beach profile data at Fire Island, New York, to define a new contour-based morphologic change metric, the Beach Change Envelope (BCE).

Date published: May 1, 2019
Status: Active

Beach Profiles - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

As part of the assessment of beach and dune morphologic change associated with Hurricane Sandy and the continuing efforts to track post-Sandy recovery, differential global positioning system (DGPS) elevation data are collected along 15 shore-perpendicular profiles extending from just inland of the crest of dune to the low-tide swash zone.  

Date published: April 30, 2019
Status: Active

Beach Recovery - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Alongshore features, such as the position of the dune crest and shoreline, are typically used to measure storm impacts and recovery. Impacts from Hurricane Sandy were so substantial to these features, however, that USGS researchers were provided a unique opportunity to develop new techniques to capture and monitor both storm impacts and recovery.

Date published: April 30, 2019
Status: Active

Oceanside Beaches and Dunes - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Oceanfront research at Fire Island, New York, is primarily focused on understanding the long- and short-term behavior of the ocean-facing terrestrial barrier island system, including human influences. The USGS has had ongoing research activities on Fire Island since the late 1990s, providing science to help inform management decisions. Recent efforts include monitoring the response to and...

Date published: April 30, 2019
Status: Active

Geology and Sediment Availability - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Sediment supply is a critical control on barrier island vulnerability and resilience over a variety of time scales (e.g., storms to sea level rise). Past work at Fire Island and elsewhere has demonstrated a link between inner shelf sediment availability and barrier island evolution over geologic and historical time scales. However, there have been few opportunities to explore nearshore...

Date published: April 30, 2019
Status: Active

Long-Term Change - Coastal System Change at Fire Island, New York

Long-term coastal change can occur over historical (10s to 100s years) and geological time scales (100s-1000s years). At Fire Island, the historical record of the position of the island goes back to the 1800s. Changes since then are quantified using historical maps, aerial photos, and modern coastal mapping techniques.

Filter Total Items: 244
Date published: October 15, 2019

Numerical model of salinity transport and mixing in the Hudson River Estuary

Transport of material in an estuary is important for water quality and hazards concern. We studied these processes in the Hudson River Estuary, located along the northeast coast of the U.S. using the COAWST numerical modeling system. The model grid extends from the south at the Battery, NY to the north in Troy, NY.

Date published: July 15, 2019

High-resolution geophysical data collected offshore of Fire Island, New York in 2011, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2011-005-FA

These spatial data support research on the Quaternary evolution of the Fire Island coastal system and provide baseline information for research on coastal processes along southern Long Island. For more information about the WHCMSC Field Activity, see https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2011-005-FA.

Date published: April 29, 2019

NY WSC Go2 Mapper

Interactive web mapping application used to display Go2 warning messages and field personnel locations. The Go2 system is used by USGS staff to monitor the maintenance of USGS gages.

Date published: April 9, 2019

Drought Streamflow Probabilities in Northeast Region

Maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR) is used to estimate drought probabilities for selected Northeast rivers and streams. Winter streamflows are used to estimate the chance of hydrologic drought during summer months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Northeastern streams.

Date published: April 5, 2019

Detailed Aquifer Mapping Program in Upstate New York

Define the hydrogeology of extensively used (primary) stratified-drift aquifers in upstate NY, and present the information as individual sets of maps at 1:24,000 scale. Each published report describes the hydrogeology of a specific aquifer or segment, and depicts selected hydrogeologic characteristics. Continue the hydrogeologic assessment and mapping of selected principal aquifers in upstate...

Date published: April 3, 2019

Petrophysical data collected on outcrops and rock samples from the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York

Petrophysical data were collected in the eastern Adirondack Highlands during several field campaigns in 2016-2017. This data release provides magnetic susceptibility, gamma spectrometry, and density measurements on rock outcrops, hand samples, and during walking surveys. Rock types for the outcrops and samples were identified using standard field methods. Locations of the outcrops or sam

Date published: March 15, 2019

Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017

The iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits near Mineville in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, have been of interest for their rich magnetite ore since the mid-1700s but have attracted renewed attention due to their potential as rare earth element (REE) resources (McKeown and Klemic, 1956; Lupulescu and others, 2016; Taylor and others, 2018). Apatite is the main REE-host a

Date published: January 1, 2019

End point rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands

This data set contains rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological Survey, version 5.0. En

Date published: January 1, 2019

Data and analytical type-curve match for selected hydraulic tests at an earthen dam site in Southern Westchester County, New York

This data release contains water level displacement data and analytical type-curve matches for selected hydraulic tests that support USGS Open-File Report 2019-1102, "Slug-Test Analysis of Selected Wells at an Earthen Dam Site in Southern Westchester County, New York."

In 2005, the U.S. Geological Survey began a cooperative study with New York City Department of Environmental

Date published: January 1, 2019

Intersection points used to calculate rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands

This data set contains intersection points used to compute rate of change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological

Filter Total Items: 65
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2003

Influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L.) on fish community structure and function in headwater streams of the Delaware River basin

Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) forest of the eastern U.S. are in decline due to invasion by the exotic insect hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae). Aquatic biodiversity in hemlock ecosystems has not been documented; thus the true impact of the infestation cannot be assessed. We compared ichthyofaunal assemblages and trophic structure of streams...

Ross, R.M.; Bennett, R.M.; Snyder, C.D.; Young, J.A.; Smith, D. R.; Lemarie, D.P.
Influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L.) on fish community structure and function in headwater streams of the Delaware River basin; 2003; Article; Journal; Ecology of Freshwater Fish; Ross, R. M.; Bennett, R. M.; Snyder, C. D.; Young, J. A.; Smith, D. R.; Lemarie, D. P.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2002

New York water-use program and data, 1995

No abstract available.

Lumia, Deborah S.; Linsey, K.S.
New York water-use program and data, 1995; 2002; FS; 014-02; Lumia, Deborah S.; Linsey, K. S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2002

USGS environmental studies of the World Trade Center area, New York City, after September 11, 2001

Two days after the September 11, 2001, attack on World Trade Center (WTC), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) was asked by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Public Health Service to conduct a remote sensing and mineralogical characterization study of lower Manhattan around the WTC. This study, conducted in cooperation...

Clark, Roger N.; Meeker, Greg; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Swayze, Gregg A.
USGS environmental studies of the World Trade Center area, New York City, after September 11, 2001; 2002; FS; 050-02; Clark, Roger N.; Meeker, Greg; Plumlee, Geoff; Swayze, Gregg

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2002

History and hydrologic effects of ground water use in Kings, Queens, and western Nassau counties, Long Island, New York, 1800's through 1997

Ground-water withdrawals from the aquifers underlying Kings and Queens Counties varied temporally and spatially during the 20th century and caused extreme changes in water levels. The resultant lowering of water levels during periods of heavy pumping caused saltwater intrusion in nearshore areas and the migration of contaminants from land surface...

Cartwright, Richard A.
Cartwright, R.A., 2002, History and hydrologic effects of ground water use in Kings, Queens, and western Nassau counties, Long Island, New York, 1800's through 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001–4096, 79 p., https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wri014096.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2001

Environmental studies of the World Trade Center area after the September 11, 2001 attack

This web site describes the results of an interdisciplinary environmental characterization of the World Trade Center (WTC) area after September 11, 2001.Information presented in this site was first made available to the World Trade Center emergency response teams on September 18, 2001 (Thermal hot spot information), and September 27, 2001 (maps...

Clark, Roger N.; Green, Robert O.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Meeker, Greg; Sutley, Steve; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, K. Eric; Plumlee, Geoff; Pavri, Betina; Sarture, Chuck; Wilson, Steve; Hageman, Phil; Lamothe, Paul; Vance, J. Sam; Boardman, Joe; Brownfield, Isabelle; Gent, Carol; Morath, Laurie C.; Taggart, Joseph; Theodorakos, Peter M.; Adams, Monique
Environmental studies of the World Trade Center area after the September 11, 2001 attack; 2001; OFR; 2001-429; Clark, Roger N.; Green, Robert O.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Meeker, Greg; Sutley, Steve; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, K. Eric; Plumlee, Geoff; Pavri, Betina; Sarture, Chuck; Wilson, Steve; Hageman, Phil; Lamothe, Paul; Vance, J. Sam; Boardman, Joe; Brownfield, Isabelle; Gent, Carol; Morath, Laurie C.; Taggart, Joseph; Theodorakos, Peter M.; Adams, Monique

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2001

Images of the World Trade Center site show thermal hot spots on September 16 and 23, 2001

Clark, Roger N.; Green, Robert O.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, K. Eric; Pavi, Betina; Sarcher, Chuck; Boardman, Joe; Vance, J. Sam
Images of the World Trade Center site show thermal hot spots on September 16 and 23, 2001; 2001; OFR; 2001-405; Clark, Roger N.; Green, Robert O.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Livo, K. Eric; Pavi, Betina; Sarcher, Chuck; Boardman, Joe; Vance, J. Sam

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2001

Areal distribution and concentrations of contaminants of concern in surficial streambed and lakebed sediments, Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair drainages, 1990–97

Concerns about elevated concentrations of contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury in aquatic bed sediments throughout the Great Lakes Basin have resulted in a need for better understanding of the scope and severity of the problem. Various organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, trace metals, and polycyclic aromatic...

Rheaume, S.J.; Button, D.T.; Myers, Donna N.; Hubbell, D.L.
Rheaume, S. J., Button, D. T., Myers, D. N., and Hubbell, D. L., 2001, Areal distribution and concentrations of contaminants of concern in surficial streambed and lakebed sediments, Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair drainages, 1990–97: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2000–4200, 70 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/wri004200.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2000

Water quality in the Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair Drainages; Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, New York, and Pennsylvania, 1996-98

This report summarizes major findings about water quality in the Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair Drainages that emerged from an assessment conducted between 1996 and 1998 by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. Water quality is discussed in terms of local and regional issues and compared to conditions...

Myers, Donna N.; Thomas, Mary Ann; Frey, Jeffrey W.; Rheaume, Stephen J.; Button, Daniel T.
Water quality in the Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair Drainages; Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, New York, and Pennsylvania, 1996-98; 2000; CIR; 1203; Myers, Donna N.; Thomas, Mary Ann; Frey, Jeffrey W.; Rheaume, Stephen J.; Button, Daniel T.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1999

Feasibility of using ground water as a supplemental supply for Brooklyn and Queens, New York

No abstract available. 

Buxton, H.T.; Smolensky, D.A.; Shernoff, P.K.
Feasibility of using ground water as a supplemental supply for Brooklyn and Queens, New York; 1999; WRI; 98-4070; Buxton, H. T.; Smolensky, D. A.; Shernoff, P. K.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

Sensitivity of water resources in the Delaware River basin to climate variability and change

Because of the greenhouse effect, projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels might cause global warming, which in turn could result in changes in precipitation patterns and evapotranspiration and in increases in sea level. This report describes the greenhouse effect; discusses the problems and uncertainties associated with the...

Ayers, Mark A.; Wolock, David M.; McCabe, Gregory J.; Hay, Lauren E.; Tasker, Gary D.
Sensitivity of water resources in the Delaware River basin to climate variability and change; 1994; WSP; 2422; Ayers, Mark A.; Wolock, David M.; McCabe, Gregory J.; Hay, Lauren E.; Tasker, Gary D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1991

Estimated freshwater withdrawals and use in New York, 1985

Linsey, Bruce M.; Snavely Lumia, Deborah S.
Estimated freshwater withdrawals and use in New York, 1985; 1991; OFR; 91-221; Linsey, Bruce M.; Snavely Lumia, Deborah S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Oklahoma-Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, , Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, , , Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, , Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Filter Total Items: 392
Diver using camera and scooter completing a transect
March 14, 2019

Diver swimming a circular transect

This SCUBA diver is using a camera integrated with a scooter running a circular transect. The white line attached to the scooter is also attached to a pivot point at the center of the sample area.

2 people using sledge hammers to crack ice on lake near USGS boat dock
February 14, 2019

HABS platform removal

Matthew Jennings and Andrew Kowalczk breaking ice on the boat ramp before retrieving the Harmful Algal Bloom Data Collection Platform moored in Seneca Lake, NY.

concrete support for a bridge and a lock on the river with ice chunks
February 11, 2019

Mohawk River at Lock 9 at Rotterdam Junction, NY

Mohawk River at Lock 9 at Rotterdam Junction, NY

brick building and trees at edge of icy river
February 7, 2019

Mohawk River at Vischer Ferry Dam, NY

Mohawk RIver at Vischer Ferry Dam Ice Jam camera

river jammed with broken brown ice with bare trees on both banks
February 5, 2019

Ice Jam at Buffalo Creek at Gardenville, New York

An ice jam in place at Buffalo Creek at Gardenville (gage 04214500) Photo by Elizabeth Nystrom (Public Domain)

Photo collage of images from Fire Island
December 31, 2018

Photo collage of images from Fire Island

 Photo collage of images from Fire Island showing dunes and beaches

Images of multiple oceanside beaches and dunes at Fire Island, New York.
December 31, 2018

Images of multiple oceanside beaches and dunes at Fire Island New York

For more than 15 years, the USGS has actively studied natural and human changes to the shoreline, beaches, and dunes at Fire Island. This research program has refined our understanding of the long (decades to centuries)- and short-term (storm events, seasons, years) geomorphological changes on the barrier island that influence natural, cultural, and recreational resources

...
person standing in stream holding a pole with 2 people on horse crossing stream in background
November 29, 2018

Carmans River, Long Island, NY

Banu Bayraktar learns how to make a streamflow measurement at Carmans River at Yaphank, NY, as part of our new "Hydrologic Monitoring in the Central Pine Barrens" program. Photo by Amy Simonson (Public Domain)

Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
November 14, 2018

National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

white truck in distance on gravel road in midst of fall foliage-orange, yellow, brown leaves
October 29, 2018

Adirondack Fall Foliage, NY

Waning fall foliage as seen on a rural Adirondack road during the Western Adirondack Stream Survey (WASS) conducted in November, 2018. Photo by Scott George

Smallmouth bass swimming near the lake bottom
October 16, 2018

A Smallmouth Bass in Lake Ontario

A smallmouth bass swims near a diver in Lake Ontario.

A small crayfish near the center pivot
October 16, 2018

A crayfish in our sample area

A diver points at a small crayfish near a pivot point used for circular transects in Lake Ontario.

Filter Total Items: 156
River with blue reflection, in late summer, leaves just starting to turn from green to gold.
March 2, 2017

Human and bovine, or cattle, viruses were detected in a small percentage of some Great Lakes Basin streams, with human viruses more prevalent in urban streams and bovine viruses more common in streams in agricultural areas, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey-led study.

aerial map of Long Island, NY
February 14, 2017

The presentations below include the topics discussed at the Project Kickoff Meeting for Groundwater Sustainability of the Long Island Aquifer System

2 men working with a drill rig
January 26, 2017

Exploratory well drilling on Long Island has begun, and is planned to continue through the summer. The drilling will better define the aquifer system, track saltwater encroachment, and inform a new groundwater-flow model for the Island.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

illustration of NACP flow system
November 17, 2016

The U.S. Geological Survey began a multiyear regional assessment of groundwater availability in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain (NACP) aquifer system in 2010 as part of its ongoing regional assessments of groundwater availability of the principal aquifers of the Nation.

USGS: Science for a changing world
September 6, 2016

Threats to groundwater availability and sustainability in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain are dependent to a large degree by the type of aquifers used for water supply, according to a new regional assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
June 27, 2016

These interactive, mobile-friendly websites use maps of beach locations to indicate whether or not estimated bacteria levels exceed state safety standards. 

Image: Methane Seeps along Offshore Virginia
June 16, 2016

Recent scientific work has confirmed the source, composition and origin of methane seeps on the Atlantic Ocean seafloor, discovered in 2012, where scientists never expected them to be.

The Harlem River and Washington Bridge circa 1905, looking northward.
June 14, 2016

Water quality in the Harlem River in New York has improved greatly since passage of the Clean Water Act in 1972, though there are still instances where it doesn’t meet state and federal standards according to first time analysis of the river data by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Photo of a USGS scientist measuring of flow of water around the barge in Illinois.
June 14, 2016

When a moving barge encounters small fish in the Illinois Waterway there is a possibility that the fish will become trapped in the gap between barges, according to a new study by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey.

Filter Total Items: 124

New York Water Science Center

New York Water Science Center

425 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180-8349

Phone: (518) 285-5695
Fax: (518) 285-5601

New York Water