Unified Interior Regions

Oklahoma

The Southwest Region ranges from the Colorado Rockies to the Gulf Coast and the Western Deserts to the Great Plains. The Southwest Region conducts multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring in locations across the Region, the United States, around the world, and across our solar system.

Oklahoma Water Science Center

Oklahoma Water Science Center

The OKWSC collects high-quality hydrologic data and conducts unbiased, scientifically sound research on Oklahoma's water resources.

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South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central CASC researchers are working throughout the region to understand how future climate might impact fish, wildlife, water, land, and people.

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States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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Filter Total Items: 55
Date published: November 30, 2018
Status: Active

Anadarko Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Anadarko Basin Province 5058:

  • 2010 Conventional and Continuous Assessment (Fact Sheet 2011-3003, complete geologic report also available in 
  • ...
Date published: November 29, 2018
Status: Active

Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin Province 5045, north-central Texas and southwestern Oklahoma:

  • 2015 Shale Gas and Shale Oil Assessment (Fact Sheet 2015-3018)
  • 2003 Conventional and Continuous Assessment (
  • ...
Date published: November 28, 2018
Status: Active

Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

Date published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Date published: September 21, 2017
Status: Active

Flood Database for Oklahoma

A web-mapping application for historical flood information organization and access.

Contacts: S. Jerrod Smith
Date published: August 2, 2017
Status: Active

Green Infrastructure, CECs, and Geochemistry in Urban Stormwater Runoff used to Recharge Groundwater

This national project is a joint effort between the USGS and EPA looking at contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in urban stormwater runoff that is infiltrated into the subsurface or likely to be infiltrated in the future.

Phase I of the project aims to provide a broad-scale assessment of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and basic composition of water chemistry in urban...

Contacts: Jason Masoner
Date published: August 1, 2017
Status: Active

Deep Well Monitoring During Seismic Activity

The USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center is working cooperatively with the USGS Earthquake Science Center (California) to monitor real-time downhole pressures, temperatures, and water levels in an effort to understand changes in pore-fluid pressure in the Arbuckle Group associated with seismic activity.

Date published: July 12, 2017
Status: Completed

Groundwater Monitoring on Fort Sill Apache Tribal Lands

This USGS investigation will examine the hydraulic properties of the Rush Springs aquifer underlying Fort Sill Apache tribal lands to determine their potential for groundwater development. The information gathered from this investigation will assist the Fort Sill Apache Tribe in identifying well locations with optimal long-term pumping capacity and water quality.

Contacts: Leland Fuhrig
Date published: June 30, 2017

Tri-State Ground-Water Modeling

Short Title: Tri-State Ground-Water Model
Project Chief: Jonathan Gillip
Cooperators: Kansas Water Board
Project Time Frame: 2005 - present

To assess the effect that increased water use is having on the long-term availability of groundwater within the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system, a...

Date published: June 9, 2017
Status: Active

Water Budget Analysis of the Pawnee Tribe Jurisdictional Area in Payne County, OK

The objective of this proposed project is to construct an annual water budget for the Cimarron River alluvial aquifer between USGS streamgages Cimarron River near Ripley, OK and a proposed new USGS streamgage. Components of the water budget (precipitation, [runoff], evapotranspiration, stream base flow, bedrock lateral flow, and groundwater pumping) will be calculated for the 2017 water year (...

Date published: June 9, 2017
Status: Active

Black Bear Creek Watershed Hydrologic Summary for the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma

The objectives of this project are to compile, summarize, and analyze available data and reports from the Pawnee Nation, the USGS, and other government agencies. The final report of the analysis will provide a comprehensive background document for geographic, hydrologic, and environmental features of the area and will identify gaps in available data that need to be filled for the Pawnee Nation...

Date published: June 9, 2017
Status: Completed

Tonkawa Tribe Groundwater Survey

The objective of this study is to analyze the alluvial aquifer of the Chikaskia River to determine the potential for additional groundwater resources for the Tonkawa Tribe’s water supply. This investigation will examine the depth, lithology, hydraulic properties, and general water quality of the Chikaskia River alluvial aquifer.

Contacts: Nicole Paizis

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

Filter Total Items: 32
Date published: August 28, 2018

USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

Date published: January 1, 2018

Airborne Magnetic Surveys over Oklahoma, 2017

Airborne magnetic surveys were conducted in Oklahoma from August 11th, 2017-October 28th, 2017, by Goldak Airborne Surveys. Here we present downloadable flight line data from those surveys in comma-separated values (csv format). Three areas were flown along a draped surface with a nominal survey height above ground of 120 meters. The flight line spacing for these areas was 200 to 400 m

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: April 27, 2017

U.S. Drought Portal

National Integrated Drought Information System's U.S. Drought Portal.

Date published: April 13, 2017

Surface-water data for Oklahoma

Real-time and historical streamflow data collected throughout Oklahoma.

Date published: April 13, 2017

Groundwater data for Oklahoma

Current and historical groundwater data for Oklahoma.

Date published: April 13, 2017

Water-quality data for Oklahoma

Current and historical water-quality data for Oklahoma.

Date published: April 13, 2017

Water-use data for Oklahoma

Historical water-use data for Oklahoma.

Date published: April 13, 2017

Lake-level data for Oklahoma

Real-time and historical lake-level data for Oklahoma.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Recent flow and stage for Oklahoma

Access recent flood and stage data for streams and rivers throughout Oklahoma.

Date published: August 4, 2016

Prospect- and Mine-Related Features from U.S. Geological Survey 7.5- and 15-Minute Topographic Quadrangle Maps of the Western United States

These data are part of a larger USGS project to develop an updated geospatial database of mines, mineral deposits and mineral regions in the United States. Mine and prospect-related symbols, such as those used to represent prospect pits, mines, adits, dumps, tailings, etc., hereafter referred to as “mine” symbols or features, are currently being digitized on a st

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

Filter Total Items: 13
OK flood map example
January 1, 2010

View flooding high and low flows for streams and rivers throughout Oklahoma on the USGS WaterWatch website.

Filter Total Items: 29
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Year Published: 2016

Far-field pressurization likely caused one of the largest injection induced earthquakes by reactivating a large pre-existing basement fault structure

The Mw 5.1 Fairview, Oklahoma, earthquake on 13 February 2016 and its associated seismicity produced the largest moment release in the central and eastern United States since the 2011 Mw 5.7 Prague, Oklahoma, earthquake sequence and is one of the largest earthquakes potentially linked to wastewater injection. This energetic sequence has produced...

Yeck, William L.; Weingarten, Matthew; Benz, Harley M.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Bergman, E.; Herrmann, R.B; Rubinstein, Justin L.; Earle, Paul S.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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Year Published: 2016

Likelihood testing of seismicity-based rate forecasts of induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

Likelihood testing of induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas has identified the parameters that optimize the forecasting ability of smoothed seismicity models and quantified the recent temporal stability of the spatial seismicity patterns. Use of the most recent 1-year period of earthquake data and use of 10–20-km smoothing distances...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Hoover, Susan M.; Mueller, Charles

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Year Published: 2015

Reactivated faulting near Cushing, Oklahoma: Increased potential for a triggered earthquake in an area of United States strategic infrastructure

In October 2014 two moderate-sized earthquakes (Mw 4.0 and 4.3) struck south of Cushing, Oklahoma, below the largest crude oil storage facility in the world. Combined analysis of the spatial distribution of earthquakes and regional moment tensor focal mechanisms indicate reactivation of a subsurface unnamed and unmapped left-lateral strike-slip...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Hayes, Gavin P.; Benz, Harley M.; Williams, Robert; McMahon, Nicole D; Aster, R.C.; Holland, Austin F.; Sickbert, T; Herrmann, Robert B.; Briggs, Richard W.; Smoczyk, Gregory M.; Bergman, Eric; Earle, Paul S.

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Year Published: 2015

Hundreds of earthquakes per day: The 2014 Guthrie, Oklahoma, Earthquake Sequence

A remarkable increase in seismic activity in Oklahoma since 2009 has been shown to correlate closely with enhanced hydrocarbon extraction and associated wastewater disposal; 99% of this recent Oklahoma earthquake activity has occurred within 15 km of a call II injection well (Ellsworth, 2013). In response to this increase in seismic activity,...

Benz, Harley M.; McMahon, Nicole D; Aster, R; McNamara, Daniel E.; Harris, David J.
Benz, H.M., McMahon, N.D., Aster, R.C., McNamara, D.E. and Harris, D.B. (2015). Hundreds of Earthquakes per Day: The 2014 Guthrie, Oklahoma, Earthquake Sequence, Seismological Research Letters 86(5), 1318-1325. DOI: 10.1785/0220150019

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Year Published: 2015

Efforts to monitor and characterize the recent increasing seismicity in central Oklahoma

The sharp increase in seismicity over a broad region of central Oklahoma has raised concerns regarding the source of the activity and its potential hazard to local communities and energy-industry infrastructure. Efforts to monitor and characterize the earthquake sequences in central Oklahoma are reviewed. Since early 2010, numerous organizations...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Rubinstein, Justin L.; Myers, Emma; Smoczyk, Gregory M.; Benz, Harley M.; Williams, Robert; Hayes, Gavin P.; Wilson, David C.; Herrmann, Robert B.; McMahon, Nicole D; Aster, R.C.; Bergman, E.; Holland, Austin; Earle, Paul S.
McNamara, D.E., J. L. Rubinstein, E. Myers, G. Smoczyk, H.M. Benz, R.A. Williams, G. Hayes, D. Wilson, R. Herrmann, N.D. McMahon, R.C. Aster, E. Bergman, A. Holland, P. Earle, (2015), Efforts to monitor and characterize the recent increasing seismicity in central Oklahoma, The Leading Edge, Special Section: Injection-induced seismicity, June 2015, 936-943.

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Year Published: 2015

Earthquake hypocenters and focal mechanisms in central Oklahoma reveal a complex system of reactivated subsurface strike-slip faulting

The sharp increase in seismicity over a broad region of central Oklahoma has raised concern regarding the source of the activity and its potential hazard to local communities and energy industry infrastructure. Since early 2010, numerous organizations have deployed temporary portable seismic stations in central Oklahoma in order to record the...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Benz, Harley M.; Herrmann, Robert B.; Bergman, Eric A.; Earle, Paul S.; Holland, Austin F.; Baldwin, Randy W.; Gassner, A.

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Year Published: 2014

Finite-fault slip model of the 2011 Mw 5.6 Prague, Oklahoma earthquake from regional waveforms

The slip model for the 2011 Mw 5.6 Prague, Oklahoma, earthquake is inferred using a linear least squares methodology. Waveforms of six aftershocks recorded at 21 regional stations are used as empirical Green's functions (EGFs). The solution indicates two large slip patches: one located around the hypocenter with a depth range of 3–5.5 km; the...

Sun, Xiaodan; Hartzell, Stephen H.
Finite-fault slip model of the 2011 Mw 5.6 Prague, Oklahoma earthquake from regional waveforms; 2014; Article; Journal; Geophysical Research Letters; Xiaodan, Sun; Hartzell, Stephen

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Year Published: 2013

Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake sequence

Significant earthquakes are increasingly occurring within the continental interior of the United States, including five of moment magnitude (Mw) ≥ 5.0 in 2011 alone. Concurrently, the volume of fluid injected into the subsurface related to the production of unconventional resources continues to rise. Here we identify the largest earthquake...

Keranen, Katie M.; Savage, Heather M.; Abers, Geoffrey A.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.
Potentially induced earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA: links between wastewater injection and the 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake sequence; 2013; Article; Journal; Geology; Keranen, Katie M.; Savage, Heather M.; Abers, Geoffrey A.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.

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Year Published: 2010

Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming

This digital data set represents the extent of the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The extent of the High Plains aquifer covers 174,000 square miles in eight states: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. This data set represents a compilation of information from digital and paper...

Qi, Sharon
Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming; 2010; DS; 543; Qi, Sharon

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Year Published: 2009

Water Use in Oklahoma 1950-2005

Comprehensive planning for water resources development and use in Oklahoma requires a historical perspective on water resources. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, summarized the 1950-2005 water-use information for Oklahoma. This report presents 1950-2005 estimates of freshwater withdrawal for water...

Tortorelli, Robert L.
Water Use in Oklahoma 1950-2005; 2009; SIR; 2009-5212; Tortorelli, Robert L.

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Year Published: 2003

Comparison of Irrigation Water Use Estimates Calculated from Remotely Sensed Irrigated Acres and State Reported Irrigated Acres in the Lake Altus Drainage Basin, Oklahoma and Texas, 2000 Growing Season

Increased demand for water in the Lake Altus drainage basin requires more accurate estimates of water use for irrigation. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, is investigating new techniques to improve water-use estimates for irrigation purposes in the Lake Altus drainage basin. Empirical estimates of...

Masoner, J.R.; Mladinich, C.S.; Konduris, A.M.; Smith, S. Jerrod
Comparison of Irrigation Water Use Estimates Calculated from Remotely Sensed Irrigated Acres and State Reported Irrigated Acres in the Lake Altus Drainage Basin, Oklahoma and Texas, 2000 Growing Season; 2003; WRI; 2003-4155; Masoner, J. R.; Mladinich, C. S.; Konduris, A. M.; Smith, S. Jerrod

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

Filter Total Items: 48
Kansas Wildfires, March 2017, Landsat 8
March 31, 2017

March Wildfires Scorch Kansas, Oklahoma Farm and Ranch Land

This March 2017 Landsat 8 image shows massive burned scars in Kansas and Oklahoma. More than 730,000 acres of farm and ranchland were scorched by wind-driven wildfires that began March 6 and were finally extinguished on March 22.

Satellite image showing burn damage caused by fires.
March 17, 2017

Fires Burn Farms and Ranches in Oklahoma and Kansas

Landsat's shortwave infrared (SWIR) band measures reduced moisture content in soil and vegetation. When combined with its near-infrared (NIR) band, which helps reveal actively growing vegetation, Landsat produces highly accurate images and maps of burned areas.

August 23, 2016

Golden Eagle Flight

Golden eagles can be killed by colliding with a number of human-made objects, including wind turbines. USGS research wildlife biologist Todd Katzner describes his studies of golden eagle flight. This research is being done to model flight behavior which might help managers understand how placement of wind turbines might pose significant risks to golden eagles.

 

Satellite image showing the fires by Oklahoma and Kansas border
April 7, 2016

Wildfires Scorch Large Swaths Along Oklahoma-Kansas Border

Using shortwave infrared, near infrared, and visible bands, these Landsat images provide a before and after look at the 350 Complex and Anderson Creek fires.

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

Filter Total Items: 57
Crop of OK earthquake
September 3, 2016

A magnitude 5.8 earthquake struck in Oklahoma on September 3, 2016 at 12:02:44 UTC (7:02 am local time). 

Scan of the1886 legacy topographic map quadrangle of the greater Austin, Texas area from the USGS Historic Topographic Map Colle
April 5, 2016

Updated US Topo maps for Texas and Oklahoma available for download; add Census Bureau road data, wetlands layer and select trails

Map showing epicenter of 5.1 Oklahoma earthquake on Feb 13th
February 13, 2016

A magnitude 5.1 earthquake struck in Oklahoma on February 13, 2016 at 11:07:06 am local time.

USGS
December 29, 2015

Since Saturday morning, parts of eastern Oklahoma received up to 12 inches of rain from Winter Storm Goliath. Water levels at many U.S. Geological Survey gages in that part of the state were already high due to previous rains.

USGS science for a changing world logo
October 26, 2015

The rate of earthquakes has increased sharply since 2009 in the central and eastern United States, with growing evidence confirming that these earthquakes are primarily caused by human activity, namely the injection of wastewater in deep disposal wells.

USGS
June 18, 2015

Several U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding in south-central Oklahoma due to heavy rainfall from the remnants of Tropical Depression Bill.

USGS
May 20, 2015

As moderate to major flooding in southern Oklahoma continues, multiple crews of U.S. Geological Survey scientists are in the field measuring how the recent heavy rains are impacting streamflows and streamgages.

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

@usgsminerals
Filter Total Items: 55

Oklahoma Water Science Center

Oklahoma Water Science Center

The OKWSC collects high-quality hydrologic data and conducts unbiased, scientifically sound research on Oklahoma's water resources.

Go to Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central CASC researchers are working throughout the region to understand how future climate might impact fish, wildlife, water, land, and people.

Go to Science Center