Unified Interior Regions

Oklahoma

The Southwest Region ranges from the Colorado Rockies to the Gulf Coast and the Western Deserts to the Great Plains. The Southwest Region conducts multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring in locations across the Region, the United States, around the world, and across our solar system.

Oklahoma Water Science Center

Oklahoma Water Science Center

The OKWSC collects high-quality hydrologic data and conducts unbiased, scientifically sound research on Oklahoma's water resources.

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South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central CASC researchers are working throughout the region to understand how future climate might impact fish, wildlife, water, land, and people.

Go to Science Center

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

The Southwest Region ranges from the Colorado Rockies to the Gulf Coast and the Western Deserts to the Great Plains. The Southwest Region conducts multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring in locations across the Region, the United States, around the world, and across our solar system.

News

Date published: July 21, 2020

Assessment of Mercury Bioaccumulation in US National Parks Using Citizen Science

A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

Date published: May 24, 2019

Media Advisory: USGS Crews Measure Record Flooding in Oklahoma

Reporters: Do you want to Accompany USGS Scientists as they Measure Record Flooding in Oklahoma? Please Contact Heidi Koontz or Jason Lewis.

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

2017 Midwest Spring Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2017 Midwest Spring Floods that occurred across large portions of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Arkansas in late April and early May, 2017.

Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Archived

Continuous Water-Quality Monitoring During December 2015-January 2016 Flood Events

During the late December 2015-early January 2016 storm event, two sewage-treatment plants and a drinking-water plant in Missouri were inundated by water and failed, contributing untreated sewage to the floodwaters. The USGS collected water-quality samplesat key locations in the Mississippi and Missouri River Basins and continued to sample the flood surge as it moved down the Mississippi River...

Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

Summer 2015 Central Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the Summer 2015 Central Floods that occured when heavy rains caused flooding in four states in the central U.S.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

May-June 2013 Midwest Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the May-June 2013 Midwest Floods.

Date published: February 14, 2019
Status: Active

Hydrologic Summary for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal Jurisdictional Area

The objectives of this proposed project are to compile and evaluate existing data and reports from the USGS, other government agencies, and tribes to summarize the types of data that have been collected in the area and identify gaps in those data. Such analysis will provide a comprehensive background document of geographic, hydrologic, and environmental features of the area and will identify...

Contacts: Carol Becker
Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Arkoma Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Arkoma Basin Province 5062:

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources of the Southern Oklahoma Province (5061):

 

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Nemaha Uplift Province Oil and Gas Assessment

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Nemaha Uplift Province (5055):

 

Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Active

Palo Duro Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Palo Duro Basin Province 5043 in Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma:

 

Date published: November 30, 2018
Status: Active

Cherokee Platform Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Cherokee Platform Province 5060 in Western Oklahoma, Southeast Kandas and Western Missouri:

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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Date published: June 23, 2020

Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

The Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples Database (CMDB) contains chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States. In addition, the database contains samples from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries in North America, South America, Asia, Africa and Europe. Samples were obtained from archived ore

Date published: April 23, 2020

Domestic Wells in the United States

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Date published: September 26, 2019

Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

Date published: January 1, 2019

Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

Date published: November 29, 2018

Downloadable Data for Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

Downloadable Data for Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin Oil and Gas Assessments 

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

GRDA bathymetry
September 22, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and query water depths for the Neosho River, Spring River and Elk River, in northeastern Oklahoma.

Funding partners: Grand River Dam Authority

OK earthquake map
August 2, 2017

Information on the latest earthquakes in Oklahoma.

Miami Inundation Pilot Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Neosho River inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations at Grand Lake and the Neosho River streamgage near Commerce

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife 

Shawnee Reservoir Data Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Shawnee (Twin Lakes) Reservoir inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: City of Shawnee

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Grand Lake Image
March 3, 2016

Grand Lake Data Viewer - View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Grand Lake inundation areas for selected water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

 

dbflood-image
September 1, 2015

Flood Database for Oklahoma - Obtain records of historical flood depth and discharge measurements as well as flood-related news clippings.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation

StreamStats in Oklahoma
January 1, 2015

Delineate custom drainage basins, compute basin characteristics, and estimate streamflow statistics.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation and Oklahoma Water Resources Board

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Year Published: 2019

The LArge-n Seismic Survey in Oklahoma (LASSO) experiment

In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey deployed more than 1,800 vertical-component nodal seismometers in Grant County, Oklahoma to study induced seismic activity associated with production of the Mississippi Limestone Play. The LArge-n Seismic Survey in Oklahoma (LASSO) array operated for approximately one month, covering a 25-km-by-32-km region with...

Dougherty, S.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Harrington, R. M.
Dougherty, S.L., Cochran, E.S., and Harrington, R.M. (2019). The LArge-n Seismic Survey in Oklahoma (LASSO) Experiment, Seismological Research Letters, 90 (5): 2051-2057, doi:10.1785/0220190094.

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Year Published: 2019

Calcrete uranium deposits in the Southern High Plains, USA

The Southern High Plains (SHP) is a new and emerging U.S. uranium province. Here, uranyl vanadates form deposits in Pliocene to Pleistocene sandstone, dolomite, and limestone. Fifteen calcrete uranium occurrences are identified; two of these, the Buzzard Draw and Sulfur Springs Draw deposits, have combined in-place resources estimated at about 4...

Hall, Susan; Van Gosen, Bradley S.; Paces, James B.; Zielinski, Robert A.

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Year Published: 2019

Rupture model of the M5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake from regional and teleseismic waveforms

The 2016 M5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake is the largest earthquake to have been induced by wastewater disposal. We infer the coseismic slip history from analysis of apparent source time functions and inversion of regional and teleseismic P‐waveforms, using aftershocks as empirical Green's functions. The earthquake nucleated on the shallow part of...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Herrmann, R. B.

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Year Published: 2018

Ground motions from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

Improved predictions of earthquake ground motions are critical to advancing seismic hazard analyses and earthquake response. The high seismicity rate from 2009 to 2016 in Oklahoma and Kansas provides an extensive data set for examining the ground motions from these events. We evaluate the ability of three suites of ground‐motion prediction...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Powers, Peter M.; Hoover, Susan M.; McNamara, Daniel E.

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Year Published: 2018

Observations of rotational motions from local earthquakes using two temporary portable sensors in Waynoka, Oklahoma

Characterizing rotational motions from earthquakes at local distances has the potential to improve earthquake engineering and seismic gradiometry by better characterizing the complete seismic wavefield. Applied Technology Associates (ATA) has developed a proto‐seismic magnetohydrodynamic (SMHD) three‐component rotational rate sensor. We deploy two...

Ringler, Adam T.; Anthony, Robert E.; Wilson, David C.; Holland, A.A.; Lin, C.-J.

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Year Published: 2018

State transportation agencies partner to deploy and enhance ShakeCast

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is organizing and leading a three-year Transportation Pooled Fund (TPF) project, Connecting the Dots: Implementing ShakeCast Across Multiple State Departments of Transportation for Rapid Post-Earthquake Response. Ten state Departments of Transportation (DOT)—CA, ID, MO, MS, OK, OR, SC, TX, UT...

Turner, L.; Wald, David J.; Lin, Kuo-wan; Chiou, Brian; Slosky, Daniel

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Year Published: 2018

Induced earthquake and liquefaction hazards in Oklahoma, USA: Constraints from InSAR

Oklahoma experienced three earthquakes of Mw5.0 or greater in 2016: the 13-Feb. Fairview earthquake (Mw5.1), the 03-Sep. Pawnee earthquake (Mw5.8), and the 07-Nov. Cushing earthquake (Mw5.0). These events are the first earthquakes in the state exceeding Mw5.0 since the 2011 Mw5.7 Prague earthquake and likely result from wide-scale deep...

Barnhart, William D.; Yeck, William L.; McNamara, Daniel E.
Barnhart, W. D., Yeck, W. L., & McNamara, D. E. (2018). Induced earthquake and liquefaction hazards in Oklahoma, USA: Constraints from InSAR. Remote Sensing of Environment, 218, 1-12.

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Year Published: 2018

A flatfile of ground motion intensity measurements from induced earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas

We have produced a uniformly processed database of orientation-independent (RotD50, RotD100) ground motion intensity measurements containing peak horizontal ground motions (accelerations and velocities) and 5-percent-damped pseudospectral accelerations (0.1–10 s) from more than 3,800 M ≥ 3 earthquakes in Oklahoma and Kansas that occurred...

Rennolet, Steven B.; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Yeck, William L.

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Year Published: 2017

Assessment of undiscovered resources in calcrete uranium deposits, Southern High Plains region of Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates a mean of 40 million pounds of in-place uranium oxide (U3O8) remaining as potential undiscovered resources in the Southern High Plains region of Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. This estimate used a geology-based assessment method specific to calcrete uranium deposits.

Hall, Susan M.; Mihalasky, Mark J.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.
Hall, S.M., Mihalasky, M.J., and Van Gosen, B.S., 2017, Assessment of undiscovered resources in calcrete uranium deposits, Southern High Plains region of Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3078, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173078.

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Year Published: 2017

Considerations in comparing the U.S. Geological Survey one‐year induced‐seismicity hazard models with “Did You Feel It?” and instrumental data

The recent steep increase in seismicity rates in Oklahoma, southern Kansas, and other parts of the central United States led the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to develop, for the first time, a probabilistic seismic hazard forecast for one year (2016) that incorporates induced seismicity. In this study, we explore a process to ground‐truth the...

White, Isabel; Liu, Taojun; Luco, Nicolas; Liel, Abbie
White IJO, Liu T, Luco N, & Liel AB (2017), "Considerations in Comparing the U.S. Geological Survey One-Year Induced-Seismicity Hazard Models with "Did You Feel It?" and Instrumental Data," Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 89(1), pp. 127-137.

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Year Published: 2017

Spatio-temporal evolution of the 2011 Prague, Oklahoma aftershock sequence revealed using subspace detection and relocation

The 6 November 2011 Mw 5.7 earthquake near Prague, Oklahoma is the second largest earthquake ever recorded in the state. A Mw 4.8 foreshock and the Mw 5.7 mainshock triggered a prolific aftershock sequence. Utilizing a subspace detection method, we increase by fivefold the number of precisely located events between 4...

McMahon, Nicole D; Aster, Richard C.; Yeck, William L.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Benz, Harley M.
McMahon, N. D., R. C. Aster, W. L. Yeck, D. E. McNamara, and H. M. Benz (2017), Spatiotemporal evolution of the 2011 Prague, Oklahoma, aftershock sequence revealed using subspace detection and relocation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL072944.

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Year Published: 2017

Oklahoma experiences largest earthquake during ongoing regional wastewater injection hazard mitigation efforts

The 3 September 2016, Mw 5.8 Pawnee earthquake was the largest recorded earthquake in the state of Oklahoma. Seismic and geodetic observations of the Pawnee sequence, including precise hypocenter locations and moment tensor modeling, shows that the Pawnee earthquake occurred on a previously unknown left-lateral strike-slip basement fault that...

Yeck, William L.; Hayes, Gavin P.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Rubinstein, Justin L.; Barnhart, William D.; Earle, Paul S.; Benz, Harley M.
Yeck, W. L., G. P. Hayes, D. E. McNamara, J. L. Rubinstein, W. D. Barnhart, P. S. Earle, and H. M. Benz (2017), Oklahoma experiences largest earthquake during ongoing regional wastewater injection hazard mitigation efforts, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 711–717,

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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USGS employees on State Highway 104 near the Arkansas River
December 31, 2019

USGS employees on SH 104 near the Arkansas River near Haskell, OK

Photograph showing USGS employees on State Highway 104 near the Arkansas River near Haskell, Oklahoma, streamgage (07165570). Photograph by Kevin Smith, U.S. Geological Survey.

 U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1090

July 25, 2019

Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities

This video is a recording of the webinar “Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities" that is part of the USGS National Climate Adaptation Science Center (NCASC), in partnership with the National Conservation Training Center (NCTC), 2019 webinar series. Previous recordings can be found at https

US Highway 62 bridge at the widespread flooding and backwater conditions on the Arkansas River
May 31, 2019

US Highway 62 bridge, Arkansas River near Muskogee, OK flooding

Looking downstream from U.S. Highway 62 bridge at the widespread flooding and backwater conditions on the Arkansas River near Muskogee, Oklahoma, May 31, 2019.

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1090

direct streamflow measurement
May 26, 2019

streamflow measurement from State Highway 20 bridge

A direct streamflow measurement from the State Highway 20 bridge, looking downstream on the Verdigris River near Claremore, Oklahoma, near U.S. Geological Survey streamgage 07176000.

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1090

Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
November 14, 2018

National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

Rafters on the Illinois River
May 7, 2018

Illinois River Floatcam

Rafters enjoy the floating down the Illinois River in northeast Okalahoma.

December 31, 2017

Groundwater use from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system, 1900 to 2010

Groundwater use from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system, 1900 to 2010” is a short video showing modeled groundwater withdrawal rates from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system (Ozark system) in the central United States. The Ozark Plateaus Groundwater Availability Study aims to quantify current groundwater resources in the Ozark system, evaluate how these resources have changed

August 7, 2017

Developing Effective Drought Monitoring Tools for Farmers and Ranchers

This webinar was conducted on August 7, 2017 as part of the USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center’s Climate Change Science and Management Webinar Series, held in partnership with the USFWS National Conservation Training Center. 

Webinar Summary: The South Central U.S. is one of the main agricultural regions in North America: annual agricultural

Groundwater-monitoring well in Osage County, Oklahoma.
April 5, 2017

Groundwater-monitoring well in Osage County, Oklahoma.

Groundwater-monitoring well and telemetry equipment in Osage County, Oklahoma

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

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Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
July 21, 2020

A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

Map of Oklahoma Low-Level Flight Study Area, Approximate
June 1, 2018

Magnetic measurements made during low-altitude airplane flights conducted for the U.S. Geological Survey and the Oklahoma Geological Survey reveal possible deep faults that may contribute to increased seismic activity in response to wastewater injection in certain portions of Oklahoma.

Satellite captured image of the rapidly intensifying storm, Harvey
September 6, 2017

USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center staff are assisting the Texas Water Science Center with streamflow measurements and high-water mark determinations in the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey.  This information is vital for future flood warnings issued by the National Weather Service.

House damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011
August 11, 2017

Editor:  In the public interest and in accordance with Federal Aviation Administration regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project.  Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

High Plains aquifer water-level changes, predevelopment to 2015
June 16, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report detailing changes of groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer. The report presents water-level change data in the aquifer for two separate periods: from 1950 – the time prior to significant groundwater irrigation development – to 2015, and from 2013 to 2015.

USGS
February 17, 2017

Small variations in the density of the earth’s crust—undetectable to humans without sensitive instruments—influence where earthquakes may occur in the central United States. These new findings from the U.S. Geological Survey, published today in Nature Communications, may allow scientists to map where future seismicity in the center of the country is most likely.

Oklahoma
October 24, 2016

Distant wastewater disposal wells likely induced the third largest earthquake in recent Oklahoma record, the Feb. 13, 2016, magnitude 5.1 event roughly 32 kilometers northwest of Fairview, Oklahoma. These findings from the U.S. Geological Survey are available in the online edition of Geophysical Research Letters.

Oklahoma Groundwater Effects. Turner Falls, the largest waterfall in Oklahoma, near Davis, Oklahoma. Springs discharging from the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer into Honey Creek are the source of water to Turner Falls.

@usgsminerals
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Oklahoma Water Science Center

Oklahoma Water Science Center

The OKWSC collects high-quality hydrologic data and conducts unbiased, scientifically sound research on Oklahoma's water resources.

Go to Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

South Central CASC researchers are working throughout the region to understand how future climate might impact fish, wildlife, water, land, and people.

Go to Science Center