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We conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens and landscapes of the Southeastern United States and the Caribbean region.

News

Date published: January 17, 2020

As Aftershocks Continue in Puerto Rico, USGS Supports Quake Recovery

A sequence of earthquakes in southwest Puerto Rico continues to affect people living there, with the largest recent aftershock a magnitude 5.2 on Jan. 15. U.S. Geological Survey scientists on the island and the mainland are providing up-to-date scientific information to help the Commonwealth government and the Federal Emergency Management Agency make decisions that protect the public.

Date published: January 16, 2020

Evening Update - Thursday, January 16, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

Date published: January 15, 2020

Evening Update for Puerto Rico - January 15, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

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Value of US Coral Reefs for Risk Reduction
Date Published: January 21, 2020
Status: Completed

The Value of U.S. Coral Reefs for Risk Reduction

Key Points:

  • The social and economic benefits provided by all U.S. reefs were rigorously assessed across more than 3,100 km (>1,900 miles) of coastline using hydrodynamic models coupled with census data.
  • Annually U.S. coral reefs provide flood protection benefits to more than 18,100 people and $1.8 billion in averted damages to property and economic activity.
  • ...
Contacts: Curt Storlazzi
Magnitude 5.8 in Puerto Rico
Date Published: January 15, 2020
Status: Active

30-day aftershock scenarios for Puerto Rico (Spanish)

Earthquakes are unsettling, destructive, and often tragic to the communities they affect. The USGS works diligently to help keep people safer by providing them and their emergency responders the science needed to respond to ongoing hazards.

Magnitude 5.8 in Puerto Rico
Date Published: January 15, 2020
Status: Active

30-day aftershock scenarios for Puerto Rico (English)

Los terremotos, como los ocurridos en Puerto Rico, pueden ser preocupantes, destructivos y en muchas ocasiones trágicos para las comunidades afectadas.

Magnitude 5.8 in Puerto Rico
Date Published: January 15, 2020
Status: Active

7-day aftershock forecast for Puerto Rico's 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake

What we think will happen next

PuertoRico Quake
Date Published: January 7, 2020
Status: Active

Event Page for Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake in Puerto Rico

Eventpage with Earthquake Details

Screenshot of Puerto Rico Shakemap
Date Published: January 7, 2020
Status: Active

Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake in Puerto Rico: Shakemap

The magnitude 6.4 earthquake was widely felt. The ShakeMap, showed strong to very strong shaking occurred across parts of Southern Puerto Rico closest to the event and moderate shaking occurred across the rest of the island. 

View from the sky of a tropical coastline and a beach with ocean water so clear the coral reef can be seen.
Date Published: December 16, 2019
Status: Active

Using Video Imagery to Study Wave Dynamics: Tres Palmas

Four video cameras look westward over the coast and the coral reef at Tres Palmas in Rincón, on the west coast of Puerto Rico. Two cameras look out at the horizon and over the ocean for the mid-field view; one camera offers a zoomed-in, far-field view overlooking the reef and out to the island of Desecheo, a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge; and another camera focuses on the beach.

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi, Miguel Canals-Silander, Patricia Chardon Maldonado
View from the sky of a tropical coastline and a beach with ocean water so clear the coral reef can be seen.
Date Published: August 23, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Puerto Rico

To better understand how waves move across coral reefs and cause flooding on tropical shorelines, USGS scientists have installed video cameras and oceanographic instruments off San Juan and Rincón, Puerto Rico. Their work is part of a study funded by USGS after Hurricanes Irma and Maria. The offshore instruments measure wave heights and speeds; the onshore video cameras show where waves break...

View from atop a building looks down on a sandy beach with a rainbow, palm tree just below view, and buildings in distance.
Date Published: July 22, 2019
Status: Completed

Using Video Imagery to Study Wave Dynamics: Isla Verde

USGS scientists installed video cameras atop a building and oceanographic instruments off San Juan, Puerto Rico, to better understand how waves move across coral reefs and cause flooding on tropical shorelines.

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi
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Hydrologic Conditions Chart of Selected Reservoirs in Puerto Rico
February 5, 2019

The following graphs show water surface elevations above NGVD 1929 in selected reservoirs for several years, including 2015. The purpose of these graphs is to compare water surface elevations during 2015 with water surface elevations observed during years when documented droughts have occurred.

Hydrologic Conditions Chart of Selected Reservoirs in Puerto Rico
February 5, 2019

The following graphs show water surface elevations above NGVD 1929 in selected reservoirs for several years, including 2015. The purpose of these graphs is to compare water surface elevations during 2015 with water surface elevations observed during years when documented droughts have occurred.

Map of the Pacific Ocean and surrounding continents with boxes drawn around areas to show study locations.
January 1, 2019

This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight ass

USGS
January 1, 2019

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the State of Hawaii (the islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for

USGS
January 1, 2019

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for each four nearshore wave energy

USGS
January 1, 2019

Time-series data of water surface elevation, waves, currents, temperature, and salinity collected between 17 May 2017 and 17 Jan 2018 off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico in support of a study on circulation and sediment transport dynamics over coral reefs. The data are available in NetCDF format, grouped together in zip files by instrument site location. A README.txt file details the

Structure datasets for the nation from The National Map
April 20, 2016

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations.

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Year Published: 2019

Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision making...

Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Cole, Aaron D.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Nickel, Barry A.; McCall, Robert T.; van Dongeren, Ap R.; Beck, Michael W.
Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Cole, A.D., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Nickel, B.A., McCall, R.T., van Dongeren, A.R., and Beck, M.W., 2019, Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1027, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191027.

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Year Published: 2018

Seismic sensors record a hurricane’s roar

The instruments installed at Global Seismographic Network (GSN) stations were designed to record Earth’s vibrations, but they sometimes pick up sound waves from unexpected sources. For example, newly installed infrasound sensors at a station on Puerto Rico recorded the passage of Hurricane Maria on 20 September 2017.

Wilson, David C.; Davis, Peter; Ebeling, Carl; Hutt, Charles R.; Hafner, Katrin
Wilson, D. C., P. Davis, C. Ebeling, C. R. Hutt, and K. Hafner (2018), Seismic sensors record a hurricane’s roar, Eos, 99, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018EO102963. Published on 03 August 2018.

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Year Published: 2016

The 3D Elevation Program: summary for Puerto Rico

Elevation data are essential to a broad range of applications, including forest resources management, wildlife and habitat management, scientific research, national security, recreation, and many others. For the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, elevation data are critical for flood risk management, landslide mitigation, natural resources conservation...

Carswell, William J.

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Year Published: 2016

Hydrologic conditions in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico, 2010–15

In 1958, the U.S. Geological Survey began documenting hydrologic conditions, including groundwater levels, groundwater withdrawals for agricultural irrigation and public water supply, and water quality, in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico. This information has improved the understanding of the water resources of the region. The hydrologic data...

Torres-Gonzalez, Sigfredo; Rodriguez, Jose M.
Torres-González, Sigfredo, and Rodríguez, J.M., 2016, Hydrologic conditions in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico, 2010–15: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1215, 32 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151215.

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Year Published: 2015

Quantifying 10 years of improved earthquake-monitoring performance in the Caribbean region

Over 75 tsunamis have been documented in the Caribbean and adjacent regions during the past 500 years. Since 1500, at least 4484 people are reported to have perished in these killer waves. Hundreds of thousands are currently threatened along the Caribbean coastlines. Were a great tsunamigenic earthquake to occur in the Caribbean region today, the...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa; Saurel, Jean-Marie; Huerfano-Moreno, V.; Lynch, Lloyd

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Year Published: 2015

Source, use and disposition of freshwater in Puerto Rico, 2010

Introduction Water diverted from streams and pumped from wells constitutes the main source of water for the 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. A better understanding of water-use patterns is needed, particularly regarding the amount of water used, where and how this water is used and disposed, and how human activities affect water...

Molina, Wanda L.
Molina-Rivera, W.L., 2015, Source, Use, and disposition of freshwater in Puerto Rico, 2010, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015-3044, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153044.

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Year Published: 2015

Event sedimentation in low-latitude deep-water carbonate basins, Anegada passage, northeast Caribbean

The Virgin Islands and Whiting basins in the Northeast Caribbean are deep, structurally controlled depocentres partially bound by shallow-water carbonate platforms. Closed basins such as these are thought to document earthquake and hurricane events through the accumulation of event layers such as debris flow and turbidity current deposits and the...

Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.
Event sedimentation in low-latitude deep-water carbonate basins, Anegada passage, northeast Caribbean; 2014; Article; Journal; Basin Research; Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.

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Year Published: 2014

Core data from offshore Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

In 2008, as a collaborative effort between Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the U.S. Geological Survey, 20 giant gravity cores were collected from areas surrounding Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The regions sampled have had many large earthquake and landslide events, some of which are believed to have triggered tsunamis. The...

Hoy, Shannon K.; Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.
Hoy, S.K., Chaytor, J.D., and ten Brink, U.S., 2014, Core data from offshore Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1227, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141227.

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Year Published: 2014

Estimated water use in Puerto Rico, 2010

Water-use data were aggregated for the 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for 2010. Five major offstream categories were considered: public-supply water withdrawals and deliveries, domestic and industrial self-supplied water use, crop-irrigation water use, and thermoelectric-power freshwater use. One instream water-use category also...

Molina-Rivera, Wanda L.
Estimated water use in Puerto Rico, 2010; 2014; OFR; 2014-1117; Molina-Rivera, Wanda L.

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Year Published: 2013

Vs30 and spectral response from collocated shallow, active- and passive-source Vs data at 27 sites in Puerto Rico

Shear‐wave velocity (VS) and time‐averaged shear‐wave velocity to 30 m depth (VS30) are the key parameters used in seismic site response modeling and earthquake engineering design. Where VS data are limited, available data are often used to develop and refine map‐based proxy models of VS30 for predicting ground‐motion intensities. In this paper,...

Odum, Jack K.; Stephenson, William J.; Williams, Robert A.; von Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa
Vs30 and spectral response from collocated shallow, active- and passive-source Vs data at 27 sites in Puerto Rico; 2013; Article; Journal; Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; Odum, Jack K.; Stephenson, William J.; Williams, Robert A.; von Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa

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Year Published: 2013

The northwest trending north Boquerón Bay-Punta Montalva Fault Zone; A through going active fault system in southwestern Puerto Rico

The North Boquerón Bay–Punta Montalva fault zone has been mapped crossing the Lajas Valley in southwest Puerto Rico. Identification of the fault was based upon detailed analysis of geophysical data, satellite images, and field mapping. The fault zone consists of a series of Cretaceous bedrock faults that reactivated and deformed Miocene limestone...

Roig‐Silva, Coral Marie; Asencio, Eugenio; Joyce, James
The northwest trending north Boquerón Bay-Punta Montalva Fault Zone; A through going active fault system in southwestern Puerto Rico; 2013; Article; Journal; Seismological Research Letters; Roig‐Silva, Coral Marie; Asencio, Eugenio; Joyce, James

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Year Published: 2013

Abstracts for the October 2012 meeting on Volcanism in the American Southwest, Flagstaff, Arizona

Though volcanic eruptions are comparatively rare in the American Southwest, the States of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah host Holocene volcanic eruption deposits and are vulnerable to future volcanic activity. Compared with other parts of the western United States, comparatively little research has been focused on this area, and...

Lowenstern, Jacob B.
Abstracts for the October 2012 meeting on Volcanism in the American Southwest, Flagstaff, Arizona; 2013; OFR; 2013-1026; Edited by Lowenstern, Jacob B.

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multicolored map of Ocean Shores, Washington
April 13, 2017

The Pedestrian Evacuation Analyst is an ArcGIS extension that estimates how long it would take for someone to travel on foot out of a hazardous area that was threatened by a sudden event such as a tsunami, flash flood, or volcanic lahar. It takes into account the elevation changes and the different types of landcover that a person would encounter along the way.

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January 17, 2020

Mapping the Ground Failure

My name is Kate Allstadt. I’m a research geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Golden, Colorado, and I'm here in Puerto Rico in the city of Ponce with some colleagues and we're here to map the ground failure that occurred due to this earthquake so we're mapping things like Rock Falls and landslides and liquefaction, as well as lateral spreading which is what we

...
land movement
January 16, 2020

Lateral Spread in Ponce, Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Here is an example of a lateral spread near a stream in Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
land movement
January 16, 2020

Lateral spread near creek in Ponce, Puerto Rico

USGS scientists, like Dr. Alex Grant, were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Here is an example of a lateral spread near a creek in Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
land movement
January 16, 2020

House marking in Puerto Rico

Houses were damaged during the M6.4 earthquake that struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Houses were tagged by local officials for whether they were safe or not.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
click on image for full description
January 16, 2020

2020 Puerto Rico Earthquake Sequence (as of Jan. 16, 2020)

2020 Puerto Rico Earthquake Sequence

Earthquakes detected between December 28, 2019 as of January 16, 2020. Subject to updates.

 

>300 M3+earthquakes recorded*
since Dec. 28, 2019 (within 40km) strong enough to be felt

10 M5+ earthquakes recorded*
since Dec. 28, 2019 (including M6.4) large

...
land movement
January 16, 2020

House marking in Puerto Rico

Houses were damaged during the M6.4 earthquake that struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Houses were tagged by local officials for whether they were safe or not.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
click on image for full description
January 16, 2020

Secuencia del Terremoto en Puerto Rico, 2020 (hasta enero 16, 2020)

Secuencia del Terremoto en Puerto Rico, 2020

Terremotos detectados entre diciembre 28, 2019 hasta enero 16, 2020. Sujeto a actualizaciones.

 

>300 M3+ terremotos* registrados

desde dic 28, 2019 (dentro de 40km) suficientemente fuerte como para ser sentido

 

10 M5+ terremotos* registrados

desde dic 28, 2019 (

...
land movement
January 16, 2020

Inspecting boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. The boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico was damaged by the quake.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
landslide
January 16, 2020

Landslide triggered by M6.4 earthquake in Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Here is an example of a landslide failure along a residential road in Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
land movement
January 16, 2020

Inspecting boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. The boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico was damaged by the quake.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
fissure
January 16, 2020

Lateral spread along road caused by M6.4 earthquake in Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. Here is an example of a lateral spread along a residential road in Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
land movement
January 16, 2020

Inspecting boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico

USGS scientists were deployed to assess land deformation and movement after a large M6.4 earthquake struck Puerto Rico on January 7, 2020. The boardwalk in Ponce, Puerto Rico was damaged by the quake.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
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seismic stations
January 17, 2020

A sequence of earthquakes in southwest Puerto Rico continues to affect people living there, with the largest recent aftershock a magnitude 5.2 on Jan. 15. U.S. Geological Survey scientists on the island and the mainland are providing up-to-date scientific information to help the Commonwealth government and the Federal Emergency Management Agency make decisions that protect the public.

click on image for full description
January 16, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 15, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 14, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 13, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 13, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 12, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 11, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PR quakes
January 11, 2020

Earthquakes are unsettling, destructive, and often tragic to the communities they affect. The USGS works diligently to help keep people safer by providing them and their emergency responders the science needed to respond to ongoing hazards.

Last updated January 21, 4:12pm Pacific time, 2020.
(The next update will be on January 26, 2020.)

PR quakes
January 11, 2020

Los terremotos, como los ocurridos en Puerto Rico, pueden ser preocupantes, destructivos y en muchas ocasiones trágicos para las comunidades afectadas.

Última actualización el 21 de enero, 4:12 p.m., hora del Pacífico, 2020.
(La próxima actualización será el 26 de enero de 2020).

seismic stations
January 10, 2020

Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

Magnitude 5.8 in Puerto Rico
January 9, 2020

Damaging earthquakes, like the ones in Puerto Rico, can be unsettling, destructive, and often tragic to the communities they affect. This is why the USGS continues to work diligently toward improving public safety by providing emergency responders and others with the scientific resources they need to better respond to ongoing hazards.

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