Unified Interior Regions

Puerto Rico

We conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens and landscapes of the Southeastern United States and the Caribbean region.

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Filter Total Items: 46
Date published: January 15, 2020
Status: Active

7-day aftershock forecast for Puerto Rico's 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake

What we think will happen next

Date published: January 7, 2020
Status: Active

Event Page for Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake in Puerto Rico

Eventpage with Earthquake Details

Date published: January 7, 2020
Status: Active

Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake in Puerto Rico: Shakemap

The magnitude 6.4 earthquake was widely felt. The ShakeMap, showed strong to very strong shaking occurred across parts of Southern Puerto Rico closest to the event and moderate shaking occurred across the rest of the island. 

Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Completed

Circulation and Sediment, Nutrient, Contaminant, and Larval Dynamics on Reefs

The overall objective of this research effort is to better understand how circulation and sediment processes impact coral reefs.

Date published: July 22, 2019
Status: Completed

Using Video Imagery to Study Wave Dynamics: Isla Verde

USGS scientists installed video cameras atop a building and oceanographic instruments off San Juan, Puerto Rico, to better understand how waves move across coral reefs and cause flooding on tropical shorelines.

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Maps are an integral part of water-science activities and the Caribbean Florida Water Science Center utilizes and produces maps for all types of hydrologic projects and in information dissemination. Maps are also helpful for providing the user with a geographical reference to our water information. 

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Water Quality for Puerto Rico

The U.S. Geological Survey operates and maintains approximately 7,300 streamgages nationwide, 194 in Puerto Rico, which provide long-term, accurate, and unbiased information that meets the needs of many diverse users. The USGS collects the streamflow data needed by Federal, State, and local agencies for planning and operating water-resources projects and regulatory programs.

The links...

Date published: February 7, 2019
Status: Active

Hurricanes

Preventing flood hazards, such as hurricane-induced tidal surge, from becoming human disasters requires an understanding of the relative risks floods pose to specific communities and knowledge of the processes by which flood waters rise, converge, and abate. Historically, hurricane-induced tidal surge has been documented through measurement of high-water marks left on structures or vegetation...

Contacts: Wesley W Stone
Date published: February 6, 2019
Status: Completed

Dam Failure Analysis for the Lago El Guineo Dam, Puerto Rico

The USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5070 describing a hydrologic and hydraulic study to assess the potential hazard to human life and property associated with the hypothetical failure of the Lago El Guineo Dam was completed by the USGS in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority. 

Filter Total Items: 25
Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands,

This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight ass

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flood extent polygons and flood depth points based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the State of Hawaii (the islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the State of Hawaii (the islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and Oahu). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flood extent polygons and flood depth points based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques)

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for each four nearshore wave energy

Date published: January 1, 2019

Time series data of oceanographic conditions from La Parguera, Puerto Rico, 2017-2018 Coral Reef Circulation and Sediment Dynamics Experiment

Time-series data of water surface elevation, waves, currents, temperature, and salinity collected between 17 May 2017 and 17 Jan 2018 off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico in support of a study on circulation and sediment transport dynamics over coral reefs. The data are available in NetCDF format, grouped together in zip files by instrument site location. A README.txt file details the

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Date published: April 19, 2016

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and...

Date published: April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Date published: April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery Data

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Date published: April 12, 2016

The National Map Small-Scale Collection

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Filter Total Items: 55
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Year Published: 2018

Seismic sensors record a hurricane’s roar

The instruments installed at Global Seismographic Network (GSN) stations were designed to record Earth’s vibrations, but they sometimes pick up sound waves from unexpected sources. For example, newly installed infrasound sensors at a station on Puerto Rico recorded the passage of Hurricane Maria on 20 September 2017.

Wilson, David C.; Davis, Peter; Ebeling, Carl; Hutt, Charles R.; Hafner, Katrin
Wilson, D. C., P. Davis, C. Ebeling, C. R. Hutt, and K. Hafner (2018), Seismic sensors record a hurricane’s roar, Eos, 99, https://doi.org/10.1029/2018EO102963. Published on 03 August 2018.

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Year Published: 2016

The 3D Elevation Program: summary for Puerto Rico

Elevation data are essential to a broad range of applications, including forest resources management, wildlife and habitat management, scientific research, national security, recreation, and many others. For the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, elevation data are critical for flood risk management, landslide mitigation, natural resources conservation...

Carswell, William J.

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Year Published: 2016

Hydrologic conditions in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico, 2010–15

In 1958, the U.S. Geological Survey began documenting hydrologic conditions, including groundwater levels, groundwater withdrawals for agricultural irrigation and public water supply, and water quality, in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico. This information has improved the understanding of the water resources of the region. The hydrologic data...

Torres-Gonzalez, Sigfredo; Rodriguez, Jose M.
Torres-González, Sigfredo, and Rodríguez, J.M., 2016, Hydrologic conditions in the South Coast aquifer, Puerto Rico, 2010–15: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1215, 32 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151215.

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Year Published: 2015

Quantifying 10 years of improved earthquake-monitoring performance in the Caribbean region

Over 75 tsunamis have been documented in the Caribbean and adjacent regions during the past 500 years. Since 1500, at least 4484 people are reported to have perished in these killer waves. Hundreds of thousands are currently threatened along the Caribbean coastlines. Were a great tsunamigenic earthquake to occur in the Caribbean region today, the...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa; Saurel, Jean-Marie; Huerfano-Moreno, V.; Lynch, Lloyd

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Year Published: 2015

Source, use and disposition of freshwater in Puerto Rico, 2010

Introduction Water diverted from streams and pumped from wells constitutes the main source of water for the 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. A better understanding of water-use patterns is needed, particularly regarding the amount of water used, where and how this water is used and disposed, and how human activities affect water...

Molina, Wanda L.
Molina-Rivera, W.L., 2015, Source, Use, and disposition of freshwater in Puerto Rico, 2010, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015-3044, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153044.

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Year Published: 2015

Event sedimentation in low-latitude deep-water carbonate basins, Anegada passage, northeast Caribbean

The Virgin Islands and Whiting basins in the Northeast Caribbean are deep, structurally controlled depocentres partially bound by shallow-water carbonate platforms. Closed basins such as these are thought to document earthquake and hurricane events through the accumulation of event layers such as debris flow and turbidity current deposits and the...

Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.
Event sedimentation in low-latitude deep-water carbonate basins, Anegada passage, northeast Caribbean; 2014; Article; Journal; Basin Research; Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.

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Year Published: 2014

Core data from offshore Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

In 2008, as a collaborative effort between Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the U.S. Geological Survey, 20 giant gravity cores were collected from areas surrounding Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The regions sampled have had many large earthquake and landslide events, some of which are believed to have triggered tsunamis. The...

Hoy, Shannon K.; Chaytor, Jason D.; ten Brink, Uri S.
Hoy, S.K., Chaytor, J.D., and ten Brink, U.S., 2014, Core data from offshore Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1227, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141227.

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Year Published: 2014

Estimated water use in Puerto Rico, 2010

Water-use data were aggregated for the 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for 2010. Five major offstream categories were considered: public-supply water withdrawals and deliveries, domestic and industrial self-supplied water use, crop-irrigation water use, and thermoelectric-power freshwater use. One instream water-use category also...

Molina-Rivera, Wanda L.
Estimated water use in Puerto Rico, 2010; 2014; OFR; 2014-1117; Molina-Rivera, Wanda L.

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Year Published: 2013

Vs30 and spectral response from collocated shallow, active- and passive-source Vs data at 27 sites in Puerto Rico

Shear‐wave velocity (VS) and time‐averaged shear‐wave velocity to 30 m depth (VS30) are the key parameters used in seismic site response modeling and earthquake engineering design. Where VS data are limited, available data are often used to develop and refine map‐based proxy models of VS30 for predicting ground‐motion intensities. In this paper,...

Odum, Jack K.; Stephenson, William J.; Williams, Robert A.; von Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa
Vs30 and spectral response from collocated shallow, active- and passive-source Vs data at 27 sites in Puerto Rico; 2013; Article; Journal; Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; Odum, Jack K.; Stephenson, William J.; Williams, Robert A.; von Hillebrandt-Andrade, Christa

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Year Published: 2013

The northwest trending north Boquerón Bay-Punta Montalva Fault Zone; A through going active fault system in southwestern Puerto Rico

The North Boquerón Bay–Punta Montalva fault zone has been mapped crossing the Lajas Valley in southwest Puerto Rico. Identification of the fault was based upon detailed analysis of geophysical data, satellite images, and field mapping. The fault zone consists of a series of Cretaceous bedrock faults that reactivated and deformed Miocene limestone...

Roig‐Silva, Coral Marie; Asencio, Eugenio; Joyce, James

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Year Published: 2013

Abstracts for the October 2012 meeting on Volcanism in the American Southwest, Flagstaff, Arizona

Though volcanic eruptions are comparatively rare in the American Southwest, the States of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah host Holocene volcanic eruption deposits and are vulnerable to future volcanic activity. Compared with other parts of the western United States, comparatively little research has been focused on this area, and...

Lowenstern, Jacob B.
Abstracts for the October 2012 meeting on Volcanism in the American Southwest, Flagstaff, Arizona; 2013; OFR; 2013-1026; Edited by Lowenstern, Jacob B.

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Year Published: 2013

Final report and archive of the swath bathymetry and ancillary data collected in the Puerto Rico Trench region in 2002 and 2003

In 2002 and 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), conducted three exploration cruises that mapped for the first time the morphology of the entire tectonic plate boundary stretching from the Dominican Republic in the west to the Lesser Antilles in the east, a...

ten Brink, Uri S.; Danforth, William W.; Polloni, Christopher F.
Final report and archive of the swath bathymetry and ancillary data collected in the Puerto Rico Trench region in 2002 and 2003; 2013; OFR; 2006-1210; ten Brink, Uri; Danforth, William W.; Polloni, Christopher F.

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A series of three images arranged side by side, one a map of an island, one zoomed to the island study area, and a plot of data.
May 12, 2021

Puerto Rico study area and Hurricane María path and data

(Left) Map of Puerto Rico showing study area location (red box), the oceanographic buoys (orange triangles), and the track of María with eye timing and locations (black dots) in 6-hour increments and the wind radii of 64-knot winds (gray circular outlines).

(Middle) Study area showing location of nearshore shelf instrument packages

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November 12, 2020

Climate Adaptation to Support Amphibian Conservation in U.S. Caribbean

Climate change will strongly affect tropical island ecosystems. The risks of significant negative impacts are likely to be higher in these island systems than in many temperate regions of the world because of the limited size of their land masses, high numbers of species that only exist in narrowly defined regions, and expectations that tropical environments will

June 28, 2020

Red Devil Cichlid (Amphilophus labiatus) Guarding Habitat

Multiple stressors such as climate change impacts and invasive species can have compounding impacts on native inland fish. Published literature is limited on how climate change will impact native tropical fish species, such as those in the Caribbean, and even less is known about how multiple stressors such as extreme flow events and presence of non-native competitors could

Map of seismic research site on seafloor off Puerto Rico
April 30, 2020

Scientists find signs of undersea faults off SW Puerto Rico

Locations of multichannel seismic reflection profiles (in black), collected during cruise FA2020-14. The profiles are overlain on colored and shaded multibeam bathymetry, Lidar topography (green and white) and near-shore bathymetry (darker blue), and NOAA coastal relief model (light blue and white). Dashed purple lines – hypothesized faults from the distribution of

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Scientist on research vessel prepares to launch hydrophone
March 5, 2020

Scientist launches instrument used to map seafloor off Puerto Rico

USGS marine technician Wayne Baldwin prepares to deploy the hydrophone array during a seismic research cruise off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico on board the R/V Sultana in March 2020.

Marine technician deploy a hydrophone off Puerto Rico
March 5, 2020

USGS marine technicians launch a hydrophone off Puerto Rico seafloor

USGS marine technicians Alex Nichols (L) and Eric Moore (R) deploy the hydrophone array on a seismic research cruise off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico aboard the R/V Sultana in March 2020.

USGS technicians launch "sparker" used in seafloor mapping
March 5, 2020

Three scientists launch a "sparker" used in seafloor mapping

USGS research geologist Jason Chaytor (L) and marine technicians Alex Nichols (center) and Eric Moore (R) deploy the “sparker” sound source on a seismic research cruise off the southwest coast of Puerto Rico aboard the R/V Sultana in March 2020.

click on image for full description
January 29, 2020

2020 Southwest Puerto Rico Earthquake Sequence (Jan 29, 2020)

The U.S. Geological Survey has released a report on the potential duration of aftershocks of the 2020 Southwest Puerto Rico earthquake sequence (series) to guide public policy decisions, other actions, and help people stay safe and care for themselves and each other.

i) AFTERSHOCK FORECAST*
Aftershocks are normal and some will be larger than others, but there

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click on image for full description
January 29, 2020

Secuencia del Terremoto del 2020 en el Suroeste de Puerto Rico

El Servicio Geológico de los EE. UU. ha publicado un informe sobre la duración potencial de las réplicas de la secuencia (serie) del terremoto del Suroeste de Puerto Rico en el 2020 que puede ser usado como guía en las decisiones de política pública, otras acciones y ayudar a las personas a mantenerse seguras y cuidarse a sí mismas y a los demás.

 

i

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Dianne López-Trujillo with Lynne Carrier, FEMA translator.
January 28, 2020

Dianne López-Trujillo with Lynne Carrier, FEMA translator

Dianne López-Trujillo with Lynne Carrier, FEMA translator.

The USGS Recognizes Dianne Lopez-Trujillo During Hispanic Heritage Month

What happens when a 6.4 magnitude earthquake strikes Puerto Rico and the public needs critical information? How does a mostly English-speaking science agency reach a mostly Spanish-speaking public?

The USGS relies on its

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Congressional event following the 6.4 earthquake in Puerto Rico
January 19, 2020

Congressional event following the 6.4 earthquake in Puerto Rico

Overview of the Congressional event following the 6.4 earthquake in Puerto Rico. Bottom of picture: congressmen. Center: Dianne Lopez, Lindsay Davis, Donyelle Davis

Filter Total Items: 59
PuertoRico Quake
January 15, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 14, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 13, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 13, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 12, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PuertoRico Quake
January 11, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

PR quakes
January 11, 2020

Earthquakes are unsettling, destructive, and often tragic to the communities they affect. The USGS works diligently to help keep people safer by providing them and their emergency responders the science needed to respond to ongoing hazards.

Last updated April 27, 5pm Pacific time, 2020.

There will be no further updates. Please see the Aftershock Forecast.

PR quakes
January 11, 2020

Los terremotos, como los ocurridos en Puerto Rico, pueden ser preocupantes, destructivos y en muchas ocasiones trágicos para las comunidades afectadas.

Última actualización el 27 de abril, 5pm, hora del Pacífico, 2020.

No habrá más actualizaciones. Consulte el Pronóstico de réplica.

seismic stations
January 10, 2020

Aftershock Forecast and Scenarios

Magnitude 5.8 in Puerto Rico
January 9, 2020

Damaging earthquakes, like the ones in Puerto Rico, can be unsettling, destructive, and often tragic to the communities they affect. This is why the USGS continues to work diligently toward improving public safety by providing emergency responders and others with the scientific resources they need to better respond to ongoing hazards.

relative seismicity
January 8, 2020

Earthquake Aftershock Forecast

Portable Seismic Station
January 7, 2020

Earthquake Update and Aftershock Forecast