Unified Interior Regions

South Dakota

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Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

News

Date published: April 28, 2020

Making Use of MSS: The Effort to Fold the Earliest Data into the Landsat Record

It’s not uncommon for young scientists doing remote sensing research these days to use what they call the “full Landsat record” in their studies—a time frame they often characterize as 1984 to present.

Date published: April 24, 2020

Doucette Discusses Future of EROS Science, EarthMAP as New Branch Chief

Coming from Reston, VA, to the rural landscape surrounding the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD, has brought about some challenging transitions for Peter Doucette, the new Integrated Science and Applications Branch Chief at EROS.

Date published: April 14, 2020

Mendenhall Program Served as Springboard into Remote Sensing Career for Tollerud

Dr. Heather Tollerud came to the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center with an eye to drought and its ripple effects across time and space.

Filter Total Items: 92
Color photo of Melanie Vanderhoof
Date Published: April 17, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 23 – Ecosystem Monitoring

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about how Landsat satellites help scientists study ecosystems, watersheds and...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Dr. Heather Tollerud with graphic for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
Date Published: April 13, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes On Earth Episode 22 - Meet the Mendenhall Fellow

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about one scientist’s journey from USGS Mendenhall fellow to full-time USGS...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Gabriel Senay with graphic for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
Date Published: February 21, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 17 – Evapotranspiration

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn how EROS scientists use satellites to help manage water use.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Terry Sohl - Eyes on Earth podcast
Date Published: February 6, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 16 – Predictive Modeling

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn how EROS scientists project future landscape change.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Birgit Peterson with USGS EROS "Eyes on Earth" podcast graphic
Date Published: January 27, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 15 – Burn Severity Mapping

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about burn severity mapping project in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of geographer Roger Auch with "Eyes on Earth" podcast graphic
Date Published: December 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 13 – Land Use

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about how satellites are used to study changes in land use and its impacts.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Jesslyn Brown with USGS EROS Eyes on Earth graphic
Date Published: December 16, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 12 – Plant Health via Satellite (NDVI)

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about an important tool for remote sensing scientists – the Normalized Difference...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of EROS Fall Poster Session
Date Published: December 5, 2019
Status: Completed

Eyes on Earth Episode 11 – EROS Fall Poster Session

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear from a few of the scientists on hand for the EROS Fall Poster Session.

...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Jon Christopherson with USGS EROS "Eyes on Earth" graphic
Date Published: September 20, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 4 - Cataloging Earth Observation Satellites

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about the ever-expanding number of Earth observation satellites.

...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Collin Homer with Eyes on Earth podcast logo
Date Published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 3 - National Land Cover Database

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the National Land Cover Database.

...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of John Dwyer with Eyes on Earth podcast logo
Date Published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 2 - Chernobyl

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the Chernobyl disaster.

...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Color photo of Tom Loveland with Eyes on Earth podcast logo
Date Published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 1 - Intro to EROS

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about EROS history and purpose.

...

Contacts: Janice Nelson
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Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Interactive map and chart highlighting USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present
August 28, 2018

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results for Continuous Assessments only from 2000-2018.

color map of Start of Season Time (SOST) for 2014
June 22, 2018

Historical remote sensing phenology (RSP) image data and graphics for the conterminous U.S. are made freely available from the USGS/EROS Center through this website. Five data sets are distributed: CONUS 1 km AVHRR RSP data, C5 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C6 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C5 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, and C6 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data.

color image of Gulf of Mexico coast
May 15, 2018

The Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Project Viewer is a portal to the topobathymetric models created with the expertise of the expertise of the U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD. 

Animation of landsat satellite orbiting earth
May 9, 2018

The EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer displays imagery in near real-time as Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 orbit the Earth. Along with the near real-time video stream, EarthNow! also replays acquisition recordings from a list of previous Landsat overpasses. When Landsat 7 or Landsat 8 are out of viewing range of a ground station, the most recent overpass is displayed.

Screenshot of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool with proposed treatment drawn on screen.
May 3, 2018

The Land Treatment Exploration Tool is designed for resource managers to use when planning land treatments. The tool provides useful summaries of environmental characteristics of planned treatment areas and facilitates adaptive management practices by comparing those characteristics to other similar treatments within a specified distance or area of interest.  Provisional Software.

Example NWIS graph of real-time water quality monitoring
June 22, 2017

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Example NWIS graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
June 22, 2017

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in South Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Groundwater Watch - Below Normal Groundwater Levels
May 17, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has a database/archive of about 850,000 wells across the Nation. A well with below normal groundwater levels is identified when the most recent water-level measurement is in the 24th percentile or lower in the month of measurement over the period of record for the well.

>> Georgia  ||  North Carolina  ||  South Carolina
>> United States

Filter Total Items: 5
Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

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Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2018

Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development

As the demand for energy increases in the United States, so does the demand for water used to produce many forms of that energy. Technological advances, limited access to conventional oil and gas accumulations, and the rise of oil and gas prices resulted in increased development of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) accumulations. Unconventional oil...

Valder, Joshua F.; McShane, Ryan R.; Barnhart, Theodore B.; Sando, Roy; Carter, Janet M.; Lundgren, Robert F.
Valder, J.F., McShane, R.R., Barnhart, T.B., Sando, R., Carter, J.M., and Lundgren, R.F., 2018, Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5027, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185027.

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Year Published: 2010

Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming

This digital data set represents the extent of the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The extent of the High Plains aquifer covers 174,000 square miles in eight states: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. This data set represents a compilation of information from digital and paper...

Qi, Sharon
Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming; 2010; DS; 543; Qi, Sharon

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Year Published: 2008

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2005

During 2005, withdrawals from ground-water and surface-water sources in South Dakota for the eight categories of offstream use totaled about 500 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Of total withdrawals, about 271 Mgal/d was withdrawn from ground water and about 230 Mgal/d was withdrawn from surface water. The largest use of water in South Dakota...

Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.
Estimated Use of Water in South Dakota, 2005; 2008; SIR; 2008-5216; Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

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Year Published: 2002

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000

During 2000, the total amount of water withdrawn from ground- and surface-water sources in South Dakota was about 528 Mgal/d (million gallons per day). Of this amount, about 222 Mgal/d, or 42 percent of the total, was from ground water. Surface-water withdrawals were about 306 Mgal/d, or 58 percent of the total. Total withdrawals for six...

Amundson, Franklin D.
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000; 2002; OFR; 2002-440; Amundson, Franklin D.

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Year Published: 2001

Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98

The High Plains aquifer underlies 174,000 square miles in parts of eight States and includes eight primary hydrogeologic units, including the well-known Ogallala Formation. The High Plains aquifer is an important resource, providing water for 27 percent of the Nation?s irrigated agricultural lands in an otherwise dry landscape. Since the 1980?s...

Litke, David W.
Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98; 2001; WRI; 2000-4254; Litke, David W.

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Year Published: 1998

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995

Amundson, Franklin D.
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995; 1998; OFR; 98-268; Amundson, F. D.

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Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, , Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, , , Region 4: Mississippi Basin, Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf, Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian, Region 7: Upper Colorado Basin, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

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Year Published: 1988

Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985

Water use in South Dakota during 1985 is estimated to have been 674 million gal/day. This is a slight decrease from the 1980 estimate of 690 million gal/day. Of the total use, 63% was from surface-water sources and 37% was from groundwater sources. About 75% of the total water use was for agriculture, 16% was for domestic and commercial use, 8%...

Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J.E.
Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985; 1988; OFR; 88-313; Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J. E.

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Dr. Heather Tollerud with graphic for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
April 6, 2020

Eyes on Earth Episode 22 – Meet the Mendenhall Fellow

The Mendenhall Program offers a range of two-year post-doctoral research fellowships within the U.S. Geological Survey. Heather Tollerud took advantage of the program in 2015 to study drought and land cover at the USGS EROS Center, and has since become a key player in the Center’s innovative Land Change Monitoring, Assessment and Projection (LCMAP) initiative. In this

Color photo of Melanie Vanderhoof
February 19, 2020

Eyes on Earth Episode 23 – Ecosystem Monitoring

Landsat satellites offer a wealth of information to scientists studying ecosystem health and recovery. Data products derived from Landsat open even more areas of inquiry. Landsat Burned Area products, for example, can help researchers identify previously unknown fires that took place from 1984 through the present. In this episode of Eyes on Earth, we talk to one of the

Color photo of EROS Fall Poster Session
November 13, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 11 - EROS Fall Poster Session

Each fall, EROS invites its staff scientists and area graduate students to visit for a noontime poster session. The poster sessions offer a change for those researchers to present their results to their peers and get feedback from their fellow scientists. For this episode, we’ll hear about research into biofuels, cloud-friendly Landsat data, shrubland mapping and satellite

September 16, 2019

Image of the Week - Unplanted Acres in South Dakota

Abnormally high spring rainfall and subsequent flooding in the Midwest had a season-long impact on cropland production. In these Landsat images of South Dakota growing vegetation is shown as green and unplanted areas appear pink. The difference between 2018 and 2019 is striking.

A designation of "prevented planting" is given to unplanted acres as a signal to crop

Color photo of Saud Amer with Eyes on Earth podcast logo
September 12, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 7 – Training Iraqi Scientists

EROS scientists track water availability and crop health around the world to help governments and non-profits manage resources and stave off food shortages. But EROS also teaches international scientists to track those resources themselves. In this episode, we hear about a recent training session at EROS for Iraq’s Ministry of Water Resources.
 

USGS
September 4, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 12 – Plant Health via Satellite (NDVI)

A farmer at the foot of a corn stalk can tell how well the plant is faring. That same farmer might survey his entire field for crop health. But assessing the health of crops or forests at regional, national, and international scales requires remote sensing, most often via satellite. In this episode of Eyes on Earth, we talk to Jesslyn Brown about the Normalized Difference

Color photo of Jon Christopherson with USGS EROS "Eyes on Earth" graphic
August 31, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 4 - Cataloging Earth Observation Satellites

Earth observation used to be the province of a handful of countries with satellite technology. Today, hundreds of satellites built all over the world are launched every year. This episode of Eyes on Earth talks about the explosive growth in the civilian and commercial remote sensing and EROS’ role in it.

Color photo of Doug Daniels with the graphic for the USGS EROS podcast "Eyes on Earth"
August 31, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 6 - Satellites 101

How much does an Earth observation satellite weigh? How are they launched? How fast does it travel? Does Landsat have a gas tank? In this episode of Eyes on Earth, we answer some of the basic questions surrounding the satellites that define the EROS mission.
 

Terry Sohl - Eyes on Earth podcast
August 29, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 16 – Predictive Modeling

Land cover and land use across the United States are the culmination of a complex web of interwoven factors: Climate, landscape types, and economic factors among them. Remotely-sensed data from satellites like Landsat and a variety of other sources are useful for documenting and monitoring land cover and land use. When used alongside other data sources, however, remote

Color photograph of Falls Park, Sioux Falls, SD, USA
August 3, 2019

Falls Park - Sioux Falls, SD

Nature always displays vibrant colors. It is only a matter of time until you get the chance to witness its beauty. Even more difficult is capturing this beauty through the lens. Here, we see the magnificent beauty of the falls on the Big Sioux River, from which Sioux Falls, SD takes its name, showing the vibrant colors of nature just before sunset.

Color photo of Land Change interactive display at USGS EROS
August 2, 2019

Determining Land Change Display

An interactive display at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center highlighting land change research.

Color photo of Land Change interactive display at USGS EROS
August 2, 2019

Determining Land Change Display with Viewers

Viewers look through several years of change in an interactive display at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center.

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Animation of logging in Oregon
April 28, 2020

It’s not uncommon for young scientists doing remote sensing research these days to use what they call the “full Landsat record” in their studies—a time frame they often characterize as 1984 to present.

doucette
April 24, 2020

Coming from Reston, VA, to the rural landscape surrounding the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD, has brought about some challenging transitions for Peter Doucette, the new Integrated Science and Applications Branch Chief at EROS.

Dr. Heather Tollerud with graphic for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
April 14, 2020

Dr. Heather Tollerud came to the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center with an eye to drought and its ripple effects across time and space.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 26, 2020

This challeng is SO CLOSE to being finished! 

Approximately 80 edits came in since last week, leaving less than 20 existing points to be reviewed.  Don't forget to check for missing city/town halls, too.  

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 20, 2020

This challenge continues to move along nicely with another 100 edits in the last week! 

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 12, 2020

This challenge is coming along nicely with another 30 points added and 50 edits submitted since last week!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 6, 2020

This challenge is coming along nicely with 20 points added since last week and another 80 points edited!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
January 30, 2020

Here's another challenge for city/town halls in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota!

Color screenshot of 2019 National Plan for Civilian Earth Observations
December 13, 2019

The Landsat program and the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center have long held and important place in the nation’s Earth observation (EO) policy.

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