Unified Interior Regions

South Dakota

Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 93
Date published: November 14, 2018
Status: Active

EROS User Group

The purpose of the EROS User Group (EUG) is three-fold:

  • Provide operational users of EROS products and services with an opportunity and platform to discuss opinions, needs, and concerns in a structured and consistent manner;
  • Provide EROS projects with a consistent platform for targeted communications and opportunity for direct feedback from the user community on product-
  • ...
Date published: November 8, 2018
Status: Active

Williston Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of conventional and continuous oil and gas resources of the Devonian Three Forks Formation and Devonian and Mississippian Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin Province 5031 of North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota:

  • 2013 Conventional and Continuous Assessment (
  • ...
Date published: July 31, 2018
Status: Active

Remote Sensing Phenology

Phenology is the study of plant and animal life cycles in relation to the seasons. EROS maintains a set of nine annual phenological metrics for the conterminous United States, all curated from satellite data. Taken together, the metrics represent a powerful tool for documenting life cycle trends and the impacts of climate change on ecosystems.

Contacts: Jesslyn Brown
Date published: May 16, 2018
Status: Active

Land Cover Projections

Scientists at EROS look at local and global drivers of land-use change to project how different scenarios will impact and change landscapes. Using the FOREcasting SCEnarios of Land-use Change (FORE-SCE) modeling framework provides spatially explicit projections of future land-use and land-cover change. 

Contacts: Terry Sohl
Date published: May 15, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Applications

The Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) and Applications project at EROS offers information used for a range of applications analysis needed for climate change analysis.      

Date published: May 10, 2018
Status: Active

Land Treatment Exploration Tool

The Land Treatment ExplorationTool provides a practical resource for managers who are planning restoration and rehabilitation actions on public lands. The tool generates a variety of spatial products while being user friendly for all levels of GIS expertise, even to those with little or no experience.

Date published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Date published: April 30, 2018
Status: Completed

Williston and Powder River Basins Groundwater Availability Study

The development of two nationally important energy-producing areas, the Williston structural basin (containing the Bakken Formation) and Powder River structural basin, provide a critical opportunity to study the water-energy nexus within a groundwater context. Large volumes of water are needed for energy development in these basins. The hydraulically connected aquifers in the...

Date published: March 15, 2018
Status: Active

Webinar: Projecting Climate Change Impacts on Wetland-Dependent Birds in the Prairie Pothole Region

View this webinar to learn how scientists are projecting the impacts of climate change on birds in the Prairie Pothole Region.

Date published: February 23, 2018
Status: Active

Groundwater-Flow Model for the High Plains Aquifer in South Dakota

Project Period: 2013-2018
Cooperators: Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Oglala Sioux Tribe
Project Chief: Kyle Davis

Contacts: Kyle W Davis
Date published: November 13, 2017
Status: Completed

Bridge Scour Publications

Publications about North and South Dakota bridge scour.

Date published: November 7, 2017
Status: Completed

Black Hills Area Floods Since 1877

Summary of Floods in the Black Hills Area Since 1877.

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Volker Radeloff with USGS EROS "Eyes on Earth" graphic
July 31, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 5 – Declassified Data at EROS

There’s a lot more than Landsat in the EROS Archive. In this episode of Eyes on Earth, we hear from a professor who’s mined satellite data collected during once-classified military missions to peer into the history of land use in Eastern Europe during the height of the Cold War.

July 11, 2019

Image of the Week - 50 Year Flood Flashback

A Landsat satellite image captured the flooding in Dell Rapids, SD in the Spring of 2019. It's remarkably similar to an aerial photograph of flooding 50 years earlier. 

Color photo of Tom Loveland with Eyes on Earth podcast logo
June 30, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 1 - Intro to EROS

A rundown of the history of the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, the Landsat program, and the Center's role in the observation and study of landscape change worldwide.

USDA's Dave Johnson with USGS EROS "Eyes on Earth" graphic
June 20, 2019

Eyes on Earth Episode 8 – Assessing America’s Cropland

Every year, the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) uses data from satellites like Landsat to estimate crop types and crop yields in the United States. The result is the Cropland Data Layer (CDL), which offers an annual look at more than 100 crop categories across the country. In this episode, Dave Johnson with NASS discusses how Landsat can identify

May 10, 2019

Image of the Week - A New Yellowstone Hot Spot

Scientists with the USGS Yellowstone Volcano Observatory use satellite and aerial imagery to map hot springs, geothermal vents, and geysers at Yellowstone National Park. They recently found an entirely new thermal area miles from the nearest trailhead. Landsat 8's thermal infrared sensors captured the change in a nighttime image from April of 2017. Aerial images reveal a

April 16, 2019

Variable Warming Upper Midwest Lakes and Implications for Sport Fish

Climate change is predicted to alter sport fish communities in Midwestern lakes, but managers currently have limited information on individual lakes that can be used to set local expectations or intervene with mitigation strategies. Northeast and North Central CASC supported researchers, with strong participation from the Midwest Glacial Lakes Partnership, have combined

Members of the LANDFIRE team at the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
March 13, 2019

LANDFIRE Team - 2019

Members of the LANDFIRE team met in March of 2019 at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD.

Winter Streamflow Measurement at South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD
January 31, 2019

Winter Streamflow Measurement at South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD

USGS Hydrologic technician Sarah Davis measuring streamflow at the South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD (streamgage 06356500) on January 31, 2019.  Measuring the streamflow under ice requires drilling holes across the width of the stream and then collecting data from each hole.  At times streams can freeze solid but drilling holes are necessary to verify that. The

Animation of land change in the Black Hills
December 31, 2018

Land Change in the Black Hills - LCMAP

Animation of land cover change in the Black Hills, created using Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection data from the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center.

December 31, 2018

An Introduction to the AppEEARS Point Sampler

This short video provides a quick demonstration of the Point Sample using the Application for Extracting and Exploring Analysis Ready Samples (AρρEEARS). 

AppEEARS provides a simple and efficient way to subset, transform, and visualize geospatial data distributed from a variety of federal archives. The following topics are discussed in the video: how to submit a

Bison in Badlands National Park
December 31, 2018

Bison in Badlands National Park

Bison in the grasslands of Badlands National Park. Tens of millions of bison once roamed this region, but were nearly eliminated by the early 20th century due to overhunting. Bison were brought back to Badlands in 1963 and the population has thrived. The park is concerned about how water and forage availability might change as the climate changes, and what this

December 21, 2018

Using the Advanced Criteria in EarthExplorer

EarthExplorer helps users get to exactly the scenes they want. The Additional Criteria tab helps users pick scenes that meet specific requirements. 

This video will show you how to utilize the Additional Criteria tab in EarthExplorer.

You can find additional videos on tools and types of imagery available on this website: 

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USGS EROS Director C.J. Loria
February 19, 2019

Will oversee Landsat satellite and Earth imaging operations

Jesslyn Brown of the USGS speaking at a workshop on Land Change Assessment, Monitoring, and Projection
November 15, 2018

The mapping and classification of land use and land cover has long been a primary duty for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and remotely-sensed data at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center has served as the backbone of the Survey’s modern efforts.

In recent years, two advancements in remote sensing emerged that promise to revolutionize the field.

Photo of Landsat 9 Ground System Review Panel
October 22, 2018

Agencies like NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) that commit multiple millions of dollars to put Landsat satellites into space need to know that the spacecraft, the sensors onboard, the ground system operating the satellite, and the launch vehicle are all designed and built the right way.

Color photo of Stephen Zahn at the Landsat 9 Ground System CDR in September 2018
October 4, 2018

Tim Rykowski has a history of reviewing satellite ground systems. NASA’s Space Network Systems Manager, Rykowski figures he’s probably sat in on a few dozen such reviews during his 35 years at NASA, including the design and build of the Landsat 9 (L9) Ground System that’s going on now.

Photo of EROS' Doug Daniels speaking to a class in Sioux Falls, SD
August 22, 2018

When they step out of their science or engineering realms, staff members at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD, often tell a different story about the work they do.

In many ways, a more interesting story.

color photograph of Tom Loveland
April 30, 2018

Former Chief Scientist's contributions as head of Landsat Science Team, commitment to education recognized

Image: Redwater River, South Dakota
April 11, 2018

Media and the public are invited to attend a free meeting about South Dakota water issues on Thursday, April 19, in Rapid City, South Dakota.

LiDAR image
March 14, 2018

USGS has produced topographic maps of American landscapes for more than a century as part of its Congressional mandate to maintain the elevation data that helps document change across the Nation. The use of LiDAR, refined at EROS, is key to modern topography.

Image: Brown Fracking Sand
February 27, 2018

Instead of requiring costly dredging to remove sediment buildup behind water reservoirs and diversions, sediment from reservoirs in the Missouri River Basin could actually be used as fracking proppant feedstock, also known as frac sand, according to a recently published U.S. Geological Survey study

Prairie dog and SPV bait
December 13, 2017

About 70 percent of wild prairie dogs successfully ingested baits containing an oral sylvatic plague vaccine, or SPV, that were distributed throughout their habitats, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

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