Unified Interior Regions

Vermont

Vermont, located in the New England region in the eastern United States comprises 9,614 square miles and is the 45th-largest state. Lake Champlain, the major lake in Vermont, is the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the U.S. and separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.The state contains 2,000 higher plant species and 75 different types of natural communities.

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

361 Commerce Way
Pembroke, NH 03275-3718

Phone: (603) 226-7800
Fax: (603) 226-7894

New England Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Vermont, located in the New England region in the eastern United States comprises 9,614 square miles and is the 45th-largest state. Lake Champlain, the major lake in Vermont, is the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the U.S. and separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.The state contains 2,000 higher plant species and 75 different types of natural communities.

News

July 1, 2021

WaterMarks Newsletter - Summer 2021

In this issue we put one of our outstanding staff, Alex Bissell, on Center Stage, and spotlight our Applied Hydrology Program, research on the effects of climate change on water resources, and our streamflow and water-quality data-collection networks. Explore this quarter’s publications and learn more about the fantastic science our folks produce in partnership with our stakeholders. Happy 4th

Date published: June 29, 2021

Streamflow Conditions in New England, Spring 2021

Streamflow conditions in New England were highly variable this spring.

Date published: June 8, 2021

New England WSC Data Releases and Publications in the Second Quarter of 2021

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in the second quarter of 2021.

Filter Total Items: 29
Date published: July 27, 2021
Status: Active

Transportation-Related Water Projects in New England

The New England Water Science Center collects data and does interpretive studies on hydrology, hydraulics, and water quality in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration and State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) in New England and other states.

Contacts: Gregory Granato
Date published: June 29, 2021
Status: Active

Applied Hydrology Program

The mission of the Applied Hydrology Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) New England Water Science Center (WSC) is to support water resource managers, stakeholders, and policy makers with the hydrologic data, interpretation, and tools they need to manage and make critical decisions about water resources throughout New England. This program is divided into two broad sections: the...

Date published: March 31, 2021
Status: Active

Hydrologic Interpretive Program

The mission of the Hydrologic Interpretive Program is to work with stakeholders to design, carry out, and publish scientific studies addressing critical water-resources issues facing New England and the Nation.

Date published: March 5, 2021
Status: Active

Sleepers River Research Watershed

The Sleepers River Research Watershed in Danville, Vermont has been the site of active hydrologic research since 1959, when the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) established a research program in the watershed. The Sleepers River site is now operated by the USGS, in cooperation with several other Federal agencies and universities. 

Contacts: James Shanley
Date published: November 25, 2020
Status: Active

New England Flood Information

The USGS delivers continuous streamflow, stage (water-level), and tide data to help emergency managers and other decision makers protect life and property caused by floods and other water-related hazards.

Date published: October 28, 2020
Status: Completed

New England Drought, 2020

Below average and infrequent rainfall from May through September 2020 led to an extreme hydrologic drought across much of New England, with some areas experiencing a flash (quick-onset) drought.

Date published: September 29, 2020
Status: Completed

New England Water Use in 2015 Geonarrative

The New England Water Science Center has collected, reviewed, and aggregated water-withdrawal data in each of the six States every 5 years since 1950. The most recent water-use compilation was completed in 2015, and its summary is presented in this geonarrative.

Date published: July 24, 2020
Status: Active

New England Drought Information

Droughts are among the most costly hydrologic hazards in the United States. They are generally slow in developing, frequently occur over a long period of time, and can affect large areas and populations. The severity of a hydrologic drought is not always obvious until these water supplies are seriously depleted.

Date published: March 3, 2020
Status: Active

FEMA project – White

Meeting Information

Contacts: Scott A Olson
Date published: March 3, 2020
Status: Active

FEMA project – 01080103

Meeting Information

Contacts: Scott A Olson
Date published: March 2, 2020
Status: Active

FEMA project – 01080104

Meeting Information

Contacts: Scott A Olson
Date published: November 12, 2019
Status: Active

Dissolved organic matter dynamics from mountains to sea - James Shanley

Research the movement of organic carbon out of the mountains and into the stream -- the “forgotten flux” of the global carbon budget. Assess how climate extremes, including both floods and drought, will alter carbon and other nutrient cycling. Lead a scientific paper on an aspect of this research that excites you.

Filter Total Items: 15
Date published: October 1, 2020

New England Below Normal 28-day average streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of year

Below Normal 28-day average streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of year

Date published: April 28, 2020

Principal facts of gravity data collected in and around the eastern Adirondack highlands, northern New York

Gravity data were collected in 2016 and 2017 to assist in mapping subsurface geology in and around the eastern Adirondack highlands, northern New York, which host numerous iron-oxide apatite deposits. Many of these deposits contain rare-earth elements, which are considered a critical mineral resource. This data release provides principal facts for 189 new gravity stations that were acquire...

Date published: April 23, 2020

Domestic Wells in the United States

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Date published: April 9, 2019

Drought Streamflow Probabilities in Northeast Region

Maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR) is used to estimate drought probabilities for selected Northeast rivers and streams. Winter streamflows are used to estimate the chance of hydrologic drought during summer months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Northeastern streams.

Date published: August 28, 2018

USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

Date published: April 9, 2018

Water Use Data for Vermont

The link provides access to the 5-year water-use compilations (between 1985 and 2015) data for Vermont on the National Water Information System (NWIS) web interface.

The presented data were compiled and published by the USGS's National Water Use Information Program (NWUIP).

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Date published: April 19, 2016

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and...

Filter Total Items: 11
New England Water Use, 2015
September 28, 2020

The New England Water Science Center has collected, reviewed, and aggregated water-withdrawal data in each of the six States every 5 years since 1950. The most recent water-use compilation was completed in 2015, and its summary is presented in this geonarrative.

Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Wells in the New England groundwater level network dataset, 2017, web application
November 13, 2019

Locations of active wells (at least one measurement during the previous year) in the New England groundwater level network at the end of 2017. The dataset contains 104 wells with continuous water-level measurements (15-minute to hourly measurements), 182 wells with discrete water-level measurements (monthly measurements at most locations), and 95 wells with intermittent water-level measurements.

Flood Inundation Mapper - New England
November 4, 2019

USGS Flood Inundation Mapper Web Application

NWIS-Mapper thumbnail image
November 26, 2018

The National Water Information System (NWIS) Mapper provides access to water-resources data at over 1.5 million sites across the U.S., including current and historical data. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

New England Water Conditions Map
October 30, 2018

New England Current Water Conditions (Groundwater, Surface Water and Water-Quality) Maps

Example of StreamStats drainage basin delineation Illustration
October 21, 2018

StreamStats is a Web-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) application that provides users with access to an assortment of analytical tools that are useful for a variety of water-resources planning and management purposes.

Screenshot of the map showing part of New England
October 19, 2018

Maps of flood and high flow conditions within New England

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

USGS Storm-Tide Mapper and Data Services
March 8, 2016

The USGS Storm Tide Mapper is a tool for viewing, analyzing, and accessing storm tide data collected during and after hurricanes and Nor’easters. The USGS Storm Tide Mapper will continue to provide a unified and consistent source of real-time and archived storm-tide data.

Filter Total Items: 9
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Year Published: 2020

Malignant melanoma of Brown Bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) in Lake Memphremagog, Vermont/Quebec

In 2012, brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) with large, raised, black growths were first reported from multiple areas within the Vermont portion of Lake Memphremagog. Subsequent surveys conducted from 2014 to 2017 at two sites within the lake indicated a prevalence of 30% in adult brown bullhead 200 mm and above total length. These lesions...

Blazer, Vicki S.; Shaw, Cassidy H.; Smith, Cheyenne R.; Emerson, P; Jones, Thomas R.

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Year Published: 2019

Flood-inundation maps for Lake Champlain in Vermont and New York

In 2016, digital flood-inundation maps along the shoreline of Lake Champlain in Addison, Chittenden, Franklin, and Grand Isle Counties in Vermont and northern Clinton County in New York were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the International Joint Commission (IJC). This report discusses the creation of updated...

Flynn, Robert H.; Hayes, Laura
Flynn, R.H., and Hayes, L., 2019, Flood-inundation maps for Lake Champlain in Vermont and New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5169, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185169. [Supersedes USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5060.]

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Year Published: 2018

Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995-2007

Crystalline bedrock aquifers in New England and parts of New Jersey and New York (NECR aquifers) are a major source of drinking water. Because the quality of water in these aquifers is highly variable, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) statistically analyzed chemical data on samples of untreated groundwater collected from 117 domestic bedrock...

Flanagan, Sarah M.; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Robinson, Gilpin R.
Flanagan, S.M., Ayotte, J.D., Robinson, G.R., Jr., 2018, Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995–2007 (ver.1.1, April 2018): U.S. Geological Survey 2011–5220, 104 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20115220.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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Year Published: 2011

Predicting carnivore occurrence with noninvasive surveys and occupancy modeling

Terrestrial carnivores typically have large home ranges and exist at low population densities, thus presenting challenges to wildlife researchers. We employed multiple, noninvasive survey methods—scat detection dogs, remote cameras, and hair snares—to collect detection–nondetection data for elusive American black bears (Ursus...

Long, Robert A.; Donovan, Therese M.; MacKay, Paula; Zielinski, William J.; Buzas, Jeffrey S.
Predicting carnivore occurrence with noninvasive surveys and occupancy modeling; 2011; Article; Journal; Landscape Ecology; Long, R. A.; Donovan, T. M.; MacKay, P.; Zielinski, W. J.; Buzas, J. S.

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Year Published: 2010

Estimated water withdrawals and return flows in Vermont in 2005 and 2020

In 2005, about 12 percent of total water withdrawals (440 million gallons per day (Mgal/d)) in Vermont were from groundwater sources (51 Mgal/d), and about 88 percent were from surface-water sources (389 Mgal/d). Of total water withdrawals, about 78 percent were used for cooling at a power plant, 9 percent were withdrawn by public suppliers, about...

Medalie, Laura; Horn, Marilee A.
Estimated water withdrawals and return flows in Vermont in 2005 and 2020; 2010; SIR; 2010-5053; Medalie, Laura; Horn, Marilee, A.

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Year Published: 2010

Scale-dependent mechanisms of habitat selection for a migratory passerine: an experimental approach

Habitat selection theory predicts that individuals choose breeding habitats that maximize fitness returns on the basis of indirect environmental cues at multiple spatial scales. We performed a 3-year field experiment to evaluate five alternative hypotheses regarding whether individuals choose breeding territories in heterogeneous landscapes on the...

Donovan, Therese M.; Cornell, Kerri L.

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Year Published: 1996

Estimated withdrawals and use of freshwater in Vermont, 1990

Estimated freshwater withdrawals during 1990 in Vermont totaled about 632 million gallons per day. The largest withdrawals were for thermoelectric- power generation (82 percent), industrial use (7 percent), and public supply (6 percent). Most withdrawals, 587 million gallons per day, were made from surface-water sources as compared to 44.9 million...

Horn, M.A.; Medalie, Laura
Attribution: Water Resources
Estimated withdrawals and use of freshwater in Vermont, 1990; 1996; WRI; 93-4097; Horn, M. A.; Medalie, Laura

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Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Filter Total Items: 32
Precipitation measurement and sampling at a meteorological platform
March 3, 2021

Precipitation measurement and sampling at a meteorological platform

The photo shows a Belfort Weighing Bucket, Tipping Bucket,  Aerochem, Ott Pluvio , Hubbard Brook, and standard rain gage. Sleepers River Research Watershed, Danville, Vermont. 

The Belfort Weighing Bucket, Ott Pluvio and Tipping Bucket (discontinued) precipitation gauges collect 5 minute data. The standard gage is measured once a week manually. Hubbard Brook sampler

...
Recently retrieved frost tube
March 1, 2021

Frost tube

Photo of a recently retrieved frost tube during the Snow Depth and Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) measurement. Sleepers River Research Watershed, Danville, Vermont.

Soil frost measurements have been made at Sleepers River Research Watershed starting in 1983. Measurements were made by U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory from 1983 to 1993, followed

...
December 4, 2020

Our Director: A Vision for Our Center (New England WSC)

An introduction to the New England Water Science Center's Director and his vision for the Center.
 

Checking in on a benchmark and taking recovery photos
October 6, 2020

Checking in on a benchmark and taking recovery photos

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps. ​

USGS Hydrologic Technicians Terrence Talbot and Gunther Schletter take field notes and benchmark recovery photos after checking in at the benchmark.

​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism while survey rod level and the channel point is collected with a total station from shore
October 6, 2020

Taking channel measurements from a canoe

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism and survey rod level while the channel point is collected with a total station from shore.

USGS employees check a channel measurement taken with a total station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.
October 6, 2020

Checking the channel measurement

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​USGS employees check a channel measurement taken with a total station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.

Hydrologic Technician Gunther Schletter takes a channel measurement using a Total Station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.
October 6, 2020

Behind the Total Station

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

Hydrologic Technician Gunther Schletter takes a channel measurement using a Total Station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.​​

​USGS employees use a GPS to set reference marks next to a damn near St. Johnsbury, VT.
October 6, 2020

Setting reference marks

​​Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps. 

USGS employees use a GPS to set reference marks next to a damn near St. Johnsbury, VT.​​​

USGS employee stands in the river with a prism while a point measurement is taken with a station located on the river bank.
October 6, 2020

Taking a channel measurement

Surface-water modeling for Federal Emergency Management Agency flood insurance rate maps. 

​A USGS employees stands in the river channel keeping a prism on a survey rod level while a point measurement is taken with a total station located on the river bank.​

Randy Orndorff examines limestone on Lake Champlain, VT
December 31, 2019

Randy Orndorff examines limestone on Lake Champlain, VT

Photo Contest Winner | Nov. 2019 | USGS at Work
Randy Orndorff examines limestone on Lake Champlain, VT

Belfort Weighing Bucket precipitation gauge and wind shield
March 26, 2019

Belfort Weighing Bucket precipitation gauge and wind shield

Belfort Weighing Bucket precipitation gauge at a high elevation meteorological station. Sleepers River Research Watershed, Danville, Vermont. 

Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
November 14, 2018

National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

Filter Total Items: 70
Scituate Reservoir, Rhode Island
July 1, 2021

In this issue we put one of our outstanding staff, Alex Bissell, on Center Stage, and spotlight our Applied Hydrology Program, research on the effects of climate change on water resources, and our streamflow and water-quality data-collection networks. Explore this quarter’s publications and learn more about the fantastic science our folks produce in partnership with our stakeholders. Happy 4th

New England plot of real-time streamflow 04/01-06/20/2021
June 29, 2021

Streamflow conditions in New England were highly variable this spring.

USGS Publications spread out on a table
June 8, 2021

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in the second quarter of 2021.

The Lake Superior Biological Station
June 1, 2021

University Students Get A Chance To Talk To Experienced Scientists In The Classroom.

Data-collection locations for 2019 monitoring program, Sakonnet RI
May 28, 2021

Two data releases were recently published by the Watershed and Urban Hydrology Section of the New England WSC.

USGS gage 01135150, Pope Brook near North Danville, Vermont
April 1, 2021

In this issue of the USGS New England WSC Newsletter, we spotlight recent field activities, our Hydrologic Interpretive Program, a new report about arsenic in groundwater, and research at the Sleepers River Research Watershed. I hope you enjoy the articles about some of the great work our folks are doing and exploring the links to this quarter’s publications. Thanks for making us part of your day!

Real-time streamflow in New England, March 31, 2021
March 31, 2021

Recent surface-water, groundwater, and precipitation data indicate that drought conditions may presently be developing in parts of New England.

USGS Publications spread out on a table
March 30, 2021

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in the first quarter of 2021.

​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism while survey rod level and the channel point is collected with a total station from shore
January 6, 2021

In this issue we introduce our new director, John Bumgarner, presenting his vision for the center. We also feature our hydrologic monitoring program, a recap of the 2020 drought, current work on the Federal Emergency Management Agency flood insurance maps, two geonarratives, and we provide links to our 2020 staff publications and data releases.

USGS Publications spread out on a table
December 16, 2020

List of data releases and publications from the New England Water Science Center released in 2020.

 

Map of real-time streamflow conditions at USGS gaging sites in New England from the National Water Dashboard, December 10, 2020
December 11, 2020

The Hydrologic Monitoring Program (HMP) conducts hydrologic surveillance and investigation in all six New England States. 

Filter Total Items: 16

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

New England Water Science Center - New Hampshire/Vermont

361 Commerce Way
Pembroke, NH 03275-3718

Phone: (603) 226-7800
Fax: (603) 226-7894

New England Water