Unified Interior Regions

Washington

Washington's Puget Sound is a complex ecosystem directly adjacent to a robust metropolitan area that scientists from the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center study. Recent surveys have looked at juvenile surf smelt, a key link in the food web that are consumed by predators such as salmon, orca, and many marine birds. 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

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Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

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States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 270
Date published: August 30, 2018
Status: Active

Columbia River Basin Sturgeon Habitat Modeling

A study was conducted to identify habitat characteristics associated with age 0 White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus Richardson, 1863) recruitment in three reaches of the Columbia River Basin: Skamania reach (consistent recruitment), John Day reach (intermittent/inconsistent recruitment), and Kootenai reach (no recruitment).

Contacts: James Hatten
Date published: August 29, 2018
Status: Active

Molecular Characterization of Novel Fish Viruses from Technical Assistance Cases

Viruses occur in many cultured and wild stocks of fish. William Batts collaborates with many government, state, tribal, and private research and diagnostic laboratories to aid in identification of these unknown replicating agents of uncertain pathogenicity. Typically, viruses can be replicated in a variety of fish cell lines and investigated at several temperatures to see if the cytopathic...

Contacts: William N Batts
Date published: August 29, 2018
Status: Active

WFRC Organizational Chart

Organizational structure of the Western Fisheries Research Center

Date published: August 28, 2018
Status: Active

Species Studied by the Western Fisheries Research Center

Many species are studied at the Western Fisheries Research Center.  These species include bacteria, birds, fish, invertebrates, parasites, plants, and viruses. The list contains both common and scientific names, and where each are being studied on the WFRC landscape.

Date published: August 27, 2018
Status: Active

Non-lethal Detection of Skin Injuries in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha by Fast Green FCF Dye

In fish, as in humans, an intact epidermis is critical to defense against entry of pathogens into the skin. Macroscopic examination of scale loss is the principal method of evaluating physical damage to juvenile salmonids out-migrating through hydroelectric dams in the Snake and Columbia Rivers, and in fish subjected to capture and handling procedures in locations such as hatcheries, fish...

Date published: August 24, 2018
Status: Active

Contaminants in Puget Sound Forage Fishes and Impacts to the Marine Food Web

Toxic chemical pollutants have been released into Puget Sound for decades by human activities. There’s a wide range of contaminants, from persistent compounds like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and flame retardants to contaminants of emerging concern. Aquatic species can be exposed to and accumulate contaminants, causing disease or disruption of biological processes like growth or...

Date published: August 24, 2018
Status: Active

Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii) - HSL

Species Studied

Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)

Date published: August 24, 2018
Status: Active

Ichthyobodo - HSL

Fish Diseases

Ichthyobodo

Date published: August 20, 2018
Status: Active

Investigation and Disease Prevention of Spring Viremia of Carp Virus (SVCV)

There has been long history of disease outbreaks and economic losses in wild and farmed carp species due to SVCV. Formerly thought to be restricted to Europe and Asia, SVCV was detected for the first time in North America from diseased koi at a North Carolina fish farm in 2002, and there were extensive eradication efforts with 135,000 fish euthanized in addition to the ~15,000 that died from...

Date published: August 1, 2018
Status: Active

Scientific Support of Salmon and Steelhead Reintroductions in Impounded River Basins of the Pacific Northwest

Salmon and steelhead populations in the Pacific Northwest were severely affected by hydropower development that occurred during the first half of the 20th century.  Impassable dams were constructed on many rivers throughout the region which prevented returning adult salmonids from accessing important habitats where spawning and rearing historically occurred.  In the past two decades...

Contacts: Tobias J Kock
Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Directions - Columbia River Research Laboratory

Directions to the Columbia River Research Laboratory from the Portland International Airport and Seattle, WA.

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Staff Directory - Columbia River Research Laboratory

Staff at the Columbia River Research Laboratory, Cook, WA

Filter Total Items: 181
Date published: April 3, 2018

Surface-Water for Washington

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall in Washington. Surface-water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Date published: February 21, 2018

High-resolution bathymetry and acoustic-backscatter data collected in 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010 in Skagit Bay, Washington

This data release provides the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010 bathymetry data that was collected in Skagit Bay, Washington as well as a merged 2005-2010 bathymetry grid. Also, this data release provides the acoustic-backscatter as a merged 2005-2010 backscatter image.

Date published: February 7, 2018

Data in support of 5-year sediment budget and morphodynamic analysis of Elwha River following dam removals

Dam removal changed the river's sediment budget and water flow, which affected the river's morphology. This data release presents digital elevation models, orthomosaic images, dam height measurements, sediment measurements, and river streamgage data that were collected to support studies on morphodynamic and sediment budget responses of the Elwha River to the removal of dams.

Date published: January 1, 2018

Data to Support Efficacy Studies of Injectable Tulathromycin for Reduction of Vertical Transmission of Renibacterium salmoninarum in Spring Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Bacterial kidney disease (BKD) caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum (Rs) occurs nearly worldwide where wild or cultured salmonid fishes are present. Control of BKD is confounded by its two modes of transmission, horizontal (fish-to-fish) and vertical (from female parent to progeny via the eggs). A highly successful BKD control strategy employed in Pacific Northwest hatcheries cu

Date published: January 1, 2018

Merged acoustic-backscactter imagery collected in 2005, 2007, and 2010, Skagit Bay, Washington

These metadata describe the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (PCMSC) merged acoustic-backscatter imagery that was collected in 2005, 2007, and 2010 in Skagit Bay Washington that is provided as a 5-m resolution TIFF image. In 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (P

Date published: January 1, 2018

Susceptibility of Nanophyetus salmonicola cercariae to formalin, hydrogen peroxide and seawater

The ability of formalin, PEROX-AID® (hydrogen peroxide), and seawater to kill waterborne Nanophyetus salmincola cercariae was evaluated in vitro. Newly emerged waterborne cercariae survived for extended periods in freshwater, with 50-74% survival occurring in negative control groups after 24 hr. Exposure to dilutions of formalin reduced this survival time, with 0% of cerca

Date published: January 1, 2018

Inorganic compositional data for fine-grained Puget Sound sediment along the Burlington Northern Santa Fe rail line, September 2015

Nearshore surface sediment was collected with a petit ponar grab sampler between April 22 and September 17, 2015, at five sites in Puget Sound, Washington. Four sites were adjacent to the Burlington Northern Santa Fe rail line in urban and non-urban areas, and one site was in an urban area that was not adjacent to the rail line. Total and near-total major, minor, trace, and rare ear

Date published: January 1, 2018

Distribution and seasonal differences in Pacific Lamprey and Lampetra spp eDNA across 18 Puget Sound watersheds, 2014 and 2015

These data contain all the raw results needed to support the conclusions for the final product. These data are water sampling locations (latitude and longitude), date of water sampling, quantitative PCR values for each water sample, and stream flow at USGS stream gauging stations on sampling day.

Date published: January 1, 2018

USGS Dam Removal Science Database v2.0

This database is the result of an extensive literature search aimed at identifying documents relevant to the emerging field of dam removal science. In total the database contains 214 citations that contain empirical monitoring information associated with 181 different dam removals across the United States and abroad. Data includes publications through 2016 and supplemented with the U.S. Army...

Date published: January 1, 2018

Dataset: Molecular testing of adult Pacific salmon and trout (Oncorhynchus spp.) for several RNA viruses demonstrates widespread distribution of piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) in Alaska and Washington

Dataset for the publication 'Molecular testing of adult Pacific salmon and trout (Oncorhynchus spp.) for several RNA viruses demonstrates widespread distribution of piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) in Alaska and Washington'. This research was initiated in conjunction with a systematic, multi-agency surveillance effort in the United States (U.S.) in response to reported findings of in

Date published: January 1, 2018

Daily sediment loads during and after dam removal in the Elwha River, Washington, 2011 to 2016

Daily values of discharge and sediment loads were measured and estimated at U.S. Geological Survey gaging station 12046260, on the Elwha River at the diversion near Port Angeles, Washington. Daily data are reported from September 15, 2011 to September 30, 2016. Specific data include (1) date; (2) discharge; (3) suspended-sediment concentration and one standard-deviation bo

Date published: January 1, 2018

Probability of Streamflow Permanence (PROSPER) Continuous Parameter Grids (CPGs)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed the PRObability of Streamflow PERmanence (PROSPER) model, a GIS raster-based empirical model that provides streamflow permanence probabilities (probabilistic predictions) of a stream channel having year-round flow for any unregulated and minimally-impaired stream channel in the Pacific Northwest region, U.S. The model provides annual

Filter Total Items: 745
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Year Published: 2017

Microfossil measures of rapid sea-level rise: Timing of response of two microfossil groups to a sudden tidal-flooding experiment in Cascadia

Comparisons of pre-earthquake and post-earthquake microfossils in tidal sequences are accurate means to measure coastal subsidence during past subduction earthquakes, but the amount of subsidence is uncertain, because the response times of fossil taxa to coseismic relative sea-level (RSL) rise are unknown. We measured the response of diatoms and...

Horton, B.P.; Milker, Yvonne; Dura, T.; Wang, Kelin; Bridgeland, W.T.; Brophy, Laura S.; Ewald, M.; Khan, Nicole; Engelhart, S.E.; Nelson, Alan R.; Witter, Robert C.
B.P. Horton, Y. Milker, T. Dura, K. Wang, W.T. Bridgeland, L. Brophy, M. Ewald, N.S. Khan, S.E. Engelhart8, A.R. Nelson, and R.C. Witter Y. Milker; T. Dura; K. Wang; W.T. Bridgeland; L. Brophy; M. Ewald; N.S. Khan; S.E. Engelhart; A.R. Nelson; R.C. Witter

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Year Published: 2017

Projecting community changes in hazard exposure to support long-term risk reduction: A case study of tsunami hazards in the U.S. Pacific Northwest

Tsunamis have the potential to cause considerable damage to communities along the U.S. Pacific Northwest coastline. As coastal communities expand over time, the potential societal impact of tsunami inundation changes. To understand how community exposure to tsunami hazards may change in coming decades, we projected future development (i.e. urban,...

Sleeter, Benjamin M.; Wood, Nathan J.; Soulard, Christopher E.; Wilson, Tamara
Benjamin M. Sleeter, Nathan J. Wood, Christopher E. Soulard, Tamara S. Wilson, Projecting community changes in hazard exposure to support long-term risk reduction: A case study of tsunami hazards in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Volume 22, June 2017, Pages 10-22, ISSN 2212-4209

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Year Published: 2017

Evidence for distributed clockwise rotation of the crust in the northwestern United States from fault geometries and focal mechanisms

Paleomagnetic and GPS data indicate that Washington and Oregon have rotated clockwise for the past 16 Myr. Late Cenozoic and Quaternary fault geometries, seismicity lineaments, and focal mechanisms provide evidence that this rotation is accommodated by north directed thrusting and right-lateral strike-slip faulting in Washington, and SW to W...

Brocher, Thomas M.; Wells, Ray E.; Lamb, Andrew P.; Weaver, Craig S.
Brocher, T. M., R. E. Wells, A. P. Lamb, and C. S. Weaver (2017), Evidence for distributed clockwise rotation of the crust in the northwestern United States from fault geometries and focal mechanisms, Tectonics, 36, doi:10.1002/ 2016TC004223.

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Year Published: 2017

Cascadia subduction tremor muted by crustal faults

Deep, episodic slow slip on the Cascadia subduction megathrust of western North America is accompanied by low-frequency tremor in a zone of high fluid pressure between 30 and 40 km depth. Tremor density (tremor epicenters per square kilometer) varies along strike, and lower tremor density statistically correlates with upper plate faults that...

Wells, Ray; Blakely, Richard J.; Wech, Aaron G.; McCrory, Patricia A.; Michael, Andrew
Wells, RE, Blakely, RJ, Wech, AG, McCrory, Michael, A., 2017, Cascadia subduction tremor muted by crustal faults. Geology, 45(6) 515-518.

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Year Published: 2017

Precipitation thresholds for landslide occurrence near Seattle, Mukilteo, and Everett, Washington

Shallow landslides along coastal bluffs frequently occur in the railway corridor between Seattle and Everett, Washington. These slides disrupt passenger rail service, both because of required track maintenance and because the railroad owner, Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, does not allow passenger travel for 48 hours after a disruptive...

Scheevel, Caroline R.; Baum, Rex L.; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Smith, Joel B.
Scheevel, C.R., Baum, R.L., Mirus, B.B., and Smith, J.B., 2017, Precipitation thresholds for landslide occurrence near Seattle, Mukilteo, and Everett, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1039, 51 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171039.

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Year Published: 2017

Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2016 progress report

Evidence indicates that competition with invasive barred owls (Strix varia) is causing rapid declines in populations of northern spotted owls (S. occidentalis caurina), and that the long-term persistence of spotted owls may be in question without additional management intervention. A pilot study in California showed that removal of barred owls in...

Wiens, J. David; Dugger, Katie M.; Lewicki, Krista E.; Simon, David C.
Wiens, J.D., Dugger, K.M., Lewicki, K.E., and Simon, D.C., 2017, Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2016 progress report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017-1040, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171040.

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Year Published: 2017

2010-2015 Juvenile fish ecology in the Nisqually River Delta and Nisqually Reach Aquatic Reserve

The return of tidal inundation to over 750 acres of the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge (NNWR) in fall of 2009 was the crowning moment in the effort to protect and restore the Nisqually Delta. The Nisqually NWR project complemented three earlier restoration projects completed by the Nisqually...

Hodgson, Sayre; Ellings, Christopher S.; Rubin, Steve P.; Hayes, Michael C.; Duval, Walker; Grossman, Eric E.
Hodgson, S., C.S. Ellings, S.P. Rubin, M.C. Hayes, W. Duval, and E.E. Grossman. 2017. 2010-2015 juvenile fish ecology in the Nisqually River Delta and Nisqually Research Aquatic Reserve. Nisqually Indian Tribe, Department of Natural Resources, Salmon Recovery Program Technical Report No. 2016-1. 40 p.

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Year Published: 2017

Trophic interactions and consumption rates of subyearling Chinook Salmon and nonnative juvenile American Shad in Columbia River reservoirs

We used a large lampara seine coupled with nonlethal gastric lavage to examine the diets and estimate consumption rates of subyearling Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha during July and August 2013. During August we also examined the diet and consumption rates of juvenile American Shad Alosa sapidissima, a potential competitor of subyearling...

Haskell, Craig A.; Beauchamp, David A.; Bollins, Stephen M
Haskell, C.A., D.A. Beauchamp, and S.M. Bollens. 2017. Trophic interactions and consumption rates of subyearling Chinook Salmon and nonnative juvenile American Shad in Columbia River reservoirs. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 146(2): 291-298.

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Year Published: 2017

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus virological and genetic surveillance 2000–2012

Surveillance records of the acute RNA pathogen of Pacific salmonid fish infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus are combined for the first time to enable landscape-level ecological analyses and modeling. The study area is the freshwater ecosystems of the large Columbia River watershed in the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, as well as...

Breyta, Rachel; Brito, Ilana L.; Kurath, Gael; LaDeau, Shannon L.

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Year Published: 2017

Geology of Seattle, a field trip

Seattle’s geologic record begins with Eocene deposition of fluvial arkosic sandstone and associated volcanic rocks of the Puget Group, perhaps during a time of regional strike-slip faulting, followed by late Eocene and Oligocene marine deposition of the Blakeley Formation in the Cascadia forearc. Older Quaternary deposits are locally exposed.Most...

Haugerud, Ralph A.; Kelsey, Harvey M.; Haugerud, Ralph A.; Troost, Kathy Goetz; Laprade, William T.

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Year Published: 2016

Helium as a tracer for fluids released from Juan de Fuca lithosphere beneath the Cascadia forearc

The ratio between helium isotopes (3He/4He) provides an excellent geochemical tracer for investigating the sources of fluids sampled at the Earth's surface. 3He/4He values observed in 25 mineral springs and wells above the Cascadia forearc document a significant component of mantle-derived helium above Juan de Fuca lithosphere, as well as...

McCrory, Patricia A.; Constantz, James E.; Hunt, Andrew G.; Blair, James Luke
McCrory, P. A., J. E. Constantz, A. G. Hunt, and J. L. Blair (2016), Helium as a tracer for fluids released from Juan de Fuca lithosphere beneath the Cascadia forearc, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 17, 2434–2449, doi:10.1002/2015GC006198.

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Year Published: 2016

Survival of juvenile chinook salmon and coho salmon in the Roza Dam fish bypass and in downstream reaches of the Yakima River, Washington, 2016

Estimates of juvenile salmon survival are important data for fishery managers in the Yakima River Basin. Radiotelemetry studies during 2012–14 showed that tagged juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) that passed through the fish bypass at Roza Dam had lower survival than fish that passed through other routes at the dam. That study...

Kock, Tobias J.; Perry, Russell W.; Hansen, Amy C.
Kock, T.J., Perry, R.W., and Hansen, A.C., 2016, Survival of juvenile Chinook salmon and coho salmon in the Roza Dam fish bypass and in downstream reaches of the Yakima River, Washington, (ver. 1.1, April 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1210, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161210.

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Bald eagle sits atop a leafless tree, overlooking a marshy inlet with farmland in the distance.
May 20, 2018

Bald Eagle in Washington

I spy with my little (eagle-) eye . . .

After a successful beach survey and installation of remote-sensing cameras on a nearby island, scientists Shawn Harrison and Andrew Stevens spotted this bald eagle near the mouth of the Skagit River, Washington.

WFRC nPCR test for detection of Rs
May 15, 2018

WFRC nPCR test for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum

Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum. Agarose gel electrophoresis is used for size separation and visualization of amplified DNA sequences.

WFRC nPCR test for detection of Rs
May 15, 2018

WFRC nPCR test for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum

Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum. Following two rounds of PCR amplification, samples are pipetted into an agarose gel for electrophoresis.

Comparison maps indicating short or long times available for earthquake shaking arrival times
March 31, 2018

Earthquake Alerts: Early and Often? Or Possibly Late?

The choice when issuing earthquake warnings is to: 1) issue alerts for weak shaking and potentially provide long warning times, but risk sending alerts for the many events that do not go on to produce damaging ground shaking, or 2) issue alerts only when ground shaking is expected to be damaging, with the tradeoff that the alert will be sent much later, reducing the

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View from the air looking down on a river where it meets the ocean, with many small channels in the sediment deposited there.
March 12, 2018

Elwha River mouth

Orthophoto of the mouth of the Elwha River in Washington. The orthophoto was compiled from images collected with a Ricoh GR camera operating at 2-second intervals and mounted on a Cessna 172 piloted by Rite Bros. Aviation. Images were processed by Andy Ritchie (USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center) using structure-from-motion techniques.

View from the sky of a river surrounded by a heavily forested area and winding through a bare section that used to be a lake.
March 12, 2018

Former Elwha Dam and Lake Aldwell post dam removal

Orthophoto (GigaPan) of the former Elwha Dam and former Lake Aldwell, on the Elwha River, Washington, compiled from ultra high-resolution images collected with a Ricoh GR camera operating at 2-second intervals, mounted on a Cessna 172 piloted by Rite Bros. Aviation and processed using Structure-from-Motion techniques. The dam removal project was completed in 2012 as part

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View from the sky of a river surrounded by a heavily forested area and winding through a bare section that used to be a lake.
March 12, 2018

Glines Canyon Dam and Lake Mills post dam removal

Orthophoto (GigaPan) of the former Glines Canyon Dam and former Lake Mills, on the Elwha River, Washington, compiled from ultra high-resolution images collected with a Ricoh GR camera operating at 2-second intervals, mounted on a Cessna 172 piloted by Rite Bros. Aviation and processed using Structure-from-Motion techniques. The dam removal project was completed in 2014 as

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Spread plate procedure for quantitative culture Renibacterium salmoninarum
February 13, 2018

WFRC Quantitative Culture for Renibacterium salmoninarum Image 2

Spread plate procedure for quantitative culture Renibacterium salmoninarum from fish tissue or ovarian fluid.

Filter Total Items: 378
Map highlighting sampling locations of 339 Northern Spotted Owls used in Miller, et al, 2018
August 2, 2018

Federal researchers used landscape genetics to evaluate the role that forest connectivity plays in determining genetic connectivity for the federally-threatened northern spotted owl.

8 young women with giant red ballon. snow-covered mountain in background.
July 26, 2018

Twenty-five middle-school girls from Washington and Oregon are participating in the fourth annual “GeoGirls” outdoor volcano science program at Mount St. Helens, jointly organized by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Mount St. Helens Institute.

An animated GIF of an owl on a tree with a bobbing head going around in a circle.
July 9, 2018

In a study led by the USGS, researchers developed a framework to infer inbreeding rates of Northern Spotted Owls when incomplete parentage information exists.

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July 2, 2018

WFRC Science Takes to the Skies with Unmanned Aerial Systems

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May 29, 2018

Using Environmental DNA (eDNA) to Detect Lamprey

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May 2, 2018

Science Collaboration Brings Dr. Maya Groner to WFRC

poster/flier advertizing open house at USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory, May 12, 2018
May 1, 2018

MEDIA ADVISORY

Have you ever wondered what scientists do at a volcano observatory when a volcano is not erupting? There is plenty to accomplish—probably more than you can imagine.

Large snow-covered, cone shaped mountain in background, looming over urban area in foreground
April 30, 2018

May is Volcano Preparedness Month in Washington, providing residents an opportunity to become more familiar with volcanic risk in their communities and learn about steps they can take to reduce potential impacts.

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March 20, 2018

Researching Pacific Herring in Alaska’s Prince William Sound

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February 1, 2018

USGS Expertise and Science Leads to Ballast Water Management Solutions

Methow River
January 29, 2018

In planning restoration actions in rivers and streams, managers have typically used physical-based models.

Filter Total Items: 160

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

Go to Center

Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

Go to Center