Unified Interior Regions

Washington

Washington's Puget Sound is a complex ecosystem directly adjacent to a robust metropolitan area that scientists from the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center study. Recent surveys have looked at juvenile surf smelt, a key link in the food web that are consumed by predators such as salmon, orca, and many marine birds. 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

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Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

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States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 270
Date published: January 14, 2002
Status: Completed

Dungeness

Located in northwestern Washington State, the Dungeness River and its tributaries drain about 200 square miles, mostly in the Olympic Mountains to the south. After emerging from the mountains, the river flows for about 11 miles northward across an area with a shallow water-table aquifer before emptying into the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Water in the Dungeness River and the shallow aquifer are...

Date published: January 12, 2002
Status: Completed

Puyallup River Basin

The Puyallup River Basin in western Washington is drained by the Puyallup River and its main tributaries, the White and Carbon Rivers. The basin supports several salmon runs and hosts a variety of recreational activities. Communities in the basin include Tacoma, Puyallup, Fife, Sumner, Orting, Auburn, and the Puyallup and Muckleshoot Tribes. The types of land use in the basin vary from forests...

Date published: January 11, 2002
Status: Completed

Hydrologic Urban Indicators

Storm water, the rainfall that runs off urban surfaces such as rooftops, pavement, and lawns, can affect streams in a number of ways. As urban development increases, storm water can run quickly into streams, increasing the volume and peak flows and reducing summer flows. Sediment and other contaminants can also be carried into the streams.

The Washington Department of Ecology (WDOE),...

Date published: January 10, 2002
Status: Completed

White River Videography

The quantity and quality of instream habitat is one of many factors affecting aquatic organisms such as anadromous and non-anadromous salmonids. The measurement and assessment of instream habitat has been the focus of many habitat monitoring and restoration projects throughout the State of Washington. On-the-ground habitat monitoring is extremely important for specific variables and specific...

Contacts: Robert W Black
Date published: January 9, 2002
Status: Completed

Tule Lake

In some years, water is scarce in the Klamath Basin of southern Oregon and northern California, and resource managers need critical, accurate water information in order to allocate water for agricultural and natural-resource uses. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has identified one way of saving water for wildlife during dry years through reducing irrigation for crops grown on 17,000 acres...

Date published: January 5, 2002
Status: Completed

Honduras Flood Mapping

Honduras is currently (2001) rebuilding its housing and infrastructure that was destroyed by Hurricane Mitch. To plan responsibly and minimize damage during future floods, the Honduran government needs reliable maps of the areas and depth of inundation by the 50-year flood, the design flood chosen for this project. A systematic method for defining areas and depths of inundation is needed that...

Contacts: Mark Mastin
Date published: January 3, 2002
Status: Completed

Howard A. Hanson Reservoir

The City of Tacoma relies on surface water stored in the Howard A. Hanson Reservoir, in the Green River Basin in King County, to meet municipal needs and demands. Reservoir managers must also consider how allocation and use of the resource are affected by ongoing activities in the basin associated with fisheries enhancement and by rules implemented under the Endangered Species Act for salmonid...

Contacts: Mark Mastin
Date published: January 2, 2002
Status: Completed

Quinault Indian Reservation

The rivers and forests of the Olympic Peninsula have long been important sources of natural resources. For the Quinault Indian Nation of the southwestern Olympic Peninsula, forests and fisheries have been the cultural and economic mainstay for thousands of years. To protect and restore these dwindling resources, the Quinault Indian Nation is undertaking a science-based approach for land...

Contacts: Jim E O'Connor
Date published: January 1, 2002
Status: Completed

Yakima Watershed and River Systems Management Program

Competition among water-resource users in many basins in the western United States has resulted in a need for near-real-time assessments of water availability and use. The Watershed and River System Management Program (WARSMP) is a collaborative program between the USGS and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) to couple watershed and river-reach models that simulate the physical hydrologic...

Contacts: Mark Mastin
Date published: January 1, 2002
Status: Completed

McChord Air Force Base

During the investigation of a jet fuel bulk storage area, trichloroethene (TCE) was detected in ground water beneath McChord Air Force Base, near Tacoma, Washington. Monitoring wells were installed on the base to determine the extent of the TCE. In March 2000, after six monitoring wells were installed in the residential area to the west of the base, TCE was detected at concentrations above the...

Date published: January 5, 2001
Status: Completed

Water Resources Inventory Area 1 Watershed Management

In recent years, increased use of ground- and surface-water supplies in watersheds of Washington State has created concern that insufficient in-stream flows remain for fish and other users. In response, the Washington State legislature passed the Watershed Management Act of 1998 (ESHB 2514; see also Ch.90.82 RCW - Watershed Planning), which encourages and provides some funding for local...

Date published: January 4, 2001
Status: Completed

Cedar River Watershed

The Cedar River watershed provides two-thirds of the water supply for the greater Seattle metropolitan region, in addition to being home to numerous terrestrial and aquatic organisms such as salmon, some of which are Federally listed as threatened species. The City of Seattle is establishing monitoring plans for the Cedar River watershed to effectively manage the resource. A critical component...

Contacts: Robert W Black
Filter Total Items: 718
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Year Published: 2006

Migration depths of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead relative to total dissolved gas supersaturation in a Columbia River reservoir

The in situ depths of juvenile salmonids Oncorhynchus spp. were studied to determine whether hydrostatic compensation was sufficient to protect them from gas bubble disease (GBD) during exposure to total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation from a regional program of spill at dams meant to improve salmonid passage survival. Yearling Chinook salmon...

Beeman, J.W.; Maule, A.G.
Migration depths of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead relative to total dissolved gas supersaturation in a Columbia River reservoir; 2006; Article; Journal; Transactions of the American Fisheries Society; Beeman, J. W.; Maule, A. G.

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Year Published: 2006

Morphometric discrimination of early life stage Lampetra tridentata and L richardsoni (Petromyzonidae) from the Columbia river basin

The effectiveness of morphometric and meristic characteristics for taxonomic discrimination of Lampetra tridentata and L. richardsoni (Petromyzonidae) during embryological, prolarval, and early larval stages (i.e., age class 1) were examined. Mean chorion diameter increased with time from fertilization to hatch and was significantly greater for L...

Meeuwig, M.H.; Bayer, J.M.; Reiche, R.A.
Morphometric discrimination of early life stage Lampetra tridentata and L richardsoni (Petromyzonidae) from the Columbia river basin; 2006; Article; Journal; Journal of Morphology; Meeuwig, M. H.; Bayer, J. M.; Reiche, R. A.

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Year Published: 2006

Passage behavior of radio-tagged subyearling Chinook salmon at Bonneville Dam, 2005

No abstract available 

Reagan, R.E.; Farley, M.J.; Evans, S.D.; Wright, L.S; Adams, N.S.; Rondorf, D.W.

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Year Published: 2006

Predicted changes in subyearling fall Chinook salmon rearing and migratory habitat under two drawdown scenarios for John Day Reservoir, Columbia River

We evaluated the potential effects of two different drawdown scenarios on rearing and migration habitat of subyearling fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in John Day Reservoir on the Columbia River. We compared habitats at normal operating pool elevation with habitats at drawdown to spillway crest elevation and drawdown to the historical...

Tiffan, K.F.; Garland, R.D.; Rondorf, D.W.
Predicted changes in subyearling fall Chinook salmon rearing and migratory habitat under two drawdown scenarios for John Day Reservoir, Columbia River; 2006; Article; Journal; North American Journal of Fisheries Management; Tiffan, K. F.; Garland, R. D.; Rondorf, D. W.

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Year Published: 2006

The effects of river impoundment and hatchery rearing on the migration behavior of juvenile steelhead in the Lower Snake River, Washington

We used radiotelemetry to monitor the migration behavior of juvenile hatchery and wild steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss as they migrated through Lower Granite Reservoir and Dam on the lower Snake River, Washington. From 1996 to 2001, we surgically implanted radio transmitters in 1,540 hatchery steelhead and 1,346 wild steelhead. For analysis, we used...

Plumb, J.M.; Perry, R.W.; Adams, N.S.; Rondorf, D.W.
The effects of river impoundment and hatchery rearing on the migration behavior of juvenile steelhead in the Lower Snake River, Washington; 2006; Article; Journal; North American Journal of Fisheries Management; Plumb, J. M.; Perry, R. W.; Adams, N. S.; Rondorf, D. W.

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Year Published: 2006

Use of electromyogram telemetry to assess swimming activity of adult spring Chinook salmon migrating past a Columbia River dam

Electromyogram (EMG) radiotelemetry was used to estimate the swim speeds of spring Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha migrating upstream past a Columbia River dam. Electrodes from EMG transmitters were surgically implanted in the red muscle of fish captured at Bonneville Dam, and output from the tags was calibrated to defined swim speeds for...

Brown, R.S.; Geist, D.R.; Mesa, M.G.
Use of electromyogram telemetry to assess swimming activity of adult spring Chinook salmon migrating past a Columbia River dam; 2006; Article; Journal; Transactions of the American Fisheries Society; Brown, R. S.; Geist, D. R.; Mesa, M. G.

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Year Published: 2006

Variables influencing the presence of subyearling fall Chinook salmon in shoreline habitats of the Hanford Reach, Columbia River

Little information currently exists on habitat use by subyearling fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha rearing in large, main-stem habitats. We collected habitat use information on subyearlings in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River during May 1994 and April-May 1995 using point abundance electrofishing. We analyzed measures of...

Tiffan, K.F.; Clark, L.O.; Garland, R.D.; Rondorf, D.W.
Variables influencing the presence of subyearling fall Chinook salmon in shoreline habitats of the Hanford Reach, Columbia River; 2006; Article; Journal; North American Journal of Fisheries Management; Tiffan, K. F.; Clark, L. O.; Garland, R. D.; Rondorf, D. W.

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Year Published: 2005

Ground water/surface water interactions and quality of discharging ground water in streams of the lower Nooksack River basin, Whatcom County, Washington

Cox, Stephen E.; Simonds, F. William; Doremus, Llyn; Huffman, Raegan L.; Defawe, Rose M.
Ground water/surface water interactions and quality of discharging ground water in streams of the lower Nooksack River basin, Whatcom County, Washington; 2005; SIR; 2005-5255; Cox, Stephen E.; Simonds, F. William; Doremus, Llyn; Huffman, Raegan L.; Defawe, Rose M.

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Year Published: 2005

Water, ice, and meteorological measurements at South Cascade glacier, Washington, balance year 2003

Winter snow accumulation and summer snow and ice ablation were measured at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, to estimate glacier mass-balance quantities for balance year 2003. The 2003 glacier-average maximum winter snow balance was 2.66 meters water equivalent, which was about equal to the average of such balances for the glacier since balance...

Bidlake, William R.; Josberger, Edward G.; Savoca, Mark E.
Water, ice, and meteorological measurements at South Cascade glacier, Washington, balance year 2003; 2005; SIR; 2005-5210; Bidlake, William R.; Josberger, Edward G.; Savoca, Mark E.

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Year Published: 2005

Development and use of in-stream PIT-tag detection systems to assess movement behavior of fish in tributaries of the Columbia River Basin, USA

We have developed detector systems for fish implanted with Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags to assess their movement behavior and habitat use within fast flowing streams. Fish tested have primarily been wild anadromous and resident forms of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and cutthroat trout O. clarki. Longitudinal arrangements of two-...

Connolly, P.J.; Jezorek, I.G.; Prentice, E.F.

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Year Published: 2005

White sturgeon mitigation and restoration in the Columbia and Snake rivers upstream from Bonneville Dam Report C, Annual Progress Report April 2003 - March 2004

River discharge and water temperatures that occurred during April through July 2003 provided conditions suitable for spawning by white sturgeon downstream from Bonneville, The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams. Although optimal spawning temperatures in the four tailraces occurred for less than two weeks, they coincided with a period of relatively...

Parsley, Michael J.; Gadomski, Dena M.; Kofoot, Pete

Filter Total Items: 874
August 17, 2014

A2 West Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: A2 West Transect; Depth: 12.6 Meters (Feet 41.5); Distance from river mouth: Kilometers 1.8 (1.1 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.14130295, -123.5883331; Site Description: One of our deeper sites at over 40 feet. Sediment is primarily sand/sandy mud with scattered boulders. Seaweeds are absent except for a couple Agarum

August 17, 2014

F2 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: F2 East Transect; Depth: 11.9 Meters (39.1 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.5 Kilometers (0.9 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15672004,-123.54969397; Site Description: Substrate is mainly a gravel - cobble mixture with an occasional boulder. Some seaweed has returned. Larger reds are present (0:33, 2:08 seconds)

August 16, 2014

D2 West Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: D2 West Transect; Depth: 12.3 Meters (40.5 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.3 Kilometers (0.2 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15233001,-123.56896603; Site Description: This site is right off the mouth of the river. Substrate is mainly gravel with some sand and cobble. Woody debris is present (1:07 seconds). Seaweeds

August 16, 2014

D2 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: D2 East Transect; Depth: 12.6 Meters (41.4 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.3 Kilometers (0.2 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15233001,-123.56829403; Site Description: This site is right off the mouth of the river. Substrate is mainly gravel with some sand and cobble. Woody debris is present (0:28 seconds). Seaweeds

August 6, 2014

J1 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: J1 East Transect; Depth: 9.1 Meters (30.0 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 6.7 Kilometers (4.1 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13607725,-123.47935008; Site Description: This site is medium depth. Substrates is mainly a gravel/sand mixture. Seaweed density is still greatly decreased. Three species of brown seaweed

August 4, 2014

E2 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: E2 East Transect; Depth: 14.8 Meters (48.5 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.9 Kilometers (0.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15653002,-123.56130401; Site Description: This is one of our deeper sites. Substrate is mainly gravel/cobble with an occasional boulder. Seaweed is absent. Featherduster tubes worms (

August 4, 2014

E2 West Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: E2 West Transect; Depth: 14.6 Meters (48 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.9 Kilometers (0.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15653002, -123.56197605; Site Description: This is one of our deeper sites. Substrate is mainly gravel/cobble with scattered boulders. Seaweed is absent. Red sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus

August 4, 2014

K1 West Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: K1 West Transect; Depth: 6.1 Meters (20.0 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 4.5 Kilometers (2.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13592923,-123.51082988; Site Description: This is a shallow site. Sediment is a gravel/sand mixture. This video includes footage from surveys conducted both on August 4 (0:04-0:51 seconds)

August 3, 2014

F1 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: F1 East Transect; Depth: 6.6 Meters (21.5 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.3 Kilometers (0.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15292999, -123.55011402; Site Description: This is a shallow site that is actively being buried. Substrate has converted from gravel/cobble to all sand. Lots of bivalve shell debris is

August 3, 2014

F1 West Transect – 2014

Permanent Site: F1 West Transect; Depth: 6.6 Meters (21.6 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.3 Kilometers (0.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15292999, -123.55078602; Site Description: This video is a good example of a site that is actively being covered in sandy sediment from the dam removals. Only the western most 6 meters of

August 2, 2014

GP1 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Control Site: GP1 East Transect; Depth: 7.7 Meters (25.1 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31538047; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

August 2, 2014

GP2 East Transect – 2014

Permanent Control Site: GP2 East Transect; Depth: 13.5 Meters (44.4 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 18.8 Kilometers (11.7 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 3 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.12781102,-123.31645664; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Substrate is mainly a gravel sand mixture. A few large boulders are located off

Filter Total Items: 377
USGS science for a changing world logo
August 10, 2009

A report on long-term glacier measurements released today by Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar shows that glaciers are dramatically changing in mass, length and thickness as a result of climate change.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 3, 2009

Entire populations of North American fish already are being affected by several emerging diseases, a problem that threatens to increase in the future with climate change and other stresses on aquatic ecosystems, according to a noted U.S. Geological Survey researcher giving an invited talk on this subject today at the Wildlife Disease Association conference in Blaine, Wash.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 14, 2009

A helicopter will be flying at low altitudes over parts of Spokane and Whitman counties July 15 as part of U.S. Geological Survey scientists' efforts to gauge Osprey reproductive success. The flight, operated under contract to the USGS, is flying over the nests of a large fish-eating hawk, called an Osprey.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 10, 2009

The Coast Salish Tribal Nation and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) will paddle to study and help improve the Salish Sea environment during their second Tribal Journey together on July 20 – August 3.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 28, 2009

Biologists today confirmed the first sightings of newborn fishers in Washington State since restoration of the state-endangered species began two years ago. Photographs downloaded from an automated camera placed deep in the Olympic National Park wilderness show a female fisher carrying four kits down a large snag.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 12, 2009

Mark your calendars for the 2009 Tribal Journey Paddle to Suquamish Aug. 3-8. Access videos, photos and more from the 2008 journey.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 6, 2009

Governor Christine Gregoire has proclaimed May as Volcano Awareness Month in Washington State. Scientists, safety officials and educators are encouraged to discuss the hazards of volcanoes in their communities.

USGS science for a changing world logo
January 26, 2009

Sea-level rise, severe winter storms, salmon populations, carbon sequestration, invasive plants, and migratory birds are among the many issues of concern to natural resource managers that are affected by changing climate. Climate change and its impact on coastal ecosystems is the focus of a 2-day workshop that will bring together more than 450 scientists and policy-makers.

USGS science for a changing world logo
January 22, 2009

The latest climate-change science and how it can be used by natural resource agencies is the focus of a two-day workshop January 29-30 in San Francisco.

USGS science for a changing world logo
January 20, 2009

Fifteen fishers were released yesterday within the Skokomish, Hoh, and Queets valleys of Olympic National Park, bringing the total number of reintroduced animals to 47. Access limitations caused by recent snow and floods created logistical challenges for the people involved, but apparently not for the fishers as they bounded from their cages and ran into the forest.

USGS science for a changing world logo
December 18, 2008

Dr. Julio Betancourt, a U.S. Geological Survey senior scientist, was recently awarded a prestigious 2008 Presidential Rank Award. Betancourt, who has conducted groundbreaking research in how climate variability affects ecosystems, is also an adjunct professor at the University of Arizona, where he received his graduate degrees.

 

USGS science for a changing world logo
December 17, 2008

Collaborative Project Enters Its Second Year as 15 More Animals Join Population Reintroduced Last Winter

At least 15 fishers will be released at remote sites within the Elwha, Sol Duc and Hoh valleys of Olympic National Park this weekend, adding to the fisher population that was reintroduced last winter and moving closer to the goal of establishing an initial population of 100 animals.

 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

Go to Center

Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

Go to Center