Unified Interior Regions

Washington

Washington's Puget Sound is a complex ecosystem directly adjacent to a robust metropolitan area that scientists from the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center study. Recent surveys have looked at juvenile surf smelt, a key link in the food web that are consumed by predators such as salmon, orca, and many marine birds. 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

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Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

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Filter Total Items: 270
Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Partnerships - Columbia River Research Laboratory

For more than five decades the WFRC has worked with partners to provide research findings to managers of aquatic resources.

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

An Annotated Bibliography for Lamprey Habitat in the White Salmon River, Washington - CRRL

Tribal Relations

An Annotated Bibliography for Lamprey Habitat in the White Salmon River, Washington

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Steelhead Life History Study in White Creek on the Yakama Nation Reservation - CRRL

Tribal Relations

Steelhead Life History Study in White Creek on the Yakama Nation Reservation

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Rock Creek Fish Population and Life History Assessment (Washington) - CRRL

Tribal Relations

Rock Creek Fish Population and Life History Assessment (Washington)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Steelhead and Spring Chinook Adult Spawning Migration Study in the Klickitat River (Washington) - CRRL

Tribal Relations

Steelhead and Spring Chinook Adult Spawning Migration Study in the Klickitat River (Washington)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Tribal Relations - Columbia River Research Laboratory

Tribal Relations

Columbia River Research Laboratory Native American Related Activities

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Northern Pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) - CRRL

Species Studied

Northern Pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus oregonensis)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

New Zealand Mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) - CRRL

Species Studied

New Zealand Mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) - CRRL

Species Studied

Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) - CRRL

Species Studied

Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Asian Carp (Hypophthalmichthys spp.) - CRRL

Species Studied

Asian Carp (Hypophthalmichthys spp.)

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

American Shad (Alosa sapidissima) - CRRL

Species Studied

American Shad (Alosa sapidissima)

Filter Total Items: 176
Date published: January 1, 2018

High-resolution bathymetry data collected in 2005 in Skagit Bay, Washington

These metadata describe the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (PCMSC) 2005 bathymetry data collected in Skagit Bay Washington that is provided as a 1-m resolution TIFF image, as well as a 1-m resolution shaded-relief TIFF image. In 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center

Date published: January 1, 2018

Probability of Streamflow Permanence (PROSPER) Model Output Layers

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed the PRObability of Streamflow PERmanence (PROSPER) model, a GIS raster-based empirical model that provides streamflow permanence probabilities (probabilistic predictions) of a stream channel having year-round flow for any unregulated and minimally-impaired stream channel in the Pacific Northwest region, U.S. The model provides annual predictions...

Date published: January 1, 2018

Concentrations of environmental DNA (eDNA) during sockeye salmon spawning in 2016, Hansen Creek, Alaska, USA

This dataset contains environmental DNA (eDNA) concentrations and spawning adult abundances for sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in Hansen Creek, a small tributary in the Wood River watershed, southeast Alaska, USA. We took temporally- and spatially-replicated eDNA samples during the spawning period (mid-July through August), along with fish counts (live, naturally dead

Date published: January 1, 2018

High-resolution bathymetry data collected in 2004 in Skagit Bay, Washington

These metadata describe the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (PCMSC) 2004 bathymetry data collected in Skagit Bay Washington that is provided as a 1-m resolution TIFF image, as well as a 1-m resolution shaded-relief TIFF image. In 2004, 2005, 2007, and 2010 the USGS, PCMSC collected bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data in Skagit Bay%

Date published: January 1, 2018

Data to Support Efficacy Studies of Injectable Tulathromycin for Reduction of Vertical Transmission of Renibacterium salmoninarum in Spring Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Bacterial kidney disease (BKD) caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum (Rs) occurs nearly worldwide where wild or cultured salmonid fishes are present. Control of BKD is confounded by its two modes of transmission, horizontal (fish-to-fish) and vertical (from female parent to progeny via the eggs). A highly successful BKD control strategy employed in Pacific Northwest hatcheries cu

Date published: January 1, 2018

Susceptibility of Nanophyetus salmonicola cercariae to formalin, hydrogen peroxide and seawater

The ability of formalin, PEROX-AID® (hydrogen peroxide), and seawater to kill waterborne Nanophyetus salmincola cercariae was evaluated in vitro. Newly emerged waterborne cercariae survived for extended periods in freshwater, with 50-74% survival occurring in negative control groups after 24 hr. Exposure to dilutions of formalin reduced this survival time, with 0% of cerca

Date published: January 1, 2018

Inorganic compositional data for fine-grained Puget Sound sediment along the Burlington Northern Santa Fe rail line, September 2015

Nearshore surface sediment was collected with a petit ponar grab sampler between April 22 and September 17, 2015, at five sites in Puget Sound, Washington. Four sites were adjacent to the Burlington Northern Santa Fe rail line in urban and non-urban areas, and one site was in an urban area that was not adjacent to the rail line. Total and near-total major, minor, trace, and rare ear

Date published: December 22, 2017

Streamflow Observation Points in the Pacific Northwest, 1977-2016

This dataset includes spatial locations in the Pacific Northwest where streamflow observations were recorded. For the purpose of this investigation, all streamflow observations were converted into wet or dry indicator values.

Date published: November 28, 2017

Data collected in 2008-2014 to assess nearshore subtidal community responses to increased sediment load during removal of the Elwha River dams, Washington State, USA

Data are time series of substrate grain size, remotely sensed water column turbidity, and measures of abundance (e.g., density, percent cover) of the nearshore subtidal (3-17 m depth) benthic community (vegetation, invertebrates, and fish) collected before (2008-2011) and during dam removal (2012-2014).

Date published: November 22, 2017

Forest harvest patterns on private lands in the Cascade Mountains, Washington, USA

To investigate the rates, causes, and spatial and temporal patterns of forest harvest on private tracts throughout the Cascade Mountains, we relied on a new generation of annual land-use/land-cover (LULC) products created from the application of the Continuous Change Detection and Classification (CCDC) algorithm to Landsat satellite imagery collected from 1985 to 2014.

Date published: November 17, 2017

Groundwater data for Washington

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in Washington; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Date published: November 17, 2017

Water-quality data for Washington

Chemical, physical, and biological properties of water, sediment, and tissue samples from Washington. Water-quality data are collected as either discrete field measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics including pH, specific conductance, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.

Filter Total Items: 718
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Year Published: 2015

Rapid water quality change in the Elwha River estuary complex during dam removal

Dam removal in the United States is increasing as a result of structural concerns, sedimentation of reservoirs, and declining riverine ecosystem conditions. The removal of the 32 m Elwha and 64 m Glines Canyon dams from the Elwha River in Washington, U.S.A., was the largest dam removal project in North American history. During the 3 yr of dam...

Foley, Melissa M.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Beirne, Matthew M.; Paradis, Rebecca; Ritchie, Andrew; Warrick, Jonathan A.
Foley, M.M., J.J. Duda, M.M. Beirne, R. Paradis, A. Ritchie, J.A. Warrick (2015). Rapid water quality change in the Elwha River estuary complex during dam removal. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.10129

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Year Published: 2015

In-reservoir behavior, dam passage, and downstream migration of juvenile Chinook salmon and juvenile steelhead from Detroit Reservoir and Dam to Portland, Oregon, February 2013-February 2014

In the second year of 2 years of study, the movements of juvenile spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and juvenile summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) through Detroit Reservoir, passing Detroit Dam, and migrating downstream to Portland, Oregon, were studied during a 1-year-long period beginning in February 2013. The primary purpose...

Beeman, John W.; Adams, Noah S.

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Year Published: 2015

Salmon habitat assessment for conservation planning in the lower White Salmon River, Washington

In 2011, Condit Dam was removed from the White Salmon River, Washington. Since dam removal, there has been interest among scientists (State and Federal), Tribes, non-profit organizations, and the general public in assessing Pacific salmon habitat and use in the White Salmon River for conservation planning and potential fishery management actions....

Hardiman, Jill M.; Allen, M. Brady
Hardiman, J.M., and Allen, M.B., 2015, Salmon habitat assessment for conservation planning in the lower White Salmon River, Washington: US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1100, 24 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/20151100.

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Year Published: 2015

Wind River subbasin restoration: Annual report of U.S. Geological Survey activities January 2014 through December 2014

Executive Summary The Wind River subbasin in southwest Washington State provides habitat for a population of wild Lower Columbia River steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss, which are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. No hatchery steelhead have been planted in the Wind River subbasin since 1994, and hatchery adults are estimated to be...

Jezorek, Ian G.; Connolly, Patrick J.

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Year Published: 2015

Evaluation of two juvenile salmon collection devices at Cowlitz Falls Dam, Washington, 2014

Collection of juvenile salmon at Cowlitz Falls Dam is a critical part of the effort to restore salmon in the upper Cowlitz River, Washington. Many of the fish that are not collected pass downstream and enter Riffe Lake, become landlocked, and are lost to the anadromous population. In addition to this loss, the juvenile fish collection system at...

Kock, Tobias J.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Ekstrom, Brian K.; Hurst, William
Kock, T.J., Liedtke, T.L., Ekstrom, B.K., and Hurst W.R., 2015, Evaluation of two juvenile salmon collection devices at Cowlitz Falls Dam, Washington, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1054, 30 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151054.

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Year Published: 2015

Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010

Every 5 years since 1950, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has compiled data on the amount of water used in homes, businesses, industries, and farms throughout the State. This water-use data, combined with other related USGS information, has facilitated a unique understanding of the effects of human activity on the State’s water resources....

Lane, Ron C.; Welch, Wendy B.
Lane, R.C., and Welch, W.B., 2015, Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5037, 48 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155037.

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Year Published: 2015

Hydroclimatic conditions preceding the March 2014 Oso landslide

The 22 March 2014 Oso landslide was one of the deadliest in U.S. history, resulting in 43 fatalities and the destruction of more than 40 structures. We examine synoptic conditions, precipitation records and soil moisture reconstructions in the days, months, and years preceding the landslide. Atmospheric reanalysis shows a period of enhanced...

Henn, Brian; Cao, Qian; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Mass, Clifford; Bower, J. Brent; St. Laurent, Michael; Mao, Yixin; Perica, Sanja

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Year Published: 2015

Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: river channel and floodplain geomorphic change

A substantial increase in fluvial sediment supply relative to transport capacity causes complex, large-magnitude changes in river and floodplain morphology downstream. Although sedimentary and geomorphic responses to sediment pulses are a fundamental part of landscape evolution, few opportunities exist to quantify those processes over field scales...

East, Amy E.; Pess, George R.; Bountry, Jennifer A.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Logan, Joshua B.; Randle, Timothy J.; Mastin, Mark C.; Minear, Justin T.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Liermann, Martin C.; McHenry, Michael L.; Beechie, Timothy J.; Shafroth, Patrick B.
East, A.E., Pess, G.R., Bountry, J.A., Magirl, C.S., Ritchie, A.C., Logan, J.B., Randle, T.J., Mastin, M.C., Minear, J.T., Duda, J.J., Liermann, M.C., McHenry, M.L., Beechie, T.J., and Shafroth, P.B., 2015, Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: River channel and floodplain geomorphic change. Geomorphology, v. 228, p. 765–786, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.08.028.

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Year Published: 2015

Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: fluvial sediment load

The Elwha River restoration project, in Washington State, includes the largest dam-removal project in United States history to date. Starting September 2011, two nearly century-old dams that collectively contained 21 ± 3 million m3 of sediment were removed over the course of three years with a top-down...

Magirl, Christopher S.; Hilldale, Robert C.; Curran, Christopher A.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Straub, Timothy D.; Domanski, Marian M.; Foreman, James R.
tbd

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Year Published: 2015

Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: source-to-sink sediment budget and synthesis

Understanding landscape responses to sediment supply changes constitutes a fundamental part of many problems in geomorphology, but opportunities to study such processes at field scales are rare. The phased removal of two large dams on the Elwha River, Washington, exposed 21 ± 3 million m3, or ~ 30 million ...

Warrick, Jonathan A.; Bountry, Jennifer A.; East, Amy E.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Randle, Timothy J.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Pess, George R.; Leung, Vivian; Duda, Jeff J.
Warrick, J.A., et al., 2015, Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: Source-to-sink sediment budget and synthesis, Geomorphology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.01.010

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Year Published: 2015

Biotic and abiotic influences on abundance and distribution of nonnative Chinook salmon and native ESA-listed steelhead in the Wind River, Washington

Biotic and abiotic factors influence fish populations and distributions. Concerns have been raised about the influence of hatchery fish on wild populations. Carson National Fish Hatchery produces spring Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the Wind River, Washington, and some spawn in the river. Managers were concerned that Chinook salmon...

Jezorek, Ian G.; Connolly, Patrick J.
Jezorek, I.G., and P.J. Connolly. 2015. Biotic and abiotic influences on abundance and distribution of nonnative Chinook salmon and native ESA-listed steelhead in the Wind River, Washington. Northwest Sci. 89(1): 58-74.

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Year Published: 2015

Kinematics of shallow backthrusts in the Seattle fault zone, Washington State

Near-surface thrust fault splays and antithetic backthrusts at the tips of major thrust fault systems can distribute slip across multiple shallow fault strands, complicating earthquake hazard analyses based on studies of surface faulting. The shallow expression of the fault strands forming the Seattle fault zone of Washington State shows the...

Pratt, Thomas L.; Troost, K.G.; Odum, Jackson K.; Stephenson, William J.
Pratt, T.L., Troost, K.G., Stephenson, W., and Odum, J., 2015, Kinematics of shallow backthrusts in the Seattle fault zone, Washington State, Geosphere, v. 11, no. 6, p. 1948-1974. doi:10.1130/GES01179.1

Filter Total Items: 874
December 31, 2017

Listen to Earthquakes

Seismometers record vibrations from a wide assortment of ground motion events. Each event type has a distinctive ground-motion signal with unique frequency and amplitude—its own seismic signature. Seismologists are trained to identify the source of seismic events seen on a webicorder based on its ‘seismic signature’. Although most ground vibrations have a frequency too low

Mount St. Helens as viewed from the ENE....
December 5, 2017

Mount St. Helens as viewed from the ENE.

Mount St. Helens, as viewed from the East-Northeast. The inside of the crater rim is just visible in the upper right of the mountain.

Researcher works at microscope
November 15, 2017

Researcher works at microscope in Histology Lab

Tissue sections are mounted on glass slides, stained and examined with a microscope that magnifies cellular details up to 2,000 times with brightfield or fluorescence imaging. Microscopes are used in our research to understand the pathological changes caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Additionally, microscopic abnormalities due to

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qPCR for the detection of Rs
November 7, 2017

WFRC qPCR for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum Image 1

Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum DNA. A nucleic acid sequence detection system is shown.

qPCR for the detection of Rs
November 7, 2017

WFRC qPCR for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum Image 2

Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum DNA. Observation of qPCR results on the screen of a sequence detection system.

DFAT for Renibacterium salmoninarum
November 1, 2017

WFRC DFAT for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum

Direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT) for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum in tissues. Fluorescing R. salmoninarum cells are visible on a slide.

Legacy of the Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption still defies perfect s...
September 28, 2017

Legacy of Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption still defies perfect solution

Aerial view of Spirit Lake (center) looking north from above the crater of Mount St. Helens. The lake's outlet to the west (left) was blocked by the 1980 landslide, which required a new engineered outlet to maintain the lake at a safe level. A tunnel was drilled through a bedrock ridge on west side of lake in 1984-1985. Glacier covered Mount Rainier in distance. USGS photo

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Sockeye salmon
September 24, 2017

Sockeye salmon preparing to spawn

Sockeye salmon preparing to spawn upstream of Cle Elum Dam, Washington.

August 28, 2017

GP1 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Control Site: GP1 East Transect; Depth: 6.7 m (22.1 feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31538047; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

August 28, 2017

GP1 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Control Site: GP1 West Transect; Depth: 8.0 m (26.2 feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31605203; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

Filter Total Items: 377
A muddy river in the background flows into a clear river in the foreground.
November 1, 2017

TACOMA, Wash. — The U.S. Geological Survey recently published the results of a new five-year suspended-sediment and water temperature study from the Sauk River. The purpose of this study is to improve understanding of the magnitude and timing of suspended sediment from the Sauk River and its tributaries to the Skagit River.

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October 25, 2017

Conducting Risk Assessments for the Reintroduction of Salmon in the Upper Columbia River

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September 18, 2017

Science to Support Salmon Recovery Efforts in the Puget Sound

A wildfire in a forest
September 7, 2017

A growing number of wildfire-burned areas throughout the western United States are expected to increase soil erosion rates within watersheds, causing more sediment to be present in downstream rivers and reservoirs, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS science for a changing world
August 14, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey awarded approximately $4.9 million this week to six universities and a university-governed non-profit, to support transitioning the west coast “ShakeAlert” earthquake early warning system into a production system.

Girls points to a location on a map laying on the ground.
July 27, 2017

MEDIA ADVISORY

Twenty-five middle-school girls from 11 cities in Washington and Oregon are participating in the third annual “GeoGirls” outdoor volcano science program at Mount St. Helens, jointly organized by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Mount St. Helens Institute.

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July 20, 2017

In Memoriam - Dr. William "Dave" Woodson, 1956-2017

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July 12, 2017

Dr. Diane Elliott Retires After Long Distinguished Career

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June 15, 2017

Exploring the Role of Non-Native American Shad in the Columbia River Basin

Flooding in the Western Swinomish Reservation
June 12, 2017

For the Swinomish people of northwestern Washington, water is life. But this symbiotic relationship between man and nature has been disrupted, and increasingly threatened, by sea-level rise and changes in Northwestern storm and rainfall patterns.

Image shows several insets against the backdrop of Mount St. Helens erupting
May 18, 2017

Today, in 1980, Mount St. Helens unleashed the most devastating eruption in U.S. history. Two years later, USGS founded the Cascades Volcano Observatory to monitor Mount St. Helens and all the Cascades Volcanoes.

Filter Total Items: 160

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

Go to Center

Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

Go to Center