Unified Interior Regions

Washington

Washington's Puget Sound is a complex ecosystem directly adjacent to a robust metropolitan area that scientists from the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center study. Recent surveys have looked at juvenile surf smelt, a key link in the food web that are consumed by predators such as salmon, orca, and many marine birds. 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

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Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

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States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 267
Date published: July 18, 2018
Status: Active

Ichthyophonus hoferi - MMFS

Fish Diseases

Ichthyophonus hoferi

Date published: July 18, 2018
Status: Active

Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (VHSV) - MMFS

Fish Diseases

Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (VHSV)

Date published: July 18, 2018
Status: Active

Erythrocytic Necrosis Virus (ENV) - MMFS

Fish Diseases

Erythrocytic Necrosis Virus (ENV)

Date published: July 18, 2018
Status: Active

Diseases - Marrowstone Marine Field Station

Fish Diseases

Disease Ecology Research at the Marrowstone Marine Field Station

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

Steelhead Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) - MMFS

Species Studied

Steelhead Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii) - MMFS

Species Studied

Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii)

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

Pacific Halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) - MMFS

Species Studied

Pacific Halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis)

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

Species Studied - Marrowstone Marine Field Station

The Disease Ecology Research Program at the Marrowstone Marine Field Station addresses fundamental disease processes that impact wild marine and anadromous fishes.  The program is not designed around particular host or pathogen species; rather we investigate diseases processes that involve numerous species of marine hosts and pathogens.  Please follow the links for more information about some...

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

Research - Marrowstone Marine Field Station

Investigations cover both basic and applied research aimed at providing scientific information relevant to the needs of federal, tribal, state, and local natural resource managers.

Date published: July 17, 2018
Status: Active

About Us - Marrowstone Marine Field Station

Basic and applied research at the Marrowstone Marine Field Station is directed towards understanding ecological processes that impact marine ecosystem health. 

Date published: July 13, 2018
Status: Active

Puget Sound Fall Chinook Estuarine Utilization - HSL

Tribal Relations

Puget Sound Fall Chinook Estuarine Utilization

Contacts: Kimberly Larsen
Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Research on Emerging Viruses of Salmonids - HSL

Tribal Relations

Research on Emerging Viruses of Salmonids

Filter Total Items: 184
Date published: June 1, 2017

Multibeam acoustic-backscatter data collected in 2016 for Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park, Washington

In February 2016 the U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center in cooperation with North Carolina State University and the National Park Service collected multibeam bathymetry and acoustic backscatter data in Lake Crescent located in Olympic National Park, Washington. Data were collected using a Reson 7111 multibeam echosounder pole-mounted to the 36-foot USGS R/V Pa...

Date published: March 8, 2017

Monthly water level network map

Monthly water level network map

Date published: January 1, 2017

Geomorphic habitat units derived from 2013 aerial imagery and elevation data for the Elwha River estuary, Washington

Estuary geomorphic units delineated at a scale of 1:1500 using a combination of (a) 26 August 2013 0.15 meter resolution NPS Elwha PlaneCam aerial imagery; and (b) elevation-colored and hillshaded digital elevation models from USGS backpack/jetski topobathy surveys (16 September 2013) for areas < MHHW and aerial lidar surveys (17 October 2012) supplemented with NPS Elwha P

Date published: January 1, 2017

Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the Elwha River delta, Washington, May 2011

This part of the data release presents a digital elevation model (DEM) derived from bathymetry and topography data of the Elwha River delta collected in May 2011. Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million m3 of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glines Can

Date published: January 1, 2017

Topography data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2010

This part of the data release presents topography data from the Elwha River delta collected in September 2010. Topography data were collected on foot with global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers mounted on backpacks.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Oceanographic measurements obtained offshore of the Elwha River delta in coordination with the Elwha River Restoration Project, Washington, USA, 2010-2014

Time-series data of velocity, pressure, turbidity, conductivity, and temperature were collected near the mouth of the Elwha River, Washington, USA, from December 2010 through October 2014, for the Department of Interior’s Elwha River Restoration project. As part of this project, the U.S. Geological Survey studied the effects of renewed sediment supplies on the

Date published: January 1, 2017

Fish abundance in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, from 2006 to 2014

This portion of the data release presents fish abundance data from samples collected in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2006, 2007, 2013, and 2014 (no associated USGS Field Activities numbers because data were collected predominantly by biologists from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe). We used the Puget Sound beach seining protocol (Simenstad and others, 1991) to sample

Date published: January 1, 2017

Topography data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, March 2013

This part of the data release presents topography data from the Elwha River delta collected in March 2013. Topography data were collected on foot with global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers mounted on backpacks.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Geomorphic habitat units derived from 2014 aerial imagery and elevation data for the Elwha River estuary, Washington

Estuary geomorphic units delineated at a scale of 1:1500 using a combination of (a) 28 August 2014 0.15 meter resolution NPS Elwha PlaneCam aerial imagery; and (b) elevation-colored and hillshaded digital elevation models from USGS backpack/jetski topobathy surveys (5-8 September 2014) for areas < MHHW and aerial lidar surveys (7 November 2014) supplemented with NPS Elwha

Date published: January 1, 2017

Detection of Nanophyetus salmincola in water, snails and fish tissues by quantitative PCR

The data are used to support the development and validation of two quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays to detect the parasite Nanophyetus salmincola DNA in water samples and fish and snail tissues. The data link to a series of experiments that are described in the publications. Experiment 1 defines the linearity and detection limits of the assays. Experiment 2 assesses the...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Nearshore bathymetry data from the Elwha River delta, Washington, May 2011, collected from personal watercraft

This part of the data release presents bathymetry data from the Elwha River delta collected in May 2011 using two personal watercraft (PWCs). The PWCs were equipped with single-beam echosounders and survey-grade global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Surface-sediment grain-size distributions from the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2013

This portion of the data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected on the Elwha River delta, Washington, in September 2013 (USGS Field Activity W-07-13-PS). Surface sediment was collected from 62 locations using a small ponar, or 'grab', sampler from the R/V Frontier on September 19, 2013 in depths between about 1 and 12 m around the delta. An additional

Filter Total Items: 747
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Year Published: 2015

Tracing chlorine sources of thermal and mineral springs along and across the Cascade Range using halogen and chlorine isotope compositions

In order to provide constraints on the sources of chlorine in spring waters associated with arc volcanism, the major/minor element concentrations and stable isotope compositions of chlorine, oxygen, and hydrogen were measured in 28 thermal and mineral springs along the Cascade Range in northwestern USA. Chloride concentrations in the springs range...

Cullen, Jeffrey T.; Barnes, Jaime D.; Hurwitz, Shaul; Leeman, William P.

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Year Published: 2015

Earthquake forewarning in the Cascadia region

This report, prepared for the National Earthquake Prediction Evaluation Council (NEPEC), is intended as a step toward improving communications about earthquake hazards between information providers and users who coordinate emergency-response activities in the Cascadia region of the Pacific Northwest. NEPEC charged a subcommittee of scientists with...

Gomberg, Joan S.; Atwater, Brian F.; Beeler, Nicholas M.; Bodin, Paul; Davis, Earl; Frankel, Arthur; Hayes, Gavin P.; McConnell, Laura; Melbourne, Tim; Oppenheimer, David H.; Parrish, John G.; Roeloffs, Evelyn A.; Rogers, Gary D.; Sherrod, Brian; Vidale, John; Walsh, Timothy J.; Weaver, Craig S.; Whitmore, Paul M.
Gomberg, J., Atwater, B., Beeler, N., Bodin, P., Davis, E., Frankel, A., Hayes, G., McConnell, V., Melbourne, T., Oppenheimer, D., Parrish, J., Roeloffs, E., Rogers, G., Sherrod, B., Vidale, J., Walsh, T., Weaver, C., and Whitmore, P., 2015, Earthquake forewarning in the Cascadia region: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1151, 8 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151151.

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Year Published: 2015

Community clusters of tsunami vulnerability in the US Pacific Northwest

Many coastal communities throughout the world are threatened by local (or near-field) tsunamis that could inundate low-lying areas in a matter of minutes after generation. Although the hazard and sustainability literature often frames vulnerability conceptually as a multidimensional issue involving exposure, sensitivity, and resilience to a hazard...

Wood, Nathan J.; Jones, Jeanne M.; Spielman, Seth; Schmidtlein, Mathew C.
Wood, N., Jones, J., Spielman, S., and Schmidtlein, M., 2015, Community clusters of tsunami vulnerability in the US Pacific Northwest, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 (17), 5354-5359, www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1420309112

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Year Published: 2015

Rapid water quality change in the Elwha River estuary complex during dam removal

Dam removal in the United States is increasing as a result of structural concerns, sedimentation of reservoirs, and declining riverine ecosystem conditions. The removal of the 32 m Elwha and 64 m Glines Canyon dams from the Elwha River in Washington, U.S.A., was the largest dam removal project in North American history. During the 3 yr of dam...

Foley, Melissa M.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Beirne, Matthew M.; Paradis, Rebecca; Ritchie, Andrew; Warrick, Jonathan A.
Foley, M.M., J.J. Duda, M.M. Beirne, R. Paradis, A. Ritchie, J.A. Warrick (2015). Rapid water quality change in the Elwha River estuary complex during dam removal. Limnology and Oceanography. doi: 10.1002/lno.10129

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Year Published: 2015

Chance findings about early holocene tidal marshes of Grays Harbor, Washington, in relation to rapidly rising seas and great subduction earthquakes

Tidal marshes commonly build upward apace with gradual rise in the level of the sea. It is expected, however, that few tidal marshes will keep up with accelerated sea-level rise later in this century. Tidal marshes have been drowned, moreover, after subsiding during earthquakes. This report tells of ancient marshes that endured rapid sea-level...

Phipps, James B.; Hemphill-Haley, Eileen; Atwater, Brian F.
Phipps, J.B., Hemphill-Haley, E., and Atwater, B.F., 2015, Chance findings about early Holocene tidal marshes of Grays Harbor, Washington, in relation to rapidly rising seas and great subduction earthquakes (ver. 1.1, May 2016): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5063, 36 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155063.

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Year Published: 2015

Cascadia subducting plate fluids channelled to fore-arc mantle corner: ETS and silica deposition

In this study we first summarize the constraints that on the Cascadia subduction thrust, there is a 70 km gap downdip between the megathrust seismogenic zone and the Episodic Tremor and Slip (ETS) that lies further landward; there is not a continuous transition from unstable to conditionally stable sliding. Seismic rupture occurs mainly offshore...

Hyndman, Roy D.; McCrory, Patricia A.; Wech, Aaron; Kao, Han; Ague, Jay

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Year Published: 2015

In-reservoir behavior, dam passage, and downstream migration of juvenile Chinook salmon and juvenile steelhead from Detroit Reservoir and Dam to Portland, Oregon, February 2013-February 2014

In the second year of 2 years of study, the movements of juvenile spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and juvenile summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) through Detroit Reservoir, passing Detroit Dam, and migrating downstream to Portland, Oregon, were studied during a 1-year-long period beginning in February 2013. The primary purpose...

Beeman, John W.; Adams, Noah S.

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Year Published: 2015

Salmon habitat assessment for conservation planning in the lower White Salmon River, Washington

In 2011, Condit Dam was removed from the White Salmon River, Washington. Since dam removal, there has been interest among scientists (State and Federal), Tribes, non-profit organizations, and the general public in assessing Pacific salmon habitat and use in the White Salmon River for conservation planning and potential fishery management actions....

Hardiman, Jill M.; Allen, M. Brady
Hardiman, J.M., and Allen, M.B., 2015, Salmon habitat assessment for conservation planning in the lower White Salmon River, Washington: US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1100, 24 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/20151100.

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Year Published: 2015

Wind River subbasin restoration: Annual report of U.S. Geological Survey activities January 2014 through December 2014

Executive Summary The Wind River subbasin in southwest Washington State provides habitat for a population of wild Lower Columbia River steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss, which are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. No hatchery steelhead have been planted in the Wind River subbasin since 1994, and hatchery adults are estimated to be...

Jezorek, Ian G.; Connolly, Patrick J.

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Year Published: 2015

Evaluation of two juvenile salmon collection devices at Cowlitz Falls Dam, Washington, 2014

Collection of juvenile salmon at Cowlitz Falls Dam is a critical part of the effort to restore salmon in the upper Cowlitz River, Washington. Many of the fish that are not collected pass downstream and enter Riffe Lake, become landlocked, and are lost to the anadromous population. In addition to this loss, the juvenile fish collection system at...

Kock, Tobias J.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Ekstrom, Brian K.; Hurst, William
Kock, T.J., Liedtke, T.L., Ekstrom, B.K., and Hurst W.R., 2015, Evaluation of two juvenile salmon collection devices at Cowlitz Falls Dam, Washington, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1054, 30 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151054.

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Year Published: 2015

Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010

Every 5 years since 1950, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has compiled data on the amount of water used in homes, businesses, industries, and farms throughout the State. This water-use data, combined with other related USGS information, has facilitated a unique understanding of the effects of human activity on the State’s water resources....

Lane, Ron C.; Welch, Wendy B.
Lane, R.C., and Welch, W.B., 2015, Estimated freshwater withdrawals in Washington, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5037, 48 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155037.

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Year Published: 2015

Hydroclimatic conditions preceding the March 2014 Oso landslide

The 22 March 2014 Oso landslide was one of the deadliest in U.S. history, resulting in 43 fatalities and the destruction of more than 40 structures. We examine synoptic conditions, precipitation records and soil moisture reconstructions in the days, months, and years preceding the landslide. Atmospheric reanalysis shows a period of enhanced...

Henn, Brian; Cao, Qian; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Mass, Clifford; Bower, J. Brent; St. Laurent, Michael; Mao, Yixin; Perica, Sanja

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qPCR for the detection of Rs
November 7, 2017

WFRC qPCR for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum Image 1

Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum DNA. A nucleic acid sequence detection system is shown.

qPCR for the detection of Rs
November 7, 2017

WFRC qPCR for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum Image 2

Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum DNA. Observation of qPCR results on the screen of a sequence detection system.

DFAT for Renibacterium salmoninarum
November 1, 2017

WFRC DFAT for detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum

Direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT) for the detection of Renibacterium salmoninarum in tissues. Fluorescing R. salmoninarum cells are visible on a slide.

Legacy of the Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption still defies perfect s...
September 28, 2017

Legacy of Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption still defies perfect solution

Aerial view of Spirit Lake (center) looking north from above the crater of Mount St. Helens. The lake's outlet to the west (left) was blocked by the 1980 landslide, which required a new engineered outlet to maintain the lake at a safe level. A tunnel was drilled through a bedrock ridge on west side of lake in 1984-1985. Glacier covered Mount Rainier in distance. USGS photo

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Sockeye salmon
September 24, 2017

Sockeye salmon preparing to spawn

Sockeye salmon preparing to spawn upstream of Cle Elum Dam, Washington.

August 28, 2017

GP1 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Control Site: GP1 East Transect; Depth: 6.7 m (22.1 feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31538047; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

August 28, 2017

GP1 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Control Site: GP1 West Transect; Depth: 8.0 m (26.2 feet); Distance from river mouth: 19.0 Kilometers (11.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.11852521,-123.31605203; Site Description: This site was established as the eastern control. Depth is medium-shallow. Substrate is mainly a gravel/sand/cobble mixture surrounding

August 27, 2017

F1 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: F1 East Transect; Depth: 6.6 Meters (21.5 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.3 Kilometers (0.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15292999, -123.55011402; Site Description: This is a shallow site. Substrate remains predominantly sand, but patches of gravel were present (0:39 seconds) as well as cobble onto which large

August 27, 2017

F1 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: F1 West Transect; Depth: 6.7 Meters (22.0 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.3 Kilometers (0.8 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15292999, -123.55078602; Site Description: This is a shallow site. Substrate remains predominantly sand. Larger brown seaweeds were present. These species are usually attached to gravel-

August 27, 2017

F2 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: F2 East Transect; Depth: 11.2 Meters (36.9 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 1.5 Kilometers (0.9 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15672004,-123.54969397; Site Description: Substrate is mainly a gravel/cobble mixture with an occasional boulder. Seven species of brown seaweed were present. Seaweed was abundant but not

Filter Total Items: 384
Large waves crashing on rocks at beach.
February 22, 2017

Atmospheric rivers are a global weather phenomenon that can bring large amounts of rain or snow to the U.S. West Coast each year. These rivers of wet air form over the Pacific Ocean near Hawaiʻi and pick up large amounts of moisture from the tropics and on their way to the West Coast. This moisture is carried in narrow bands across the Pacific Ocean to California, Oregon, Washington and Nevada.

Centrifuge Bowl Containing River Suspended Sediment
February 13, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey published a new report highlighting a portable continuous-flow centrifuge which aims to save time and money on contaminant analysis of particles suspended in water samples.

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February 13, 2017

Olfactory Cues Provide Insight into Lamprey Behavior and Physiology

A man and a woman present awards to two men, the woman is shaking hands with one man.
December 30, 2016

The collaborative work of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe to restore the Elwha River of Washington, USA, was recognized as a world-renowned restoration project during the awarding of the 2016 Thiess International Riverprize.

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December 27, 2016

Internship Supports Youth, Tribes, and Fish

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November 28, 2016

Transporting Fish around Impassable Dams:  An Opportunity and Challenge for Reintroductions

USGS
November 9, 2016

On November 14, 2016, the news media are invited to visit CVO and interview VDAP scientists about their work assisting foreign counterparts—responding to volcano eruptions and promoting volcano hazard awareness and preparedness.

excerpt from Columbia Gorge landslide map
November 4, 2016

New mapping in the western portion of the Columbia Gorge in Skamania County, Washington, shows previously unrecognized landslides beneath dense forest cover.

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October 8, 2016

Understanding Disease Outbreaks in Populations of Wild Marine Fishes

USGS scientists receiving Riverprize recognition.
September 13, 2016

NEW DELHI, INDIA – The collaborative work of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe to restore the Elwha River of Washington, USA was recognized as a world-renowned restoration project during the awarding of the 2016 Thiess International Riverprize.

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August 15, 2016

Developing Water Temperature Models to Help Understand Fish Population Dynamics and Management Actions

Filter Total Items: 160

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

Go to Center

Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

Go to Center