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Region 10: California-Great Basin

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Filter Total Items: 144
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Year Published: 2020

Spectral wave-driven bedload transport across a coral reef flat/lagoon complex

Coral reefs are an important source of sediment for reef-lined coasts by helping to maintain beaches while also providing protection in the form of wave energy dissipation. Understanding the mechanisms by which sediment is delivered to the coast as well as better constraining the total volumes generated are critical for projecting future coastal...

Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Cheriton, Olivia; Pomeroy, Andrew; Hansen, Jeff E.; Lowe, Ryan; Buckley, Mark

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Year Published: 2020

Modeling three-dimensional flow over spur-and-groove morphology

Spur-and-groove (SAG) morphology characterizes the fore reef of many coral reefs worldwide. Although the existence and geometrical properties of SAG have been well documented, an understanding of the hydrodynamics over them is limited. Here, the three-dimensional flow patterns over SAG formations, and a sensitivity of those patterns to waves,...

da Silva, Renan; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Rogers, Justin S.; Reyns, Johan; McCall, Robert T.

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Year Published: 2020

Sediment connectivity: A framework for analyzing coastal sediment transport pathways

Connectivity provides a framework for analyzing coastal sediment transport pathways, building on conceptual advances in graph theory from other scientific disciplines. Connectivity schematizes sediment pathways as a directed graph (i.e., a set of nodes and links). This study presents a novel application of graph theory and connectivity metrics...

Pearson, Stuart; van Prooijen, Bram C.; Elias, Edwin P.L.; Vitousek, Sean; Bing Wang, Zheng

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Year Published: 2020

Carbon storage and sediment trapping by Egeria densa Planch., a globally invasive, freshwater macrophyte

Invasive plants have long been recognized for altering ecosystem properties, but their long-term impacts on ecosystem processes remain largely unknown. In this study, we determined the impact of Egeria densa Planch, a globally invasive freshwater macrophyte, on sedimentation processes in a large tidal freshwater region. We...

Drexler, Judith Z.; Khanna, Shruti; Lacy, Jessica R.

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Year Published: 2020

The impacts of a changing climate to DOD coastal facilities in the tropical Pacific Ocean

The USGS, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Deltares, and the University of Hawaii (UH) recently completed a study investigating the impact of a changing climate and sea-level rise on Roi-Namur Island on Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, which is part of the Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense...

Storlazzi, Curt D.

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Year Published: 2020

Sea‐level rise will drive divergent sediment transport patterns on fore reefs and reef flats, potentially causing erosion on atoll islands

Atoll reef islands primarily consist of unconsolidated sediment, and their ocean‐facing shorelines are maintained by sediment produced and transported across their reefs. Changes in incident waves can alter cross‐shore sediment exchange and, thus, affect the sediment budget and morphology of atoll reef islands. Here we investigate the influence of...

Bramante, James F; Ashton, Andrew D; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Cheriton, Olivia; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.

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Year Published: 2020

Littoral sediment from rivers: Patterns, rates and processes of river mouth morphodynamics

Rivers provide important sediment inputs to many littoral cells, thereby replenishing sand and gravel of beaches around the world. However, there is limited information about the patterns and processes of littoral-grade sediment transfer from rivers into coastal systems. Here I address these information gaps by examining topographic and...

Warrick, Jonathan

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Year Published: 2020

Sediment export and impacts associated with river delta channelization compound estuary vulnerability to sea-level rise, Skagit River Delta, Washington, USA

Improved understanding of the budget and retention of sediment in river deltas is becoming increasingly important to mitigate and plan for impacts expected with sea level rise. In this study, analyses of historical bathymetric change, sediment core stratigraphy, and modeling are used to evaluate the sediment budget and environmental response of...

Grossman, Eric E.; Stevens, Andrew W.; Dartnell, Peter; George, Doug A; Finlayson, David

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Year Published: 2020

The effects of phosphatization on the mineral associations and speciation of Pb in ferromanganese crusts

The older layers of thick ferromanganese (FeMn) crusts from the central Pacific Ocean have undergone diagenetic phosphatization, during which carbonate fluorapatite (CFA) filled fractures and pore space and replaced carbonates. The effects of phosphatization on individual trace metal concentrations, speciation, and phase associations in FeMn...

Mizell, Kira; Hein, James R.; Koschinsky, Andrea; Hayes, Sarah M.

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Year Published: 2020

Distribution and transport of Olympia oyster, Ostrea lurida, larvae in northern Puget Sound, Washington, USA

As efforts for restoring Olympia oyster (Ostrea lurida) populations have expanded, there is an increased need to understand local factors that could influence the long-term success of these projects. To address concerns over potential limitations to recruitment at a restoration site in northern Puget Sound, Washington, USA, a study was developed...

Grossman, S.K.; Grossman, Eric E.; Barber, Julie S.; Gamblewood, S.K.; Crosby, Sean C

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Year Published: 2020

Research is needed to inform environmental management of hydrothermally inactive and extinct polymetallic sulfide (PMS) deposits

Polymetallic sulfide (PMS) deposits produced at hydrothermal vents in the deep sea are of potential interest to miners. Hydrothermally active sulfide ecosystems are valued for the extraordinary chemosynthetic communities that they support. Many countries, including Canada, Portugal, and the United States, protect vent ecosystems in their Exclusive...

Van Dover, CL; Colaco, Ana; Collins, PC; Croot, P; Metaxas, Anna; Murton, BJ; Swaddling, A; Boschen-Rose, R; Carlsson, J; Cuyvers, L; Fukushima, Toshio; Gartman, Amy; Kennedy, R.; Kriete, C; Mestre, NC; Molodtsova, T; Myhrvold, A; Pelleter, E; Popoola, SO; Qian, P-Y; Sarrazin, J; Sharma, R; Suh, YJ; Sylvan, JB; Tao, Chunhui; Tomczak, Michal; Vermilye, J

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Year Published: 2020

Increasing threat of coastal groundwater hazards from sea-level rise in California

Projected sea-level rise will raise coastal water tables, resulting in groundwater hazards that threaten shallow infrastructure and coastal ecosystem resilience. Here we model a range of sea-level rise scenarios to assess the responses of water tables across the diverse topography and climates of the California coast. With 1 m of sea-level rise,...

Befus, K.M.; Barnard, Patrick L.; Hoover, Daniel J.; Finzi Hart, Juliette; Voss, Clifford I.