Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

January Photo Contest

January Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the January 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

See the photos!

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 765
Photo of Ground stratification showing different types of Geomorphology
Date Published: June 21, 2019
Status: Active

Investigations and Technical Assistance to the Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, in Assessing the Distribution and Transport of Perfluorinated Compounds in Groundwater and Surface Water

The USGS New Jersey Water Science Center is providing technical hydrologic assistance to the U.S. Air Force Civil Engineering Center (AFCEC) at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst (JBMDL) in New Jersey, regarding contamination issues associated with perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) such as perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in groundwater and surface water.

Contacts: Alex R Fiore
Map of New Jersey depicting the study area
Date Published: June 19, 2019
Status: Archived

Forsythe

Hydrogeology of, Simulation of Groundwater Flow in, and Potential Effects of Sea-Level Rise on the Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer System in the Vicinity of Edwin B. Forsythe Naitonal Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey

Contacts: New Jersey Groundwater Specialist
Team of scientists stand in front of outcrop
Date Published: June 4, 2019
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project

The Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project performs geologic mapping at local and regional scales, and geologic research in The Valley and Ridge and Appalachian Plateaus physiographic provinces. These provinces include parts of 11 states and mainly borders the Blue Ridge / Piedmont and North Interior Lowlands Provinces. Two states have Valley and Ridge geology only (GA, NJ), two have...

American Black Duck
Date Published: May 31, 2019
Status: Active

Deriving Spatial Waterfowl Inputs for Disease Risk Modeling

This project is an effort to create spatially and temporally explicit models for waterfowl distribution across the United States for use in avian influenza transmission risk modeling.

man and woman near red USGS truck under blue canopy using groundwater sampling equipment
Date Published: May 24, 2019
Status: Active

Groundwater-Quality of Nassau County, Long Island, New York

Problem Statement There are over 1.3 million residents in Nassau County that rely on groundwater as their sole source of potable drinking water. The mixed land uses (residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, and recreational) of Nassau County contribute point and non-point sources of aquifer contamination. Nassau County water purveyors currently operate supply wells screened in the...

Contacts: Irene J Fisher
Groundwater tapedown
Date Published: May 13, 2019
Status: Active

Water Levels in the Ten Major Confined Aquifers of the New Jersey Coastal Plain

The Coastal Plain aquifers of New Jersey provide an important source of water for more than 3.5 million people. The USGS, in cooperation with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, has been measuring water levels in the confined aquifers of the New Jersey Coastal Plain every five years beginning in 1978.  Persistent, regionally extensive cones of depression are present in Ocean...

Filter Total Items: 350
USGS
January 1, 2019

The iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits near Mineville in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, have been of interest for their rich magnetite ore since the mid-1700s but have attracted renewed attention due to their potential as rare earth element (REE) resources (McKeown and Klemic, 1956; Lupulescu and others, 2016; Taylor and others, 2018). Apatite is the main REE-host a

USGS
January 1, 2019

Estimates of various low-flow statistics were computed at 51 ungaged stream locations throughout New Jersey during the 2018 water year using methods in the published reports, Streamflow Characteristics and Trends in New Jersey, Water Years 1897-2003 (Watson and others, 2005) and Implementation of MOVE.1, Censored MOVE.1, and Piecewise MOVE.1 Low-Flow Regressions with Applications at

USGS
January 1, 2019

Results of lipid biomarker concentration and compound specific isotopes analyzed from authigenic carbonates and surrounding sediment collected from Baltimore and Norfolk seep fields along the United States Atlantic Margin are presented in csv format. Samples were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey and Duke University between 2012 and 2015 using remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). Geochemi

USGS
January 1, 2019

State and local county health departments have detected per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in groundwater downgradient of airports and military and firefighting training areas in Long Island, New York. However, the occurrence and spatial distribution of PFAS throughout the surficial aquifer is not well established. Shallow groundwater samples were collected in 2018 from two observ

USGS
January 1, 2019

Geophysical and geological survey data were collected off Town Neck Beach in Sandwich, Massachusetts, in May and July 2016. Approximately 130 linear kilometers of subbottom (seismic-reflection) and 234-kilohertz interferometric sonar (bathymetric and backscatter) data were collected along with sediment samples, sea floor photographs, and (or) video at 26 sites within the geoph

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data set contains baselines used to calculate shoreline rate of change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological Survey, version 5.0, and polyline vector historical shorelines from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) . The baselines

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data set contains rate of shoreline change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological Survey, version 5.0. En

USGS
January 1, 2019

This dataset includes New York State historical shoreline positions represented as digital vector polylines from 1880 to 2015. Shorelines were compiled from topographic survey sheets from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Historical shoreline positions can be used to assess the movement of shorelines through time. Rates of shoreline change were calculated in ArcMap 1

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data set contains intersection points used to compute rate of change statistics for New York State coastal wetlands. Analysis was performed in ArcMap 10.5.1 using historical vector shoreline data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Rate of change statistics were calculated using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), created by U.S. Geological

Hydrograph of Stoney Brook at Princeton gage
December 31, 2018

Nationally, USGS surface-water data includes more than 850,000 station years of time-series data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall. The data are collected by automatic recorders and manual field measurements at installations across the Nation.

Hydrograph of Morrell 1 index well.
December 31, 2018

The Ground-Water database contains ground-water site inventory, ground-water level data, and water-quality data. Additional ground-water information for New Jersey is available at the New Jersey Water Science Center web page. This page includes geologic maps, a description of the aquifers in New Jersey, and references to selected ground-water reports.

Hydrograph of Dissolved Oxygen
December 31, 2018

At selected surface-water and ground-water sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. At sites where this information is transmitted automatically, data are available from the real-time data system.

Filter Total Items: 15,351
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Year Published: 2019

Comparative functional skeletal morphology among three genera of shrews: Implications for the evolution of locomotor behavior in the Soricinae (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The clade comprising the soricid tribes Blarinellini (Blarinella) and Blarinini (Blarina and Cryptotis) is notable within the Soricidae (Eulipotyphla) for the large proportion of reportedly semifossorial species. To better define locomotor modes among species in these two tribes, we quantified purported locomotor adaptations by...

Woodman, Neal; Alec T. Wilken

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Year Published: 2019

Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts

The glacial kettle ponds in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area in Barnstable, Massachusetts, support a community of rare and endangered plants. The ponds are hydraulically connected to the unconfined aquifer that underlies Cape Cod. The plants are adapted to the rise and fall of water levels in the ponds as the water table fluctuates in...

LeBlanc, Denis R.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Barbaro, Jeffrey R.
LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., and Barbaro, J.R., 2019, Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5121, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195121.

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Year Published: 2019

Exposure and potential effects of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in protected streams of the US National Park Service southeast Region

Globally protected areas offer refugia for a broad range of taxa including threatened and endangered species. The United States National Park Service (NPS) manages public lands to preserve biodiversity, but increasing park visitation and development of surrounding landscapes increase exposure to and effects from bioactive contaminants. The risk (...

Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Duncan, Jeffrey R.; Battaglin, William; Clark, Jimmy; Hladik, Michelle; Huffman, Bradley; Iwanowicz, Luke; Journey, Celeste; Smalling, Kelly

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating legacy effects of hyperabundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in forested stands of Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks, New York

Executive SummaryWhite-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are among the most impactful herbivores in the eastern United States. Legacy forest effects, those accrued from intense herbivory over time, manifest as low seedling regeneration, high cover of plant species that are infrequently browsed by deer, presence or expansion of nonnative or...

Kilheffer, Chellby R.; Underwood, H. Brian; Donald J. Leopold; Rachel Guerrieri
Kilheffer, C.R., Underwood, H.B., Leopold, D.J., and Guerrieri, R., 2019, Evaluating legacy effects of hyperabundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in forested stands of Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1116, 36 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191116.

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Year Published: 2019

Three new species of small-eared shrews, genus Cryptotis, from El Salvador and Guatemala (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The Cryptotis goldmani group of small-eared shrews (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae: Cryptotis Pomel, 1848) is a clade of semifossorially adapted species discontinuously distributed in moist highlands from central Mexico to western Panama. Inspection of a recent collection of small mammals resulting from field work in Guatemala provided the impetus for a...

Woodman, Neal

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Year Published: 2019

A draft decision framework for the National Park Service Interior Region 5 bison stewardship strategy

The Department of the Interior Bison Conservation Initiative calls for its bureaus to plan and implement collaborative American bison conservation and to ensure involvement by tribal, state, and local governments and the public in that conservation. Four independently managed and geographically separated National Park Service (NPS) units in...

Symstad, Amy; Miller, Brian W.; Shenk, Tanya M; Athearn, Nicole D; Runge, Michael C.
Symstad, A. J., B. W. Miller, T. M. Shenk, N. D. Athearn, and M. C. Runge. 2019. A draft decision framework for the National Park Service Interior Region 5 bison stewardship strategy. Natural Resource Report NPS/MWRO/NRR—2019/2046. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

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Year Published: 2019

Biogeographical patterns of tunicates utilizing eelgrass as substrate in the western North Atlantic between 39o and 47o north latitude (New Jersey to Newfoundland)

Colonization of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) by tunicates can lead to reduced plant growth and survival. Several of the tunicate species that are found on eelgrass in the northwest Atlantic are highly aggressive colonizers, and range expansions are predicted in association with climate-change induced increases in seawater temperature. In 2017...

Carman, Mary R.; Colarusso, Philip D.; Neckles, Hilary A.; Bologna, Paul; Caines, Scott; Davidson, John D. P.; Evans, N. Tay; Fox, Sophia; Grunden, David W.; Hoffman, Sarah; Ma, Kevin C. K.; Matheson, Kyle; McKenzie, Cynthia; Nelson, Eric P.; Plaisted, Holly; Reddington, Emily; Schott, Stephen; Wong, Melisa C.

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Year Published: 2019

Report of the River Master of the Delaware River for the period December 1, 2009–November 30, 2010

A Decree of the Supreme Court of the United States, entered June 7, 1954, established the position of Delaware River Master within the U.S. Geological Survey. In addition, the Decree authorizes diversion of water from the Delaware River Basin and requires compensating releases from certain reservoirs, owned by New York City, to be made under the...

Russell, Kendra L.; Ockerman, Darwin; Krejmas, Bruce E.; Paulachok, Gary N.; Mason,, Robert R.
Russell, K.L., Ockerman, D., Krejmas, B.E., Paulachok, G.N., and Mason, R.R., Jr., 2019, Report of the River Master of the Delaware River for the period December 1, 2009–November 30, 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1093, 128 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191093.

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating associations between environmental variables and Escherichia coli levels for predictive modeling at Pawtuckaway Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire, from 2015 to 2017

From 2015 through 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services and the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services studied occurrences of high levels of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria at the Pawtuckaway State Park Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire. Historic data...

Coles, James F.; Kathleen F. Bush
Coles, J.F., and Bush, K.F., 2019, Evaluating associations between environmental variables and Escherichia coli levels for predictive modeling at Pawtuckaway Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire, from 2015 to 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5111, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195111.

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Year Published: 2019

Impacts of Hurricane Irma on Florida Bay Islands, Everglades National Park, U.S.A.

Hurricane Irma made landfall in south Florida, USA, on September 10, 2017 as a category 4 storm. In January 2018, fieldwork was conducted on four previously (2014) sampled islands in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park to examine changes between 2014 and 2018. The objectives were to determine if the net impact of the storm was gain or loss of...

Wingard, G. Lynn; Bergstresser, Sarah E.; Stackhouse, Bethany; Jones, Miriam; Marot, Marci E.; Hoefke, Kristen; Daniels, Andre; Keller, Katherine

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Year Published: 2019

A rapid assessment method for ground layer coastal vegetation

We aim to test a rapid ecological assessment method to monitor regenerating coastal vegetation without sacrificing accuracy. We estimated species frequency in vegetation plots using traditional point intercept methods. We also tested a rapid, digital method to take high-resolution digital photographs of plots. We navigated among plot locations...

Kilheffer, Chellby R.; Raphael, Jordan; Ries, Lindsay; Underwood, H. Brian

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Year Published: 2019

Accumulating evidence in ecology: Once is not enough

Many published studies in ecological science are viewed as stand-alone investigations that purport to provide new insights into how ecological systems behave based on single analyses. But it is rare for results of single studies to provide definitive results, as evidenced in current discussions of the “reproducibility crisis” in science. The key...

Nichols, James D.; Kendall, William; Boomer, G.Scott

Filter Total Items: 1,027
Men on back of a boat securing equipment
August 1, 2019

Securing the streamer

The start of the Cape Cod Bay 2019 Survey. Eric, Wayne, and Dave are made sure the streamer was ready for when they reach the study area.

2 people in life vests by dock by water hammering into post with city view in background
July 30, 2019

HRECOS gage Pier 26 New York, NY

Riley Behrens and Anthony Cacace are replacing an intake on Hudson River Environmental Conditions Observing System (HRECOS) gage 01376520 Hudson River at Pier 26 at New York, NY. Photo by Natalie Cheung (Public domain

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Showing science poster to group of kids
July 30, 2019

Children's School of Science

USGS scientist Seth Ackerman shows students at the Children's School of Science how we map the seafloor. This was part of the pre-cruise for the Cape Cod Bay 2019 Survey.

large seine on a creek with trees on shoreline
July 18, 2019

Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey

A blocking seine prevents fish from moving in or out of a study reach on the Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey conducted on July 18th by Scott George, Barry Baldigo, and technicians from the New York Water Science Center. Photo by Scott George

Scientists setting out a monitor for algal bloom
July 9, 2019

Hopatcong Monitor

USGS scientists Lisa Carper and Jon Cohl deploy a monitoring buoy at Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey, to monitor water-quality conditions and a harmful algal bloom in near real-time.

Looking a a monitoring Buoy from the boat
July 9, 2019

Hopatcong Buoy

USGS scientists deploy a monitoring buoy on Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey, to monitor water-quality conditions and a harmful algal bloom in near real-time. USGS scientist Karl Braun is photographed.

Scientists collecting samples on lake Hopatcong
July 9, 2019

Sampling Hopatcong

USGS scientists Brad Bjorklund and Jon Cohl collect a water-quality sample at Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey, to monitor a harmful algal bloom on the lake.

Filter Total Items: 82
The Cape Lookout Lighthouse, Cape Lookout National Seashore
November 18, 2016

The Interior Department’s Climate Science Centers, managed by USGS, are helping the National Park Service pinpoint the specific impacts of climate change on parks and their cultural and natural resources. Doing so will help managers answer a critical question: which resources will require human intervention to ensure their continued existence?

House partly collapsed after flooding in Mantoloking, NJ.
November 17, 2016

USGS researchers ground-truthed Hurricane Sandy's October 2012 storm tides in New Jersey and found northern coastal communities had significantly higher storm tides than southern ones did, though flood damage was widespread in both areas. The findings suggest that some southern New Jersey communities may be underestimating their future flood risks.

Screen shot of player playing pokemon go at the USGS building
July 27, 2016

USGS has evolved into a legendary Science-Type!

Scientists deploy high-tech buoy in Lake Winnipesaukee
June 27, 2016

A high-tech buoy that monitors water quality in real time was just installed in one of New England’s most popular lakes, where in the future it will help with determining when swimmers should and shouldn’t be in the water.