Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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July Photo Contest

July Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the July 2021 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: May 2, 2018
Status: Completed

New England WSC seminar series Elskus 20180502

Known in Turners Falls as ‘The Fish Lab’, the USGS Conte lab’s mission is the conservation of migratory fish.

Date published: May 2, 2018
Status: Active

Environmental Compliance

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is the cornerstone of our Nation's environmental laws and was enacted to ensure that information on the environmental impacts of any Federal, or federally funded, action is available to public officials and citizens before decisions are made and before actions are taken

Date published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Date published: April 27, 2018
Status: Active

Development of Long Island Water Quality Integrated Data System (LIQWIDS) - User interface and web services in support of collaboration under the Long Island Nitrogen Action Plan(LINAP)

PROBLEM There are more than 60 organizations and agencies collecting water-quality data on Long Island. The types of database management that are used to store and archive regulatory and non-regulatory data vary from paper forms to spreadsheets to State and Federal databases, and there is minimal communication between these systems. As a result, those interested in analyzing data may be...

Contacts: Martyn Smith
Date published: April 25, 2018
Status: Active

Water Use Resources

The future health and welfare of the Nation's population and environment are dependent upon a continuing supply of uncontaminated fresh water. Increasing withdrawals and increasing demands for in-stream flows are limiting the water available for future use.

Date published: April 24, 2018
Status: Active

Mammals

Our science portfolio includes the study and management of mammal populations, which can require the use of methods and analysis that incorporate the difficulty in detecting them – picture how hard it is to count and identify bats at dusk or estimate the number of mountain lions in an area.

Date published: April 19, 2018
Status: Active

Nutrient Loads from the Upper Connecticut River Watershed

River-borne nutrients, especially nitrogen, contribute to water-quality degradation in Long Island Sound. The Connecticut River is the largest tributary to the Sound, and quantification of nutrient loads from the three upper States in the watershed, as well as the State of Connecticut, is essential for prioritizing efforts to improve the Sound’s water quality. 

Date published: April 19, 2018
Status: Active

Current Water Conditions in New York

• National Water Information System (NWIS):   Find water-resources data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites, using menu-based and map-based front ends.
• WaterWatch:  View maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. 

Date published: April 16, 2018
Status: Active

Molecular tools and methodologies

Molecular tools and methodologies are used designed and used for diverse applications. These applications can be used to assess questions of threatened and endangered species, population and conservation biology, ecological communities, microbial diversity, molecular epidemiology and genomics of non-model organisms among many others. Successful integration of these tools and...

Date published: April 16, 2018
Status: Active

Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

Geopgraphical Information Systems Information and Data

Contacts: Gary Wall
Date published: April 11, 2018
Status: Active

Contaminants and Environmental Pathways

Living things are intricately connected to each other and to the air, water, and soil that surrounds them. Our research looks at how contaminants move through the environment and living things to understand the chemical and physiological processes and ecological factors that influence exposure and risk in wildlife.

Date published: April 10, 2018
Status: Active

Banding and Encounter Data Requests

Banding and encounter data are available for research purposes. Individual banding data records exist electronically starting in 1960. Pre-1960 banding data are available only for birds that have been encountered. Individual encounter data are available from 1913.

Filter Total Items: 492
Date published: April 25, 2017

North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset 1966 - 2016, version 2016.0

The 1966-2016 North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) dataset contains avian point count data for more than 700 North American bird taxa (species, races, and unidentified species groupings). These data are collected annually during the breeding season, primarily in June, along thousands of randomly established roadside survey routes in the United States and Canada. Routes are ro

Date published: January 1, 2017

Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017

These data are measurements of sediment depth in the downstream approach channel of Brandon Rd Lock and Dam at Joliet, Illinois, on February 13-14, 2017. Data collection software recorded and stored the horizontal position of the vessel and the measured sediment depth. Data processing required computer software to extract position data from the target data files and to summarize and map the...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017

These data are high-resolution bathymetry (river bottom elevation) in XYZ format, generated from the February 13, 2017, topographic and hydrographic survey of the Des Plaines River in an area centered approximately 2.2 miles downstream of Brandon Road Lock and Dam at Joliet, Illinois. Hydrographic data were collected using a multibeam echo-sounder (MBES) with integrated inertial n

Date published: January 1, 2017

Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017

These data are high-resolution bathymetry (river bottom elevation) in XYZ format, generated from the February 14, 2017, topographic and hydrographic survey of the Des Plaines River in an area centered approximately 250 feet upstream of Brandon Road Lock and Dam at Joliet, Illinois. Hydrographic data were collected using a multibeam echo-sounder (MBES) with integrated inertial navi

Date published: January 1, 2017

Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017

These data are high-resolution bathymetry (river bottom elevation) in XYZ format and measurements of sediment depth in CSV format, generated from the February 13–14, 2017, topographic and hydrographic survey of the Des Plaines River near Brandon Road Lock and Dam at Joliet, Illinois. Hydrographic data were collected in three separate areas (approach channel, mooring area%2

Date published: January 1, 2017

Channel Migration Rates of Stream Reaches in Indiana

An investigation was completed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs that found 1,132 transportation and utility assets in Indiana are vulnerable to fluvial erosion hazards due to close proximity to actively migrating streams. Locations of transportation assets (bridges, roadways, and railroad lines) and selected utility asse

Date published: January 1, 2017

Summary of Transportation and Utility Assets Vulnerable to Fluvial Erosion Hazards in Indiana

An investigation was completed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs that found 1,132 transportation and utility assets in Indiana are vulnerable to fluvial erosion hazards due to close proximity to actively migrating streams. Locations of transportation assets (bridges, roadways, and railroad lines) and selected utility asse

Date published: January 1, 2017

PRISM late Pliocene (Piacenzian) alkenone - derived SST data

This dataset collects sea surface temperature data generated through alkenone analysis of late Pliocene sediments collected from cores and outcrops

Date published: January 1, 2017

Multibeam bathymetry and sediment depth data at select locations on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, February 13–14, 2017

These data are high-resolution bathymetry (river bottom elevation) in XYZ format, generated from the February 14, 2017, topographic and hydrographic survey of the Des Plaines River in an area centered approximately 0.3 miles downstream of Brandon Road Lock and Dam at Joliet, Illinois. Hydrographic data were collected using a multibeam echo-sounder (MBES) with integrated inertial n

Date published: January 1, 2017

Matrix inhibition PCR and Microtox® 81.9% screening assay analytical results for samples collected for the Sediment-Bound Contaminant Resiliency and Response Strategy pilot study, northeastern United States, 2015

Coastal communities are uniquely vulnerable to sea-level rise (SLR) and severe storms such as hurricanes. These events enhance the dispersion and concentration of natural and anthropogenic chemicals and pathogenic microorganisms that could adversely affect the health and resilience of coastal communities and ecosystems in coming years. The U.S. Geo­logical Survey has developed the Sedime

Date published: January 1, 2016

Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: STATSGO Soil Characteristics, Soil pH

This tabular data set represents the soil pH as processed from STATSGO2 database compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. The source data was produced by the United States Geological Survey (Wieczorek, 2

Date published: May 11, 2014

High-resolution geophysical and sample data collected in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire in 2005, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2005-004-FA

 This study utilized geophysical systems and conventional water-quality measurements to identify lake-floor environments that may provide suitable habitat for the establishment and growth of variable leaf water-milfoil. The results of the study are intended to assist resource managers in federal and state agencies.

Filter Total Items: 16,123
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Year Published: 2019

Hysteretic response of solutes and turbidity at the event scale across forested tropical montane watersheds

Concentration-discharge relationships are a key tool for understanding the sourcing and transport of material from watersheds to fluvial networks. Storm events in particular provide insight into variability in the sources of solutes and sediment within watersheds, and the hydrologic pathways that connect hillslope to stream channel. Here we...

Wymore, Adam S.; Leon, Miguel C.; Shanley, James B.; McDowell, William C.

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Year Published: 2019

Identifying credible and diverse GCMs for regional climate change studies—case study: Northeastern United States

Climate data obtained from global climate models (GCMs) form the basis of most studies of regional climate change and its impacts. Using the northeastern US as a test case, we develop a framework to systematically sub-select reliable models for use in climate change studies in the region. We retain 14 of 36 CMIP5 GCMs that (a) have satisfactory...

Karmalkar, Ambarish V.; Thibeault, Jeanne M.; Bryan, Alexander; Seth, Anji

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Year Published: 2019

Comparisons of stereological and other approaches for quantifying macrophage aggregates in piscine spleens

Macrophage aggregates (MA s) are focal accumulations of pigmented macrophages in the spleen and other tissues of fish. A central role of MA s is the clearance and destruction of degenerating cells and recycling of some cellular components. Macrophage aggregates also respond to chemical contaminants and infectious agents and may play a role in the...

Matsche, Mark A; Blazer, Vicki S.; Mazik, Patricia M.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterization of smoltification in the Tasmanian strain of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in recirculation and flowthrough systems

This study examined morphological, physiological and molecular indicators of smoltification in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) juveniles in a flow-through (FT) and recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Fish were exposed to 24-h light to initiate smoltification, for 5 (FT) and 7 (RAS) weeks prior to transfer from freshwater (FW) to seawater (SW)...

van Rijn, Christian A.; Jones, P.L.; Evans, Brad S.; Huynh, Christine; McCormick, Stephen D.; Afonso, Luis O B

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Year Published: 2019

Relevance of wind stress and wave-dependent ocean surface roughness on the generation of winter meteotsunamis in Northern Gulf of Mexico

Meteotsunamis associated with passing squall lines are often observed ahead of cold fronts during winter seasons in Northern Gulf of Mexico. These types of meteotsunamis occur simultaneously with wind speed variations (~5-20 m/s) and sea-level atmospheric pressure oscillations (~1-6 hPa) with periods between 2 hours to several minutes. In order to...

Shi, Lijing; Olabarrieta, Maitane; Valle-Levinson, A; Warner, John C.

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Year Published: 2019

Identifying salt marsh shorelines from remotely sensed elevation data and imagery

Salt marshes are valuable ecosystems that are vulnerable to lateral erosion, submergence, and internal disintegration due to sea-level rise, storms, and sediment deficits. Because many salt marshes are losing area in response to these factors, it is important to monitor their lateral extent at high resolution over multiple timescales. In this...

Farris, Amy S.; Defne, Zafer; Ganju, Neil Kamal

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Year Published: 2019

Spatial and temporal distribution of bacterial indicators and microbial-source tracking within Tumacácori National Historical Park and the upper Santa Cruz River, southern Arizona and northern Mexico, 2015–2016

Tumacácori National Historical Park (TUMA) in southern Arizona protects the culturally important Mission San José de Tumacácori, while also managing a part of the ecologically diverse riparian corridor of the Santa Cruz River. The quality of the water flowing through depends solely on upstream watershed activities, and among the water-quality...

Paretti, Nicholas V.; Kephart, Christopher M.; Porter, Thomas J.; Hermosillo, Edyth; Cederberg, Jay R.; Mayo, Justine P.; Gungle, Bruce W.; Coes, Alissa L.; Tucci, Rachel S.; Norman, Laura M.
Paretti, N.V., Kephart, C.M., Porter, T.J., Hermosillo, E., Cederberg, J.R., Mayo, J.P., Gungle, B., Coes, A.L., Tucci, R.S., and Norman, L.M., 2019, Spatial and temporal distribution of bacterial indicators and microbial-source tracking within Tumacácori National Historical Park and the upper Santa Cruz River, southern Arizona and northern Mexico, 2015–2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5108, 102 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195108.

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Year Published: 2019

Large loss of CO2 in winter observed across pan-arctic permafrost region

Recent warming in the Arctic, which has been amplified during the winter1,2,3, greatly enhances microbial decomposition of soil organic matter and subsequent release of carbon dioxide (CO2)4. However, the amount of CO2 released in winter is not known and has not been well represented by ecosystem models or empirically based estimates5,6. Here...

Natali, Susan M; Watts, Jennifer D.; Potter, Stefano; Rogers, Brendan M.; Ludwig, Sarah M.; Selbmann, Anne-Katrin; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Arndt, Kyle A.; Birch, Leah; Bjorkman, Mats P.; Bloom, Anthony; Celis, Gerardo; Christiensen, Torben R.; Christiansen, Casper T.; Commane, Roisin; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Crill, Patrick; Czimczik, Claudia; Davydov, Sergey; Du, Jinyang; Egan, Jocelyn E.; Elberling, Bo; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Friborg, Thomas; Genet, Helene; Gockede, Mathias; Goodrich, Jordan P.; Grogan, Paul; Helbig, Manuel; Jafarov, Elchin E.; Jastrow, Julie; Kalhori, Aram A.M.; Kim, Yongwon; Kimball, John S; Kutzbach, Lars; Lara, Mark J.; Larsen, Klaus S.; Loranty, Michael M; Lund, Magnus; Lupascu, Massimo; Madani, Nima; Malhorta, Avni; McFarland, Jack; McGuire, David A.; Michelson, Anders; Minions, Christina; Oechel, Walter C.; Olefeldt, David; Parmentier, Frans-Jan; Pirk, Norbert; Poulter, Benjamin; Quinton, William L.; Rezanezhad, Fereidoun; Risk, David; Sachs, Torsten; Schaefer, Kevin; Schmidt, Neils M.; Schuur, Edward A.G.; Semenchuk, Philipp R.; Shaver, Gaius; Sonnentag, Oliver; Starr, Gregory; Treat, Claire C.; Waldrop, Mark P.; Wang, Yihui; Welker, Jeffrey; Wille, Christian; Xu, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Zheng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Zona, Donatella

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Year Published: 2019

Baseline environmental monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and soil at the Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction Facility at the Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, 2016

Letterkenny Army Depot in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, built an Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction (ARMD) facility in 2016. The ARMD Facility was designed to centralize rocket motor destruction and contain or capture all waste during the destruction process. Ideally, there would be no contaminant transport to air, soil, or water from the...

Galeone, Daniel G.
Galeone, D.G., 2019, Baseline environmental monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and soil at the Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction Facility at the Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1094, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191094.

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Year Published: 2019

Real-time assessments of water quality—A nowcast for Escherichia coli and cyanobacterial toxins

Threats to our recreational and drinking waters include disease-causing (pathogenic) organisms from fecal contamination and toxins produced by some species of cyanobacteria (cyanotoxins) that can cause acute and (or) chronic illnesses. Because traditional laboratory methods for detecting these threats take too long for prompt public health...

Francy, Donna S.; Brady, Amie M.G.; Zimmerman, Tammy M.
Francy, D.S., Brady, A.M., and Zimmerman, T.M., 2019, Real-time assessments of water quality—A nowcast for Escherichia coli and cyanobacterial toxins: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3061, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193061.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphodynamic modeling of the response of two barrier islands to Atlantic hurricane forcing

The accurate prediction of a barrier island response to storms is challenging because of the complex interaction between hydro- and morphodynamic processes that changes at different stages during an event. Assessment of the predictive skill is further complicated because of uncertainty in the hydraulic forcing, initial conditions, and the...

van der Lugt, Marlies; Quataert, Ellen; van Dongeren, Ap; van Ormondt, Maarten; Sherwood, Christopher R.

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Year Published: 2019

Water for Long Island: Now and for the future

Do you ever wonder where your water comes from? If you live in Nassau or Suffolk County, the answer is, groundwater. Groundwater is water that started out as precipitation (rain and snow melt) and seeped into the ground. This seepage recharges the freshwater stored underground, in the spaces between the grains of sand and gravel in what are...

Masterson, John; Breault, Robert
Masterson, J.P., and Breault, R., 2019, Water for Long Island—Now and for the future: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3052, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193052.

Filter Total Items: 1,758
Image of a well sensor located in a salt marsh
November 8, 2018

Salt Marsh Well Sensor

A well sensor continuously monitors salinity, temperature, and water level in a salt marsh, Cape Cod, MA

Meagan Gonneea checks on instruments at a tidal creek in Great Pond, Falmouth, MA
November 8, 2018

Instrument check at a tidal creek, Falmouth, MA

Meagan Gonneea checks on instruments at a tidal creek in Great Pond, Falmouth, MA. Daily tides drive exchange between coastal wetlands and adjacent estuaries. Here we have instrumented a tidal channel to measure those fluxes over a tidal cycle. When the marsh floods, material is imported from the estuary. Biogeochemical cycles within the wetland, driven by plants and

...
Gamma well detectors are used to determine the ages of sediments based on activities of natural and anthropogenic radionuclide
November 6, 2018

Gamma well detectors

Gamma well detectors are used to determine the ages of sediments based on activities of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides

Image of a UIC, Inc., Coulmeter
November 6, 2018

Coulmeter

Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in water samples is measured with a UIC, Inc. Coulometer

Survey at a dam-removal and culvert-retrofit site
November 5, 2018

Survey at a dam-removal and culvert-retrofit site

USGS staff survey the Mill River near the former Hopewell Mills Dam site in Taunton, Massachusetts. Surveys at the dam-removal and culvert-retrofit sites provided topographic and bathymetric data for hydraulic models developed for the study.

NJ tide site
November 2, 2018

NJ tide site

Northeast Region Photo Contest Winner | November 2018 | Honorable Mention
NJ tide site

Filter Total Items: 594