Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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March Photo Contest

March Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the March 2021 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,148
Date published: December 13, 2018
Status: Completed

Estimation of Daily Streamflow and Water Availability in the Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator, Version 2.0

The Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator is a decision-support tool that provides estimates of daily unaltered streamflow, water-use-adjusted streamflow, and water availability for ungaged, user-defined sites in Massachusetts. In this recently completed study, version 2.0 of the original Sustainable-Yield Estimator (Archfield and others, 2010) was developed with minor changes to the...

Date published: December 12, 2018
Status: Active

Life History and Migration of Sturgeons in New England Waters

Sturgeons appear in the fossil record as early as the Triassic, 200 million years ago.  Although most populations could once tolerate harvesting pressures, most populations have collapsed and nearly all of the 28 species alive today are listed as threatened or endangered.  In New England, dams and water regulation challenge population recoveries of the two resident species, the shortnose and...

Contacts: Micah Kieffer
Date published: December 11, 2018
Status: Active

Oil and Gas Waters Project

The primary objective of this project is to provide information on the volume, quality, impacts, and possible uses of water produced during generation and development of energy resources (particularly hydrocarbons) as well as related fluids injected into reservoirs for energy development and associated waste disposal.  The purpose of this work is to address scientific and societal questions...

Date published: December 11, 2018
Status: Completed

Economics, Energy Resources, and Future Energy Supply

The members of this project have prepared a number of analyses that constitute the economic components of energy resource assessments. They have also proposed enhancements to geologic assessment data and methods that make results of assessments immediately amenable to economic analysis. In addition, they apply theoretically sound valuation methodologies to assess the commercial value of...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Project eTrout

Welcome to Project eTrout [instructional video]!

Click here to begin.

Click here for a summary of results.

Virtual reality (VR)...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Webcams at streamgages in Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Water Science Center hosts webcams at several streamgaging sites.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

The Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to Assess Optimal Pumping Parameters in the Collection of Representative Groundwater Samples from Wells

The U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is developing analytical models to assess in-well groundwater flow conditions during the collection of groundwater samples from wells being pumped. This information can be used to inform groundwater samplers on when and how to collect samples that are most reflective of the targeted aquifer or...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Completed

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Data for New Jersey

Spatial/GIS data sets for New Jersey are available numerous spatial data clearinghouses. Spatial/GIS data sets for USGS studies that include New Jersey or include parts of New Jersey are also available from USGS.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

New Jersey Precipitation and Weather Short-Term Network

The New Jersey Water Science Center provides valuable short-term (120 day) data augmentation to many locations for: Precipitation, Water and Air Temperature, and even Wind speed and direction at some of our coastal sites. Our field technicians continuously make field measurements and maintain these networks to ensure the accuracy of these data.

Contacts: Heidi L Hoppe
Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Active

The New Jersey Water Quality Networks

The water quality of New Jersey's water bodies is monitored by the USGS New Jersey Water Science Center to characterize waters, identify trends over time, identify emerging problems, determine whether pollution control programs are working, help direct pollution control efforts to where they are most needed, and respond to emergencies such as floods and spills.

Date published: December 6, 2018
Status: Active

Geochemistry of Energy Fuels Task

Geologic and geochemical processes that impact fuel quality, quantity, and availability can be best understood by utilizing a range of approaches, including, but not limited to isotopic signatures, inorganic and organic analyses, and neutron scattering techniques. Current work focuses on using neutron scattering to understand how fluids are stored and flow through tight continuous reservoirs...

Date published: December 3, 2018
Status: Active

Flood-Inundation Mapping for Schoharie Creek at North Blenheim, NY

Background and Problem Flooding is a ubiquitous problem throughout New York State. The Schoharie Creek has experienced severe floods, including the devastating floods of August 2011 following Hurricane Irene, which severely damaged or destroyed many homes, businesses, roads, and other property within the Schoharie Valley. In North Blenheim, homes, the Blenheim Town Hall, fire hall, and...

Filter Total Items: 482
Date published: December 20, 2019

DisMOSH, Cost, MOSH_Shoreline: Distance to foraging areas for piping plovers including foraging shoreline, cost mask, and least-cost path distance: Coast Guard Beach, MA, 2013-2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisMOSH, Cost, MOSH_Shoreline: Distance to foraging areas for piping plovers including foraging shoreline, cost mask, and least-cost path distance: Parker River, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters of landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type: Myrtle Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters of landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type: Smith Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

points, transects, beach width: Barrier island geomorphology and shorebird habitat metrics at 50-m alongshore transects and 5-m cross-shore points: Cape Lookout, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisOcean: Distance to the ocean: Parker River, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

points, transects, beach width: Barrier island geomorphology and shorebird habitat metrics at 50-m alongshore transects and 5-m cross-shore points: Ship Shoal Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

points, transects, beach width: Barrier island geomorphology and shorebird habitat metrics at 50-m alongshore transects and 5-m cross-shore points: Cobb Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

ElevMHW: Elevation adjusted to local mean high water: Wreck Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisMOSH, Cost, MOSH_Shoreline: Distance to foraging areas for piping plovers including foraging shoreline, cost mask, and least-cost path distance: Metompkin Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

shoreline, inletLines: Shoreline polygons and tidal inlet delineations: Cape Lookout, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

Development: Development delineation: Parker River, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Filter Total Items: 15,993
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Year Published: 2020

Model selection for the North American Breeding Bird Survey

The North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) provides data that can be used in complex, multiscale analyses of population change, while controlling for scale‐specific nuisance factors. Many alternative models can be fit to the data, but most model selection procedures are not appropriate for hierarchical models. Leave‐one‐out cross‐validation (...

Link, William A.; Sauer, John R.; Niven, Daniel K

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Year Published: 2020

Biological control of Aedes mosquito larvae with carnivorous aquatic plant, Utricularia macrorhiza

BackgroundBiological controls with predators of larval mosquito vectors have historically focused almost exclusively on insectivorous animals, with few studies examining predatory plants as potential larvacidal agents. In this study, we experimentally evaluate a generalist plant predator of North America, Utricularia macrorhiza, the common...

Couret, Jannelle; Notarangelo, Marco; Veera, Sarashwathi; LeClaire-Conway, Noah; Ginsberg, Howard S.; LeBrun, Roger A.

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Year Published: 2020

Emerging diseases of avian wildlife

Climate change and the interaction with humans and domestic species influences disease in avian wildlife. This article provides updated information on emerging disease conditions such as the spread of an Asian tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, and its associated diseases among migratory birds in the eastern United States; lymphoproliferative...

Tyson-Pello, Susan J; Olsen, Glenn H.

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Year Published: 2020

Using value of information to prioritize research needs for migratory bird management under climate change: A case study using federal land acquisition in the United States

In response to global habitat loss, many governmental and non‐governmental organizations have implemented land acquisition programs to protect critical habitats permanently for priority species. The ability of these protected areas to meet future management objectives may be compromised if the effects of climate change are not considered in...

Rushing, Clark S; Rubenstein, Madeleine A.; Lyons, James E.; Runge, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2020

Passive sampling of groundwater wells for determination of water chemistry

IntroductionPassive groundwater sampling is defined as the collection of a water sample from a well without the use of purging by a pump or retrieval by a bailer (Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council [ITRC], 2006; American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM], 2014). No purging means that advection of water is not involved in...

Imbrigiotta, Thomas E.; Harte, Philip T.
Imbrigiotta, T.E., and Harte, P.T., 2020, Passive sampling of groundwater wells for determination of water chemistry: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, chap. 8, section D, book 1, 80 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/tm1d8.

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Year Published: 2020

Sample mounting for organic petrology: No thermal effects from transient exposure to elevated temperatures

For sample mounting, organic petrology laboratories typically use cold-setting epoxy-resin (e.g., 40 °C, used by Oklahoma Geological Survey, OGS) or heat-setting thermoplastic (e.g., 180 °C, used by U.S. Geological Survey, USGS). Previous workers have suggested a systematic huminite/vitrinite reflectance (VRo) increase was associated with the...

Hackley, Paul C.; Cardott, Brian J.

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Year Published: 2020

Fluorescence spectroscopy of ancient sedimentary organic matter via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)

Fluorescence spectroscopy via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to analyze ancient sedimentary organic matter, including Tasmanites microfossils in Devonian shale and Gloecapsomorpha prisca (G. prisca) in Ordovician kukersite from North American basins. We examined fluorescence emission as a function of...

Hackley, Paul C.; Jubb, Aaron M.; Burruss, Robert; Beaven, Amy E

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Year Published: 2020

Evaluating indicators of marsh vulnerability to sea level rise along a historical marsh loss gradient

Sea level rise (SLR) is threatening coastal marshes, leading to large‐scale marsh loss in several micro‐tidal systems. Early recognition of marsh vulnerability to SLR is critical in these systems to aid managers to take appropriate restoration or mitigation measures. However, it is not clear if current marsh vulnerability indicators correctly...

Schepers, Lennert; Kirwan, Matthew; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.; Temmerman, Stijn

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of legacy sediment removal and effects on nutrients and sediment in Big Spring Run, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 2009–15

Big Spring Run is a 1.68-square mile watershed underlain by mostly carbonate rock in a mixed land-use setting (part agricultural and part developed) in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Big Spring Run is a subwatershed of Mill Creek, a tributary to the Conestoga River. These watersheds are known contributors of nutrient and sediment loads to the...

Langland, Michael J.; Duris, Joseph W.; Zimmerman, Tammy M.; Chaplin, Jeffrey J.
Langland, M.J., Duris, J.W., Zimmerman, T.M., and Chaplin, J.J., 2020, Effects of legacy sediment removal and effects on nutrients and sediment in Big Spring Run, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 2009–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020-5031, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205031.

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Year Published: 2020

A decision framework to analyze tide-gate options for restoration of the Herring River Estuary, Massachusetts

The collective set of decisions involved with the restoration of degraded wetlands is often more complex than considering only ecological responses and outcomes. Restoration is commonly driven by a complex interaction of social, economic, and ecological factors representing the mandate of resource stewards and the values of stakeholders. The...

Smith, David R.; Eaton, Mitchell J.; Gannon, Jill J.; Smith, Timothy P.; Derleth, Eric L.; Katz, Jonathan; Bosma, Kirk F.; Leduc, Elise
Smith, D.R., Eaton, M.J., Gannon, J.J., Smith, T.P., Derleth, E.L., Katz, J., Bosma, K.F., and Leduc, E., 2020, A decision framework to analyze tide-gate options for restoration of the Herring River Estuary, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1115, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191115.

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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018

The Vermont Department of Health and the U.S. Geological Survey analyzed the concentrations of chloride in groundwater samples collected from 4,319 domestic wells across Vermont between 2011 and 2018. Ninety of these wells were sampled twice and the remaining 4,229 were sampled once. This sample size represents approximately 4 percent of all wells...

Levitt, Joseph P.; Larsen, Sille L.
Levitt, J.P., and Larsen, S.L., 2020, Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1148, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191148.

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Year Published: 2020

Comparison of fecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in hand‐ versus parent‐reared whooping cranes (Grus americana)

Endangered whooping cranes (Grus americana ) have been produced in captivity for reintroduction programs since the 1980s, using techniques such as artificial insemination, multiple clutching, and captive‐rearing to speed recovery efforts. Chicks are often hand‐reared (HR) by caretakers in crane costumes, socialized into groups and released...

Brown, Megan E.; Torkelson, Miranda R.; Olsen, Glenn H.; Krisp, Ashley; Hartup, Barry K.

Filter Total Items: 1,718
large seine on a creek with trees on shoreline
July 18, 2019

Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey

A blocking seine prevents fish from moving in or out of a study reach on the Schoharie Creek during a fish community survey conducted on July 18th by Scott George, Barry Baldigo, and technicians from the New York Water Science Center. Photo by Scott George

The photo is taken over the shoulder of a USGS employee as he uses the Collector App to locate the survey site.
July 16, 2019

Locating survey site using Collector app

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

USGS employee uses Collector App to locate the survey site.​

USGS employees are setting up a total station on the edge of a field in preparation to make a channel measurement.
July 16, 2019

Setting up a total station on the edge of a field

​Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.    

USGS employees are setting up a total station on the edge of a field in preparation to make a channel measurement.

USGS employee using survey data to model water surface elevation for different storm events.
July 16, 2019

Modeling FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

USGS employee using survey data to model water surface elevation for different storm events.

 Research scientist Meagan Gonneea and USGS intern Angela Trejo survey the Jones River in Kingston, MA
July 16, 2019

Elevation survey in the Jones River, Kingston, MA

 Research scientist Meagan Gonneea and USGS intern Angela Trejo survey the Jones River in Kingston, MA. Removal of a dam across the Jones River began July 15, 2019, as a first step to restore river habitat, which is particularly critical for herring passage from the sea to inland lakes for spawning. Angela is an intern through the Woods Hole Partnership in Education

...
​​​​​​​Levels being run at 03250215 Slate Creek at Owingsville, KY
July 16, 2019

​​​​​​​Levels being run at 03250215 Slate Creek at Owingsville, KY

Northeast Region Photo Contest Winner | Sept 2019 | Honorable Mention
Levels being run at 03250215 Slate Creek at Owingsville, KY. Andrew Vanover (level gun operator) and Brian Moore (rod operator).

​​​​​​​Dragonfly on tagline
July 16, 2019

​​​​​​​Dragonfly on tagline

Northeast Region Photo Contest Winner | Sept 2019 | Honorable Mention
Dragonfly on tagline

USGS employees carry survey equipment to the survey site. They are hiking down a grassy hill in a farmers field in Connecticut.
July 16, 2019

Hiking in to the survey site

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

USGS employees carry survey equipment to the survey site. They are hiking down a grassy hill in a farmers field in Connecticut.

USGS employees are setting up a total station near an old factory in preparation of taking a channel measurement.
July 16, 2019

Setting up a total station near an old factory

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​USGS employees are setting up a total station near an old factory in preparation of taking a channel measurement.

Filter Total Items: 262
Image: Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
May 12, 2014

Migratory birds provide ecosystem benefits that include pest control, pollination of plants and serve as food sources for other wildlife.  They are also a source of recreation for millions of bird watchers and enthusiasts who provide food and design backyard habitats to attract a variety of species throughout the year.

Image: Southeast Missouri Helicopter Survey
February 5, 2014

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will conduct a comprehensive, high-resolution airborne survey to study the rock layers under parts of Washington, Franklin and Crawford counties. Instruments on the helicopter will collect information about the underground geology and mineral deposits of the region.

Flooded gage at Whippany, New Jersey
October 20, 2011

Hurricane Irene moved up the eastern seaboard making landfall for a second time at Little Egg Inlet New Jersey early Sunday morning August 28, 2011. This is the first time a Hurricane made landfall in New Jersey since 1903. 

Getting ready to measure flood waters
October 20, 2011

New Jersey experienced record flooding at 7 USGS gages during August 14-16, 2011.

Flooded neighborhood in Pompton, New Jersey
October 1, 2010

A storm moved north along the Atlantic Coast spreading rain across the State,  from March 12 through March 15, 2010. Light rain began to fall during late morning on Friday March 12. Steady, heavier rain developed on Saturday morning and continued  through the evening. Bands of heavy rain and scattered thunderstorms occurred on Sunday with showers continuing through Monday March 15, 2010. 

Flooded road in Hackensack, New Jersey
April 27, 2007

Flood peaks were the highest ever recorded at ten USGS gaging stations in the Hackensack, Hudson, Raritan, Mullica and lower Delaware River basins 

Delaware River flooding
April 22, 2005

Rainfall totaling as much as 5 inches during April 2-4, 2005, combined with wet antecedent conditions caused by more than 2 inches of rain that fell less than a week earlier, snow cover in the Pocono Mountains, Pennsylvania, and Catskill Mountains, New York, regions, and reservoirs filled to capacity, set the stage for the worst flooding in 50 years along the mainstem of the Delaware River.

Road closed sign in a flooded out road
October 8, 2004

Flood peaks along the main stem of the Delaware River were the highest since the flood of August 19, 1955

Flooded road in Vincentown  New Jersey
August 2, 2004

Flood peaks were the highest ever recorded at six USGS stream gaging stations in Burlington and Camden Counties N.J. 

Filter Total Items: 590