Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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August and September Photo Contests

August and September Photo Contests

Check out the winning photographs in the August and September 2021 Photo Contests! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention.

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: April 10, 2020
Status: Active

The response of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise: Understanding how macroscale drivers influence local processes and feedbacks

The purpose of this work is to advance our understanding of how coastal wetland responses to SLR within the conterminous United States are likely to vary as a function of local, regional, and macroscale drivers, including climate. Based on our interactions with managers and decision makers, as well as our knowledge of the current state of the science, we propose to (a) conduct a national...

Date published: April 9, 2020
Status: Active

Analysis of Factors Affecting Plume Remediation in a Sole-Source Aquifer System, Nassau County, New York (Northrup Grumman Plume)

Problem: Dissolved volatile-organic compounds (VOCs), including trichloroethylene (TCE), have been identified in a sole-source aquifer near the former Northrop Grumman Bethpage facility and Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant (NWIRP) in Nassau County, N.Y. The Northrop Grumman Bethpage facility and NWIRP are listed as Class II inactive hazardous waste disposal sites (Site Nos. HW130003A...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Rafinesque’s Mammals

The Challenge: Taxonomic nomenclature relies, in part, upon an accurate taxonomic history in order to establish the correct name for a taxon. Constantine S. Rafinesque (1783–1840), was a knowledgeable North American natural historian who was is responsible for describing and naming such iconic American mammals as the mule deer [Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque, 1817)] and the white-footed mouse...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Survival of the Least Fit: Incidence of Physical Trauma in a Wild Mammal Community

The Challenge: It has been generally considered that a severe injury to a wild mammal that seemingly limits its ability to forage for food or escape predators will almost certainly lead to that individual’s demise.  Inspection of skeletons of wild caught small mammals, however, has revealed a surprising number of individuals with healed fractures of the skeletal bones―including the primary...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Diversity and Biogeography of Treeshrews

The Challenge: Treeshrews (order Scandentia) are small-bodied mammals endemic to South and Southeast Asia. Since it was first described in 1820, the Common Treeshrew (Tupaia glis) has had a complex taxonomic history that has led to widely variable estimates of diversity, misidentification of populations, and general confusion regarding it and closely related species. One result is that T. glis...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

Biodiversity of North American Mammals

The Challenge: Despite more than a century and a half of study, accurate understanding of the diversity North American mammalian species and the distribution of those species remains unrefined. Yet this understanding is essential for determining the conservation status of species, for mapping out potential disease reservoirs, and for understanding the response of species to habitat...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

How Mammals Move: Locomotory Function in the Soricidae

The Challenge: The postcranial skeletons of mammals exhibit tremendous variation in form that partly relates to phylogeny (who a particular species is related to) and partly to locomotory function (how that species moves through its environment). Understanding the contributions of these two factors is important because phylogenetic characters assist in working out evolutionary relationships,...

Date published: April 8, 2020
Status: Active

What Ancient Egyptian Shrew Mummies Reveal About Small Mammal Responses to Climate Change

The Challenge: Ancient Egyptians mummified animals for a variety of reasons, not the least of which was as votive offerings to certain deities. Among the six species of shrews that have been identified as mummies, one is now extinct, one is no longer occurs in Egypt, and the remaining four have more restricted distributions in the country. One of the latter species also exhibits significantly...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Immune System Changes and Susceptibility to Disease in Birds Exposed to Environmental Contaminants

Disease dynamics in wildlife are commonly related to changes or increases in environmental stressors that are placed upon an animal. Environmental pollutants are known to affect the immune system of wildlife, resulting in impaired resistance to infection and potential increases in disease outbreaks.

In collaboration with: Jill Jenkins, Ph.D USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center;...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Effects of Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) on developing birds

The Challenge: Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) are complex technical mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes used in lubricants and coolants in metalworking, as flame retardants, and in paints, adhesives, sealants, textiles and polymeric materials, plastics and rubber. SCCPs are of concern because they are globally transported, bioaccumulate in wildlife and humans, and are...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Do pesticide coatings on agricultural seeds pose a threat to earthworms and to the birds that eat them?

Earthworms are a vital part of a healthy, functioning soil ecosystem and are also an important protein-rich food source for wildlife, including many species of birds and mammals. In an agricultural setting, the presence of earthworms can increase crop yields by 25%, but can also expose earthworms to pesticides. Seed treatment is the principal application method for neonicotinoid insecticides,...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Mine Drainage and Water Quality Research

PaWSC conducts research on geochemical and hydrological processes that control water quality, particularly the sources, transport, and attenuation of metals and nutrients in undisturbed and mining-impacted watersheds and aquifers.  Results apply to scientific and regulatory programs for the prevention and remediation of aquatic contamination.

Filter Total Items: 493
Date published: June 12, 2020

Preliminary global database of known and inferred gas hydrate locations

This data release provides a text description of the region, geographic coordinates, and the citation for the published reference for known and inferred gas hydrate locations. Where the existence of gas hydrate was inferred, the description of the criteria used to make the inference was also included.  

Date published: June 11, 2020

Data for statewide assessment of New York's karst aquifers with an inventory of closed-depression and focused-recharge features

The New York State Departments of Environmental Conservation and Health are concerned about groundwater contamination in the carbonate-bedrock aquifers with the potential to host karst features throughout New York State, especially relating to the unintended introduction of chemical or agricultural contamination into these aquifers. USGS Scientific Investigations Report, SIR 2020-5030 (Kap...

Date published: June 10, 2020

Model archive for analysis of the effects of impervious cover on receiving-water quality with the Stochastic Empirical Loading Dilution Model (SELDM)

This is a model archive of SELDM development data and simulation results of total phosphorus concentrations in concurrent stormflows from drainage basins in the Northeastern U.S. with varying levels of imperviousness. Model development files include details of simulated hydrology, basin properties, upstream undeveloped area water quality, and developed area (impervious area) runoff qual

Date published: June 9, 2020

Nanoscale Molecular Composition of Solid Bitumen from the Eagle Ford Group Across a Natural Thermal Maturity Gradient

Solid bitumen is a petrographically-defined secondary organic matter residue produced during petroleum generation and subsequent oil transformation. The presence of solid bitumen impacts many shale reservoir properties including porosity, permeability, and hydrocarbon generation and storage, amongst others. Furthermore, solid bitumen reflectance is an important parameter for assessing the

Date published: June 9, 2020

Potomac River ADCP Bathymetric Survey, October 2019

Water-penetrating LiDAR technology was used to remotely sense bathymetric elevation data as part of a spatial data acquisition on the Potomac River. In support of this effort, a bathymetric survey with a boat-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) was conducted in the study area on October 21-24, 2019. Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS) were used to concurrently

Date published: June 8, 2020

Reported groundwater levels and groundwater pump-and-treat withdrawal volumes, former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey, 2018

This dataset contains U.S. Navy contractor-reported groundwater level data measured on June 18, 2018 and reported daily total groundwater pump-and-treat withdrawal volumes for calendar year 2018 at the former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey. This data release supports: Fiore, A.R., and Lacombe, P.J., 2020, Groundwater levels and generalized potentiometric s

Date published: June 2, 2020

Coastal wetlands of north shore Long Island, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland...

Date published: June 2, 2020

Slope Values Across Marsh-Forest Boundary in Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

The marsh-forest boundary in the Chesapeake Bay was determined by geoprocessing high-resolution (1 square meter) land use and land cover data sets. Perpendicular transects were cast at standard intervals (30 meters) along the boundary within a GIS by repurposing the...

Date published: June 2, 2020

Mean tidal range of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Conceptual marsh units of north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Unvegetated to vegetated ratio of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Slope Values Across Marsh-Forest Boundary in Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

The marsh-forest boundary in the Chesapeake Bay was determined by geoprocessing high-resolution (1 square meter) land use and land cover data sets. Perpendicular transects were cast at standard intervals (30 meters) along the boundary within a GIS by repurposing the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) Version 5.0, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Ave

Filter Total Items: 16,165
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Year Published: 2021

Range-wide declines of northern spotted owl populations in the Pacific Northwest: A meta-analysis

The northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) inhabits older coniferous forests in the Pacific Northwest and has been at the center of forest management issues in this region. The immediate threats to this federally listed species include habitat loss and competition with barred owls (Strix varia), which invaded from...

Franklin, Alan B.; Dugger, Katie M.; Lesmeister, Damon B.; Davis, Raymond J.; Wiens, J. David; White, Gary C.; Nichols, James D.; Hines, James E.; Yackulic, Charles B.; Schwarz, Carl J.; Ackers, Steven H.; Stevens, Andrew L.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Brown, Robin G.; Burgher, Jesse; Burnham, Kenneth P.; Carlson, Peter C.; Chestnut, Tara; Conner, Mary M; Dilione, Krista E.; Forsman, Eric D.; Glenn, Elizabeth M.; Gremel, Scott A.; Hamm, Keith A.; Herter, Dale R.; Higley, J. Mark; Horn, Rob B.; Jenkins, Julianna M.; Kendall, William L.; Lamphear, David W; McCafferty, Christopher; McDonald, Trent L.; Reid, Janice A; Rockweit, Jeremy T.; Simon, David C.; Sovern, Stan G.; Swingle, James; Wise, Heather

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Year Published: 2021

Atlantic sturgeon status and movement ecology in an extremely small spawning habitat: The Nanticoke River-Marshyhope Creek, Chesapeake Bay

Biotelemetry of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus has exposed spawning behaviors in ever-smaller estuaries, surprising for the NW Atlantic’s largest anadromous species. Small estuary — the Nanticoke River and Marshyhope Creek (Chesapeake Bay) — spawning-run adults and their habitat affinities are described based upon...

Secor, D.H.; O'Brien, M.H.P.; Coleman, N.; Horne, A.; Park, I.; Kazyak, David; Bruce, D. G.; Stence, C

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Year Published: 2021

Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists and technical staff deployed instrumented underwater platforms and buoys to collect oceanographic and atmospheric data at two sites near Matanzas Inlet, Florida, on January 24, 2018, and recovered them on April 13, 2018. Matanzas Inlet is a natural, unmaintained inlet on the Florida Atlantic coast that is...

Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn; Suttles, Steven E.; Warner, John C.
Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., Suttles, S.E., and Warner, J.C., 2021, Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1014, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211014.

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Year Published: 2021

A socio-ecological imperative for broadening participation in coastal and estuarine research and management

For most of the scientific disciplines associated with coastal and estuarine research, workforce representation does not match the demographics of communities we serve, especially for Black, Hispanic or Latino, and Indigenous peoples. This essay provides an overview of this inequity and identifies how a scientific society can catalyze...

Harris, Lora A.; Grayson, Treda; Neckles, Hilary A.; Emrich, Christopher T; Lewis, Kristy A; Grimes, Kristin W.; Williamson, Shanna; Garza, Corey; Whitcraft, Christine R; Beseres Pollack, Jennifer; Talley, Drew M; Fertig, Benjamin; Palinkas, Cindy M; Park, Susan; Vaudrey, Jamie MP; Fitzgerald, Allison M; Quispe, Johnny

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Year Published: 2021

Molluscan aminostratigraphy of the US Mid-Atlantic Quaternary coastal system: Implications for onshore-offshore correlation, paleochannel and barrier island evolution, and local late Quaternary sea-level history

The Quaternary record of the US Mid-Atlantic coastal system includes onshore emergent late Pleistocene shoreline deposits, offshore inner shelf and barrier island units, and paleovalleys formed during multiple glacial stage sea-level lowstands. The geochronology of this coastal system is based on uranium series, radiocarbon, amino acid...

Wehmiller, John; Brothers, Laura L.; Ramsey, Kelvin; Foster, David S.; Mattheus, C.R.; Hein, Christopher; Shawler, Justin L.

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Year Published: 2021

Quantifying slopes as a driver of forest to marsh conversion using geospatial techniques: Application to Chesapeake Bay coastal-plain, USA

Coastal salt marshes, which provide valuable ecosystem services such as flood mitigation and carbon sequestration, are threatened by rising sea level. In response, these ecosystems migrate landward, converting available upland into salt marsh. In the coastal-plain surrounding Chesapeake Bay, United States, conversion of coastal forest to salt...

Molino, Grace Damore; Defne, Zafer; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Carr, Joel A.

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Year Published: 2021

Surface water with more natural temperatures promotes physiological and endocrine changes in landlocked Atlantic salmon smolts

Hatchery salmonid smolts are often reared using groundwater with elevated temperatures to maximize growth. Previous work has shown that rearing hatchery smolts in surface water with a more natural thermal regime resulted in increased return rates of adult landlocked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). We evaluated whether landlocked Atlantic salmon...

Ardren, William R.; Greenberg, Larry; Regish, Amy M.; Ardren, William R.; Staats, Nicholas R; Bouchard, Henry; Withers, Jonah L.; Castro-Santos, Theodore R.; McCormick, Stephen D.

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Year Published: 2021

Biogeography and ecology of Ostracoda in the U.S. northern Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas

Ostracoda (bivalved Crustacea) comprise a significant part of the benthic meiofauna in the Pacific-Arctic region, including more than 50 species, many with identifiable ecological tolerances. These species hold potential as useful indicators of past and future ecosystem changes. In this study, we examined benthic ostracodes from nearly 300 surface...

Gemery, Laura; Cronin, Thomas M.; Cooper, Lee W.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.

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Year Published: 2021

Exploring the factors controlling the error characteristics of the Surface Water and Ocean Topography mission discharge estimates

The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission will measure river width, water surface elevation, and slope for rivers wider than 50-100 m. SWOT observations will enable estimation of river discharge by using simple flow laws such as the Manning-Strickler equation, complementing in-situ streamgages. Several discharge...

Frasson, Renato; Durand, Michael T.; Lanier, Kevin; Gleason, Colin; Andreadis, Konstantinos; Hageman, Mark; Dudley, Robert; Bjerklie, David M.; Oubanas, Hind; Garambois, Pierre-André; Malaterre, Pierre-Olivier; Lin, Peirong; Pavelsky, Tamlin M.; Monnier, Jerome; Binkerhoff, Craig; David, Cedric H.

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Year Published: 2021

Methodology and technical input for the 2021 review and revision of the U.S. Critical Minerals List

Pursuant to Section 7002 (“Mineral Security”) of Title VII (“Critical Minerals”) of the Energy Act of 2020 (Public Law 116–260, December 27, 2020, 116th Cong.), the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, is tasked with reviewing and revising the methodology used to evaluate mineral criticality and the...

Nassar, Nedal T.; Fortier, Steven M.
Nassar, N.T., and Fortier, S.M., 2021, Methodology and technical input for the 2021 review and revision of the U.S. Critical Minerals List: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1045, 31 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211045.

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Year Published: 2021

Daily patterns of river herring (Alosa spp.) spawning migrations: Environmental drivers and variation among coastal streams in Massachusetts

The timing of life history events in many plants and animals depends on the seasonal fluctuations of specific environmental conditions. Climate change is altering environmental regimes and disrupting natural cycles and patterns across communities. Anadromous fishes that migrate between marine and freshwater habitats to spawn are particularly...

Legett, Henry; Jordaan, Adrian; Roy, Allison; Sheppard, John; Somos-Valenzuela, Marcelo; Staudinger, Michelle

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Year Published: 2021

Associations between private well water and community water supply arsenic concentrations in the conterminous United States

Geogenic arsenic contamination typically occurs in groundwater as opposed to surface water supplies. Groundwater is a major source for many community water systems (CWSs) in the United States (US). Although the US Environmental Protection Agency sets the maximum contaminant level (MCL enforceable since 2006: 10 μg/L) for arsenic in CWSs, private...

Spaur, Maya; Lombard, Melissa; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Harvey, David; Bostick, Benjamin; Chillrud, Steven; Navas-Acien, Ana; Nigra, Anne E

Filter Total Items: 62
USGS
April 26, 1981

Computes expected coefficients of variation of survival and capture probability for use in the design of capture-recapture-resighting experiments.

USGS
April 26, 1979

Computes "species richness" or total number of species from emperical species abundance distribution data.

Filter Total Items: 1,772
Groundwater sampling along the shoreline of Academy Cove, Wickford, Rhode Island, February 9, 2021
February 9, 2021

Groundwater sampling, Wickford, Rhode Island

Groundwater sampling along the shoreline of Academy Cove, Wickford, Rhode Island, February 9, 2021

The water quality sample is being taken at Saugatuck River near Westport, CT 01209500
February 8, 2021

Taking the water quality sample

The water quality sample is being taken at Saugatuck River near Westport, CT 01209500.

The snowy gage at Indian River at Clinton, CT 01195100
February 8, 2021

The snowy streamgage

The snowy gage at Indian River,  Clinton, CT 01195100.

Otter Brook State Park, Keene, New Hampshire
February 4, 2021

Otter Brook State Park, Keene, New Hampshire

Field team took advantage of a warmer winter day and stopped on their way between sites to eat a socially distanced lunch at Otter Brook State Park, managed by the Army Corps of Engineers.

Average ice conditions, station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, Connecticut
February 4, 2021

Ice conditions, station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, CT

U.S. Geological Survey station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, Connecticut, February 4, 2021. The photograph represents average ice conditions during February 2021; some stations had almost no ice, some had 50 percent ice, and some had almost 100 percent ice.

Jennifer Lafayette sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT
February 3, 2021

Sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT

Jennifer Lafayette sampling at 01208990 Saugatuck River in Redding, CT

Photograph of USG lab manager analyzing pore water samples
December 31, 2020

Analyzing Pore Water Samples

Lab Manager, Adrian Mann, analyzes pore water samples on an Ion Chromatograph.

Photograph of USGS staff collecting data in a marsh
December 31, 2020

Field Collections at Head of the Meadow Bay, MA

Remote-Sensing Coastal Change project field collections at the Head of the Meadow Bay in Massachusetts.

Photograph of USGS scientist collecting water samples in a marsh
December 31, 2020

Collecting Water Samples

USGS samples water within wetlands to understand which environmental drivers impact carbon cycle and sediment accretion. Here USGS staff (Jennifer O'Keefe Suttles) pumps water from at Phragmites wetland, Mashpee, MA, to analyze at the Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Environmental Geochemistry lab.

Streamgage 0110588340 on the Santuit River at Old Kings Road, Barnstable MA
December 31, 2020

Streamgage 0110588340 Barnstable, MA

Streamgage 0110588340 on the Santuit River at Old Kings Road, Barnstable MA.

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Map of simulated flow paths from a model of regional groundwater flow
June 4, 2020

A USGS study characterized groundwater flow paths from possible PFAS sources at three former and active military facilities in southeastern Pennsylvania. The new research will help federal, state and local officials, water resource managers and the public as they work to address PFAS contamination in groundwater and surface water used for private and public water supply.

Dr. Suzanne Nicholson in Isle Royale, 1996
May 29, 2020

Dr. Suzanne Nicholson received the U.S. Department of Interior's second highest honorary award—the Meritorious Service Award— In recognition of her scientific leadership and noteworthy contributions to the Mineral Resources Program of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Map of seismic research site on seafloor off Puerto Rico
May 26, 2020

Most residents of southern Puerto Rico were startled by the sequence of earthquakes that began Dec. 28, 2019 and included a magnitude 6.4 quake on Jan. 7, 2020. Aftershocks are expected to continue for years, including some relatively strong ones, like a May 2 magnitude 5.4 temblor

A USGS field team measures spring floodwaters at Chesapeake bay's largest tributary.
May 12, 2020

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding across the country as spring weather is in full swing. Warming temperatures, increased precipitation and snowmelt have caused moderate to major flooding in the upper Midwest, East Coast, Central Plains and the Southeast portions of the country.

Bob Homes on the water
May 5, 2020

Annual Cooperators Meeting – Hold the Date!!

The Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center 2020 Cooperator Meetings – Tentative Dates are:

The Louisville Office will hold its annual cooperator meeting on September 16, 2020.

The Indianapolis Office will hold its annual cooperator meeting on October 7, 2020.

The Columbus Office will host its first cooperator meeting on October 14, 2020.

Full Newsletter

 

USGS Station 011058798 Herring River at Chequessett Neck Road gage house
April 14, 2020

This geonarrative explores the availability of water-quality data collected by the Cape Cod National Seashore and U.S. Geological Survey in support of the Herring River restoration project. It highlights the development of the monitoring program since the 1980s and the recent publication of Cape Cod National Seashore data in a U.S. Geological Survey data release.

Photo Chesapeake Bay area
April 3, 2020

Despite the prevalence of mercury contamination in the Chesapeake Bay, large-scale patterns of mercury concentrations, and potential risks to fish, wildlife, and humans across the watershed, are poorly understood.

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation
March 18, 2020

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a new assessment method to estimate how much oil and gas could be produced by injecting carbon dioxide into petroleum reservoirs. The methodology also includes a way to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide remaining in the reservoir after the production of oil and gas is complete.

Jeff Chaplin and Cameron Ensor at Fishing Creek Elementary
March 13, 2020

USGS staff participated in Science Night at Fishing Creek Elementary School, where students learned about the native macroinvertebrate* population in nearby Yellow Breeches Creek.

Close up of Bastnaesite
February 21, 2020

Risk tool identified 23 mineral commodities whose supply poses the greatest risk, including those used in consumer electronics, renewable energy, aerospace, and defense applications.

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