Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Incorporating Future Change into Current Conservation Planning: Evaluating Wetland Migration along the Gulf of Mexico under Alternative Sea-Level Rise and Urbanization Scenarios

More than half of contiguous U.S. coastal wetlands are located along the Gulf of Mexico coast. These highly-productive wetlands support many ecosystem goods and services and fish and wildlife habitat. Historically, coastal wetlands have adapted to sea-level changes via lateral and vertical movement on the landscape. As sea levels rise in the future, coastal wetlands will adapt and migrate...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Macroclimatic Controls of Coastal Wetland Ecosystem Structure and Function

At the global-scale, macroclimatic drivers govern ecosystem structure and function in tidal saline wetlands (e.g., salt marshes, mangrove forests, salt flats). However, global reviews and models for these ecosystems typically do not directly include climatic drivers. The objective of this research is to examine and forecast the effects of macroclimatic drivers on wetland ecosystem structure...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Life History Characterization and Host Fish Identification for Federally Listed and Imperiled Freshwater Mussel Species in the Suwannee River Basin in Georgia and Florida

Freshwater mussels are considered the most imperiled group of animals in the United States. These animals provide valuable ecological services by filtering water, sequestering nutrients, and providing forage for migratory birds, small mammals, and turtles. They also have a unique and complex life cycle that makes them especially vulnerable to human disturbances. It includes a parasitic larval...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Evaluation of Stream Reaches for Mussel Reintroduction in the Upper Coosa Watershed, NW Georgia

The Conasauga River in northwest Georgia and southeast Tennessee harbors the majority of mussel diversity still found in the Georgia portion of the Upper Coosa Basin. While the Conasauga historically supported at least 44 mussel species, only about 20 species remain. 

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Geographical Trends in Ecosystem Function and Biodiversity of Wetlands as a Surrogate for Climate Change

Extreme drought and temperature in the southeastern United States may become more frequent in the future, and any  extreme shifts in climate condition are likely to have effects on wetland ecosystem function. USGS research predicts the effects of climate change by shifts in function and biodiversity across existing  climate gradients in baldcypress swamps. 

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Alabama Barrier Island Restoration Assessment at Dauphin Island

Dauphin Island, Alabama, is the only barrier island providing protection to much of Alabama's coastal natural resources. Severely impacted by repeated extreme events, like Hurricane Katrina and Deepwater Horizon oil spill, USGS and partners are conducting a joint study to evaluate the feasibility of certain alternatives to increase resiliency and sustainability of the island. 

Date published: April 16, 2016

GIS and Custom Application Support for the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council

 The scientists at the Wetland and Aquatic Science Center (WARC) have provided coastal restoration project managers and decision makers with GIS planning, database and custom application capacity since 1992. The scope and complexity of this support has increased over the years and has resulted in the development of a comprehensive geospatial and advanced application teams that provide decision...

Date published: April 15, 2016
Status: Active

Ecosystem Development After Wetland Restoration and Creation

Wetland restoration and creation efforts are increasingly proposed as means to compensate for wetland losses. To address the need for evaluating the development of ecosystem structure and function in restored and created wetlands, USGS compared created tidal wetlands sites to natural mangrove wetlands in Tampa Bay, Florida. 

Date published: April 11, 2016
Status: Active

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program

Welcome to the Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) information resource for the United States Geological Survey. Located at Gainesville, Florida, this site has been established as a central repository for spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of introduced aquatic species. The program provides scientific reports, online/realtime queries, spatial data sets, distribution maps, and general...

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Evaluating Structural and Surface Elevation Recovery of Restored Mangroves

Hydrologic restoration is one of several approaches to rehabilitate mangroves on a large-scale. USGS evaluates how solely restoring tidal hydrologic flows affect the recovery of mangroves in Florida. 

Date published: April 8, 2016
Status: Active

Ecology of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Coastal Wetlands

Wetlands have the potential to absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide via photosynthesis, and flooded soils have low oxygen levels which decrease rates of decomposition to promote the retention of soil carbon. However, the type of greenhouse gases emitted from wetlands varies by wetland type and soil condition. A suite of approaches are being used to assess  fluxes of greenhouses gases, like...

Filter Total Items: 5,079
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Year Published: 2019

Water Resources of West Carroll Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, 21.27 million gallons per...

White, Vincent E.
White, V.E., 2019, Water resources of West Carroll Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3069, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183069.

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Year Published: 2019

Water resources of Morehouse Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, 109.84 million gallons per day...

White, Vincent E.
White, V.E., 2019, Water resources of Morehouse Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3068, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183068.

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Year Published: 2019

Ecological islands: Conserving biodiversity hotspots in a changing climate

For decades, botanists have recognized that rare plants are clustered into ecological “islands”: small and isolated habitat patches produced by landscape features such as sinkholes and bedrock outcrops. Insular ecosystems often provide unusually stressful microhabitats for plant growth (eg because of thin soils, high temperatures, extreme pH, or...

Cartwright, Jennifer M.

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Year Published: 2019

Application of sediment end-member analysis for understanding sediment fluxes, northern Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana

We analyzed grain-size distributions (GSDs) from a time-series of sediment samples to evaluate sediment transport following anthropogenic sand-berm emplacement at the northern Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana. End-member analysis (EMA) was applied to compare the end-member (EM) GSD of a known sediment source to GSDs from surrounding environments and...

Bernier, Julie C.; Miselis, Jennifer L.; Buster, Noreen A.; Flocks, James G.
Bernier, J.C., Miselis, J.L., Buster, N.A., and Flocks, J.G., 2019, Application of sediment end-member analysis for understanding sediment fluxes, northern Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana, in Wang, P., Rosati, J.D., and Vallee, M. (eds.), , Tampa/St. Petersburg, Florida, May 27-31, 2019: Singapore, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., p. 25-38.

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Year Published: 2019

Surrogate model development for coastal dune erosion under storm conditions

Early coastal dune erosion predictions are essential to avoid potential flood consequences but most dune erosion numerical models are computationally expensive, hence their application in Early Warning Systems is limited. Here, based on a combination of optimally sampled synthetic sea storms with a calibrated and validated XBeach model, we develop...

Malagon-Santos, Victor; Wahl, Thomas; Long, Joseph W; Passeri, Davina L.; Plant, Nathaniel G.

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Year Published: 2019

Seeking shelter from the storm: Conservation and management of imperiled species in a changing climate

Climate change is anticipated to exacerbate the extinction risk of species whose persistence is already compromised by habitat loss, invasive species, disease, or other stressors. In coastal areas of the southeastern United States (USA), many imperiled vertebrates are vulnerable to hurricanes, which climate models predict to become more severe in...

Walls, Susan; Barichivich, William; Chandler, Jonathan; Meade, Ashley M.; Milinichik, Marysa; O'Donnell, Katherine; Owens, Megan E.; Peacock, Terry; Reinman, Joseph; Watling, Rebecca C.; Wetsch, Olivia E.

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Year Published: 2019

Impacts of saltwater intrusion on wetland prey production and composition in a historically freshwater marsh

Sea level rise is a fundamental driver of ecosystem change and has the potential to shift the spatial distributions of habitats more rapidly than species can adapt. Rapid sea level rise and associated saltwater intrusion have negative impacts on coastal environments, including loss of habitat for species such as sea turtles and shorebirds. In...

Romanach, Stephanie; Beerens, James M.; Patton, Brett; Chapman, Julia P.; Hanson, Matt

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Year Published: 2019

Simulation of groundwater flow in the Brunswick Area, Georgia, for 2004 and 2015, and selected groundwater-management scenarios

The Upper Floridan aquifer (UFA) is the principal water source for industrial and public supply in Glynn County, Georgia. Wells in active pumping centers that tap the UFA for industries near the city of Brunswick have created an upward hydraulic-head gradient in the Floridan aquifer system, which has allowed high chloride (saline) groundwater from...

Cherry, Gregory S.
Cherry, G.S., 2019, Simulation of groundwater flow in the Brunswick area, Georgia, for 2004 and 2015, and selected groundwater-management scenarios: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5035, 70 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195035.

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Year Published: 2019

Negative frequency-dependent foraging behaviour in a generalist herbivore (Alces alces) and its stabilizing influence on food-web dynamics

1. Resource selection is widely appreciated to be context‐dependent and shaped by both biological and abiotic factors. However, few studies have empirically assessed the extent to which selective foraging behaviour is dynamic and varies in response to environmental conditions for free‐ranging animal populations. 2. Here, we assessed the extent...

Hoy, Sarah R.; Vucetich, John A.; Liu, Rongsong; DeAngelis, Don; Peterson, Rolf O.; Vucetich, Leah M.; Henderson, John J.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing groundwater/surface-water interaction using hydrograph-separation techniques and groundwater-level data throughout the Mississippi Delta, USA

The Mississippi Delta, located in northwest Mississippi, is an area dense with industrial-level agriculture sustained by groundwater-dependent irrigation supplied by the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial aquifer (alluvial aquifer). The Delta provides agricultural commodities across the United States and around the world. Observed declines in...

Killian, Courtney D.; Asquith, William H.; Barlow, Jeannie R. B.; Bent, Gardner C.; Kress, Wade; Barlow, Paul M.; Schmitz, Darrel W.

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Year Published: 2019

Assessing water quality from highway runoff at selected sites in North Carolina with the Stochastic Empirical Loading and Dilution Model (SELDM)

In 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) entered into a cooperative agreement with the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) to develop a North Carolina-enhanced variation of the national Stochastic Empirical Loading and Dilution Model (SELDM) with available North Carolina-specific streamflow and water-quality data and to...

Weaver, J. Curtis; Granato, Gregory E.; Fitzgerald, Sharon A.
Weaver, J.C., Granato, G.E., and Fitzgerald, S.A., 2019, Assessing water quality from highway runoff at selected sites in North Carolina with the Stochastic Empirical Loading and Dilution Model (SELDM) (ver 1.1, July 2, 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5031, 99 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195031.

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Year Published: 2019

Encylopedia of Caves

For many people, a visit to a cave is a wondrous event directing our minds to ponder the mysteries presented by these unique places and inspiring questions: How old is the cave? What was the role of water in forming the cave and where did the water come from? How is the cave connected to the surface environment? These are intriguing questions to...

Knierim, Katherine J.; Hays, Phillip D.

Filter Total Items: 495
Symmetrical brain coral affected by black-band disease
August 6, 2010

Symmetrical brain coral affected by black-band disease

A colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Lobed star coral affected by black-band disease
August 4, 2010

Lobed star coral affected by black-band disease

A colony of lobed star coral, Montastraea annularis, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

colony of grooved brain coral, Diploria labyrinthiformis, affected by black-band disease
August 4, 2010

Grooved brain coral affected by black-band disease

A colony of grooved brain coral, Diploria labyrinthiformis, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Bbrain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease
August 4, 2010

Brain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease

A colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease
August 2, 2010

Brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease

A colony of knobby brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Sealed parking lot with wear marks from snow plows
July 30, 2010

Sealed parking lot with wear marks from snowplow

Once applied, sealcoat can be abraded by snowplows, as evidence here, or the abrasive action of car tires. Runoff carrying high-PAH sealcoat particles flows into storm drains, where it can be transported to streams and lakes. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic

...
Sealcoated parking lot and storm drain
July 30, 2010

Sealcoated parking lot and storm drain

Runoff from this sealcoated lot will flow into the storm drain, where it will be transported to streams and lakes. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more

...
Sealcoat parking lot adjacent to storm drain
July 29, 2010

Sealcoated lot and adjacent storm drain

Runoff from this sealcoated lot will flow into the storm drain, where it will be transported to streams and lakes. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more

...
Sealcoated parking lot adjacent to sidewalk
July 29, 2010

Sealcoated parking lot

Sealcoated parking lot. Runoff from coal-tar-sealcoated pavement contains extremely high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is toxic to aquatic life.  Read more here.

USGS
July 12, 2010

USGS Hydrologic Investigation of West Africa's Congo River (part two)

USGS South Carolina Water Science Center Data Chief, John Shelton in a special hydrologic expedition down West Africa's Congo River. In part two of this three part episode John describes the trials and tribulations of data collection on the Congo River.

June 2, 2010

Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems

Development can have negative effects on streams in urban and suburban areas. As a watershed becomes covered with pavement, sidewalks, and other types of urban land cover, stream organisms are confronted with an increased volume of storm water runoff, increased exposure to fertilizers and pesticides, and dramatic changes in physical living spaces within the stream itself.

Filter Total Items: 393
USGS
September 13, 2004

Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey are closely watching the long, thin barrier islands that comprise the Gulf of Mexico coast of west Florida as Hurricane Ivan approaches. These islands are particularly vulnerable to storm surge and coastal change during hurricanes because of their low elevation. New elevation maps show just how vulnerable.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 9, 2004

Streamgages continue to measure new daily record high flows on waterways along the U.S. eastern seaboard as yet another hurricane promises to deliver more rain to parts of the already soggy region. Although flooding in the immediate Richmond area receded quickly earlier this week, the city may receive additional heavy rainfall from Frances in coming days. 

USGS
September 3, 2004

Streamgages continue to measure new daily record high flows on waterways along the U.S. eastern seaboard as yet another hurricane promises to deliver more rain to parts of the already soggy region.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 2, 2004

Based on airborne laser mapping data acquired in cooperation with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have estimated the coastal-change impacts that may be caused by Hurricane Frances as it makes landfall on the U.S. south Atlantic coast over the Labor Day weekend.

USGS
September 2, 2004

Based on airborne laser mapping data acquired in cooperation with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have estimated the coastal-change impacts that may be caused by Hurricane Frances as it makes landfall on the U.S. south Atlantic coast over the Labor Day weekend.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 4, 2004

Manatee populations are growing at healthy rates in two of four regions off Florida’s coast, but may be stalled or declining in the remaining regions, according to a recently released report by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
August 4, 2004

Manatee populations are growing at healthy rates in two of four regions off Florida’s coast, but may be stalled or declining in the remaining regions, according to a recently released report by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
July 14, 2004

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of this week’s heavy rains throughout the already saturated mid-Atlantic region? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from these storms.

USGS
June 7, 2004

A new assessment of shoreline change on the Gulf of Mexico, released today by the U.S. Geological Survey, shows that 61 percent of the Gulf Coast shoreline is eroding. Some areas are losing sand more rapidly than others and some areas are actually gaining sand.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 14, 2004

America’s rivers and streams are generally suitable for irrigation, supplying drinking water, and home and recreational uses. However, in areas with significant agricultural and urban development, the quality of our nation’s water resources has been degraded by contaminants such as pesticides, nutrients, and gasoline-related compounds.

USGS
May 14, 2004

America’s rivers and streams are generally suitable for irrigation, supplying drinking water, and home and recreational uses. However, in areas with significant agricultural and urban development, the quality of our nation’s water resources has been degraded by contaminants such as pesticides, nutrients, and gasoline-related compounds.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 26, 2004

Farmlands, wetlands, forests and deserts that composed the American landscape in the early 20th century have frequently been transformed during the past 30 years into mushrooming metropolitan areas as urbanization spreads across the country.

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