Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 377
Wood storks in Greater Everglades
Date Published: May 23, 2019
Status: Active

Ecological Modeling in Support of the Western Everglades Restoration Project

Joint Ecosystem Modeling (JEM) provides ecological models tailored to address specific management issues, for example, the Western Everglades Restoration Project.

Data Suwannee River WMD water-use 1975-2010 (Click here to save file)
Date Published: May 8, 2019
Status: Active

Historical Water-Use in Florida

The Florida Water-Use Program is an ongoing cooperative project between the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS), Office of Agricultural Water Policy (http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-...

Example 1 of typical canal habitat were non-native fishes occur in the Plantation/Davie area of Broward County, FL
Date Published: April 28, 2019
Status: Completed

Potential for Increased Inundation in Flood-Prone Regions of Southeast Florida in Response to Climate and Sea-Level Changes in Broward County, Florida, 2060–69

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Broward County Environmental Planning and Resilience Division, has developed county-scale and local-scale groundwater/surface-water models to study the potential for increased inundation and flooding in eastern Broward County that are due to changes in future climate and sea-level rise. The purpose is to provide information that can be used to...

LCMAP Landcover Change Data Product showing Birmingham, Alabama area
Date Published: April 5, 2019
Status: Active

LCMAP Change Stories: Alabama Tornadoes

The USGS Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection initiative aims to identify where the landscape is changing and why.

Contacts: Jesslyn Brown
Winter Manatee Foraging Behavior and the Decline of Seagrass Beds in the Northern Indian River Lagoon
Date Published: April 4, 2019
Status: Active

Health Effects and Behavioral Response of Florida Manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) to Persistent Algal Bloom and Associated Loss of Seagrass Resources in Brevard County, Florida

USGS researchers are working with partners to assess the health and foraging behavior of Florida manatees in the northern Indian River Lagoon and Banana River, areas that have experienced declining seagrasses due to an extended phytoplankton bloom. 

Researcher samples sediments on exposed cliff face.
Date Published: March 28, 2019
Status: Active

Sea Level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present

Sea level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present is a multidisciplinary study of past changes in sea level. Prehistoric shorelines can be used as a baseline for current and future sea level changes under warmer-than-present climate. Emphasis is placed on looking at sea levels during warm periods of the last 500,000 years as well as how base level changes increase the risk of coastal inundation...

Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)
Date Published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Defining Native Ranges of U.S. Inland Fishes

Understanding the native versus non-native range of a species can provide useful information about dispersal, population distribution patterns, and human mediated movement across hydrologic barriers. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program is working with partners to define native ranges of inland fishes in the United States to help identify which species should be included in the...

Manatee swims in a Florida spring
Date Published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Population Ecology of Florida Manatees

USGS is working with partners to understand how the federally protected Florida manatee population changes over time and responds to threats.

Image: Foraminiferans (10 Species)
Date Published: March 25, 2019
Status: Active

Reconstructing Ocean Circulation & Hydroclimate in the Subtropical Atlantic

Changes in rainfall patterns as a result of anthropogenic climate change are already having large ecological and socioeconomic impacts across the globe. Increases in flood damage, wildfire damage, and agricultural losses can all be attributed to anomalous rainfall events and prolonged droughts across the United States in recent years. Additionally, Atlantic Ocean circulation, which has a large...

Filter Total Items: 70
WaterWatch - Use maps, charts, and tables to view USGS water data.
May 20, 2017

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis.

Real time streamflow: Georgia || North Carolina || South Carolina || United States
Other WaterWatch streamflow data 

Groundwater Watch - Below Normal Groundwater Levels
May 17, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has a database/archive of about 850,000 wells across the Nation. A well with below normal groundwater levels is identified when the most recent water-level measurement is in the 24th percentile or lower in the month of measurement over the period of record for the well.

>> Georgia  ||  North Carolina  ||  South Carolina
>> United States

GroundWater Watch - Use maps, charts, and tables to view USGS groundwater data.
May 12, 2017

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis.

Real time streamflow: Georgia || North Carolina || South Carolina || United States
Other WaterWatch streamflow data 

Real-time precipitation networks for Georgia and North Carolina
May 3, 2017

Real-time precipitation data is available in our map-driven application for Georgia and North Carolina. You can use a map to select a precipitation-monitoring site and view precipitation amounts for the previous hours and days. A data table shows precipitation at all sites within the state.

Go to the mapper:  Georgia  ||  North Carolina

Image of rainfall map for North Carolina
May 2, 2017

Precipitation data and related rainfall information, for the South Atlantic Water Science Center geographical region (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina).

Image of shift adjusted gage data
April 5, 2017

Use the URL below to view the shift-adjusted rating table for any USGS site. Stage-discharge relationships (ratings) are primarily developed from a graphical analysis of multiple streamflow measurements. 

Replace the ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ with a USGS site number.

Image of major river basins in Georgia, North and South Carolina
April 3, 2017

Realtime/Current Conditions:
   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC    Groundwater: GA || NC || SC   Water Quality: GA || NC || SC   Precipitation: GA || NC || SC
Daily mean data:
   Stage: GA || NC || SC   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC   Stage and streamflow: GA || NC || SC
Realtime Maps:
   NC Realtime

Field Guide to the Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida publication cover
January 30, 2017

The purpose of this field guide is to provide information on nonindigenous (i.e., non-native) fishes that have been observed in Florida’s marine waters.

Example of a flood inundation map from Indiana
January 3, 2017

USGS Flood Inundation Maps, along with Internet information regarding current stage from the USGS streamgage, provide emergency management personnel and residents with information that is critical for flood-response activities, such as evacuations and road closures, as well as for post-flood recovery efforts.

January 1, 2017

Fish community richness, density, and biomass for entire communities, Brook Trout, Rainbow Trout, and minnows, including site characteristics, and water chemistry (acid neutralizing capacity, pH, nitrate, sulfate, ammonia, calcium, and total aluminum) collected at least once and as many as 13 times at each of 52 stream sites during the same years that fish were inve

North Carolina Monthly Conditions Reports
December 16, 2016

Monthly summaries are reported for precipitation, streamflow, and groundwater levels for representative sites in a number of regions in North Carolina. Reports are available back to October 2013.

• Go to the Month End Conditions Report Archive

Filter Total Items: 39
Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005
September 28, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. 

Total withdrawals in million gallons per day by watershed
January 1, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. 

September 19, 1996

The goals of the NAWQA program are being achieved through ongoing or planned investigations of 59 of the Nation's most important river and aquifer systems, which are referred to as study units. These study units were selected to represent the diverse geography, water resources, and land and water uses of the Nation. The Mobile River Basin is one such study unit, designed to supplement water.

Filter Total Items: 4,990
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Year Published: 2020

Assessing water-quality changes in agricultural drainages: Examples from oxbow lake tributaries in Mississippi, USA and simulation-based power analyses

Hydrology and water quality (suspended sediment, total nitrogen, ammonia, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrate plus nitrite, and total phosphorus (TP)) were monitored in two small agricultural drainages in northwestern Mississippi to document changes in water quality that coincided with the implementation of BMPs in upstream drainages. Using an event-...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Hicks, Matthew B.; Stocks, Shane J.

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Year Published: 2020

Development of a process-based littoral sediment transport model for Dauphin Island, Alabama

Dauphin Island, Alabama, located in the Northern Gulf of Mexico just outside of Mobile Bay, is Alabama’s only barrier island and provides an array of historical, natural, and economic resources. The dynamic island shoreline of Dauphin Island evolved across time scales while constantly acted upon by waves and currents during both storms and calm...

Jenkins, Robert L.; Long, Joseph W.; Dalyander, P. Soupy ; Thompson, David M.; Mickey, Rangley C.
Jenkins, R.L., III, Long, J.W., Dalyander, P.S., Thompson, D.M., and Mickey, R.C., 2020, Development of a process-based littoral sediment transport model for Dauphin Island, Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1011, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201011.

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Year Published: 2020

Egg counts of Southern Leopard Frog, Lithobates sphenocephalus, egg masses from southern Louisiana, USA

Southern Leopard Frogs, Lithobates sphenocephalus (Cope, 1889), lay eggs year-round in their southern range, including Louisiana, but their peak breeding season is the cooler months from late fall through early spring (Mount, 1975; Caldwell, 1986; Dundee and Rossman, 1989). Double-enveloped eggs in globular masses are typically deposited in...

Glorioso, Brad M.; Muse, Lindy J.; Waddle, J. Hardin

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Year Published: 2020

Non-freezing cold event stresses can cause significant damage to mangrove seedlings: assessing the role of warming and nitrogen enrichment in a mesocosm study

Mangroves are expanding poleward along coastlines globally as a response to rising temperatures and reduced incidence of freezing under climate change. Yet, knowledge of mangrove responses to infrequent cold events in the context of future global and regional environmental changes is limited. We initiated a mesocosm experiment in which the...

Song, Weimin; Feng, Jianxiang; Krauss, Ken W.; Zhao, Yan; Wang, Zhonglei; Luo, Yiqi; Lin, Guanghui

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Year Published: 2020

Water withdrawals, uses, and trends in Florida, 2015

In 2015, the total amount of water withdrawn in Florida was estimated to be 15,319 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Saline water accounted for 9,598 Mgal/d (63 percent) and freshwater accounted for 5,721 Mgal/d (37 percent) of the total. Groundwater accounted for 3,604 Mgal/d (63 percent) of freshwater withdrawals and surface water accounted for...

Marella, Richard L.
Marella, R.L., 2020, Water withdrawals, uses, and trends in Florida, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5147, 52 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195147.

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Year Published: 2020

Conceptual frameworks

The chapter starts by addressing some of the issues that come from not using a conceptual framework. This point is illustrated using an example with causal factors. The chapter then goes on to explain the mechanics of establishing conceptual frameworks. Lastly, it lays out a step-by-step guide on how to create a framework—generating a set of...

Park, Keunhyun; Grace, James B.; Ewing, Reid

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Year Published: 2020

Editorial: Contributions of behavior and physiology to conservation biology

Conservation biology is a rapidly evolving discipline, with its synthetic, multidisciplinary framework expanding extensively in recent years. Seemingly disparate disciplines, such as behavior and physiology, are being integrated into this discipline's growing portfolio, resulting in diverse tools that can help develop conservation solutions....

Gabor, Caitlin R; Walls, Susan C.

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Year Published: 2020

Local sea level rise information sheets for Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida

Two Pagers for Federally Managed Lands The Northern Gulf of Mexico Sentinel Site Cooperative partnered with individuals at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Wetland and Aquatic Research Center and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to produce customized two-pager information sheets for federal coastal refuges, parks, and reserves across the northern...

Chivoiu, Bogdan; Osland, Michael J.; Collini, Renee C.; Sara Martin; Tirpak, John M.; Wilson, Benjamin
Chivoiu, B., Osland, M.J., Collini, R., Martin, S., Tirpak, J., and Wilson, B., 2020, Local sea level rise information sheets for Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida: Northern Gulf of Mexico Sentinel Site Cooperative, U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium, http://masgc.org/northern-gulf-of-mexico-sentinel-site-co/two-pager.

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Year Published: 2020

Submarine canyons influence macrofaunal diversity and density patterns in the deep-sea benthos

Submarine canyons are often morphologically complex features in the deep sea contributing to habitat heterogeneity. In addition, they act as major conduits of organic matter from the shallow productive shelf to the food deprived deep-sea, promoting gradients in food resources and areas of sediment resuspension and deposition. This study focuses on...

Robertson, Craig M.; Demopoulos, Amanda; Bourque, Jill; Mienis, Furu; Duineveld, Gerard; Lavaleye, Mark; Koivisto, R.; Brooke, S.; Ross, S.; Rhode, M.; Davies, A.

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Year Published: 2020

Carbon stock trends of baldcypress knees along climate gradients of the Mississippi River Alluvial Valley using allometric methods

Carbon stock trends of the knees of Taxodium distichum likely vary across climate gradients of the southeastern United States and contribute an unknown quantity of “teal” carbon to inland freshwater wetlands. Knee metrics (e.g., density, height, biomass) were measured in mixed T. distichum swamps across the Mississippi River Alluvial Valley (MRAV...

Middleton, Beth A.

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Year Published: 2020

Mixed organic and inorganic tapwater exposures and potential effects in greater Chicago area, USA

Safe drinking water at the point of use (tapwater, TW) is a public-health priority. TW exposures and potential human-health concerns of 540 organics and 35 inorganics were assessed in 45 Chicago area United States (US) homes in 2017. No US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) enforceable Maximum Contaminant Level(s) (MCL) were exceeded in any...

Bradley, Paul; Argos, Maria; Kolpin, Dana W.; Meppelink, Shannon M.; Romanok, Kristin; Smalling, Kelly; Focazio, Michael J.; Allen, Joshua M.; Dietze, Julie E.; Devito, Michael J.; Donovan, Ariel; Evans, Nicola; Givens, Carrie E.; Gray, James L.; Higgins, Christopher P.; Hladik, Michelle; Iwanowicz, Luke; Journey, Celeste A.; Lane, Rachael; Laughrey, Zachary; Loftin, Keith A.; McCleskey, R. Blaine; McDonough, Carrie A.; Medlock Kakaley, Elizabeth K; Meyer, Michael T.; Holthouse-Putz, Andrea; Richardson, Susan D; Stark, Alan ; Weis, Christopher P.; Wilson, Vickie S.; Zehraoui, Abderrahman

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Year Published: 2020

Category count models for adaptive management of metapopulations: Case study of an imperiled salamander

Managing spatially structured populations of imperiled species presents many challenges. Spatial structure can make it difficult to predict population responses to potential recovery activities, and learning through experimentation may not be advised if it could harm threatened populations. Adaptive management provides an appealing framework when...

O'Donnell, Katherine; Fackler, Paul L.; Johnson, Fred A.; Bonneau, Mathieu; Martin, Julien; Walls, Susan C.

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Jessica Rodysill (Reston) and Hunter Wilcox (SPCMSC) deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo.
April 24, 2019

Researchers deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo.

Jessica Rodysill (Reston) and Hunter Wilcox (SPCMSC) deploying a corer in Lake Enriquillo. The scientists will use the cores to construct precipitation changes in Dominican Republic over the late Holocene (~5000 years ago to present) time period.

Photo taken as SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of Porter Patch reef off Key Largo
April 3, 2019

SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of the reef

SPMSC scientist Lauren Toth conducts a photographic survey of Porter Patch reef off Key Largo, one of the sites that has been surveyed as part of FWRI’s Coral Reef Ecosystem Monitoring project since 1996. The modern reef surveys will be compared to historic surveys to determine how much structural complexity the reefs of the Florida Keys have lost over the past two decades

Image showing mangroves that have lost all their leaves and a berm that is significantly thinner following Hurricane Irma. 
April 2, 2019

Berm at Jim Foot Key, Florida (2019)

In Photo:  Berm of Jim Foot Key about 1.5 years after Hurricane Irma. The red circle indicates the same position as shown in the April 2014 photo. The mature mangrove trees have not recovered from the storm.  

Scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center

USGS pilots landing a Unmanned Aerial Systems (uas) on  Dauphin Island, Alabama
March 12, 2019

USGS pilot landing an unmanned aerial system on Dauphin Island, AL

 USGS unmanned aerial system (drone) pilot collecting aerial imagery and ground control points for the Coastal Resource Evaulation for Management Applications (CREMA) project on Dauphin Island, Alabama

A turtle mosaic made from broken tiles
February 12, 2019

A sea turtle mosaic made from the field station's broken floor tiles

After Hurricane Michael obliterated Fish Inn, the sea turtle research team's field station, team members salvaged some of the building's floor tiles and made this sea turtle mosaic, which they plan to eventually install in a new field station.

USGS scientists prepare for fieldwork in Florida Bay
January 29, 2019

Preparing for fieldwork in Florida Bay

Conducting field work after Hurricane Irma on Bob Allen Key in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, January 29, 2018. Lynn Wingard (left) and Miriam Jones (right) consult field notes from 2014 to decide where to take samples. Photo: B. Stackhouse, USGS

December 31, 2018

Squirrel treefrog - Hyla squirella (Marion)

Squirrel treefrogs are also native to Florida and Louisiana. Hear them calling from ditches, puddles and other ephemeral pools of water. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.

Florida Bay at sunset
December 31, 2018

Florida Bay at Sunset, 2018

After a long day collecting cores, the team of scientists watch the sun set over the Florida Bay.

Mangroves on the outside of a playa within Florida Bay
December 31, 2018

Mangroves Surrounding a Playa, Florida Bay 2018

Mangroves grow along the outside of a playa, one of may in the Florida Bay area.

December 31, 2018

Cuban treefrog - Osteopilus septentrionalis

Can you hear the difference between the non-native Cuban treefrog and two common Louisiana native treefrogs? Cuban treefrogs’ call is distinctive. Biologist Paul Moler of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission recorded them in South Florida. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.

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Image shows a map of Florida with USGS groundwater monitoring stations
January 24, 2018

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

Image: USGS Science Aids Manatees
November 24, 2017

It may be hard to believe the legend that sailors long-at-sea once considered manatees to be mermaids. The manatee nickname – the “Sea Cow” – which comes from the herbivores’ affinity for grazing on vegetation and their slow, ambling way just makes more sense. But a U.S. Geological Survey video reveals that while they may be cow-like, they also have more than a bit of the magical mermaid to them.

Distant view of sandy yellow beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
November 8, 2017

Coastal communities count on beaches for recreation and for protection from large waves, but beaches are vulnerable to threats such as erosion by storms and flooding. Whether beaches grow, shrink, or even disappear depends in part on what happens just offshore. How do features like shifting sandbars affect waves, currents, and the movement of sand from the beach to offshore and back?

A USGS hydrologic technician examines a wall in Puerto Rico for a high-water mark after flooding from Hurricane Maria.
November 8, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey field crews in Puerto Rico are rapidly repairing the damage wrought by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, tracking the scope of storm floods, and documenting the new contours of rivers re-sculpted by floodwaters and mountains re-shaped by landslides.

A picture of Wise Lake in Congaree National Park, South Carolina.
October 12, 2017

A recent study led by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the National Park Service found dozens of contaminants within the protected areas of Congaree National Park in South Carolina.

This green disc identifies a USGS High-Water Mark, which was found south of Jacksonville, Florida, September 27, on a canal.
September 28, 2017

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they work in the field to document how high the flood waters and storm surge from Hurricane Irma reached around the Jacksonville, Tampa and Fort Myers Areas?

If so, please contact Jeanne Robbins, jrobbins@usgs.gov, 919-571-4017.  

Boat thrown onto land from Hurricane Irma's surge at a ramp in St. Augustine, Florida
September 19, 2017

Editor’s note: this news release will be updated online with more information on the streamgage records being set in Florida as it becomes available

Satellite captured image of the rapidly intensifying storm, Harvey
September 8, 2017

As Harvey’s record breaking rainfall and catastrophic flood waters recede in Texas and western Louisiana, U.S. Geological Survey teams are collecting high water marks, monitoring water levels and coastal change, retrieving storm tide sensors and collecting samples for water quality analysis.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 284