Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: April 5, 2019
Status: Active

LCMAP Change Stories: Alabama Tornadoes

The USGS Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection initiative aims to identify where the landscape is changing and why.

Date published: April 4, 2019
Status: Active

Health Effects and Behavioral Response of Florida Manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) to Persistent Algal Bloom and Associated Loss of Seagrass Resources in Brevard County, Florida

USGS researchers are working with partners to assess the health and foraging behavior of Florida manatees in the northern Indian River Lagoon and Banana River, areas that have experienced declining seagrasses due to an extended phytoplankton bloom. 

Date published: March 28, 2019
Status: Active

Sea Level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present

Sea level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present is a multidisciplinary study of past changes in sea level. Prehistoric shorelines can be used as a baseline for current and future sea level changes under warmer-than-present climate. Emphasis is placed on looking at sea levels during warm periods of the last 500,000 years as well as how base level changes increase the risk of coastal inundation...

Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Defining Native Ranges of U.S. Inland Fishes

Understanding the native versus non-native range of a species can provide useful information about dispersal, population distribution patterns, and human mediated movement across hydrologic barriers. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program is working with partners to define native ranges of inland fishes in the United States to help identify which species should be included in the...

Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Population Ecology of Florida Manatees

USGS is working with partners to understand how the federally protected Florida manatee population changes over time and responds to threats.

Date published: March 25, 2019
Status: Active

Reconstructing Ocean Circulation & Hydroclimate in the Subtropical Atlantic

Changes in rainfall patterns as a result of anthropogenic climate change are already having large ecological and socioeconomic impacts across the globe. Increases in flood damage, wildfire damage, and agricultural losses can all be attributed to anomalous rainfall events and prolonged droughts across the United States in recent years. Additionally, Atlantic Ocean circulation, which has a large...

Date published: March 7, 2019
Status: Active

Macrofossil and Sediment Processing Laboratory

In the Macrofossil and sediment processing lab we analyze the physical, biological, and geochemical characteristics of peat and sediment samples collected from lake, wetland, and peat cores as proxies for past changes to these depositional environments on timescales of decades to millennia. We primarily study terrestrial wetland ecosystems from subtropical to arctic regions in order to...

Date published: March 5, 2019
Status: Active

Quantitative Framework to Model Risk of Collisions between Marine Wildlife and Boats

Collisons between wildlife and vehicles threaten many species, and can lead to human loss of life, injuries, and loss of property. USGS is developing models to help evaluate the effectiveness of wildlife protection zones and optimize the design of these protected areas. 

Date published: March 5, 2019
Status: Active

The Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Flood and Storm Tracker (FaST)

Storm-related flooding can lead to the potential spread of nonindigenous (or non-native) aquatic species into waterways they have not been seen in before. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species program has developed an innovative mapping tool to help natural resource managers with post-storm nonindigenous aquatic species detection and assessment efforts. 

Date published: March 4, 2019
Status: Active

Natural Resource Damage and Assessment (NRDA) Program Monitoring and Adaptive Management

State and Federal agencies are working together to assess the damage caused by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and to determine appropriate restoration actions to restore natural resources, ecological services, and recreational services injured or lost due to the incident. 

Filter Total Items: 70
Date published: May 20, 2017

WaterWatch - View streamflow data using maps, graphs, and tables.

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis.

Real time streamflow: Georgia ||...

Date published: May 17, 2017

Groundwater Watch - Below Normal Groundwater Levels (GA/NC/SC)

The U.S. Geological Survey has a database/archive of about 850,000 wells across the Nation. A well with below normal groundwater levels is identified when the most recent water-level measurement is in the 24th percentile or lower in the month of measurement over the period of record for the well.

>> ...

Date published: May 12, 2017

GroundWater Watch - View groundwater data using maps, graphs, and tables.

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. The real-time information generally is updated on an hourly basis.

Real time streamflow: Georgia || North Carolina || South Carolina || United States
Other WaterWatch streamflow data 

Date published: May 3, 2017

Real-Time Precipitation Network Mapper

Real-time precipitation data is available in our map-driven application for Georgia and North Carolina. You can use a map to select a precipitation-monitoring site and view precipitation amounts for the previous hours and days. A data table shows precipitation at all sites within the state.

Go to the mapper:  Georgia  ||  ...

Date published: May 2, 2017

Rainfall data, maps and resources for Georgia, North and South Carolina

Precipitation data and related rainfall information, for the South Atlantic Water Science Center geographical region (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina).

Date published: April 5, 2017

Shift Adjusted Ratings for Georgia, North and South Carolina Stream Gages

Use the URL below to view the shift-adjusted rating table for any USGS site. Stage-discharge relationships (ratings) are primarily developed from a graphical analysis of multiple streamflow measurements. 

Replace the ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ with a USGS site number.

Date published: January 30, 2017

Field Guide to the Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida

The purpose of this field guide is to provide information on nonindigenous (i.e., non-native) fishes that have been observed in Florida’s marine waters.

Date published: January 3, 2017

Flood Inundation Mapping

USGS Flood Inundation Maps, along with Internet information regarding current stage from the USGS streamgage, provide emergency management personnel and residents with information that is critical for flood-response activities, such as evacuations and road closures, as well as for post-flood recovery efforts.

Date published: January 1, 2017

Data used for assessing relationships between fish assemblages and acid-base chemistry in streams of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, 1993-2014

Fish community richness, density, and biomass for entire communities, Brook Trout, Rainbow Trout, and minnows, including site characteristics, and water chemistry (acid neutralizing capacity, pH, nitrate, sulfate, ammonia, calcium, and total aluminum) collected at least once and as many as 13 times at each of 52 stream sites during the same years that fish were inve

Date published: December 16, 2016

North Carolina Monthly Summary Hydrologic Conditions Reports

Monthly summaries are reported for precipitation, streamflow, and groundwater levels for representative sites in a number of regions in North Carolina. Reports are available back to October 2013.

• Go to the Month End Conditions Report Archive

Filter Total Items: 39
Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005
September 28, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. 

Total withdrawals in million gallons per day by watershed
January 1, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. 

NAWQA-map
September 19, 1996

The goals of the NAWQA program are being achieved through ongoing or planned investigations of 59 of the Nation's most important river and aquifer systems, which are referred to as study units. These study units were selected to represent the diverse geography, water resources, and land and water uses of the Nation. The Mobile River Basin is one such study unit, designed to supplement water.

Filter Total Items: 5,081
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Year Published: 2020

The utility of zooarchaeological data to guide listing efforts for an imperiled mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionidae: Pleurobema riddellii)

The status of species in freshwater systems shift over time due to natural and anthropogenic causes. Determining the magnitude and cause of these shifts requires a long‐term perspective. This process is complicated when there are also questions about the taxonomic validity of a species. Addressing these issues is important because both can...

Randklev, Charles R.; Wolverton, Steve; Johnson, Nathan; Smith, Chase H.; DuBose, Traci; Robertson, Clint; Conley, Julian

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Year Published: 2020

A new species of freshwater mussel in the genus Popenaias Frierson, 1927, from the Gulf coastal rivers of central Mexico (Bivalvia: Unionida: Unionidae) with comments on the genus

The Gulf coastal drainages of central Mexico are a faunal transition zone between North and South America and harbor a unique assemblage of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionida). However, little information is available regarding the taxonomy, distribution, and evolutionary history of the Mexican mussel fauna due to limited sampling over the...

Inoue, Kentaro; Cummings, Kevin S.; Tiemann, Jeremy S.; Miller, Thomas D.; Johnson, Nathan; Smith, Chase H.; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2020

Salinity, water level, and forest structure contribute to baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) rhizosphere and endosphere community structure

As rising sea levels alter coastal ecosystems, there is a pressing need to examine the effects of saltwater intrusion on coastal communities. Using 16S Illumina profiling, we characterized the communities of baldcypress tree (Taxodium distichum) root endosphere and rhizosphere soil bacteria. Our study utilized established sites along salinity and...

Lumibao, Candice Y; Kimbrough, Elizabeth; Formel, Steven; Day, Richard; From, Andrew; Conner, William H.; Krauss, Ken; Van Bael, Sunshine A

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Year Published: 2020

A comparative phylogeographic approach to facilitate recovery of an imperiled freshwater mussel (Bivalvia: Unionida: Potamilus inflatus)

North American freshwaters are among the world’s most threatened ecosystems, and freshwater mussels are among the most imperiled inhabiting these systems. A critical aspect of conservation biology is delineating patterns of genetic diversity, which can be difficult when a taxon has been extirpated from a significant portion of its historical range...

Smith, Chase H.; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2020

Comparative phylogenomics reveal complex evolution of life history strategies in a clade of bivalves with parasitic larvae (Bivalvia: Unionoida: Ambleminae)

Freshwater mussels are a species‐rich group with biodiversity patterns strongly shaped by a life history strategy that includes an obligate parasitic larval stage. In this study, we set out to reconstruct the life history evolution and systematics in a clade of freshwater mussels adapted to parasitizing a molluscivorous host fish. Anchored hybrid...

Smith, Chase H.; Pfeiffer, John M.; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrologic signals and surprises in U.S. streamflow records during urbanization

Urban development has been observed to lead to variable magnitudes of change for stormflow volume and directions of baseflow change across cities. This work examines temporal streamflow trends across the flow duration curve in 53 watersheds during periods of peak urban development, which ranged from 1939 to 2016. We used U.S. Geological Survey...

Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Smith, Brianne K; Stephens, Tim A; Miller, Andy J

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Year Published: 2020

Preserving connectivity under climate and land-use change: No one-size-fits-all approach for focal species in similar habitats

Habitat connectivity is essential for maintaining populations of wildlife species, especially as climate changes. Knowledge about the fate of existing habitat networks in a changing climate and in light of land-use change is critical for determining which types of conservation actions must be taken to maintain those networks. However, information...

Costanza, Jennifer K.; Watling, James I.; Sutherland, Ron; Belyea, Curtis; Dilkina, Bistra; Cayton, Heather; Bucklin, David N.; Romanach, Stephanie; Haddad, Nick M.

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Year Published: 2020

Acidification in the U.S. Southeast: Causes, potential consequences and the role of the Southeast Ocean and Coastal Acidification Network

Coastal acidification in southeastern U.S. estuaries and coastal waters is influenced by biological activity, run-off from the land, and increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acidification can negatively impact coastal resources such as shellfish, finfish, and coral reefs, and the communities that rely on them. Organismal responses for...

Hall, Emily R.; Wickes, Leslie; Burnett, Louis; Scott, Geoffrey I.; Hernandez, Debra; Yates, Kimberly K.; Barbero, Leticia; Reimer, Janet J.; Baalousha, Mohammed; Mintz, Jennifer; Cai, Wei-Jun; Craig, J. Kevin; DeVoe, M. Richard; Fisher, William S.; Hathaway, Terri K.; Jewett, Elizabeth B.; Johnson, Zackary; Keener, Paula; Mordecai, Rua S.; Noakes, Scott; Phillips, Charlie; Sandifer, Paul; Schnetzer, Astrid; Styron, Jay

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Year Published: 2020

Using NASA Earth observations and Google Earth Engine to map winter cover crop conservation performance in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Winter cover crops such as barley, rye, and wheat help to improve soil structure by increasing porosity, aggregate stability, and organic matter, while reducing the loss of agricultural nutrients and sediments into waterways. The environmental performance of cover crops is affected by choice of species, planting date, planting method, nutrient...

Thieme, Alison; Yadav, Sunita; Oddo, Perry C.; Fitz, John M.; McCartney, Sean; King, LeeAnn; Keppler, Jason; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hively, W. Dean

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of stormwater runoff from selected bridge decks on conditions of water, sediment, and biological quality in receiving waters in South Carolina, 2013 to 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation, investigated the effects of stormwater runoff from bridge decks on stream water quality conditions in South Carolina. The investigation assessed 5 bridges in 3 physiographic provinces in South Carolina (Piedmont, Upper Coastal Plain, and Lower Coast...

Journey, Celeste A.; Petkewich, Matthew; Conlon, Kevin J.; Caldwell, Andral W.; Clark, Jimmy M.; Riley, Jeffrey W.; Bradley, Paul M.
Journey, C.A., Petkewich, M.D., Conlon, K.J., Caldwell, A.W., Clark, J.M., Riley, J.W., and Bradley, P.M., 2020, Effects of stormwater runoff from selected bridge decks on conditions of water, sediment, and biological quality in receiving waters in South Carolina, 2013 to 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5046, 101 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205046.

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Year Published: 2020

Beloniformes: Belonidae (Needlefishes) and Hemiramphidae (Halfbeaks)

The order Beloniformes (or Synentognathi) contains two suborders, six families, 37 genera, and about 235 species of atherinomorph fishes (Rosen & Parenti 1981; Collette et al. 1984; Collette 2004). Features common to these fishes include dorsal and anal fins on the rear half of the body, abdominal pelvic fins with six soft rays, no fin spines...

Bruce B. Collette; Walsh, Stephen
Collette, B.B., and Walsh, S.J., 2020, Beloniformes: Belonidae (Needlefishes) and Hemiramphidae (Halfbeaks), Chapter 26, in Warren, M.L., Jr., and Burr, B.M., eds., Freshwater Fishes of North America, v. 2: Characidae to Poeciliidae, p. 449-462: Johns Hopkins University Press, https://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/title/freshwater-fishes-north-america/table-of-contents.

Filter Total Items: 497
person in tunnel
September 13, 2019

Jim Smith Inside Lucchetti Dam in Puerto Rico

Jim Smith working on cabling inside of Lucchetti dam in Puerto Rico, assisting the Puerto Rico Strong Motion Program with Hurricane Maria recovery efforts. 

Sean Egen, hydrologic technician, installs a storm tide sensor at River Dunes Marina in Pamlico County, NC
September 6, 2019

Storm Tide Sensor Installation, Pamlico County, NC

Sean Egen, hydrologic technician, installs a storm tide sensor
at River Dunes Marina in Pamlico County, NC

Florida waterfront with storm-tide sensor attached to piling
August 30, 2019

Scientists track Hurricane Dorian effects on Low Country Coast

A storm-tide sensor deployed on Florida's Indian River Lagoon, at Indian River Drive in St. Lucie County, on Aug. 30, 2019 in preparation for Hurricane Dorian. NOTE: Though the story is about the Carolinas, the photo is from Florida. No photos of the Carolinas deployment were available at the time this story was published.

An invasive Cuban treefrog in New Orleans, LA.
August 23, 2019

Outstanding in the Field (Ep 4): Amphibian Surveys – Call of the Frog

The USGS Ecosystems Mission Area brings you Outstanding in the Field, a series of stories about our science, our adventures, and our efforts to better understand our fish and wildlife and the ecosystems that support them. In this episode we describe the USGS’s efforts to track frog populations in the southeast United States. 
 

Lassiter Swamp, North Carolina
August 14, 2019

Lassiter Swamp at Merchants Millpond State Park, NC

Tree-ring analyses from Lassiter Swamp, located along a tributary of the Chowan River, indicate that cypress trees have occupied the site for at least 500 years. To extend the record even farther back in time, scientists from USGS, Duke University and East Carolina University are working together with students at C.S. Brown High School STEM in Winton, NC to study sediment

...
Color photo of Land Change interactive display at USGS EROS
August 2, 2019

Determining Land Change Display with Viewers

Viewers look through several years of change in an interactive display at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center.

Congressman Charlie Crist visits the St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
May 6, 2019

Congressman Charlie Crist visits the SPCMSC

On May 6, 2019, Congressman Charlie Crist (13th district, FL) and Operations and Outreach Director Mr. Kendrick Lewis will visit the St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC). Congressman Crist requested this visit because he is interested to learn more about the Center and to discuss needs/priorities that we may have. (First row, left to right:

...
Photo of the eastern berm of Jim Foot Key. An arrow points to a growing breach in the berm after Hurricane Irma.
April 30, 2019

Breach in Eastern Berm of Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Eastern berm of Jim Foot Key, April 2019.  This photo taken from Florida Bay, looking in toward the center of the island (now covered in water).  The arrow points toward a breach in the berm, first noted in 2014, but the cut has deepened significantly after Hurricane Irma, and the island interior appears to be permanently tidal.  Loss of the berm structure is

...
Interior mudflat on Jim Foot Key covered with saline water. Dead mangrove stumps and underwater grasses can be seen.
April 27, 2019

Interior Mudflat on Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Interior mudflat on Jim Foot Key covered with saline water, April 2019.  Stumps of dead mangroves (reportedly damaged by Hurricane Donna in 1960 (Craighead, 1962)) are visible projecting from the water.  Shadowed areas below the water are underwater grasses typically found in Florida Bay, now growing inside the island, indicating the mudflat is converting to an 

...
Juvenile mangroves on eastern berm of Jim Foot Key. Mangroves are intermingled with saltwort.
April 27, 2019

Juvenile Mangroves on Jim Foot Key, Florida

In Photo: Juvenile mangroves on eastern berm of Jim Foot Key, April 2019.  Mangroves are intermingled with saltwort, the dominant live vegetation on the damaged berms, and standing dead mangroves.  Grid is 25 cm high.  The question is whether these trees will mature fast enough to protect the berm from rising sea level. 

Scientists from the Florence Bascom

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Filter Total Items: 393
USGS intern Stephanie Pena fills sample bottle with Lake Okeechobee water
October 18, 2018

USGS study of Lake Okeechobee algae gives new insight on South Florida coastal blooms

Map showing new Gulf of Mexico storm tide bracket network
October 10, 2018

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Michael, visit the USGS Hurricane Michael page at https://usgs.gov/hurricane-michael.

Eastern FL Panhandle map of predicted beach erosion, overwash, inundation
October 9, 2018

One-fourth of Florida Panhandle beachfront could be inundated by large storm waves, experts predict

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Michael, visit the USGS Hurricane Michael page at https://usgs.gov/hurricane-michael

 

Map shows 10.3.18 flood event viewer data for Hurricane Florence
October 3, 2018

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after #Florence, visit the #USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence

Photograph of a sonobuoy launch
September 20, 2018

Data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the U.S. Atlantic Margin in August 2018 reveal new information about the distribution of gas hydrates in the sector stretching from the upper continental slope to deep water areas offshore New Jersey to North Carolina.

Hurricane Isaac carousel image
September 11, 2018

Hurricane response crews from the U.S. Geological Survey are installing storm-tide sensors at key locations in Puerto Rico from Cabo Rojo to Naguabo in advance of Hurricane Isaac. Under a mission assignment from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the USGS plans to deploy about 20 sensors along the island’s coast

This USGS storm-tide sensor was installed Sept. 9 in Dare County, North Carolina, in preparation for Hurricane Florence.
September 10, 2018

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Florence, visit the USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

This USGS storm-tide sensor was installed Sept. 9 in Dare County, North Carolina, in preparation for Hurricane Florence.
September 10, 2018

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS crew as they work in the field to install storm-tide sensors before Hurricane Florence’s arrival?

If so, please contact John Shelton for NC and SC at 803-750-6112 or jmshelto@usgs.gov

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283