Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: July 14, 2009

Quality of Shallow Groundwater and Drinking Water in the Mississippi Embayment-Texas Coastal Uplands Aquifer System and the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer, South-Central United States, 1994–2004

The Mississippi embayment-Texas coastal uplands aquifer system is an important source of drinking water, providing about 724 million gallons per day to about 8.9 million people in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and Alabama. The Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer ranks third in the Nation for total withdrawals of which more than 98...

Date published: April 17, 2009

Integrative Studies of Florida Spring Ecosystems

Florida's springs are a source of cultural, recreational, and ecological importance. But land-use changes and increased demands for groundwater due to the state's growing population have led to widespread impairment of these unique ecosystems. 

Date published: January 21, 2009

Digital Hydrogeologic Surface and Thickness of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study (MERAS)

Short Title: MERAS Framework

Project Chief: Rheannon Hart

Cooperator: U.S. Geological Survey Office of Ground-Water Resources Program

Project Time Frame: January 2006 - 2009

A hydrogeologic framework for a ground-water flow model is under development as part...

Contacts: Rheannon M Hart
Date published: January 1, 2009

Lower Mississippi River National Rivers and Streams Assessment

Short Title: Mississippi River NRSA

Project Chief: Billy Justus

Cooperator: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Project Time Frame: 2008 - 2009

The USGS Arkansas and Missouri Water Science Centers (WSC) are conducting a study for the U.S. Environmental...

Contacts: Billy G Justus
Date published: January 7, 2005
Status: Active

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment of Fivemile Creek at Tarrant, AL

The Black Warrior - Cahaba Rivers Land Trust and City of Tarrant (as part of the Fivemile Creek Greenway Partnership) are among the new USGS cooperators for 2003 -04. These organizations are spearheading an effort to restore Fivemile Creek in Jefferson County to its place as an important asset in daily lives for those who live and work along the creek in northern Jefferson County. The Greenway...

Date published: January 7, 2005
Status: Completed

Water Use in Alabama, by Watershed, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 2, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by category of use, in Alabama, 2005

More surface water than ground water was withdrawn for all categories except aquaculture, mining, and self-supplied residential. During 2005, estimated withdrawals by category and in descending order were: thermoelectric power, 8,274 Mgal/d; public supply, 802 Mgal/d; self-supplied industrial, 550 Mgal/d; irrigation, 161 Mgal/d; aquaculture, 75 Mgal/d; self-supplied residential, 39 Mgal/d;...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water Use in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: September 29, 2001
Status: Active

Alabama Statewide Flood Frequency

The magnitude and frequency of floods are important factors in the design of bridges, culverts, highway embankments, dams, and other hydraulic structures near streams. Information on flood magnitude and frequency is also used in flood plain management and development, and in establishing flood insurance rates. The objective of this project is to develop improved methods and equations for...

Filter Total Items: 5,081
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Year Published: 2019

Modeling δ18O as an early indicator of regime shift arising from salinity stress in coastal vegetation

In many important coastal habitats, a combination of increasing soil salinization due to sea level rise, reduced precipitation and storm surges may induce regime shift from salinity-intolerant glycophytic vegetation to salinity-tolerant halophytic species. Early detection of regime shift due to salinity stress in vegetation may facilitate...

Teh, Su Yean; Koh, Hock Lye; DeAngelis, Donald L.; Voss, Clifford I.; da Silveira Lobo Sternberg, Leonel

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Year Published: 2019

Hydrodynamic controls on sediment retention in an emerging diversion-fed delta

The morphodynamics of river-dominated deltas are largely controlled by the supply and retention of sediment within deltaic wetlands and the rate of relative sea-level rise. Yet, sediment budgets for deltas are often poorly constrained. In the Mississippi River Delta, a system rapidly losing land due to natural...

Keogh, Molly E.; Kolker, Alexander S.; Snedden, Gregg A.; Renfro, Alisha A.

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Year Published: 2019

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in plasma of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous, synthetic anthropogenic chemicals known to infiltrate and persist in biological systems as a result of their stability and bioaccumulation potential. This study investigated 15 PFAS, including short-chain carboxylic and sulfonic acids, and their presence in a threatened herbivore...

Palmer, Kady; Bangma, Jacqueline T.; Reiner, Jessica L.; Bonde, Robert K.; Korte, Jeffrey E.; Boggs, Ashley S. P.; Bowden, John A.

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Year Published: 2019

Potential for increased inundation in flood-prone regions of southeast Florida in response to climate and sea-level changes in Broward County, Florida, 2060–69

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Broward County Environmental Planning and Resilience Division, has developed county-scale and local-scale groundwater/surface-water models to study the potential for increased inundation and flooding in eastern Broward County that are due to changes in future climate and sea-level rise. These models...

Decker, Jeremy D.; Hughes, Joseph D.; Swain, Eric D.
Decker, J.D., Hughes, J.D., and Swain, E.D., 2019, Potential for increased inundation in flood-prone regions of southeast Florida in response to climate and sea-level changes in Broward County, Florida, 2060–69: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5125, 106 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185125.

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Year Published: 2019

Assemblage structure, vertical distributions and stable‐isotope compositions of anguilliform leptocephali in the Gulf of Mexico

In August 2007, October 2008 and September–October 2010, 241 Tucker trawl and plankton net tows were conducted at the surface to depths of 1377 m at six locations in the northern and eastern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) to document leptocephalus diversity and determine how assemblage structure, larval size, abundance and isotopic signatures differ across...

Quattrini, Andrea M.; McClain Counts, Jennifer; Artabane, Stephen J.; Roa-Varon, Adela; McIver, Tara C.; Michael Rhode; Ross, Steve W.

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Year Published: 2019

Research priorities for freshwater mussel conservation assessment

Freshwater mussels are declining globally, and effective conservation requires prioritizing research and actions to identify and mitigate threats impacting mussel species. Conservation priorities vary widely, ranging from preventing imminent extinction to maintaining abundant populations. Here, we develop a portfolio of priority research topics...

Ferreira-Rodríguez, Noé ; Akiyama, Yoshihiro B.; Aksenova, Olga V.; M. Christopher Barnhart; Bespalaya, Yulia V.; Bogan, Arthur E.; Bolotov, Ivan N; Budha, Prem B.; Clavijo, Cristhian; Clearwater, Susan J.; Darrigran, Gustavo; Tu Do, Van ; Douda, Karel ; Froufe, Elsa ; Gumpinger, Clemens ; Henrikson, Lennart ; Humphrey, Chris L. ; Johnson, Nathan A.; Klishko, Olga; Klunzinger, Michael W. ; Kovitvadhi, Satit ; Kovitvadhi, Uthaiwan ; Lajtner, Jasna ; Lopes-Lima, Manuel ; Moorkens, Evelyn A. ; Nagayama, Shigeya ; Nagel, Karl-Otto ; Nakano, Mitsunori ; Negishi, Junjiro N. ; Ondina, Paz ; Oulasvirta, Panu ; Prié, Vincent ; Riccardi, Nicoletta ; Rudzīte, Mudīte ; Sheldon, Fran ; Sousa, Ronaldo ; Strayer, David L.; Takeuchi, Motoi ; Taskinen, Jouni ; Teixeira, Amilcar ; Tiemann, Jeremy S.; Urbańska, Maria ; Varandas, Simone ; Vinarski, Maxim V. ; Wicklow, Barry J.; Zając, Tadeusz ; Vaughn, Caryn C.

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Year Published: 2019

Considerations for Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink) paleoceanography: Comprehensive insights from a long‐running sediment trap

We present a detailed analysis of the seasonal distribution, size, morphological variability and geochemistry of co‐occurring pink and white chromotypes of Globigerinoides ruberfrom a high‐resolution (1–2 weeks) and long‐running sediment trap time series in the northern Gulf of Mexico. We find no difference in the seasonal flux of the two...

Richey, Julie N.; Thirumalai, Kaustubh; Khider, Deborah; Reynolds, Caitlin E.; Partin, Judson W.; Quinn, Terrence M.

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Year Published: 2019

Assessment of bird exposure to lead at Tyndall and Beale Air Force Bases, 2016–17

Soil contamination by lead (Pb) from past small munitions training on Beale Air Force Base, California, and Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, may result in adverse effects for passerine birds that utilize the locations. A study was conducted during 2016-17 by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S...

Bargar, Timothy A.
Bargar, T.A., 2019, Assessment of bird exposure to lead at Tyndall and Beale Air Force Bases, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5164, 30 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185164.

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Year Published: 2019

Diatom assemblage changes in agricultural alluvial plain streams and application for nutrient management

In large, alluvial floodplains dominated by agriculture, small streams have the potential to experience nutrient enrichment affecting algal assemblage structure and metabolism. Nutrient enrichment is largely driven by application of nutrients and altered hydrologic regimes. To inform stressor–response-based nutrient reduction goals for...

Hicks, Matthew B.; Taylor, Jason M.

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Year Published: 2019

Climate change, coral loss, and the curious case of the parrotfish paradigm: Why don't marine protected areas improve reef resilience?

Scientists have advocated for local interventions, such as creating marine protected areas and implementing fishery restrictions, as ways to mitigate local stressors to limit the effects of climate change on reef-building corals. However, in a literature review, we find little empirical support for the notion of managed resilience. We outline some...

Bruno, John F.; Cote, Isabelle M.; Toth, Lauren T.

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Year Published: 2019

Tracking changes in nutrient delivery to western Lake Erie: Approaches to compensate for variability and trends in streamflow

Tracking changes in stream nutrient inputs to Lake Erie over multidecadal time scales depends on the use of statistical methods that can remove the influence of year-to-year variability of streamflow but also explicitly consider the influence of long-term trends in streamflow. The methods introduced in this paper include an extended version of...

Choquette, Anne F.; Hirsch, Robert M.; Murphy, Jennifer C.; Johnson, L.T.; Confesor, R. B.

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Year Published: 2019

Defensible standardized ploidy assessments for Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Cyprinidae) intercepted from the commercial supply chain

Although methods are in place through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife (USFWS) program for ploidy testing of feral caught Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus), no guidelines exist for carp hauled across state lines. Using 1200 Grass Carp purchased by undercover Ohio law enforcement during 2015–2016, we...

Jenkins, Jill A.; Chauvin, Megan D.; Johnson, Darren; Brown, Bonnie L.; Bailey, Jennifer; Kelly, Anita M.; Kinter, Bryan T.

Filter Total Items: 497
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands
March 8, 2009

Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands

This coral (Mycetophyllia sp.) is not abundant in coral reefs of the Virgin Islands. It most commonly grows in water deeper than 40 ft., and it is surprising to find it growing in the shade of the mangroves in 3 ft of water.

Image: Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands
January 24, 2009

Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands

In Hurricane Hole, Red Mangrove trees extend from land into the water, anchoring the trees along the shoreline and creating a rich marine ecosystem.

Image: A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
December 31, 2008

A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Bucolic Country Lane in Florida
August 21, 2008

Bucolic Country Lane in Florida

This bucolic country lane in east central Florida is lined with cabbage palms and oaks, a scene that is made increasingly rare with ongoing pressures of urbanization.

An alligator rest on exposed limestone bedrock, sunning itself.
March 16, 2008

Alligator Resting in Afternoon Sun

Alligators are very abundant in the freshwater wetlands of Everglades National Park and can usually be seen along the Anhinga trail in the park, especially when water levels are low.  This ~5-foot gator is resting on exposed limestone bedrock alongside the trail.  

Filter Total Items: 393
USGS
August 27, 1999

USGS scientists, managers and experts from a diverse spectrum of scientific disciplines are on high alert Friday as Hurricane Dennis seems poised to make landfall along the southeastern coast of the United States sometime this weekend.

USGS
March 29, 1999

The mysterious brain disease responsible for the deaths of bald eagles and American coots in Arkansas has now been found in two species of ducks discovered dead at Woodlake, North Carolina, and in bald eagles and coots from three other southeastern states.

USGS
March 2, 1999

From the large, open-air pens where they have spent the past two weeks, eight young whooping cranes survey their surroundings. The rural, central Florida landscape of open prairie, brush, and marshlands stretches away as far as the birds can see, though only a few tens of miles separate the Kissimmee release site from the metropolitan sprawl of Orlando.

USGS
December 2, 1998

Elvis and Beale Street are not the only things around Memphis that have been known to rock and roll. The strongest and most widely felt earthquakes in the conterminous United States occurred in 1811-1812 in the Mississippi River Valley.

USGS
October 24, 1998

A century of alterations by humans to the Everglades ecosystem has lowered water levels and changed Everglades plant communities more than what would be expected from natural climatic changes alone over the last 2,000 years, according to scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey. 

USGS
October 2, 1998

Heavy rainfall and flooding prompted an emergency response from USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) engineers and field technicians to keep stream gages operational during and after Hurricane Georges. Personnel from Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida are working to secure gages threatened by rising rivers and streams or damaged by the storm. Some gaging stations monitored by the USGS are used

USGS
September 30, 1998

Hurricane Georges approached Puerto Rico on September 21, 1998 as a Category 3 hurricane. According to the National Weather Service, Hurricane Georges had sustained winds between 110 to 130 mph and gusts that probably exceeded 150 mph in the mountains of central Puerto Rico.

USGS
September 28, 1998

...Initial concerns about severe flooding give way to thoughts of coasts and ecosystems.

USGS
September 24, 1998

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is once again faced with the ominous task of preparing to monitor the effects of a potentially damaging hurricane, Georges, to the southeast coast of the United States

USGS
September 22, 1998

Electricity may be out and communication lines cut off by the tremendous winds and torrential rains of Hurricane Georges, but thanks to good foresight in "hardening" monitoring systems by the U.S. Geological Survey, real-time streamflow data in Puerto Rico continued to flow to reservoir operators, emergency officials, and others who need streamflow information and need it fast.

USGS
September 2, 1998

As the Labor Day weekend approaches, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey are heading for the beach. They are not packing the usual lounge chairs, cooler, and snorkel masks; their beach gear will include sidescan sonar equipment, a data acquisition system, sampler, and a navigation system. 

USGS
July 21, 1998

During the week of July 13-17, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) examined the coral reefs around Culebra, Puerto Rico.

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