Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Effects of Native and Non-native Fishes on Native Apple Snail Population Dynamics

The Florida apple snail is a critical component of the state's wetland food webs. USGS scientists assess the effects of native and non-native fishes on the native snail populations.

Contacts: Pamela J Schofield, Ph.D., Daniel Slone, Ph.D., Philip C. Darby, Ph.D., Silvia M. Gutierre, Ph.D.
Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Development of a Quantitative Risk Assessment Tool to Predict Invasiveness of Non-native Freshwater Fishes in Everglades National Park

The introduction of non-native fishes is a problem across the United States, particularly in Florida. USGS scientists are developing a decision support tool to help natural resourece managers prioritize which species to focus prevention, detection, rapid response, and control efforts. 

Contacts: Pamela J Schofield, Ph.D., Daniel Slone, Ph.D., William F. Loftus, Jeff Kline
Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Habitat Modeling for the Endangered Everglades Snail Kite and Its Prey

Joint Ecosystem Modeling (JEM) provides real-time habitat suitability models for species of interest in Everglades restoration planning, including the federally endangered Everglades snail kite. 

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

April 2014 Floods in Alabama and Florida

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the April 2014 floods in Alabama and Florida.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Spring/Summer 2011 Mississippi River Basin Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the Spring/Summer 2011 floods throughout the Mississippi River Basin.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

May 2011 Memphis, Tennessee Flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the May 2011 flood in Memphis, Tennessee, including deploying emergency real-time surface-water stage gages at critical locations in Shelby County.

Date published: February 14, 2019
Status: Active

Actual Evapotranspiration for Florida

Evapotranspiration is a large component of the Florida water budget – generally second only to rainfall, but exceeding rainfall and all other components during droughts. The prominence of evapotranspiration highlights the need to accurately quantify this hydrologic component in quantitative analyses of watershed hydrology.  Spatio-temporal estimates of evapotranspiration throughout Florida are...

Date published: February 12, 2019
Status: Active

Reference and Potential Evapotranspiration

Evapotranspiration can be computed as reference, potential, or actual evapotranspiration.   Reference evapotranspiration is that from a grass surface that is well-watered.  Potential evapotranspiration is that from a surface that has unlimited water (such as a lake). 

Reference and potential evapotranspiration are computed at a 2-kilometer spatial resolution and daily timestep for the...

Date published: February 11, 2019
Status: Completed

Characteristics of flow through the Franklin lock and their effects on downstream water-quality

The USGS completed a study to investigate correlations between flow rates and volumes through the W.P. Franklin Lock and Dam and water-quality constituents inside the J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge from March 2010 to December 2013. Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5033, authored by Amanda Booth, Lars Soderqvist, and Travis Knight, summarizes the results of the study. A...

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Maps are an integral part of water-science activities and the Caribbean Florida Water Science Center utilizes and produces maps for all types of hydrologic projects and in information dissemination. Maps are also helpful for providing the user with a geographical reference to our water information. 

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Water-Quality for Florida

The U.S. Geological Survey provides scientific and technical expertise, leadership, and coordination in addressing issues concerning the quality of the Nation's water resources. Our scientists:

  • Collect, analyze, and interpret water-quality data,
  • Engage in field and laboratory research and methods development,
  • Work with local, State, and Federal agencies and the
  • ...
Contacts: Amanda Booth
Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Water Quality for Puerto Rico

The U.S. Geological Survey operates and maintains approximately 7,300 streamgages nationwide, 194 in Puerto Rico, which provide long-term, accurate, and unbiased information that meets the needs of many diverse users. The USGS collects the streamflow data needed by Federal, State, and local agencies for planning and operating water-resources projects and regulatory programs.

The links...

Filter Total Items: 71
Date published: April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Date published: April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery Data

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Date published: April 12, 2016

The National Map Small-Scale Collection

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Date published: March 10, 2016

Science Data Integration and Delivery

Consistent synthesis, integration, storage, and availability of fundamental data is critical to meeting the needs of USGS Science. We develop databases for hydrography, topography, invasive species, water resources, and many other datasets utilized by resource managers.

Date published: March 9, 2016

Science Data Integration and Delivery

Consistent synthesis, integration, storage, and availability of fundamental data is critical to meeting the needs of USGS Science. We develop databases for hydrography, topography, invasive species, water resources, and many other datasets utilized by resource managers. Our National Geospatial Program uses partnerships and data collection through a network assigned to the Southeast Region...

Date published: March 4, 2016

Across Trophic Level System Simulation for the Freshwater Wetlands of the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp

Across Trophic Level System Simulation (ATLSS) is a project to develop a set of models for the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp of South Florida. The models will support studies "to compare the future effects of alternative hydrologic scenarios on the biotic components of the system."

Date published: January 21, 2016

Streamflow and fish community diversity data for use in developing ecological limit functions for the Cumberland Plateau, northeastern Middle Tennessee and southwestern Kentucky, 2016

 Information contained within this dataset represents values of basin characteristics (see Table II in Knight and others, 2012), estimates of streamflow characteristics, measures of individual and cumulative departure of streamflow characteristics from reference hydrologic conditions, and fish species richness for 138 sites in the study area. 

Date published: December 28, 2015

Coastal and Marine Geology Program video and photograph portal

This portal contains video and photography of the seafloor and aerial imagery along much of the coastal U.S. For the first time, this portal makes many video and photo datasets available to explore in an easy-to-use geospatial viewer. This portal was originally developed to serve imagery from the USGS's Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program Seafloor Mapping projects and Hurricane...

Date published: September 9, 2010

Mangrove Secrets

The Sheltered Corals of Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands

Date published: September 14, 2006

Real-time streamflow compared to historical streamflow (Tennessee)

Map of real-time streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of the year (Tennessee)

Date published: September 26, 2001

Geological Survey of Alabama - Downloadable GIS datasets

Spatial/GIS data sets for Alabama are available numerous spatial data clearinghouses. Spatial/GIS data sets for USGS studies that include Alabama or include parts of Alabama are also available from USGS.

Downloadable GIS Datasets, OGB GIS Datasets, Digital Raster Graphics (DRG), 1:24000 DRG, 1:100000 DRG, 1:250000 DRG, Hazards GIS Data, Hazards Data Water GIS Data, HUC 11 Watersheds

Filter Total Items: 5,356
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Year Published: 2021

Flow characteristics and salinity patterns in tidal rivers within the northern Ten Thousand Islands, southwest Florida, water years 2007–19

Freshwater flow to the Ten Thousand Islands (TTI) estuary has been altered by the construction of the Tamiami Trail and construction of features in the now defunct Southern Golden Gate Estates development. This development included four associated canals that combine into the Faka Union Canal, which discharges into the TTI estuary. The Picayune...

Booth, Amanda C.; Knight, Travis M.
Booth, A.C., and Knight, T.M., 2021, Flow characteristics and salinity patterns in tidal rivers within the northern Ten Thousand Islands, southwest Florida, water years 2007–19: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5028, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215028.

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Year Published: 2021

Estimating the influence of oyster reef chains on freshwater detention at the estuary scale using Landsat-8 imagery

Oyster reef chains grow in response to local hydrodynamics and can redirect flows, particularly when reef chains grow perpendicular to freshwater flow paths. Singularly, oyster reef chains can act as porous dams that may facilitate nearshore accumulation of fresh or low-salinity water, in turn creating intermediate salinities that support oyster...

Alonso, Alice; Nelson, Natalie G.; Yurek, Simeon; Kaplan, David; Olabarrieta, Maitane; Frederick, Peter C

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Year Published: 2021

Global commitments to conserving and monitoring genetic diversity are now necessary and feasible

Global conservation policy and action have largely neglected protecting and monitoring genetic diversity—one of the three main pillars of biodiversity. Genetic diversity (diversity within species) underlies species’ adaptation and survival, ecosystem resilience, and societal innovation. The low priority given to genetic diversity has largely been...

Hoban, Sean M.; Bruford, Michael W.; Funk, W. Chris; Galbusera, Peter; Griffith, M. Patrick; Grueber, Catherine E.; Heuertz, Myriam; Hunter, Margaret; Hvilsom, Christina; Stroil, Belma Kalamujic; Kershaw, Francine; Khoury, Colin K.; Laikre, Linda; Lopes-Fernandes, Magarida; MacDonald, Anna J.; Mergeay, Joachim; Meek, Mariah; Mittan, Cinnamon; Mukassabi, Tarek A.; O'Brien, David; Ogden, Rob; Palma-Silva, Clarisse; Ramakrishnan, Uma; Segelbacher, Gernot; Shaw, Robyn E.; Sjögren-Gulve, Per; Velickovic, Nevena; Vernesi, Cristiano

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Year Published: 2021

Science needs of southeastern grassland species of conservation concern: A framework for species status assessments

The unglaciated southeastern United States is a biodiversity hotspot, with a disproportionate amount of this biodiversity concentrated in grasslands. Like most hotspots, the Southeast is also threatened by human activities, with the total reduction of southeastern grasslands estimated as 90 percent (upwards to 100 percent for some types) and with...

Noss, Reed F.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Estes, Dwayne; Witsell, Theo; Elliott, K. Gregg; Adams, Daniel S.; Albrecht, Matthew A.; Boyles, Ryan; Comer, Patrick J.; Doffitt, Chris; Faber-Langendoen, Don; Hill, JoVonn G.; Hunter, William C.; Knapp, Wesley M.; Marshall, Mike; Pyne, Milo; Singhurst, Jason R.; Tracey, Christopher; Walck, Jeffrey L.; Weakley, Alan
Noss, R.F., Cartwright, J.M., Estes, D., Witsell, T., Elliott, K.G., Adams, D.S., Albrecht, M.A., Boyles, R., Comer, P.J., Doffitt, C., Faber-Langendoen, D., Hill, J.G., Hunter, W.C., Knapp, W.M., Marshall, M., Pyne, M., Singhurst, J.R., Tracey, C., Walck, J.L., and Weakley, A., 2021, Science needs of southeastern grassland species of conservation concern—A framework for species status assessments: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1047, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211047.

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Year Published: 2021

Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists and technical staff deployed instrumented underwater platforms and buoys to collect oceanographic and atmospheric data at two sites near Matanzas Inlet, Florida, on January 24, 2018, and recovered them on April 13, 2018. Matanzas Inlet is a natural, unmaintained inlet on the Florida Atlantic coast that is...

Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn; Suttles, Steven E.; Warner, John C.
Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., Suttles, S.E., and Warner, J.C., 2021, Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1014, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211014.

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Year Published: 2021

Pilot-scale expanded assessment of inorganic and organic tapwater exposures and predicted effects in Puerto Rico, USA

A pilot-scale expanded target assessment of mixtures of inorganic and organic contaminants in point-of-consumption drinking water (tapwater, TW) was conducted in Puerto Rico (PR) to continue to inform TW exposures and corresponding estimations of cumulative human-health risks across the US. In August 2018, a spatial synoptic pilot assessment of...

Bradley, Paul; Padilla, Ingrid Y.; Romanok, Kristin; Smalling, Kelly; Focazio, Michael J.; Breitmeyer, Sara; Cardon, Mary C.; Conley, Justin M.; Evans, Nicola; Givens, Carrie E; Gray, James L.; Gray, L. Earl; Hartig, Phillip C.; Hladik, Michelle; Higgins, Christopher P.; Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Lane, Rachael; Loftin, Keith; McCleskey, R. Blaine; McDonough, Carrie A.; Medlock-Kakaley, Elizabeth; Meppelink, Shannon M.; Weis, Christopher P.; Wilson, Vickie S.

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Year Published: 2021

A U.S.-China EcoPartnership study of disturbed wetland vegetation in West Dongting Lake, China

West Dongting Lake in China is important for human livelihoods and habitat of migratory waterfowl and other wildlife. The waterway re-engineering and agriculture intensification have contributed to changes in hydrology, sediment, and vegetation on the floodplain. This paper describes an EcoPartnership program conducted by the U.S. Geological...

Lei, Ting; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2021

Emerging dominance of Paratrochammina simplissima (Cushman and McCulloch) in the northern Gulf of Mexico following hydrologic and geomorphic changes

Grand Bay estuary in coastal Mississippi and Alabama (USA) has undergone significant geomorphic changes over the last few centuries as a result of anthropogenic (bridge, road, and hardened shoreline construction) and climatic (extreme storm events) processes, which reduce freshwater input, sediment supply, and...

Ellis, Alisha M.; Smith, Christopher

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Year Published: 2021

Rapid observations of ocean dynamics and stratification along a steep island coast during Hurricane María

Hurricanes are extreme storms that affect coastal communities, but the linkages between hurricane forcing and ocean dynamics remain poorly understood. Here, we present full water column observations at unprecedented resolution from the southwest Puerto Rico insular shelf and slope during Hurricane María, representing a rare set of high-frequency,...

Cheriton, Olivia; Storlazzi, Curt; Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Sherman, Clark E; Schmidt, Wilford

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Year Published: 2021

Biodiversity effects on grape quality depend on variety and management intensity

Interactions between plants can be beneficial, detrimental or neutral. In agricultural systems, competition between crop and spontaneous vegetation is a major concern. We evaluated the relative support for three non-exclusive ecological hypotheses about interactions between crop and spontaneous plants based on competition, complementarity or...

Steiner, Magdalena; Grace, James; Bacher, Sven

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Year Published: 2021

A graphical causal model for resolving species identity effects and biodiversity–ecosystem function correlations: comment

In a recent paper, Schoolmaster, Zirbel, and Cronin (SZC) (2020) claim “Formal causal analysis show[s] that biodiversity–ecosystem function (BEF) correlations are non-causal associations.” If this conclusion is accepted as true, it suggests a reconsideration of much of our current understanding of how biodiversity relates to the functioning of...

Inouye, Brian D.; Grace, James B.; Loreau, Michel; Schmid, Bernhard

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Year Published: 2021

Late Pleistocene baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) forest deposit on the continental shelf of the northern Gulf of Mexico

Approximately 13 km south of Gulf Shores, Alabama (United States), divers found in situ baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) stumps 18 m below the ocean surface. These trees could have only lived when sea level fell during the Pleistocene subaerially exposing the tectonically stable continental shelf. Here we investigate the...

DeLong, Kristine L.; Gonzalez, Suyapa; Obelcz, Jeffrey B.; Truong, Jonathan T.; Bentley, Samuel J.; Xu, Kehui; Reese, Carl A.; Harley, Grant L.; Caporaso, Alicia; Shen, Zhixiong; Middleton, Beth

Filter Total Items: 498
Pilots from two USGS Coastal and Marine Science Centers collect imagery data using Unmanned Aerial System, while personnel from
December 31, 2018

Scientists collect data on Pelican Island, Alabama

In an effort spanning the Natural Hazards and Ecosystems Mission Areas, pilots from the Saint Petersburg and Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Centers collect imagery data using Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) while personnel from the Wetlands and Aquatic Research Center (WARC) conduct ground-based site surveys of Pelican Island, Alabama. These data are being combined to

...
USGS
December 31, 2018

Cuban treefrog - Osteopilus septentrionalis

Can you hear the difference between the non-native Cuban treefrog and two common Louisiana native treefrogs? Cuban treefrogs’ call is distinctive. Biologist Paul Moler of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission recorded them in South Florida. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.

USGS
December 31, 2018

Green treefrog - Hyla cinerea

Green treefrogs call from their favorite habitat, rivers and lakes. They’re native to Louisiana and Florida, where these were recorded. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.

Florida Bay at sunset
December 31, 2018

Florida Bay at Sunset, 2018

After a long day collecting cores, the team of scientists watch the sun set over the Florida Bay.

USGS
December 31, 2018

Squirrel treefrog - Hyla squirella (Marion)

Squirrel treefrogs are also native to Florida and Louisiana. Hear them calling from ditches, puddles and other ephemeral pools of water. Credit: Paul Moler, used with permission.
 

Perspective view of coastal bathymetry looking onshore, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
December 21, 2018

Perspective lidar view of coastal bathymetry at St. Thomas, USVI

Perspective view of coastal bathymetry looking onshore, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands, mapped using lidar and depicted with false-color, showing detailed submerged features, including coral reefs.

Water seeping out of the ground at an exposed driveway cut into the ground.
December 3, 2018

Groundwater can flow out of the ground back to land surface.

My neighbor's driveway with some water on it... not very exciting, but it is an excellent example of how groundwater flows underground and can seep back to the land surface. This simple process demonstrates one of the basic aspects of the water cycle.

 This picture really demonstrates why there is water in many streams even after long periods of no rainfall. You

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Filter Total Items: 399
Image shows a map of Florida with USGS groundwater monitoring stations
January 24, 2018

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

Image: USGS Science Aids Manatees
November 24, 2017

It may be hard to believe the legend that sailors long-at-sea once considered manatees to be mermaids. The manatee nickname – the “Sea Cow” – which comes from the herbivores’ affinity for grazing on vegetation and their slow, ambling way just makes more sense. But a U.S. Geological Survey video reveals that while they may be cow-like, they also have more than a bit of the magical mermaid to them.

A USGS hydrologic technician examines a wall in Puerto Rico for a high-water mark after flooding from Hurricane Maria.
November 8, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey field crews in Puerto Rico are rapidly repairing the damage wrought by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, tracking the scope of storm floods, and documenting the new contours of rivers re-sculpted by floodwaters and mountains re-shaped by landslides.

A picture of Wise Lake in Congaree National Park, South Carolina.
October 12, 2017

A recent study led by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the National Park Service found dozens of contaminants within the protected areas of Congaree National Park in South Carolina.

This green disc identifies a USGS High-Water Mark, which was found south of Jacksonville, Florida, September 27, on a canal.
September 28, 2017

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they work in the field to document how high the flood waters and storm surge from Hurricane Irma reached around the Jacksonville, Tampa and Fort Myers Areas?

If so, please contact Jeanne Robbins, jrobbins@usgs.gov, 919-571-4017.  

Boat thrown onto land from Hurricane Irma's surge at a ramp in St. Augustine, Florida
September 19, 2017

Editor’s note: this news release will be updated online with more information on the streamgage records being set in Florida as it becomes available

Satellite captured image of the rapidly intensifying storm, Harvey
September 8, 2017

As Harvey’s record breaking rainfall and catastrophic flood waters recede in Texas and western Louisiana, U.S. Geological Survey teams are collecting high water marks, monitoring water levels and coastal change, retrieving storm tide sensors and collecting samples for water quality analysis.

Preparing to measure Irma's storm surge in Puerto Rico
September 6, 2017

 To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Irma, visit the USGS Hurricane Irma page.

Sensor deployment
September 6, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Irma, visit the USGS Hurricane Irma page.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283