Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 377
Fossil-rich sediment profile with hammer.
Date Published: November 12, 2018
Status: Active

Geological Investigations of the Neogene

More than a third of the United States population lives in counties directly on the shoreline, making them vulnerable to hazards associated with changing sea level and storm surges associated with hurricanes and severe storms. The geologic record contains many examples of past intervals of warm climate and high sea level. "Geological Investigation of the Neogene" is examining proxy records of...

Figure 2. Photo illustrating difficulties distinguishing between federally endangered and common freshwater mussel species
Date Published: November 1, 2018
Status: Active

Using Molecular Tools to Recalibrate Freshwater Mussel Taxonomy with a Focus on Imperiled Species

Freshwater mussels of the family Unionidae, also known as naiads, pearly mussels, freshwater clams, or unionids, are a diverse group of bivalve mollusks that are distributed on every continent except Antarctica. Approximately 300 species are known from the United States, with most of this diversity residing in rivers of the Southeast where many endemic taxa have evolved.

Xenoliths of metagraywacke/biotite gneiss in the Toluca Granite contain an early foliation. A hammer lies on top for reference.
Date Published: October 26, 2018
Status: Active

Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping

The Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping Task (BRIP) is the western focus of geologic mapping and framework studies of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project. BRIP will conduct modern geologic mapping and geologic framework studies in the Wytheville, Hickory and Boone 30x60-min. sheets. Collectively, the objectives of BRIP are to (1) characterize the geologic framework of the Blue Ridge...

Contacts: Arthur Merschat
Along-Track Reef Imaging System
Date Published: October 23, 2018
Status: Completed

Fine-scale Benthic Habitat Mapping

Both ATRIS configurations was deployed in Dry Tortugas National Park (DRTO) to fill information gaps in the spatial coverage of existing habitat maps.

Mangroves on the outside of a playa in Florida Bay
Date Published: October 11, 2018
Status: Active

Sea Level Rise and Climate: Impacts on the Greater Everglades Ecosystem and Restoration

The Greater Everglades Ecosystem covers much of south Florida, and the highest areas are only a few meters above sea level.  Predictions of sea level rise and changes in storm intensity for the 21st century are particularly concerning to the urban population of Miami and the east coast, but also represent a challenge to Everglades National Park and Biscayne National Park resource...

Image: Flat Cays, U.S. Virgin Islands Coral Reef
Date Published: October 5, 2018
Status: Active

Coral Reef Ecosystem Studies (CREST)

The specific objectives of this project are to identify and describe the processes that are important in determining rates of coral-reef construction. How quickly the skeletons of calcifying organisms accumulate to form massive barrier-reef structure is determined by processes of both construction (how fast organisms grow and reproduce) and destruction (how fast reefs break down by mechanical...

Image of the Blue Ridge taken from the top of Stone Mountain
Date Published: September 27, 2018
Status: Active

Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project

The Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project is a geologic mapping project supported by the USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. The Piedmont Blue Ridge Project aims to understand the geologic framework and tectonic evolution of terranes and basins in the Appalachian Piedmont and Blue Ridge, and their significance for water, mineral and energy resources, natural hazards, and engineering/...

Bbrain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease
Date Published: September 25, 2018
Status: Completed

Black-band disease in the Florida Keys

Photos of corals affected by black-band disease in the Florida Keys.

Predicted probabilities of dune erosion from Hurricane Florence
Date Published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Hurricane Florence - Forecast and Documentation of Coastal Change

Hurricane Florence coastal change forecast and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Black bear surveys sockeye salmon as they migrate up river to reproduce in Auke Bay, Alaska in 2011. Photographer: Evan Barrient
Date Published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Webinar: Connectivity for Climate Change: Assessing Threats and Identifying Conservation Actions

View this webinar to learn how researchers are examining habitat connectivity as a conservation strategy in the face of climate change.

Contacts: Jen Costanza
Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow critical habitat boundaries and survey locations in south Florida
Date Published: September 19, 2018
Status: Active

Joint Ecosystem Modeling: Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow Helper

The Sparrow Helper tool allows for the evaluation of water management scenarios by generating, plotting, and mapping hydrologic metrics across a range of time scales to predict impacts of proposed water depth changes to sparrow subpopulations.

Filter Total Items: 4,993
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Year Published: 2019

Simulation of groundwater flow and chloride transport in the “1,500-foot” sand, “2,400-foot” sand, and “2,800-foot” sand of the Baton Rouge area, Louisiana

Groundwater withdrawals since the 1940s have lowered water levels, altered groundwater-flow directions, and caused saltwater to intrude within some freshwater-containing sands of the fluvial-deltaic Southern Hills regional aquifer system beneath Baton Rouge, Louisiana. New interpretations of stratigraphic correlations amongst geophysical well logs...

Heywood, Charles E.; Lindaman, Maxwell; Lovelace, John K.
Heywood, C.E., Lindaman, M., and Lovelace, J.K., 2019, Simulation of groundwater flow and chloride transport in the “1,500-foot” sand, “2,400-foot” sand, and “2,800-foot” sand of the Baton Rouge area, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5102, 49 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195102.

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Year Published: 2019

Plot Locator: An app for locating plots in the field

PREMISE: One of the challenges in field biology is locating previously sampled plots. The Plot Locator app was developed to assist field biologists with plot identification and location, with or without GPS or online connectivity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Plot Locator Android app helps users locate field plots by creating a searchable database...

Boudell, Jere ; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2019

Using maintenance records from a long-term sensor monitoring network to evaluate the relationship between maintenance schedule and data quality

Sensor-based environmental monitoring networks are beginning to provide the large-scale, long-term data required to address important fundamental and applied questions in ecology. However, the data quality from deployed sensors can be difficult and costly to ensure. In this study, we use maintenance records from the 12-year history of Louisiana’s...

Schoolmaster, Donald; Piazza, Sarai

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Year Published: 2019

Sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal, Villalba, Puerto Rico, December 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, conducted a sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal in 2017 to determine reservoir infill sedimentation rates, generate a bathymetric map of the bottom elevations of the reservoir, and create a stage-volume relation. The original (1913) capacity of Lago...

Gómez-Fragoso, Julieta M.; Rosario, Manuel
Gómez-Fragoso, J.M., and Rosario, M., 2019, Sedimentation survey of Lago Guayabal, Villalba, Puerto Rico, December 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3442, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3442.

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Year Published: 2019

Phosphorus runoff risk assessment in karstic regions of the U.S.

The Phosphorus (P) Index risk assessment tool has been widely adopted across the U.S. to identify and rank site vulnerability to P runoff as part of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) nutrient management planning (NMP) process. However, limited success has been achieved in addressing the risk of P loss by subsurface flow pathways,...

Sharpley, Andrew N.; Hays, Phillip D.; Daniels, Michael B.; VanDevender, Karl W.

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Year Published: 2019

Exposure and potential effects of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in protected streams of the US National Park Service southeast Region

Globally protected areas offer refugia for a broad range of taxa including threatened and endangered species. The United States National Park Service (NPS) manages public lands to preserve biodiversity, but increasing park visitation and development of surrounding landscapes increase exposure to and effects from bioactive contaminants. The risk (...

Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Duncan, Jeffrey R.; Battaglin, William; Clark, Jimmy; Hladik, Michelle; Huffman, Bradley; Iwanowicz, Luke; Journey, Celeste A.; Smalling, Kelly

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Year Published: 2019

Response of tidal marsh vegetation to pulsed increases in flooding and nitrogen

Worldwide, human activities have modified hydrology and nutrient loading regimes in coastal wetlands. Understanding the interplay between these drivers and subsequent response of wetland plant communities is essential to informing wetland management and restoration efforts. Recent restoration strategies in Louisiana proposes to use sediment...

McCoy, Meagan M; Sloey, Taylor M; Howard, Rebecca J.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2019

A comparison of the Trojan Y Chromosome strategy to harvesting models for eradication of nonnative species

The Trojan Y Chromosome strategy (TYC) is a promising eradication method for biological control of nonnative species. The strategy works by manipulating the sex ratio of a population through the introduction of supermales that guarantee male offspring. In the current study, we compare the TYC method with a pure harvesting strategy. We...

Lyu, Jingjing; Schofield, Pamela J.; Reaver, Kristen; Beauregard, Matthew; Parshad, Rana D.

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Year Published: 2019

A pragmatic approach for comparing species distribution models to increasing confidence in managing piping plover habitat

Conservation management often requires decision-making without perfect knowledge of the at-risk species or ecosystem. Species distribution models (SDMs) are useful but largely under-utilized due to model uncertainty. We provide a case study that utilizes an ensemble modeling approach of two independently derived SDMs to explicitly address common...

Maslo, Brooke; Zeigler, Sara; Drake, Evan; Pover, Todd; Plant, Nathaniel G.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphodynamic modelling of the wilderness breach, Fire Island, New York. Part I: Model set-up and validation

On October 29, 2012, storm surge and large waves produced by Hurricane 13 Sandy resulted in the formation of a breach in eastern Fire Island, NY. The goals of this study 14 are to gain a better understanding of the physical processes that govern breach behavior and 15 to assess whether process-based models can be used to forecast the evolution of...

van Ormondt, Maarten; Nelson, Timothy; Hapke, Cheryl; Roelvink, Dano

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Year Published: 2019

A comparison of hydrocarbon-related landscape disturbance patterns along the New York-Pennsylvania border, 2004–2013

Executive SummaryThe New York-Pennsylvania area has a long history of hydrocarbon extraction, and the addition of shale gas extraction methods contributes to landscape disturbance borne by previously developed oil and non-shale gas resources. The main unconventional extraction method used to extract shale gas from the Marcellus Shale located in...

Roig-Silva, Coral M.; Milheim, Lesley E.; Slonecker, E. Terrence; Kalaly, Siddiq; Chestnut, Joseph
Roig-Silva, C.M., Milheim, L.E., Slonecker, E.T., Kalaly, S., and Chestnut, J., 2019, A comparison of hydrocarbon-related landscape disturbance patterns along the New York-Pennsylvania border, 2004–2013: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5096, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195096.

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Year Published: 2019

Flood-frequency comparison from 1995 to 2016 and trends in peak streamflow in Arkansas, water years 1930–2016

In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, began a study in Arkansas to investigate possible increasing trends in annual peak streamflow data and the possible resulting increase in the annual exceedance probability flood (AEPF) predictions. Temporal trends...

Ensminger, Paul A.; Breaker, Brian K.
Ensminger, P.A., and Breaker, B.K., 2019, Flood-frequency comparison from 1995 to 2016 and trends in peak streamflow in Arkansas, water years 1930–2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5131, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195131.

Filter Total Items: 509
USGS scientist takes measurement in a flooded NC creek
September 16, 2018

Working to keep vital flood information flowing in the Carolinas

David Stillwell, USGS hydrologic technician, performs a discharge measurement to help document and forecast flooding caused by Hurricane Florence at Long Creek in Rhyne, North Carolina on Sept. 16. 

 

Image shows a USGS storm tide sensor attached to a pier
September 10, 2018

USGS Storm-Tide Sensor for Hurricane Florence

A USGS storm-tide sensor, deployed in advance of Hurricane Florence's landfall. The sensors are housed in vented steel pipes a few inches wide and about a foot long. They are being installed on bridges, piers, and other structures that have a good chance of surviving the storm.

The information the sensors collect will help define the depth and duration of a storm

...
Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs collecting a seismic airgun while at sea
September 6, 2018

Retrieving Seismic Airguns

USGS personnel on the deck of the R/V Hugh R. Sharp during retrieval of seismic airguns.  The streamer that receives the seismic signals generated by the airguns is towed behind the ship and is here shown

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A coral worn smooth with a badly eroded base
August 28, 2018

Erosion has taken a toll on this Keys coral

A reef in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary with little living coral and extensive bioerosion. Photo taken under research permit number FKNMS-2016-085-A1. Credit: USGS, Ilsa Kuffner.

Two divers use a tripod and drill to take a coral core
August 21, 2018

USGS scientists drill a coral core in the Florida Keys

Research Oceanographer Lauren Toth and student volunteer Liz Whitcher drill a coral-reef core from a reef off Key West, Florida, in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Photo taken under research permit FKNMS-2015-058. Credit: Anastasios Stathakopoulos, USGS.

A coral worn smooth by erosion
June 26, 2018

Like many Keys corals, this one has no new growth

A modern coral reef in Dry Tortugas National Park. There is little living coral and high rates of bioerosion. Photo taken under research permit number DRTO-2018-SCI-0005. Credit: Lauren Toth, USGS

1985-2018 Lion fish invasion. Ecosystems Mission Area. Wetlands and Aquatic Research Center
May 16, 2018

1985-2018 Lionfish Invasion

Lionfish invasion (1985-2018). Lionfish invaded US Atlantic coastal waters, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico with unprecedented, alarming speed. Though reports of sightings date back to the 1980s, it is only recently that the species has exploded in numbers and range. In fact, the lionfish invasion is the 

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USGS staff uses a radio to determine if an Acoustic Backscatter sensor (white circle) is still operating
April 25, 2018

Can you hear me now?

Steve Suttles (USGS) uses a radio to determine if an Acoustic Backscatter sensor (white circle) is still operating at the end of the deployment.

crew of the R/V Savannah recover the buoy deployed at the offshore site to record meteorological data.
April 19, 2018

Oh Buoy!

crew of the R/V Savannah recover the buoy deployed at the offshore site to record meteorological data.

USGS team and R/V Savannah crew prepare to lower the quadpod deployed at the nearshore site onto the deck
April 13, 2018

Quadpod Recovery

USGS team and R/V Savannah crew prepare to lower the quadpod deployed at the nearshore site onto the deck during recovery operations.  Note all the hairy encrusting organisms that grew in 3 months and how close to the shoreline the ship is.

Conglomerates within the Sycamore Sand at Hammetts Crossing
February 27, 2018

Conglomerates, Sycamore Sand at Hammetts Crossing, Travis Cty, Texas

Conglomerates within the Sycamore Sand at Hammetts Crossing, Travis County, Texas (photograph by Allan K. Clark, U.S. Geological Survey, February 27, 2018).
U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3418, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3418

A USGS researcher sits in the sand conducting fieldwork on Buttonwood Key, FL
February 1, 2018

Fieldwork on Florida Bay Islands

A USGS researcher conducts fieldwork on Buttonwood Key, an island in Florida Bay, to determine the impacts of Hurricane Irma. The storm left thick deposits of mud on the island, which are being measured, sampled and photographed.  Many of the islands in Florida Bay have open mudflats in the center, surrounded by mangroves on the perimeter. 

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Image: USGS Scientist Inspects Streamgage During Flooding Event
October 5, 2015

Heavy rains and hazardous weather conditions are occurring in western South Carolina, with record flooding occurring and more expected over parts of the region over the next several days.

Screenshot of portal entry page
October 2, 2015

As the path of Hurricane Joaquin continues to move farther offshore, making landfall in the U.S. less likely, U.S. Geological Survey coastal change experts say there’s still a high probability of dune erosion along parts of the Atlantic coast, from the North Carolina Outer Banks to Cape Cod.

USGS
October 2, 2015

Currently, heavy rains and hazardous weather conditions are predicted for western North Carolina and most of South Carolina by the National Weather Service, with flooding possible over parts of the region over the next several days.

1940 legacy topographic map quadrangle of the Spring Creek area
September 16, 2015

Recently released US Topo maps for Florida now feature more trails using data provided by the U.S. Forest Service as well as trail information from other federal, state and private sources.

Image: USGS Documents 2015 Drought
September 8, 2015

U.S. Geological Survey hydrologic technicians are currently taking measurements from hundreds of streams and rivers across the western United States as part of a low flow study.

Image: Snakehead Fish
September 1, 2015

Scientists use the word “anthropogenic” in referring to environmental change caused or influenced by people, either directly or indirectly.

Graph: Peak ground-motion variability for a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
July 30, 2015

Computer simulations of earthquake shaking, replicating the quakes that occurred in 1811-1812 in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ), indicate that future large earthquakes there would produce major, prolonged ground shaking.

Image: Giant African Land Snail
July 9, 2015

The invasive giant African land snail is expanding its range in Miami, and with it, the range of the parasitic rat lungworm, according to new U.S. Geological Survey led research.

Image: White Ibis and Wood Stork Perched on a Tree Island in the Everglades
June 24, 2015

Wading bird numbers in the Florida Everglades are driven by water patterns that play out over multiple years according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and Florida Atlantic University.

Image: A Manatee in Florida
May 20, 2015

The risk of extinction for the endangered Florida manatee appears to be lower, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey led study.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

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