Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 365
Date published: January 2, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by category of use, in Alabama, 2005

More surface water than ground water was withdrawn for all categories except aquaculture, mining, and self-supplied residential. During 2005, estimated withdrawals by category and in descending order were: thermoelectric power, 8,274 Mgal/d; public supply, 802 Mgal/d; self-supplied industrial, 550 Mgal/d; irrigation, 161 Mgal/d; aquaculture, 75 Mgal/d; self-supplied residential, 39 Mgal/d;...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water Use in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: September 29, 2001
Status: Active

Alabama Statewide Flood Frequency

The magnitude and frequency of floods are important factors in the design of bridges, culverts, highway embankments, dams, and other hydraulic structures near streams. Information on flood magnitude and frequency is also used in flood plain management and development, and in establishing flood insurance rates. The objective of this project is to develop improved methods and equations for...

Filter Total Items: 5,287
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Year Published: 2019

Climatic controls on the distribution of foundation plant species in coastal wetlands of the conterminous United States: Knowledge gaps and emerging research needs

Foundation plant species play a critical role in coastal wetlands, often modifying abiotic conditions that are too stressful for most organisms and providing the primary habitat features that support entire ecological communities. Here, we consider the influence of climatic drivers on the distribution of foundation plant species within coastal...

Osland, Michael; Grace, James; Guntenspergen, Glenn; Thorne, Karen; Carr, Joel; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2019

Fire disturbance influences endangered Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow (Ammopiza maritima mirabilis) relative bird count

Periodicity of fire disturbance is a known driver of ecosystem function and is reported as important in both promoting and maintaining viable breeding habitat for the endangered Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow (Ammospiza maritima mirabilis; CSSS). In south Florida, the CSSS serves as a fine‐scale indicator of the marl and mixed‐marl prairie communities...

Benscoter, Allison; Beerens, James (Contractor); Pearlstine, Leonard G.; Romanach, Stephanie

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater availability in the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system

Executive SummaryThe study described in this report, initiated by the U.S. Geological Survey in 2014, was designed to evaluate fresh groundwater resources within the Ozark Plateaus, central United States, as an area within a broader national assessment of groundwater availability. The goals of the Ozark study were to evaluate historical effects of...

Clark, Brian R.; Duncan, Leslie L.; Knierim, Katherine J.
Clark, B.R., Duncan, L.L., and Knierim, K.J., 2019, Groundwater availability in the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1854, 82 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1854.

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Year Published: 2019

Estimated use of water in Georgia for 2015 and water-use trends, 1985–2015

Water-withdrawal, water-use, and water-return information have been collected and compiled for each county in Georgia every 5 years since 1980 using data obtained from various Federal, State, and private agencies, as well as additional online sources. For 2015, water use, water withdrawal, and water returns were estimated for each county, water-...

Painter, Jaime A.
Painter, J.A., 2019, Estimated use of water in Georgia for 2015 and water-use trends, 1985–2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1086, 216 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191086.

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Year Published: 2019

Hurricane Matthew: Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change

Hurricane Matthew, the strongest Atlantic hurricane of the 2016 hurricane season, made land-fall south of McClellanville, S.C., around 1500 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on October 8, 2016. Hurricane Matthew affected the States of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina along the U.S. Atlantic coastline. Numerous barrier islands...

Birchler, Justin J.; Doran, Kara S.; Long, Joseph W.; Stockdon, Hilary F.
Birchler, J.J., Doran, K.S., Long, J.W., and Stockdon, H.F., 2019, Hurricane Matthew—Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1095, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191095.

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Year Published: 2019

Adapterama II: Universal amplicon sequencing on Illumina platforms (TaggiMatrix)

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of amplicons is used in a wide variety of contexts. In many cases, NGS amplicon sequencing remains overly expensive and inflexible, with library preparation strategies relying upon the fusion of locus-specific primers to full-length adapter sequences with a single identifying sequence or ligating adapters onto PCR...

Glenn, Travis C; Pierson, Todd W; Bayona-Vásquez, Natalia J; Kieran, Troy J.; Hoffberg, Sandra L.; Thomas, Jesse; Lefever, Daniel E.; Finger Jr., John W.; Gao, Bei; Bian, Xiaoming; Louha, Swarnali; Kolli, Ramya; Bentley, Kerin; Rushmore, Julie; Wong, Kelvin; Rothrock, Michael; McKee, Anna M.; Guo, Tai L.; Mauricio, Rodney; Molina, Marirosa; Cummings, Brian; Lash, Lawrence H.; Lu, Kun; Gilbert, Gregory S.; Hubbell, Stephen P.; Faircloth, Brant C.

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Year Published: 2019

Tropical cyclones and the organization of mangrove forests: A review

Background Many mangrove ecosystems are periodically exposed to high velocity winds and surge from tropical cyclones and often recover with time and continue to provide numerous societal benefits in the wake of storm events. Scope This review focuses on the drivers and disturbance mechanisms (visible and functional) that tropical cyclones of...

Krauss, Ken; Osland, Michael

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Year Published: 2019

Catalog of microscopic organisms of the Everglades, part 2—The desmids of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge

The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (refuge), Boynton Beach, Florida, contains approximately 147,000 acres southeast of Lake Okeechobee. Water quality in the interior portion of the refuge is strongly influenced by rainfall, resulting in slightly acidic waters with low dissolved ions. Desmids, a unique, ornate group of...

Rosen, Barry H.; Stahlhut, Katherine N.; Hall, John D.
Rosen, B.H., Stahlhut, K.N., and Hall, J.D., 2019, Catalog of microscopic organisms of the Everglades, part 2—The desmids of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5074, 277 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195074.

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Year Published: 2019

Withdrawal and consumption of water by thermoelectric power plants in the United States, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed models to estimate thermoelectric water use based on linked heat and water budgets. The models produced plant-level withdrawal and consumption estimates using consistent methods for 1,122 water-using, utility-scale thermoelectric power plants in the United States for 2015. Total estimated withdrawal for...

Harris, Melissa A.; Diehl, Timothy H.
Harris, M.A., and Diehl, T.H., 2019, Withdrawal and consumption of water by thermoelectric power plants in the United States, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5103, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195103.

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek in Durham, North Carolina, 2016–18

An assessment of groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek, a major tributary to upper Falls Lake in Durham County, North Carolina, was conducted from July 2016 to March 2018 to determine if groundwater is a likely source of elevated nitrate input to the stream. Groundwater/surface-water interactions were characterized by synoptic...

Antolino, Dominick J.
Antolino, D.J., 2019, Groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek in Durham, North Carolina, 2016–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5097, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195097.

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Year Published: 2019

Standardizing a non-lethal method for characterizing the reproductive status and larval development of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionoida)

Actively monitoring the timing, development, and reproductive patterns of endangered species is critical when managing for population recovery. Freshwater mussels are among the most imperiled organisms in the world, but information about early larval (glochidial) development and brooding periods is still lacking for many species. Previous studies...

Beaver, Caitlin; Geda, Susan; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2019

Prediction and inference of flow-duration curves using multi-output neural networks

We develop multi-output neural network models (MNNs) to predict flow-duration curves (FDCs) in 9,203 ungaged locations in the Southeastern United States for six decades between 1950-2009. The model architecture contains multiple response variables in the output layer that correspond to individual quantiles along the FDC. During training,...

Worland, Scott C.; Steinschneider, Scott; Asquith, William H.; Knight, Rodney; Wieczorek, Michael E.

Filter Total Items: 497
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands
March 8, 2009

Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands

This coral (Mycetophyllia sp.) is not abundant in coral reefs of the Virgin Islands. It most commonly grows in water deeper than 40 ft., and it is surprising to find it growing in the shade of the mangroves in 3 ft of water.

Image: Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands
January 24, 2009

Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands

In Hurricane Hole, Red Mangrove trees extend from land into the water, anchoring the trees along the shoreline and creating a rich marine ecosystem.

Image: A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
December 31, 2008

A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Bucolic Country Lane in Florida
August 21, 2008

Bucolic Country Lane in Florida

This bucolic country lane in east central Florida is lined with cabbage palms and oaks, a scene that is made increasingly rare with ongoing pressures of urbanization.

An alligator rest on exposed limestone bedrock, sunning itself.
March 16, 2008

Alligator Resting in Afternoon Sun

Alligators are very abundant in the freshwater wetlands of Everglades National Park and can usually be seen along the Anhinga trail in the park, especially when water levels are low.  This ~5-foot gator is resting on exposed limestone bedrock alongside the trail.  

Filter Total Items: 396
USGS
September 21, 1999

Flood levels from Hurricane Floyd exceeded those from Hurricane Fran, which occurred in September 1996.Preliminary assessments indicate that flood levels in much of the Tar River Basin were at the 500-year recurrence interval. (500-year flood flow has a 0.2-percent chance of being equalled or exceeded during any given year at a particular location.)

USGS
September 20, 1999

River stage and streamflow data--The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects river stage and streamflow data at more than 200 sites across North Carolina. Near real-time data at most sites are transmitted via satellite to a central data base that compiles current and historical data.

USGS
September 17, 1999

USGS scientists from the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, the National Wetlands Research Center and the Florida and Caribbean Science Center are gearing up to assess Hurricane Floyd damage to wildlife and habitat from Florida to Maine.

USGS
September 17, 1999

Wildfires have long played a key role in structuring ecosystems and plant communities in the southeastern United States. From the coastal prairie of Texas and Louisiana to the marshes and pinelands of Florida, many native species have adapted to a natural regime of frequent wildfire caused by lightning strikes.

USGS
September 14, 1999

The USGS, in collaboration with State and other Federal agencies, is evaluating the extent of erosion along North Carolina’s coastline following Hurricane Dennis. The following activities have been completed or are in progress toward that goal:

USGS
September 10, 1999

While Hurricane Dennis is little more than a soggy memory, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are hard at work trying to understand how the storm changed the landscape of beaches along the Virginia and Carolina coasts.

USGS
August 27, 1999

USGS scientists, managers and experts from a diverse spectrum of scientific disciplines are on high alert Friday as Hurricane Dennis seems poised to make landfall along the southeastern coast of the United States sometime this weekend.

USGS
March 29, 1999

The mysterious brain disease responsible for the deaths of bald eagles and American coots in Arkansas has now been found in two species of ducks discovered dead at Woodlake, North Carolina, and in bald eagles and coots from three other southeastern states.

USGS
March 2, 1999

From the large, open-air pens where they have spent the past two weeks, eight young whooping cranes survey their surroundings. The rural, central Florida landscape of open prairie, brush, and marshlands stretches away as far as the birds can see, though only a few tens of miles separate the Kissimmee release site from the metropolitan sprawl of Orlando.

USGS
December 2, 1998

Elvis and Beale Street are not the only things around Memphis that have been known to rock and roll. The strongest and most widely felt earthquakes in the conterminous United States occurred in 1811-1812 in the Mississippi River Valley.

USGS
October 24, 1998

A century of alterations by humans to the Everglades ecosystem has lowered water levels and changed Everglades plant communities more than what would be expected from natural climatic changes alone over the last 2,000 years, according to scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey. 

USGS
October 2, 1998

Heavy rainfall and flooding prompted an emergency response from USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) engineers and field technicians to keep stream gages operational during and after Hurricane Georges. Personnel from Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida are working to secure gages threatened by rising rivers and streams or damaged by the storm. Some gaging stations monitored by the USGS are used

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