Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: April 25, 2016
Status: Active

Advanced Technological Solutions in Support of Greater Everglades Priority Ecosystem Science: Joint Ecosystem Modeling (JEM)

The JEM Biological Database offers secure data storage in relational databases, as well as web applications to manage, search, analyze, and report on captured data.

Contacts: Mark McKelvy
Date published: April 25, 2016

Collaborative Development of Ecological Forecasting Model and Data Manipulation Software: Everglades National Park, South Florida Natural Resources Center (SFNRC)

The goal of the Advanced Applications Team’s partnership with SFNRC is to facilitate the use of scientific research findings in restoration and land management decisions.

Contacts: Kevin Suir
Date published: April 18, 2016
Status: Active

Long-term Trends in Swamp Tree Growth across Drought and Salinity Gradients along the Northern Gulf Coast

This study will examine the potential effects of climate-change-induced sea level rise, drought and water extraction by examining tree growth patterns across the Gulf Coast, specifically targeting long-term research plots available in the North American Baldcypress Swamp Network (NABCSN) and the Suwannee River.

Date published: April 18, 2016
Status: Completed

Baseline Aquatic Contamination and Endocrine Status in Resident Fish Populations of Biscayne National Park and in the Adjacent Coastal Environment

As part of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, water managers are planning to use treated wastewater from the South District Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) to supplement the canal waters that will be used to rehydrate wetlands adjacent to the Biscayne National Park (Park).

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Population Demography and Food Web Analysis of Large Aquatic Salamanders (Siren and Amphiuma) in North Florida

Understanding amphibian's life-histories can help predict how they may persist in aquatic habitats in the face of droughts and other climate change-associated events. 

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Completed

Socio-Ecological Conservation Targets for the Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative

Peninsular Florida has a high density of species and ecosystems of conservation concern, as well as many threats to the persistence of native species and their habitats. USGS worked closely with the Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative to define conservation targets to help meet conservation goals. 

Date published: April 17, 2016

Peninsular Florida Landscape Conservation Cooperative (PFLCC) Climate Scenarios and Species Vulnerability Assessment

Peninsular Florida is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate change in the United States. With complex socioeconomic and ecology dynamics and a large number of governing agencies involved in conservation planning, USGS worked to created an appropriate framework for landscape conservation cooperative-scale decision-making across current conservation planning agencies and jurisdictions...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Winter Manatee Foraging Behavior and the Decline of Seagrass Beds in the Northern Indian River Lagoon

With high numbers of manatees using the Florida Power and Light power plant warm water refuge during winter, their impact on the seagrass beds in the Indian River Lagoon is considered an important indicator of the long-term capacity of the area to support the manatees. USGS is working with partners to investigate the spatial extent and intensity of manatee use of seagrass beds in the area. ...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Coral Bleaching and Disease: Effects on Threatened Corals and Reefs

A severe disease - tentatively named stony coral tissue loss disease - is rapidly killing corals in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Puerto Rico, and the National Park Service are working together to better under the disease and determine if the disease affecting corals in the USVI is the same one that has been killing corals in Florida...

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Mangrove Migration Network

At the poleward marsh-mangrove ecotone, mangrove abundance and coverage is winter temperature-sensitive in that it oscillates in response to the frequency, duration, and/or intensity of extreme winter temperatures. Future winter climate change is expected to facilitate poleward mangrove range expansion at the expense of salt marshes in Texas, Louisiana, and parts of Florida. 

Date published: April 17, 2016
Status: Active

Watershed Controls of Freshwater Wetland Nutrient Stoichiometry and Sensitivity to Eutrophication

When it comes to freshwater wetlands, hydrology plays a large role in nutrient stoichiometry and sensitivity to nutrient inputs. Although wetland biogeochemists intuitively understand these important relationships between landscape position, hydrology, and sensitivity to nutrient inputs, these relationships have never been quantified using geospatial data. The objective of this project will be...

Filter Total Items: 5,356
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Year Published: 2020

Changing suspended sediment in United States rivers and streams: Linking sediment trends to changes in land use/cover, hydrology and climate

Sediment is one of the leading pollutants in rivers and streams across the United States (US) and the world. Between 1992 and 2012, concentrations of annual mean suspended sediment decreased at over half of the 137 stream sites assessed across the contiguous US. Increases occurred at less than 25 % of the sites, and the direction of change was...

Murphy, Jennifer C.

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Year Published: 2020

Sea turtle conservation: Priorities for environmental education efforts

All five species of sea turtle that occur in Florida are in danger of extinction.  Many of the reasons these turtles are declining are a result of people’s actions on beaches and in shallow waters. Environmental education is needed to increase awareness and appreciation for sea turtles, and to teach about the potential harmful impacts human...

Swindall, Jessica E.; Ober, Holly K.; Lamont, Margaret; Carthy, Raymond R.

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Year Published: 2020

Application of decadal modeling approach to forecast barrier island evolution, Dauphin Island, Alabama

Forecasting barrier island evolution provides coastal managers and stakeholders the ability to assess the resiliency of these important coastal environments that are home to both established communities and existing natural habitats. This study uses an established coupled model framework to assess how Dauphin Island, Alabama, responds to various...

Mickey, Rangley C.; Elizabeth Godsey; Dalyander, P. Soupy ; Victor Gonzalez; Jenkins, Robert L.; Long, Joseph W.; Thompson, David M.; Plant, Nathaniel G.
Mickey, R.C., Godsey, E., Dalyander, P.S., Gonzalez, V., Jenkins, R.L., III, Long, J.W., Thompson, D.M., and Plant, N.G., 2020, Application of decadal modeling approach to forecast barrier island evolution, Dauphin Island, Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1001, 45 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201001.

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Year Published: 2020

Development of a modeling framework for predicting decadal barrier island evolution

Predicting the decadal evolution of barrier island systems is important for coastal managers who propose restoration or preservation alternatives aimed at increasing the resiliency of the island and its associated habitats or communities. Existing numerical models for simulating morphologic changes typically include either long-term (for example,...

Mickey, Rangley C.; Long, Joseph W.; Dalyander, P. Soupy ; Jenkins, Robert L.; Thompson, David M.; Passeri, Davina; Plant, Nathaniel G.
Mickey, R.C., Long, J.W., Dalyander, P.S., Jenkins, R.L., III, Thompson, D.M., Passeri, D.L., and Plant, N.G., 2019, Development of a modeling framework for predicting decadal barrier island evolution: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1139, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191139.

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Year Published: 2020

The first occurrence of the Australian redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868) in the contiguous United States

The Australian redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus, is a popular aquaculture crayfish that has been introduced around the world. Here we report the first occurrence of the species in the United States in Lake Balboa, Los Angeles, California. The impacts of this species are largely unknown, and further research is needed to determine the...

Morningstar, Cayla; Daniel, Wesley; Neilson, Matthew; Yazaryan, Ara K.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessing water-quality changes in agricultural drainages: Examples from oxbow lake tributaries in Mississippi, USA and simulation-based power analyses

Hydrology and water quality (suspended sediment, total nitrogen, ammonia, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrate plus nitrite, and total phosphorus (TP)) were monitored in two small agricultural drainages in northwestern Mississippi to document changes in water quality that coincided with the implementation of BMPs in upstream drainages. Using an event-...

Murphy, Jennifer C.; Hicks, Matthew B.; Stocks, Shane J.

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Year Published: 2020

Development of a process-based littoral sediment transport model for Dauphin Island, Alabama

Dauphin Island, Alabama, located in the Northern Gulf of Mexico just outside of Mobile Bay, is Alabama’s only barrier island and provides an array of historical, natural, and economic resources. The dynamic island shoreline of Dauphin Island evolved across time scales while constantly acted upon by waves and currents during both storms and calm...

Jenkins, Robert L.; Long, Joseph W.; Dalyander, P. Soupy ; Thompson, David M.; Mickey, Rangley C.
Jenkins, R.L., III, Long, J.W., Dalyander, P.S., Thompson, D.M., and Mickey, R.C., 2020, Development of a process-based littoral sediment transport model for Dauphin Island, Alabama: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1011, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201011.

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Year Published: 2020

Egg counts of Southern Leopard Frog, Lithobates sphenocephalus, egg masses from southern Louisiana, USA

Southern Leopard Frogs, Lithobates sphenocephalus (Cope, 1889), lay eggs year-round in their southern range, including Louisiana, but their peak breeding season is the cooler months from late fall through early spring (Mount, 1975; Caldwell, 1986; Dundee and Rossman, 1989). Double-enveloped eggs in globular masses are typically deposited in...

Glorioso, Brad M.; Muse, Lindy J.; Waddle, J. Hardin

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Year Published: 2020

Non-freezing cold event stresses can cause significant damage to mangrove seedlings: Assessing the role of warming and nitrogen enrichment in a mesocosm study

Mangroves are expanding poleward along coastlines globally as a response to rising temperatures and reduced incidence of freezing under climate change. Yet, knowledge of mangrove responses to infrequent cold events in the context of future global and regional environmental changes is limited. We initiated a mesocosm experiment in which the...

Song, Weimin; Feng, Jianxiang; Krauss, Ken W.; Zhao, Yan; Wang, Zhonglei; Luo, Yiqi; Lin, Guanghui

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Year Published: 2020

Water withdrawals, uses, and trends in Florida, 2015

In 2015, the total amount of water withdrawn in Florida was estimated to be 15,319 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Saline water accounted for 9,598 Mgal/d (63 percent) and freshwater accounted for 5,721 Mgal/d (37 percent) of the total. Groundwater accounted for 3,604 Mgal/d (63 percent) of freshwater withdrawals and surface water accounted for...

Marella, Richard L.
Marella, R.L., 2020, Water withdrawals, uses, and trends in Florida, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5147, 52 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195147.

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Year Published: 2020

Conceptual frameworks

The chapter starts by addressing some of the issues that come from not using a conceptual framework. This point is illustrated using an example with causal factors. The chapter then goes on to explain the mechanics of establishing conceptual frameworks. Lastly, it lays out a step-by-step guide on how to create a framework—generating a set of...

Park, Keunhyun; Grace, James B.; Ewing, Reid

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Year Published: 2020

Final project memorandum: Southeast Climate Adaptation Science Center Project

Low-lying public lands along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast are vulnerable to sea-level rise. Coastal planners and resource managers in the region have requested customized information that can be used to concisely communicate local sea-level rise scenarios and identify potential impacts to the missions of management agencies.In this project,...

Osland, Michael; Collini, Renee C.

Filter Total Items: 498
Photo of bleaching colony of mustard hill coral, Porites astreoides, Florida Keys.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of mustard hill coral, Porites astreoides

Bleaching colony of mustard hill coral, Porites astreoides, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when the

...
Photo of bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea, Florida Keys.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea

Bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when

...
Photo of bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so

...
Photo of bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea, Florida Keys.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea

Bleaching colony of massive starlet coral, Siderastrea siderea, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when

...
Photo of bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii

Bleaching colony of elliptical star coral, Dichocoenia stokesii, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so

...
Photo of bleaching colony of blushing star coral, Stephanocoenia intersepta/michelinii.
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of blushing star coral, Stephanocoenia intersepta

Bleaching colony of blushing star coral, Stephanocoenia intersepta/michelinii. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so

...
Photo of bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa
August 17, 2010

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa

Bleaching colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, Florida Keys. When corals are stressed, the symbiosis between the coral animal and its photosynthetic algal symbionts (zooxanthellae) breaks down and the zooxanthellae are expelled from the coral tissue. The zooxanthellae’s photosynthetic pigments contribute much of the color we see in corals, so when

...
colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease
August 12, 2010

Brain coral with black-band disease

A colony of symmetrical brain coral, Diploria strigosa, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Star coral, Montastraea faveolata, affected by black-band disease
August 8, 2010

Star coral, Montastraea faveolata, affected by black-band disease

A colony of mountainous star coral, Montastraea faveolata, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Colony brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease
August 7, 2010

Colony brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease

A colony of knobby brain coral, Diploria clivosa, affected by black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys.

Close-up of the interface between bleached polyps of the great star coral, Montastraea cavernosa, and black-band disease
August 7, 2010

Star coral, Montastraea cavernosa, and black-band disease

Close-up of the interface between bleached polyps of the great star coral, Montastraea cavernosa, and black-band disease (BBD), Florida Keys. The dead coral skeleton behind the black band has become overgrown with green algae.

 

Filter Total Items: 399
USGS science for a changing world logo
August 26, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina on Florida’s waterways? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from the storm.

USGS
August 26, 2005

Did you know that from your desk you can monitor the effect of Hurricane Katrina on Florida’s waterways? The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) WaterWatch Web site can show you what’s happening to streams in your local area and show you the places most affected by heavy rains expected from the storm.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 2, 2005

U.S. Geological Survey fisheries biologists in Gainesville, Fla., have confirmed the presence of the voracious non-native northern snakehead fish in Meadow Lake in Queens, N.Y. Five specimens have been collected by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation from the lake in Flushing Meadows Corona Park since early July.

USGS
August 1, 2005

In its latest report on water use in the United States, the USGS looked at the nation's dependence on ground water. The report entitled Estimated Withdrawals from Principal Aquifers in the United States, 2000, provides details of ground-water withdrawals and use from principal aquifers in each state.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 27, 2005

A team of scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is tracking and collecting samples from a large African dust cloud that originated in the Sahara Desert and is moving over parts of Florida and the Caribbean.

USGS
July 27, 2005

A team of scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is tracking and collecting samples from a large African dust cloud that originated in the Sahara Desert and is moving over parts of Florida and the Caribbean.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 9, 2005

With the approach of Hurricane Dennis, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are looking at the section of beach most likely to take the brunt of the storm’s fury. 

USGS
June 3, 2005

The American Ground Water Trust’s program "Ground Water Institute for Teachers TM", educates teachers about ground water and hydrology.

USGS science for a changing world logo
December 23, 2004

A team of scientists has determined that a coral reef discovered in 1999 is the deepest reef ever found off the continental U.S., the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) announced today. The reef lies in approximately 250 feet of water off the coast of southwest Florida on a submerged barrier-island named Pulley Ridge.

USGS
December 23, 2004

A team of scientists has determined that a coral reef discovered in 1999 is the deepest reef ever found off the continental U.S., the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) announced today.

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