Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: July 14, 2009

Quality of Shallow Groundwater and Drinking Water in the Mississippi Embayment-Texas Coastal Uplands Aquifer System and the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer, South-Central United States, 1994–2004

The Mississippi embayment-Texas coastal uplands aquifer system is an important source of drinking water, providing about 724 million gallons per day to about 8.9 million people in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and Alabama. The Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer ranks third in the Nation for total withdrawals of which more than 98...

Date published: April 17, 2009

Integrative Studies of Florida Spring Ecosystems

Florida's springs are a source of cultural, recreational, and ecological importance. But land-use changes and increased demands for groundwater due to the state's growing population have led to widespread impairment of these unique ecosystems. 

Date published: January 21, 2009

Digital Hydrogeologic Surface and Thickness of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study (MERAS)

Short Title: MERAS Framework

Project Chief: Rheannon Hart

Cooperator: U.S. Geological Survey Office of Ground-Water Resources Program

Project Time Frame: January 2006 - 2009

A hydrogeologic framework for a ground-water flow model is under development as part...

Contacts: Rheannon M Hart
Date published: January 1, 2009

Lower Mississippi River National Rivers and Streams Assessment

Short Title: Mississippi River NRSA

Project Chief: Billy Justus

Cooperator: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Project Time Frame: 2008 - 2009

The USGS Arkansas and Missouri Water Science Centers (WSC) are conducting a study for the U.S. Environmental...

Contacts: Billy G Justus
Date published: January 7, 2005
Status: Active

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment of Fivemile Creek at Tarrant, AL

The Black Warrior - Cahaba Rivers Land Trust and City of Tarrant (as part of the Fivemile Creek Greenway Partnership) are among the new USGS cooperators for 2003 -04. These organizations are spearheading an effort to restore Fivemile Creek in Jefferson County to its place as an important asset in daily lives for those who live and work along the creek in northern Jefferson County. The Greenway...

Date published: January 7, 2005
Status: Completed

Water Use in Alabama, by Watershed, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 2, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by category of use, in Alabama, 2005

More surface water than ground water was withdrawn for all categories except aquaculture, mining, and self-supplied residential. During 2005, estimated withdrawals by category and in descending order were: thermoelectric power, 8,274 Mgal/d; public supply, 802 Mgal/d; self-supplied industrial, 550 Mgal/d; irrigation, 161 Mgal/d; aquaculture, 75 Mgal/d; self-supplied residential, 39 Mgal/d;...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water Use in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: September 29, 2001
Status: Active

Alabama Statewide Flood Frequency

The magnitude and frequency of floods are important factors in the design of bridges, culverts, highway embankments, dams, and other hydraulic structures near streams. Information on flood magnitude and frequency is also used in flood plain management and development, and in establishing flood insurance rates. The objective of this project is to develop improved methods and equations for...

Filter Total Items: 5,375
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Year Published: 2020

Late Quaternary evolution and stratigraphic framework influence on coastal systems along the north-central Gulf of Mexico, USA

Coastal systems in the Gulf of Mexico are threatened by reduced sediment supply, storm impacts and relative sea-level rise (RSLR). The geologic record provides insight into geomorphic evolution thresholds to these forcing mechanisms to help predict future barrier evolution in response to climate change. This study synthesizes ∼2100 km of...

Hollis, Robert S; Wallace, Davin J; Miner, Michael D; Gal, Nina S; Dike, Clayton H; Flocks, James G.

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Year Published: 2020

Changes in event‐based streamflow magnitude and timing after suburban development with infiltration‐based stormwater management

Green stormwater infrastructure implementation in urban watersheds has outpaced our understanding of practice effectiveness on streamflow response to precipitation events. Long‐term monitoring of experimental urban watersheds in Clarksburg, Maryland, USA, provided an opportunity to examine changes in event‐based streamflow metrics in two treatment...

Hopkins, Kristina G.; Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Woznicki, Sean; Fanelli, Rosemary

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Year Published: 2020

Predicting functional responses in agro-ecosystems from animal movement data to improve management of invasive pests

Functional responses describe how changing resource availability affects consumer resource use, thus providing a mechanistic approach to prediction of the invasibility and potential damage of invasive alien species (IAS). However, functional responses can be context dependent, varying with resource characteristics and availability, consumer...

Wilber, Mark Q.; Chinn, Sarah M.; Beasley, James C.; Boughton, Raoul; Brook, Ryan K.; Ditchkoff, Stephen S.; Fischer, Justin W.; Hartley, Stephen B.; Holmstrom, Lindsey K.; Kilgo, John C.; Lewis, Jesse S.; Miller, Ryan S.; Snow, Nathan P.; Vercauteren, Kurt C.; Wisely, Samantha M.; Webb, Colleen T.; Pepin, Kim M.

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Year Published: 2020

The long-term effects of Hurricanes Wilma and Irma on soil elevation change in Everglades mangrove forests

Mangrove forests in the Florida Everglades (USA) are frequently affected by hurricanes that produce high-velocity winds, storm surge, and extreme rainfall, but also provide sediment subsidies that help mangroves adjust to sea-level rise. The long-term influence of hurricane sediment inputs on soil elevation dynamics in mangrove forests are not...

Feher, Laura; Osland, Michael; Anderson, Gordon; Vervaeke, William; Krauss, Ken; Whelan, Kevin R. T.; Balentine, Karen M.; Tiling-Range, Ginger; Smith, Thomas J.; Cahoon, Donald

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Year Published: 2020

An integrative GIS approach to analyzing the impacts of septic systems on the coast of Florida, USA

An estimated 2.7 million septic systems in Florida, USA are potential ground and surface water contaminant sources that may affect environmental and human health. This study examined the spatial distribution of septic systems, coastal surface water contamination, and related environmental factors of coastal Florida watersheds at the 8-digit...

Flanagan, Kyle; Dixon, Barnali; Rivenbark, Tess; Griffin, Dale W.

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Year Published: 2020

Quantifying hydrologic controls on local- and landscape-scale indicators of coastal wetland loss

Background and AimsCoastal wetlands have evolved to withstand stressful abiotic conditions through the maintenance of hydrologic feedbacks among vegetation production and flooding. However, disruption of these feedbacks can lead to ecosystem collapse, or a regime shift from vegetated wetland to open water. To prevent the loss of critical coastal...

Stagg, Camille; Osland, Michael; Moon, Jena A.; Hall, Courtney; Feher, Laura; Jones, William R.; Couvillion, Brady; Hartley, Stephen B.; Vervaeke, William

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Year Published: 2020

Winter climate change and the poleward range expansion of a tropical invasive tree (Brazilian pepper ‐ Shinus terebinthifolius)

Winter climate change is expected to lead to the tropicalization of temperate ecosystems, where tropical species expand poleward in response to a decrease in the intensity and duration of winter temperature extremes (i.e., freeze events). In the southeastern United States, freezing temperatures control the northern range limits of many invasive...

Osland, Michael; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of climate-related variability in storage on streamwater solute concentrations and fluxes in a small forested watershed in the Southeastern United States

Streamwater quality can be affected by climate-related variability in hydrologic state, which controls flow paths and affects biogeochemical processes. Thirty-one years of input/output solute fluxes at Panola Mountain Research Watershed, a small, forested, seasonally water-limited watershed near Atlanta, Georgia, were used to quantify the effects...

Aulenbach, Brent T.

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Year Published: 2020

Using carbon isotope ratios to verify predictions of a model simulating the interaction between coastal plant communities and their effect on ground water salinity

As sea level rises in low-lying coastal islands, salt-tolerant (halophytic) coastal vegetation communities may be able to migrate inland, replacing the freshwater vegetation that is unable to tolerate salt stress. The pace of such shifts may be accelerated by a self-reinforcing feedback between the halophytic vegetation and salinity, as well as by...

Subedi, Suresh C.; Sternberg, Leonel; DeAngelis, Donald L.; Ross, Michael S.; Ogarcak, Danielle

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Year Published: 2020

Considerations for maximizing the adaptive potential of restored coral populations in the western Atlantic

Active coral restoration typically involves two interventions: crossing gametes to facilitate sexual larval propagation; and fragmenting, growing, and outplanting adult colonies to enhance asexual propagation. From an evolutionary perspective, the goal of these efforts is to establish self‐sustaining, sexually reproducing coral populations that...

Baums, Iliana B.; Baker, Andrew C; Davies, Sarah W; Grottoli, Andrea G; Kenkel, Carly D; Kitchen, Sheila A; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; LaJeunesse, Todd C; Matz, Mikhail V; Miller, Margaret W; Parkinson, John E; Shantz, Andrew A

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Year Published: 2020

A comprehensive approach uncovers hidden diversity in freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) with the description of a novel species

Major geological processes have shaped biogeographical patterns of riverine biota. The Edwards Plateau of central Texas, USA, exhibits unique aquatic communities and endemism, including several species of freshwater mussels. Lampsilis bracteata (Gould, 1855) is endemic to the Edwards Plateau region; however, its phylogenetic relationship...

Inoue, Kentaro; Harris, John L.; Robertson, Clint; Johnson, Nathan; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2020

Establishing genome sizes of focal fishery and aquaculture species along Baja California, Mexico

Genome size—the total haploid content of nuclear DNA— is constant in all cells in individuals within a species, but differs among species. Consequently, the genome size is a quantifiable genetic signature that not only characterizes a species, but it can reflect chromatin modifications, which play fundamental roles in most biological processes...

del Mar Ochoa-Saloma, Constanza; Jenkins, Jill A.; Segovia, Manuel A.; Del Rio-Portilla, Miguel A.; Paniagua-Chavez, Carmen G.

Filter Total Items: 498
Image: Florida floods with extreme highwater
April 15, 2009

Florida floods with extreme highwater

The dry landscape of northwest Florida floods with extreme highwater from the Withlacoochee River.

Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
March 21, 2009

A Diversity of Corals Growing in the Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands
March 8, 2009

Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands

This coral (Mycetophyllia sp.) is not abundant in coral reefs of the Virgin Islands. It most commonly grows in water deeper than 40 ft., and it is surprising to find it growing in the shade of the mangroves in 3 ft of water.

Image: Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands
January 24, 2009

Red Mangroves in Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands

In Hurricane Hole, Red Mangrove trees extend from land into the water, anchoring the trees along the shoreline and creating a rich marine ecosystem.

Image: A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument
December 31, 2008

A Queen Angelfish Swims in Front of Coral Colonies of Several Species Growing in Mangroves Within Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument

This photo shows a mangrove ecosystem that may be unique in the Caribbean in terms of the abundance and diversity of corals.

USGS scientists are collaborating with scientists at the University of the Virgin Islands to learn more about why these corals are thriving while coral cover on USVI reefs has declined by 60% from bleaching and disease.  With climate change,

...
Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Alabama Sturgeon
September 11, 2008

Alabama Sturgeon

An endangered Alabama sturgeon from the Mobile River.

Image: Bucolic Country Lane in Florida
August 21, 2008

Bucolic Country Lane in Florida

This bucolic country lane in east central Florida is lined with cabbage palms and oaks, a scene that is made increasingly rare with ongoing pressures of urbanization.

Filter Total Items: 399
USGS
October 19, 1999

Today, as Hurricane Jose was upgraded from a tropical storm, the U. S. Geological Survey in Puerto Rico was monitoring the storm’s path and intensity very closely. If the hurricane threatens Puerto Rico later this week, as predicted, the USGS is prepared to provide critical information to local government and emergency management officials responsible for protecting the lives and property of Puert

USGS
September 29, 1999

While navigating the treacherous floodwaters in North Carolina to measure the rising water caused by Hurricane Floyd, U.S. Geological Survey scientists rescued four citizens threatened by the storm.

USGS
September 23, 1999

While much of eastern North Carolina remains under water, U.S. Geological Survey scientists and hydrologic technicians are boating over rooftops, submerged cars, and bridges and roads topped by deep water to collect data and determine the amount of environmental damage done by Hurricane Floyd’s heavy rains.

USGS
September 21, 1999

Flood levels from Hurricane Floyd exceeded those from Hurricane Fran, which occurred in September 1996.Preliminary assessments indicate that flood levels in much of the Tar River Basin were at the 500-year recurrence interval. (500-year flood flow has a 0.2-percent chance of being equalled or exceeded during any given year at a particular location.)

USGS
September 20, 1999

River stage and streamflow data--The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects river stage and streamflow data at more than 200 sites across North Carolina. Near real-time data at most sites are transmitted via satellite to a central data base that compiles current and historical data.

USGS
September 17, 1999

USGS scientists from the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, the National Wetlands Research Center and the Florida and Caribbean Science Center are gearing up to assess Hurricane Floyd damage to wildlife and habitat from Florida to Maine.

USGS
September 17, 1999

Wildfires have long played a key role in structuring ecosystems and plant communities in the southeastern United States. From the coastal prairie of Texas and Louisiana to the marshes and pinelands of Florida, many native species have adapted to a natural regime of frequent wildfire caused by lightning strikes.

USGS
September 14, 1999

The USGS, in collaboration with State and other Federal agencies, is evaluating the extent of erosion along North Carolina’s coastline following Hurricane Dennis. The following activities have been completed or are in progress toward that goal:

USGS
September 10, 1999

While Hurricane Dennis is little more than a soggy memory, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are hard at work trying to understand how the storm changed the landscape of beaches along the Virginia and Carolina coasts.

USGS
August 27, 1999

USGS scientists, managers and experts from a diverse spectrum of scientific disciplines are on high alert Friday as Hurricane Dennis seems poised to make landfall along the southeastern coast of the United States sometime this weekend.

USGS
March 29, 1999

The mysterious brain disease responsible for the deaths of bald eagles and American coots in Arkansas has now been found in two species of ducks discovered dead at Woodlake, North Carolina, and in bald eagles and coots from three other southeastern states.

USGS
March 2, 1999

From the large, open-air pens where they have spent the past two weeks, eight young whooping cranes survey their surroundings. The rural, central Florida landscape of open prairie, brush, and marshlands stretches away as far as the birds can see, though only a few tens of miles separate the Kissimmee release site from the metropolitan sprawl of Orlando.

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