Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 367
Date published: February 12, 2019
Status: Active

Reference and Potential Evapotranspiration

Evapotranspiration can be computed as reference, potential, or actual evapotranspiration.   Reference evapotranspiration is that from a grass surface that is well-watered.  Potential evapotranspiration is that from a surface that has unlimited water (such as a lake). 

Reference and potential evapotranspiration are computed at a 2-kilometer spatial resolution and daily timestep for the...

Date published: February 11, 2019
Status: Completed

Characteristics of flow through the Franklin lock and their effects on downstream water-quality

The USGS completed a study to investigate correlations between flow rates and volumes through the W.P. Franklin Lock and Dam and water-quality constituents inside the J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge from March 2010 to December 2013. Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5033, authored by Amanda Booth, Lars Soderqvist, and Travis Knight, summarizes the results of the study. A...

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Maps are an integral part of water-science activities and the Caribbean Florida Water Science Center utilizes and produces maps for all types of hydrologic projects and in information dissemination. Maps are also helpful for providing the user with a geographical reference to our water information. 

Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Water-Quality for Florida

The U.S. Geological Survey provides scientific and technical expertise, leadership, and coordination in addressing issues concerning the quality of the Nation's water resources. Our scientists:

  • Collect, analyze, and interpret water-quality data,
  • Engage in field and laboratory research and methods development,
  • Work with local, State, and Federal agencies and the
  • ...
Contacts: Amanda Booth
Date published: February 8, 2019
Status: Active

Water Quality for Puerto Rico

The U.S. Geological Survey operates and maintains approximately 7,300 streamgages nationwide, 194 in Puerto Rico, which provide long-term, accurate, and unbiased information that meets the needs of many diverse users. The USGS collects the streamflow data needed by Federal, State, and local agencies for planning and operating water-resources projects and regulatory programs.

The links...

Date published: February 7, 2019
Status: Active

Hurricanes

Preventing flood hazards, such as hurricane-induced tidal surge, from becoming human disasters requires an understanding of the relative risks floods pose to specific communities and knowledge of the processes by which flood waters rise, converge, and abate. Historically, hurricane-induced tidal surge has been documented through measurement of high-water marks left on structures or vegetation...

Contacts: Wesley W Stone
Date published: February 7, 2019
Status: Completed

Effects of hydrologic system alterations on salinity in the Biscayne aquifer in Broward Co.

To address concerns about the effects of water-resource management practices and rising sea level on saltwater intrusion, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Broward County Environmental Planning and Community Resilience Division, initiated a study to examine causes of saltwater intrusion and predict the effects of future alterations to the hydrologic system on salinity...

Date published: February 7, 2019
Status: Completed

Mapping water levels in the Biscayne aquifer

To help inform decisions necessary for urban planning and development, Miami-Dade County Department of Regulatory and Economic Resources partnered with USGS to produce statistical analyses and maps representing mean, high, and low water-level conditions in the surface water and groundwater of Miami-Dade County.

Date published: February 6, 2019
Status: Completed

Dam Failure Analysis for the Lago El Guineo Dam, Puerto Rico

The USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5070 describing a hydrologic and hydraulic study to assess the potential hazard to human life and property associated with the hypothetical failure of the Lago El Guineo Dam was completed by the USGS in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority. 

Date published: February 5, 2019
Status: Active

Evapotranspiration and Carbon-Flux Network

The U.S. Geological Survey Florida Evapotranspiration Network is a network of 15 data collection sites representing various land cover types, which provide long-term, accurate, and unbiased information that meets the needs of many diverse users. The USGS collects the evapotranspiration data needed by Federal, State, and local agencies for planning and operating water-resources projects and...

Contacts:
Date published: February 4, 2019
Status: Completed

CFWSC Science Highlights

The purpose of this section is to draw your attention to important information that the CFWSC are conducting in your city.   

Date published: January 28, 2019
Status: Active

Hurricane Michael - Forecast and Documentation of Coastal Change

Hurricane Michael coastal change forecast and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Filter Total Items: 69
Date published: April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery Data

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Date published: April 12, 2016

The National Map Small-Scale Collection

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Date published: March 10, 2016

Science Data Integration and Delivery

Consistent synthesis, integration, storage, and availability of fundamental data is critical to meeting the needs of USGS Science. We develop databases for hydrography, topography, invasive species, water resources, and many other datasets utilized by resource managers.

Date published: March 9, 2016

Science Data Integration and Delivery

Consistent synthesis, integration, storage, and availability of fundamental data is critical to meeting the needs of USGS Science. We develop databases for hydrography, topography, invasive species, water resources, and many other datasets utilized by resource managers. Our National Geospatial Program uses partnerships and data collection through a network assigned to the Southeast Region...

Date published: March 4, 2016

Across Trophic Level System Simulation for the Freshwater Wetlands of the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp

Across Trophic Level System Simulation (ATLSS) is a project to develop a set of models for the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp of South Florida. The models will support studies "to compare the future effects of alternative hydrologic scenarios on the biotic components of the system."

Date published: January 21, 2016

Streamflow and fish community diversity data for use in developing ecological limit functions for the Cumberland Plateau, northeastern Middle Tennessee and southwestern Kentucky, 2016

 Information contained within this dataset represents values of basin characteristics (see Table II in Knight and others, 2012), estimates of streamflow characteristics, measures of individual and cumulative departure of streamflow characteristics from reference hydrologic conditions, and fish species richness for 138 sites in the study area. 

Date published: September 9, 2010

Mangrove Secrets

The Sheltered Corals of Hurricane Hole, US Virgin Islands

Date published: September 14, 2006

Real-time streamflow compared to historical streamflow (Tennessee)

Map of real-time streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of the year (Tennessee)

Date published: September 26, 2001

Geological Survey of Alabama - Downloadable GIS datasets

Spatial/GIS data sets for Alabama are available numerous spatial data clearinghouses. Spatial/GIS data sets for USGS studies that include Alabama or include parts of Alabama are also available from USGS.

Downloadable GIS Datasets, OGB GIS Datasets, Digital Raster Graphics (DRG), 1:24000 DRG, 1:100000 DRG, 1:250000 DRG, Hazards GIS Data, Hazards Data Water GIS Data, HUC 11 Watersheds

Filter Total Items: 5,167
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama

Streamflow data and statistics are vitally important for proper protection and management of the water quality and water quantity of Alabama streams. Such data and statistics are generally available at U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations, also referred to as streamgages or stations, but are often needed at ungaged stream locations....

Feaster, Toby D.; Kolb, Katharine R.; Painter, Jaime A.; Clark, Jimmy M.
Feaster, T.D., Kolb, K.R., Painter, J.A., and Clark, J.M., 2020, Methods for estimating selected low-flow frequency statistics and mean annual flow for ungaged locations on streams in Alabama (ver. 1.1, November 20, 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5099, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205099.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development

The Clean Water Act (CWA) requires States to identify waters that are impaired for designated uses. These waters are published through a State’s §303(d) list. The CWA also requires that a total maximum daily load (TMDL) be completed for each water body to calculate the maximum amount of contaminants that can be present in that water body and still...

Hicks, Matthew B.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.
Hicks, M.B., and Cartwright, J.M., 2020, Stressor identification framework of biological impairment in Mississippi streams to support watershed restoration and TMDL development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5098, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205098.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

How plants influence resilience of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to sea-level rise

This review evaluates the importance of plants and associated biological processes in determining the vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise. Coastal wetlands occur across a broad sedimentary continuum from minerogenic to biogenic, providing an opportunity to examine the relative importance of biological processes in wetland...

Cahoon, Donald R.; McKee, Karen L.; James Morris

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Using boosted regression tree models to predict salinity in Mississippi embayment aquifers, central United States

High salinity limits groundwater use in parts of the Mississippi embayment. Machine learning was used to create spatially continuous and three‐dimensional predictions of salinity across drinking‐water aquifers in the embayment. Boosted regression tree (BRT) models, a type of machine learning, were used to predict specific conductance (SC) and...

Knierim, Katherine J.; Kingsbury, James A.; Haugh, Connor J.; Ransom, Katherine Marie

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

The roles of storminess and sea level rise in decadal barrier island evolution

Models of alongshore sediment transport during quiescent conditions, storm‐driven barrier island morphology, and poststorm dune recovery are integrated to assess decadal barrier island evolution under scenarios of increased sea levels and variability in storminess (intensity and frequency). Model results indicate barrier island response regimes of...

Passeri, Davina L.; Dalyander, P. Soupy; Long, Joseph W.; Mickey, Rangley C.; Jenkins, Robert L.; Thompson, David M.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Godsey, Elizabeth; Gonzalez, Victor

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Effects of water level alteration on carbon cycling in peatlands

Globally, peatlands play an important role in the carbon (C) cycle. High water level is a key factor in maintaining C storage in peatlands, but water levels are vulnerable to climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. This review examines literature related to the effects of water level alteration on C cycling in peatlands to summarize new...

Zhong, Yehui; Ming, Jiang; Middleton, Beth

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

SurfRCaT: A tool for remote calibration of pre-existing coastal cameras to enable their use as quantitative coastal monitoring tools

The Surf-camera Remote Calibration Tool (SurfRCaT) is a Python-based software application to calibrate and rectify images from pre-existing video cameras that are operating at coastal sites in the United States. The software enables remote camera calibration and subsequent image rectification by facilitating the remote-extraction of ground control...

Conlin, Matthew P.; Adams, Peter N; Wilkinson, Benjamin; Dusek, Gregory; Palmsten, Margaret Louise; Brown, Jenna A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A global biophysical typology of mangroves and its relevance for ecosystem structure and deforestation

Mangrove forests provide many ecosystem services but are among the world’s most threatened ecosystems. Mangroves vary substantially according to their geomorphic and sedimentary setting; while several conceptual frameworks describe these settings, their spatial distribution has not been quantified. Here, we present a new global mangrove...

Thorley, Julia; Worthington, Thomas A.; zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E.; Friess, Daniel A.; Krauss, Ken; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Tingey, Rick; Woodroffe, Colin D.; Bunting, Pete; Cormier, N.; Lagomasino, David; Lucas, Richard; Murray, Nicholas J.; Sutherland, William J.; Spalding, Mark

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework must be improved

The 196 parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will soon agree to a post-2020 global framework for conserving the three elements of biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity) while ensuring sustainable development and benefit sharing. As the most significant global conservation policy mechanism, the new CBD framework...

Hoban, Sean M.; Bruford, Michael W.; D'Urban Jackson, Josephine; Lopes-Fernandes, Margarida; Heuertz, Myriam; Hohenlohe, Paul A.; Sjögren-Gulve, Per; Segelbacher, Gernot; Vernesi, Cristiano; Aitken, Sally; Bertola, Laura D.; Bloomer, Paulette; Breed, Martin; Rodríguez-Correa, Hernando; Funk, W. Chris; Grueber, Catherine E.; Hunter, Margaret; Jaffe, Rodolfo; Liggins, Libby; Mergeay, Joachim; Moharrek, Farideh; O'Brien, David; Ogden, Rob; Palma-Silva, Clarisse; Paz-Vinas, Ivan; Pierson, Jennifer; Ramakrishnan, Uma; Simo-Droissart, Murielle; Tani, Naoki; Waits, Lisette; Laikre, Linda

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Identifying mangrove-coral habitats in the Florida Keys

Coral reefs are degrading due to many synergistic stressors. Recently there have been a number of global reports of corals occupying mangrove habitats that provide a supportive environment or refugium for corals, sheltering them by reducing stressors such as oxidative light stress and low pH. This study used satellite imagery and manual ground-...

Kellogg, Christina A.; Moyer, Ryan P.; Jacobsen, Mary; Yates, Kimberly K.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Mangrove blue carbon in the face of deforestation, climate change, and restoration

Coastal wetlands have disproportionately high carbon densities, known as blue carbon, compared to most terrestrial ecosystems. Mangroves and their blue carbon stocks are at risk globally from land‐use and land‐cover change (LULCC) activities such as aquaculture, alongside biophysical disturbances such as sea‐level rise and cyclones. Global...

Friess, Daniel A.; Krauss, Ken; Taillardat, Pierre; Adame, Maria Fernanda; Yando, Erik S.; Cameron, Clint; Sasmito, Sigit D.; Sillanpaa, Meriadec

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Cliff Feature Delineation Tool and Baseline Builder version 1.0 user guide

Coastal cliffs constitute 80 percent of the world’s coastline, with seacliffs fronting a large proportion of the U.S. West Coast shoreline, particularly in California. Erosion of coastal cliffs can threaten infrastructure and human life, yet the spatial and temporal scope of cliff studies have been limited by cumbersome traditional methods that...

Seymour, Alexander C.; Hapke, Cheryl J.; Warrick, Jonathan
Seymour, A.C., Hapke, C.J., and Warrick, J., 2020, Cliff Feature Delineation Tool and Baseline Builder version 1.0 user guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2020–1070, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201070.

Filter Total Items: 498
Florida Bay at sunset
December 31, 2018

Florida Bay at Sunset, 2018

After a long day collecting cores, the team of scientists watch the sun set over the Florida Bay.

Perspective view of coastal bathymetry looking onshore, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands
December 21, 2018

Perspective lidar view of coastal bathymetry at St. Thomas, USVI

Perspective view of coastal bathymetry looking onshore, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands, mapped using lidar and depicted with false-color, showing detailed submerged features, including coral reefs.

Water seeping out of the ground at an exposed driveway cut into the ground.
December 3, 2018

Groundwater can flow out of the ground back to land surface.

My neighbor's driveway with some water on it... not very exciting, but it is an excellent example of how groundwater flows underground and can seep back to the land surface. This simple process demonstrates one of the basic aspects of the water cycle.

 This picture really demonstrates why there is water in many streams even after long periods of no rainfall. You

...
Time exposure image shows a curving beach and the water is smooth where waves were breaking over a 10-minute period.
November 13, 2018

Isla Verde Video Camera 2 Timex

Time-exposure image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image is time-averaged over 10 minutes of video.

Time exposure image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image represents a time-ave
November 13, 2018

Isla Verde Video Camera 3 Timex

Time-exposure image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image is time-averaged over 10 minutes of video.

Dark image from a video camera shooting for 10 minutes, shows a beach and where varying degrees of movement happened.
November 13, 2018

Isla Verde Video Camera 4 Variance Image

Variance image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image is compiled from 10 minutes of video and shows areas of more movement as brighter colors.

Image from a video camera shooting for 10 minutes tracks the brightest pixels through that time.
November 13, 2018

Isla Verde Video Camera 1 Bright Image

Bright image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image is compiled from 10 minutes of video and tracks the brightest pixels through 10 minutes of motion.

Image from a video camera shooting for 10 minutes tracks the brightest pixels through that time.
November 13, 2018

Isla Verde Video Camera 2 Bright Image

Bright image of Isla Verde in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from a coastal video monitoring station. Image is compiled from 10 minutes of video and tracks the brightest pixels through 10 minutes of motion.

Filter Total Items: 394
Boat thrown onto land from Hurricane Irma's surge at a ramp in St. Augustine, Florida
September 19, 2017

Editor’s note: this news release will be updated online with more information on the streamgage records being set in Florida as it becomes available

Satellite captured image of the rapidly intensifying storm, Harvey
September 8, 2017

As Harvey’s record breaking rainfall and catastrophic flood waters recede in Texas and western Louisiana, U.S. Geological Survey teams are collecting high water marks, monitoring water levels and coastal change, retrieving storm tide sensors and collecting samples for water quality analysis.

Preparing to measure Irma's storm surge in Puerto Rico
September 6, 2017

 To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Irma, visit the USGS Hurricane Irma page.

Sensor deployment
September 6, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Irma, visit the USGS Hurricane Irma page.

Southeastern myotis with Pd - thumb
June 1, 2017

Biologists have confirmed white-nose syndrome in the southeastern bat, or Myotis austroriparius, for the first time. The species joins eight other hibernating bat species in North America that are afflicted with the deadly bat fungal disease.

Microscope image of Dolichospermum circinale, a cyanobacteria found in last year's Florida harmful algal bloom.
May 31, 2017

A new U.S. Geological Survey study that looked at the extensive harmful algal bloom that plagued Florida last year found far more types of cyanobacteria present than previously known.

Prescribed Burn at Tall Timbers Research Station
May 24, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and partners are taking technology to the next level, using unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commonly called drones, to acquire both fire intensity and emissions data during prescribed burns.

A healthy coral reef at Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Island
April 20, 2017

In the first ecosystem-wide study of changing sea depths at five large coral reef tracts in Florida, the Caribbean and Hawai’i, U.S. Geological Survey researchers found the sea floor is eroding in all five places, and the reefs cannot keep pace with sea level rise. As a result, coastal communities protected by the reefs are facing increased risks from storms, waves and erosion.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283