Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 371
Date published: February 27, 2018
Status: Active

Paleoceanographic Proxy Calibration

A sediment trap time series in the northern Gulf of Mexico is used to better assess the control of environmental variables (e.g., temperature and salinity) on the flux of both microfossils and molecular fossils to the sediments. The information gained from sediment trap studies is used to develop better proxy-based estimates of past oceanographic conditions from analyses of microfossils and ...

Date published: February 22, 2018
Status: Active

Climate and Environmental Change in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean

This project documents paleoceanographic, climatic, and environmental changes in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent land areas over the last 10,000 years. The paleoenvironmental data is used to determine rates of change in the past, and to better understand both the natural and anthropogenic factors that contribute to climate variability on inter-annual to millennial timescales.

Date published: February 7, 2018
Status: Active

Relative Sensitivity of Adult Mosquitoes and Butterflies to Adult Mosquito Control Pesticides

Mosquito control on Department of the Interior (DOI) managed lands is a resource management challenge. The pesticides used to control mosquitoes may also affect nontarget organisms whose conservation is one of the primary responsibilities of resource managers.

Date published: January 29, 2018
Status: Active

Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction near Ellerbe Creek, Durham, NC

Falls Lake has been included in the North Carolina Division of Water Quality’s 303(d) list of “impaired” waters, due to violations of the State chlorophyll-a standard caused by excessive nutrient inputs (North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Division of Water Quality, 2010a).  The North Carolina Environmental Management Commission has adopted nutrient management...

Date published: January 23, 2018
Status: Active

Scenario-Based Assessments for Coastal Change Hazard Forecasts

A decade of USGS research on storm-driven coastal change hazards has provided the data and modeling capabilities needed to identify areas of our coastline that are likely to experience extreme and potentially hazardous erosion during an extreme storm.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Forecasting Coastal Change

This project focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of extreme storm impacts on sandy beaches. The overall objective is to improve real-time and scenario-based predictions of coastal change to support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety. 

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

The original national coastal vulnerability index (CVI) assessment was motivated by expected accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and the uncertainty in the response of the coastline to SLR. This research was conducted between 1999 and 2001, and is currently being updated using new data sources and methodology. This original study was part of the ...

Date published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this task include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems.

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Year Published: 2021

Strategic habitat conservation for beach mice: Estimating management scenario efficiencies

The Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis), Choctawhatchee beach mouse (P. p. allophrys), and St. Andrew beach mouse (P. p. peninsularis) are 3 federally endangered subspecies that inhabit coastal dunes of Alabama and Florida, USA. Conservation opportunities for these subspecies are limited and costly. Consequently, well‐...

Cronin, James P.; Tirpak, Blair; Dale, Leah L; Robenski, Virginia E; Tirpak, John M.; Marcot, Bruce G.

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Year Published: 2021

Effective population size remains a suitable, pragmatic indicator of genetic diversity for all species, including forest trees

Fady & Bozzano highlight some challenges to a proposed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) indicator of genetic diversity based on effective population size, Ne (Fady and Bozzano, 2020; Hoban et al., 2020). We appreciate the thoughtful debate and concur that genetic diversity indicators must be reliable and scalable. We fully agree...

Hoban, Sean M.; Paz-Vinas, Ivan; Aitken, Sally; Bertola, Laura D.; Breed, Martin F; Bruford, Michael W.; Funk, W. Chris; Grueber, Catherine E.; Heuertz, Myriam; Hohenlohe, Paul A.; Hunter, Margaret; Jaffé, Rodolfo; Lopes Fernandes, Margarida; Mergeay, Joachim; Moharrek, Farideh; O’Brien, David; Segelbacher, Gernot; Vernesi, Cristiano; Waits, Lisette; Laikre, Linda

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Year Published: 2021

Seasonal periphyton response to low-level nutrient exposure in a least disturbed mountain stream, the Buffalo River, Arkansas

Like most streams located in the Ozark Plateaus, the Buffalo River in Arkansas generally has excellent water quality. Water-quality conditions in Big Creek, however, a major tributary of the middle Buffalo River, have been less favorable than that of other Buffalo River tributaries. Concerns regarding the influence of water quality in Big Creek on...

Justus, Billy; Driver, Lucas; Burge, David R. L.

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Year Published: 2021

The impact of ventilation patterns on calcite dissolution rates within karst conduits

Erosion rates in streams vary dramatically over time, as differences in streamflow and sediment load enhance or inhibit erosion processes. Within cave streams, and other bedrock channels incising soluble rocks, changes in water chemistry are an important factor in determining how erosion rates will vary in both time and space. Prior studies in...

Covington, Matthew D.; Knierim, Katherine J.; Young, Holly H; Rodriguez, Josue; Gnoza, Hannah

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Year Published: 2021

Small mammal responses to wetland restoration in the Greater Everglades ecosystem

Wetlands have experienced dramatic losses in extent around the world, disrupting ecosystem function, habitat, and biodiversity. In Florida’s Greater Everglades, a massive restoration effort costing billions of dollars and spanning multiple decades is underway. As Everglades restoration is implemented in incremental projects, scientists and...

Romanach, Stephanie; D'Acunto, Laura; Chapman, Julia; Hanson, Matthew R

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Year Published: 2021

A comparison of plant communities in restored, old field, and remnant coastal prairies

Temperate grasslands are experiencing worldwide declines due to habitat conversion. Grassland restoration efforts are employed to compensate for these losses. However, there is a need to better understand the ecological effects of grassland restoration and management practices. We investigated the effects of three different grassland management...

Feher, Laura; Allain, Larry; Osland, Michael; Pigott, Elisabeth; Reid, Christopher; Latiolais, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2021

Increasing comparability among coral bleaching experiments

Coral bleaching is the single largest global threat to coral reefs worldwide. Integrating the diverse body of work on coral bleaching is critical to understanding and combating this global problem. Yet investigating the drivers, patterns, and processes of coral bleaching poses a major challenge. A recent review of published experiments revealed a...

Grottoli, Andrea G.; Toonen, R. J.; van Woesik, R.; Vega Thurber, R.; Warner, M. E.; McLachlan, R. H.; Price, James; Bahr, K. D.; Baums, I. B.; Castillo, K.; Coffroth, M. A.; Cunning, R.; Dobson, K.; Donahue, M.; Hench, James L.; Iglesias-Prieto, R.; Kemp, D. W.; Kenkel, C. D.; Kline, D. I.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Matthews, Jessica; Mayfield, A.; Padilla-Gamino, J.; Palumbi, S. R.; Voolstra, C. R.; Weis, V. M.; Wu, H. C.

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Year Published: 2021

Sediment dynamics of a divergent bay–marsh complex

Bay–marsh systems, composed of an embayment surrounded by fringing marsh incised by tidal channels, are widely distributed coastal environments. External sediment availability, marsh-edge erosion, and sea-level rise acting on such bay–marsh complexes may drive diverse sediment-flux regimes. These factors reinforce the ephemeral and dynamic nature...

Nowacki, Daniel J. ; Ganju, Neil Kamal

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Year Published: 2021

Stress gradients interact with disturbance to reveal alternative states in salt marsh: Multivariate resilience at the landscape scale

Stress gradients influence many ecosystem processes and properties, including ecosystem recovery from and resistance to disturbance. While recent analytical approaches have advanced multivariate metrics of ecosystem resilience that allow quantification of conceptual resilience models and identification of thresholds of state change, these...

Jones, Scott; Stagg, Camille; Yando, Erik S.; James, W. Ryan; Buffington, Kevin J.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2021

Germination potential of baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) swamp soil seed bank along geographical gradients

Changing environments of temperature, precipitation and moisture availability can affect vegetation in ecosystems, by affecting regeneration from the seed bank. Our objective was to explore the responses of soil seed bank germination to climate-related environments along geographic gradients. We collected seed banks in baldcypress (Taxodium...

Lei, Ting; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2021

Carrying capacity of spatially distributed metapopulations

Carrying capacity is a key concept in ecology. A body of theory, based on the logistic equation, has extended predictions of carrying capacity to spatially distributed, dispersing populations. However, this theory has only recently been tested empirically. The experimental results disagree with some theoretical predictions of when they are...

Zhang, Bo; DeAngelis, Don; Ni, Wei-Ming

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Year Published: 2021

Surface elevation change evaluation in mangrove forests using a low‐cost, rapid‐scan terrestrial laser scanner

Mangrove forests have adapted to sea level rise (SLR) increases by maintaining their forest floor elevation via belowground root growth and surface sediment deposits. Researchers use surface elevation tables (SETs) to monitor surface elevation change (SEC) in mangrove forests, after which this information is used to assess SLR resiliency or to...

Kargar, Ali Rouzbeh; MacKenzie, Richard A.; Fafard, Alexander; Krauss, Ken; van Aardt, Jan

Filter Total Items: 498
Photomicrograph of a pale green lace-like desmid alga
August 31, 2017

A glimpse of the microbial world's hidden beauty

To collect, identify and document these single-celled algae called desmids, USGS biologist Barry H. Rosen has traveled by airboat into the interior of Florida’s Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, where decaying marsh grasses created a mosaic of peat soils and the soft, slightly acidic water where desmids grow. Rosen thinks the area may have some of the world’s greatest

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Photo of a small concrete block; a disk attached to the top holds a small growing coral.
August 17, 2017

USGS monitors growth rates of Elkhorn Coral

 

USGS monitors the growth rates of the threatened Elkhorn Coral (Acropora palmata) at Dry Tortugas National Park (pictured) and throughout the Florida Keys, U.S.A.

August 7, 2017

Developing Effective Drought Monitoring Tools for Farmers and Ranchers

This webinar was conducted on August 7, 2017 as part of the USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center’s Climate Change Science and Management Webinar Series, held in partnership with the USFWS National Conservation Training Center. 

Webinar Summary: The South Central U.S. is one of the main agricultural regions in North America: annual agricultural

July 31, 2017

A Current Immersion

Curt Storlazzi of the USGS explains how the water cycle pulled him into oceanography, and how his personal interests parallel his profession.
 

Microscopic image of cyanobacteria that show up red in fresh water
July 17, 2017

In fresh water, these red cyanobacteria don't absorb a green stain

This is the first of two microscopic images of potentially toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa.  In both images, the cyanobacteria have been exposed to a green stain.

Image 1: Microcystis aeruginosa in freshwater. The green stain doesn’t enter the cells, which show up in red.

 

July 17, 2017

In salty water these cell walls absorb a green stain and turn green

This is the second of two microscopic images of potentially toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa.  In both images, the cyanobacteria have been exposed to a green stain.
Image 2: Mycrocystis aeruginosa In water half as salty as seawater. The cell walls are breaking down and the stain has penetrated them, turning the colony green.

 

Distant view of sandy beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo
June 20, 2017

“Snapshot” or first frame of beach video, Madeira Beach, Florida

Snapshot, or first frame of from a 17-minute video shot on June 20, 2017, in Madeira Beach, Florida. Researchers at the USGS are using these and other video images to improve understanding and computer modeling of beach processes, especially those that change the coast. See also, a 

...
Distant view of sandy beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
June 20, 2017

Time-averaged image from video of beach in Madeira Beach, Florida

Time-averaged image, or “timex,” created by averaging the intensity of light recorded at each spot, or “pixel,” during a 17-minute video taken at Madeira Beach, Florida, on June 20, 2017. Blurred white bands show where waves are breaking. Offshore band shows location of a sand bar. Line between wet and dry sand shows the maximum height on the beach reached by the waves (“

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Image in mostly black and gray tones showing distant view of beach stretching from bottom left to upper right of photo.
June 20, 2017

Variance image from video of beach in Madeira Beach, Florida

“Variance” image produced from video shot at Madeira Beach, Florida, on June 20, 2017. The more the light intensity changes at a given spot, or “pixel,” during the video, the brighter the value assigned to that pixel. Motion tends to produce changes in light intensity. Note bright bands parallel to shore where waves were breaking. Researchers are using these and other

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Piles of seaweed fragments on sand beach. Low sand cliff on left with broken walkway. Multistory buildings, clouds in distance.
June 7, 2017

Sunset Beach in St. Pete Beach, Florida, after Tropical Storm Colin

Photograph taken June 7, 2016, one day after Tropical Storm Colin, on Sunset Beach in the town of St. Pete Beach, Florida. Storm waves eroded the beach and dune, producing a cliff-like feature called a beach scarp.

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Image: Louisiana Black Bear and Cubs
November 19, 2014

The bear species nicknamed “teddy” more than a century ago that inspired the iconic stuffed toy still popular today will likely survive at least another century, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study. 

USGS
November 12, 2014

A study designed to provide baseline information on groundwater quality in Lee and Chatham counties prior to oil and gas exploration there found low levels of dissolved methane gas and a small percentage of wells with other constituents at levels exceeding federal and state drinking water standards, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
November 12, 2014

Groundwater contamination that was first detected in Chesterfield County in the early 2000s has been linked to historical agricultural land use, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study.

2014 US Topo map of the Florence, Alabama
October 22, 2014

This new design was launched earlier this year and is now part of the new US Topo quadrangles for Alabama (840 maps), replacing the first edition US Topo maps for the states.

Image: Bent Sea Rod Bleaching
September 9, 2014

Late-summer water temperatures near the Florida Keys were warmer by nearly 2 degrees Fahrenheit in the last several decades compared to a century earlier, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
August 6, 2014

June and July rainfall deficits continue to point toward abnormally dry to moderate drought conditions in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
July 30, 2014

Nesting loggerhead sea turtles in the northern Gulf of Mexico feed among areas that were oiled by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill and where human activities occur, several of which are known to pose threats to sea turtles, a new U.S Geological study showed.

USGS
July 28, 2014

The U.S. Virgin Islands are now available for structure updates with The National Map Corps crowd-sourcing volunteers

USGS
July 28, 2014

Urban areas in the Southeastern United States will double in size by 2060 unless there are significant changes to land development, according to a new study by the Department of Interior’s Southeast Climate Science Center and North Carolina State University.

Screenshot of National Map showing a university at the end of the Isla Grande Airport
June 26, 2014

Desde agosto de 2013, cada uno de los 50 estados se han encontrado disponible para editarse dentro del USGS (“United States Geological Survey”, por su nombre en inglés) The National Map Corps (Cuerpo de El Mapa Nacional o “TNM Corps” por sus siglas en inglés), a través del proyecto Voluntario de Información Geográfica.

Screenshot of National Map showing a university at the end of the Isla Grande Airport
June 26, 2014

Since August 2013, all 50 states have been available for editing under the USGS The National Map Corps Volunteer Geographic Information project. Starting this month, TNMCorps is pleased to add Puerto Rico to that list.

Follow Region 2 activities on social media, get contact information for Region 2 USGS centers, and meet Region 2's staff and center directors. 

Filter Total Items: 283