Unified Interior Regions

Region 2: South Atlantic-Gulf (Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands)

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 5,375
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Year Published: 2019

Hurricane Matthew: Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change

Hurricane Matthew, the strongest Atlantic hurricane of the 2016 hurricane season, made land-fall south of McClellanville, S.C., around 1500 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on October 8, 2016. Hurricane Matthew affected the States of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina along the U.S. Atlantic coastline. Numerous barrier islands...

Birchler, Justin J.; Doran, Kara S.; Long, Joseph W.; Stockdon, Hilary F.
Birchler, J.J., Doran, K.S., Long, J.W., and Stockdon, H.F., 2019, Hurricane Matthew—Predictions, observations, and an analysis of coastal change: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1095, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191095.

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Year Published: 2019

Adapterama II: Universal amplicon sequencing on Illumina platforms (TaggiMatrix)

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) of amplicons is used in a wide variety of contexts. In many cases, NGS amplicon sequencing remains overly expensive and inflexible, with library preparation strategies relying upon the fusion of locus-specific primers to full-length adapter sequences with a single identifying sequence or ligating adapters onto PCR...

Glenn, Travis C; Pierson, Todd W; Bayona-Vásquez, Natalia J; Kieran, Troy J.; Hoffberg, Sandra L.; Thomas, Jesse; Lefever, Daniel E.; Finger Jr., John W.; Gao, Bei; Bian, Xiaoming; Louha, Swarnali; Kolli, Ramya; Bentley, Kerin; Rushmore, Julie; Wong, Kelvin; Rothrock, Michael; McKee, Anna M.; Guo, Tai L.; Mauricio, Rodney; Molina, Marirosa; Cummings, Brian; Lash, Lawrence H.; Lu, Kun; Gilbert, Gregory S.; Hubbell, Stephen P.; Faircloth, Brant C.

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Year Published: 2019

Tropical cyclones and the organization of mangrove forests: A review

Background Many mangrove ecosystems are periodically exposed to high velocity winds and surge from tropical cyclones and often recover with time and continue to provide numerous societal benefits in the wake of storm events. Scope This review focuses on the drivers and disturbance mechanisms (visible and functional) that tropical cyclones of...

Krauss, Ken; Osland, Michael

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Year Published: 2019

Catalog of microscopic organisms of the Everglades, part 2—The desmids of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge

The Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (refuge), Boynton Beach, Florida, contains approximately 147,000 acres southeast of Lake Okeechobee. Water quality in the interior portion of the refuge is strongly influenced by rainfall, resulting in slightly acidic waters with low dissolved ions. Desmids, a unique, ornate group of...

Rosen, Barry H.; Stahlhut, Katherine N.; Hall, John D.
Rosen, B.H., Stahlhut, K.N., and Hall, J.D., 2019, Catalog of microscopic organisms of the Everglades, part 2—The desmids of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5074, 277 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195074.

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Year Published: 2019

Withdrawal and consumption of water by thermoelectric power plants in the United States, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed models to estimate thermoelectric water use based on linked heat and water budgets. The models produced plant-level withdrawal and consumption estimates using consistent methods for 1,122 water-using, utility-scale thermoelectric power plants in the United States for 2015. Total estimated withdrawal for...

Harris, Melissa A.; Diehl, Timothy H.
Harris, M.A., and Diehl, T.H., 2019, Withdrawal and consumption of water by thermoelectric power plants in the United States, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5103, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195103.

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek in Durham, North Carolina, 2016–18

An assessment of groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek, a major tributary to upper Falls Lake in Durham County, North Carolina, was conducted from July 2016 to March 2018 to determine if groundwater is a likely source of elevated nitrate input to the stream. Groundwater/surface-water interactions were characterized by synoptic...

Antolino, Dominick J.
Antolino, D.J., 2019, Groundwater/surface-water interactions along Ellerbe Creek in Durham, North Carolina, 2016–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5097, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195097.

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Year Published: 2019

Standardizing a non-lethal method for characterizing the reproductive status and larval development of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionoida)

Actively monitoring the timing, development, and reproductive patterns of endangered species is critical when managing for population recovery. Freshwater mussels are among the most imperiled organisms in the world, but information about early larval (glochidial) development and brooding periods is still lacking for many species. Previous studies...

Beaver, Caitlin; Geda, Susan; Johnson, Nathan

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Year Published: 2019

Prediction and inference of flow-duration curves using multi-output neural networks

We develop multi-output neural network models (MNNs) to predict flow-duration curves (FDCs) in 9,203 ungaged locations in the Southeastern United States for six decades between 1950-2009. The model architecture contains multiple response variables in the output layer that correspond to individual quantiles along the FDC. During training,...

Worland, Scott C.; Steinschneider, Scott; Asquith, William H.; Knight, Rodney; Wieczorek, Michael E.

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Year Published: 2019

Coastal Salinity Index along the southeastern Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico, 1983 to 2018

Coastal droughts have a different dynamic than upland droughts, which are typically characterized by agricultural, hydrologic, meteorological, and (or) socioeconomic effects. Drought uniquely affects coastal ecosystems because of changes in the salinity conditions of estuarine creeks and rivers. The location of the freshwater-saltwater interface...

Petkewich, Matthew; Lackstrom, Kirsten; McCloskey, Bryan J.; Rouen, Lauren F.; Conrads, Paul A.
Petkewich, M.D., Lackstrom, K., McCloskey, B.J., Rouen, L.F., and Conrads, P.A., 2019, Coastal Salinity Index along the southeastern Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico, 1983 to 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1090, 26 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191090.

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Year Published: 2019

Wetland biomass and productivity in Coastal Louisiana: Base line data (1976-2015) and knowledge gaps for the development of spatially explicit models for ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation initiatives

Coastal Louisiana host 37% of the coastal wetland area in the conterminous US, including one of the deltaic coastal regions more susceptible to the synergy of human and natural impacts causing wetland loss. As a result of the construction of flood protection infrastructure, dredging of channels across wetlands for oil/gas exploration and maritime...

Rivera-Monroy, Victor H.; Elliton, Courtney; Narra, Siddhartha; Meselhe, Ehab; Zhao, Xiaochen; White, Eric; Sasser, Charles E.; Visser, Jenneke M.; Meng, X.; Wang, Hongqing; Xue, Zuo; Jaramillo, Fernando

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Year Published: 2019

Environmental DNA (eDNA) detection of nonnative bullseye snakehead in southern Florida

Bullseye Snakehead Channa marulius (Hamilton 1822) was first detected in the southern Florida town of Tamarac in 2000 and has been expanding its geographic range since. Environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis is a newly-developed technique used to noninvasively detect cryptic or low-density species or those that are logistically difficult-to-study....

Hunter, Margaret; Schofield, Pam; Meigs-Friend, Gaia; Brown, Mary; Ferrante, Jason

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Year Published: 2019

Hemidactylus parvimaculatus (Sri Lankan spotted house gecko)

USA: LOUISIANA: PLAQUEMINES PARISH: 0.15 km S of the intersection of LA-23 and Jump  road, Venice (29.266630°N, 89.35570°W; WGS 84). 2 May 2019. V. C. Montross and W. McGighan. Verified by Aaron M. Bauer. Florida Museum of Natural History (UF 189238; photo voucher). New parish record. On 2 May 2019, three Hemidactylus parvimaculatus were...

Pellacchia, C. M.; Glorioso, Brad M.; Mendyk, R. W.; Collen, C. A.; Montross, V. C.; McGighan, W.; Macedo, K.; Maldonado, B. R.; Morenc, I. N.

Filter Total Items: 498

Flooding on the French Broad River

North Carolina saw heavy rainfall in the second half of May 2018 as a result of Subtropical Storm Alberto. These images from the European Space Agency's Sentinel-2B satellite, captured on May 12 and June 1, 2018, highlight flooding along the French Broad River near the Henderson County community of Etowah. 

View of river and bridge from webcam

Big Creek near Alpharetta (02335700)

We have installed a webcam at the Big Creek near Alpharetta to allow you to view, in real time, the current river-stage conditions.

During periods of flooding, the South Atlantic Water Science Center - Georgia will take control of the camera.

Camera is sponsored by the USGS National Streamflow Information Program (

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Little Sugar Creek at Medical Center Drive (02146409)

Little Sugar Creek at Medical Center Drive (02146409)

This camera is a part of the Flood Information and Notification System (FINS) network in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, NC. The FINS network consists of 54 streamgages and 72 raingages. Most sites in the network are equipped with radio telemetry which log and transmit data in 5-minute intervals. Some sites outside of the City of Charlotte boundary are equipped with

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Daylight and fluorescent images of two coral colonies

Daylight and fluorescent images of two coral colonies, Diploria clivosa (left) and Orbicella faveolata (right) growing on the seawall at Ft. Jefferson, Dry Tortugas National Park. The two colonies are separated by an area of dead coral that has been colonized by algae. In the fluorescent image, red corresponds to chlorophyll and green to GFP. Note that

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Hurricane Michael Batters Florida Panhandle

Hurricane Michael blew into the Florida Panhandle on October 10, 2018.

Landsat 7 images captured before and after highlight the destructive path of the Category 4 storm.

Mexico Beach was all but demolished, with homes left in heaps by wind and storm surge. The green leaves that pop near the town in the Landsat image from September 14 were stripped from trees

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View of river from webcam

Chattahoochee River at Helen (02330450)

We have installed a webcam at the Chattahoochee River at Helen to allow you to view, in real time, the current river-stage conditions.

During periods of flooding, the South Atlantic Water Science Center - Georgia will take control of the camera.

Camera is sponsored by the USGS National Streamflow Information Program

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Lake Moultrie web cam image

Lake Moultrie Canal at Moncks Corner, SC (02172002)

We have installed a webcam at the Lake Moultrie Tailrace Canal at Moncks Corner, SC to allow you to view, in real time, the current river-stage conditions.

During periods of flooding, the South Atlantic Water Science Center - South Carolina will take control of the camera.

Camera is sponsored by the SC Department of

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Current view of the webcam

McMullen Creek above Lincrest Place (0214668150)

This camera is a part of the Flood Information and Notification System (FINS) network in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, NC. The FINS network consists of 54 streamgages and 72 raingages. Most sites in the network are equipped with radio telemetry which log and transmit data in 5-minute intervals. Some sites outside of the City of Charlotte boundary are equipped with

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Daylight and fluorescent images of a Orbicella faveolata

Daylight and fluorescen images of a Orbicella faveolata coral colony in Dry Tortugas National Park. In this colony, the GFP fluorescence is so intense that it overwhelms the weaker red fluorescence of chlorophyll. 

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